24 Types Of Natural Disasters That You Need To Know

Natural disasters are always a threat, no matter where you live in the world.

Natural disasters affect all of us on planet Earth, from hurricanes and blizzards to earthquakes and wildfires. Yet, do you understand the distinctions between natural disasters and the hazards they may pose?

We’ve got everything you need to know about the various types of natural disasters right here for you to check out, whether you’re an avid storm chaser or simply looking to prepare yourself before the next big environmental event.

We’ll overview the 24 different natural disasters in this article quickly. After that, we’ll look at some mind-blowing facts about these catastrophic occurrences to help you understand more about the environment in which you live.

What Is A Natural Disaster?

Let’s first take a step back and define what a natural disaster even is before we get started on our discussion about the types of natural disasters.

Natural disasters kill or damage the majority of the time, however there is no fixed threshold for damage before something is classified as a natural disaster. Classifying disasters solely based on their negative impacts is difficult, especially when the severity of a disaster often depends on the infrastructure in a given location.

Nonetheless, we should note that natural catastrophes are (typically) natural in origin, but we define them as a catastrophe if they have detrimental effects on human life.

An avalanche that kills no one and wreaks havoc on a distant mountain range wouldn’t be considered a natural catastrophe, for example. Yet, an earthquake that destroys a town is unquestionably one.

As a result, any event with an environmental cause or process that harms people may be characterized as a natural calamity. The concept is broad enough that it hasn’t been defined.

24 Extreme Types of Natural Disasters

Natural catastrophe may strike at any time, no matter where you live in the Pacific Ocean or on the streets of central Europe.

Of course, we individuals and communities make preparations to face the prospect of natural disasters, taking actions both on an individual and social level. However, understanding the varieties of natural disasters, the causes of them, and the hazards they present is required before preparing for them.

Here is a breakdown of the 24 types of natural disasters that affect us on planet Earth, arranged alphabetically to help you better understand the different kinds of environmental hazards we all face:

1. Avalanches

An avalanche is defined as a big pile of tumbling, slipping, or flowing snow, and it is the first on our list. Because they may also include rocks and other debris, avalanches are sometimes referred to as landslides. Yet, avalanches are mostly made up of snow and have distinct natural properties from other forms of landslides.

Avalanches are only a danger to areas that receive a lot of snowfall each year since they need snow in order to occur.

Avalanches are common in mountainous terrain such as North America’s Rocky Mountains, Europe’s Alps, and south-central Asia’s Himalaya. However, even in places where snowfall is present and an avalanche is possible, a modest slope is required.

Avalanches pose the greatest danger to persons who recreate in snowy, mountainous areas, but they also pose a significant danger to communities in alpine settings. When enormous slabs of snow destroy lodges or even entire towns, burial under snow is typically the primary danger of an avalanche.

Avalanche forecasting and mitigation is a multidisciplinary subject. Before heading outside, anyone going backcountry skiing or winter camping should make sure there are no local avalanche forecasts. All winter sports enthusiasts should consider taking an avalanche safety and rescue course.

2. Blizzards

Blizzards are defined as storms that last more than three hours and have the following characteristics by the National Weather Service in the United States:

  • Winds greater than 35 mph (15.7 m/s)
  • Visibility of less than 0.25 miles (400 m)
  • Large amounts of snowfall or blowing snow

Blizzards are mostly a concern in areas with cold enough temperatures to produce significant amounts of snowfall, as you may expect. Snowfall isn’t required for a storm to be called a blizzard, but there must be sufficient snow on the ground to whip around and obscure vision for an event to be truly blizzard-like.

Experienced forecasters, particularly if they are linked to an impending low pressure system, find Blizzards associated with major storm systems rather straightforward to anticipate. Accurate predictions, on the other hand, may be difficult to come by in more rural regions, putting people at risk.

Blizzards may be a danger for trekkers in the highlands, particularly if they lead to white-out scenarios that make orienteering difficult. Blizzards pose a danger to motorists since they may also induce slick roads with near-zero visibility.

3. Cold Waves

A cold wave is a natural disaster characterized by a rapid drop in temperature over the course of 24 hours and is referred to as a technical term. While being cold weather alone isn’t sufficient to cause a natural disaster, a quick drop in temperature might have severe implications for inhabitants in a area.

Surprisingly, in order for a weather phenomenon to be classified as a cold wave, it doesn’t have to cross a certain temperature threshold. Instead, the speed at which temperature drops is used to classify cold waves. Local weather services will use local climate norms to determine if a weather event is really a cold wave, because what is considered “cold” varies greatly from area to area.

A cold wave can be caused by a variety of factors. The arrival of a very strong high pressure system from the polar regions is one of the most common causes of a cold wave. Additionally, just a few hours of jet stream movement may transport very severe weather southward.

Cold weather itself is the most dangerous aspect of a cold wave. This may raise the risk of hypothermia and other cold-related injuries. Additionally, ice and frost can form rapidly during cold weather, wreaking havoc on infrastructure.

Aircraft and other equipment are particularly vulnerable to cold waves. Extreme cold may cause diesel to gel or drain car batteries. As a result, whenever extreme cold is forecast, you should be cautious.

4. Droughts

Droughts, like cold waves, are subjective by their nature and thus difficult to define. An prolonged period of time with drier-than-normal conditions and/or other water-related problems is referred to as a drought in technical terms.

Nonetheless, the phrase “drier-than-normal” is highly subjective, and what might seem dry in one area may be exceedingly wet in another. Moreover, during one half of the year, abundant rainfall may appear in one area while minimal types of precipitation may appear in another.

As a consequence, determining when a drought starts and finishes is not always straightforward. Changes in rainfall patterns or low water levels in local lakes and reservoirs are usually used by climatologists to identify a drought.

Droughts, on the other hand, may last anywhere from a few weeks to many years. In reality, an Ethiopian drought that started in 2015 is still going strong as of 2021.

Humanitarian organizations believe that tens of millions of people in the area will suffer food shortage as a consequence of the ground’s demise, although it is unclear how long it will last. As a result, droughts are very real in terms of human suffering, despite their difficulty to forecast and identify.

5. Earthquakes

When the Earth’s tectonic plates slippage suddenly and violently, one of the most unpredictable natural disasters, earthquakes, occur.

Yet, we must first comprehend that the Earth’s surface is not one continuous layer in order to comprehend how earthquakes operate. Instead, the Earth’s crust is made up of many plates that move past each other on a regular basis.

This movement may cause very real shaking on the Earth’s surface when these plates abruptly pass each other. Although minor earthquakes occur dozens of times each day, major earthquakes may cause catastrophic damage and loss of life.

The earthquakes in Nepal in 2015 and Haiti in 2010, both of which destroyed hundreds of homes and claimed thousands of lives, are perhaps the most well-known recent earthquakes.

Secondary natural disasters may be triggered by certain earthquakes, which might be more deadly. Earthquakes, such as the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan in 2011, may also generate tsunamis. Tsunamis were likely about 130 feet (40 meters) high after the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami hit.

6. Floods

Floods occur when water covers land that is normally dry for a short period of time. This might seem like a overly broad definition, but that’s because it is!

What constitutes a flood in one location might not be a flood in another, as with many forms of natural disasters. Even so, given the above, many of us may recognize a flood in a picture simply by looking at a lot of water in streets or other urbanized areas.

Heavy rainfall is usually a culprit when it comes to floods, but there are other possible causes. Storm surge, which we’ll see later in this article when we discuss hurricanes, is another example of flooding that can occur in certain cases.

Yet, it’s important to remember that floods may be considerably more hazardous than they seem at first glance. Even a modest flood with a water depth of around 6 inches (15 cm) might sweep you off your feet and cause harm.

Regardless of how minor the situation might appear, never attempt to travel through a flooded area, according to the general rule. Floods are almost always a poor choice if you’re trying to walk, drive, or swim through them because rapidly shifting currents may pull you into a hazardous one.

7. Flash Floods

Flash floods are defined as any flooding that begins within 6 hours of a period of heavy rain or other water-related cause in a weather forecasting context.

Flash floods are linked to big storms in the same way as ordinary floods are. Hurricanes and other meteorological occurrences, for example, may cause severe flooding in a very short period of time.

The frightening aspect of flash floods, however, is that they may occur in areas where it hasn’t rained recently. When bluebird skies are overhead, sudden surges of water may occur in many regions in the American southwest, for example, particularly narrow canyons.

A thunderstorm upstream is typically to blame for this kind of flash flooding, however a dam breach or malfunction may also induce it. These oncoming floods may be particularly hazardous for hikers and canyoneers since there are few (if any) visible indicators before they strike.

8. Hailstorms

Many meteorologists would not categorize hailstorms as a separate kind of storm, despite their name. Significant hail storms, or “hurricane-like conditions,” are more often seen in conjunction with large thunderstorms.

Very strong updrafts (upward flows of air) may lead to the development of hail in some thunderstorms, particularly supercells. If you want to learn more about how hail develops, check out this video from The Weather Channel: it can be a little confusing at times.

The truth is that hail may be very harmful to humans, and it may cause widespread destruction, even if it originates in different ways. Large hailstones might hurt unsuspecting pedestrians on the ground, despite the fact that most hailstones are somewhat little.

Moreover, hail is believed to damage hundreds of millions of dollars each year in the United States alone, according to the Insurance Information Institute. In reality, hail damage is expected to cause more than $13 billion in losses in 2019, according to one study. Who knew everything?

9. Heat Waves

A heat wave is a sustained period of extremely high temperatures that is the polar opposite of a cold wave.

Heat waves are defined differently depending on where they occur, just as cold waves are. There is no official criteria for identifying a heat wave. A heat wave, on the other hand, is defined as a two- or three-day period with temperatures that are higher than the area’s historical average.

A heat wave, for example, is defined as a series of days with a temperature of 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius) in Montreal, Canada. Temperatures in Iran’s burning hot Lut Desert, on the other hand, would be quite pleasant.

The threat of severe dehydration, which may result in life-threatening heat stroke, is the major concern during a heat wave. During heat waves, younger persons, older persons, and immunocompromised persons are most likely to be affected, but severe heat-related illnesses can harm anybody.

Staying cool and hydrated is critical if a heat wave is predicted. To minimize the risk of developing heat stroke or any other similar illness, drink a lot of water, seek out air conditioning, and avoid strenuous exercise as much as possible.

10. Ice Storms

Ice storms occur when significant amounts of freezing rain occur during the winter season. Ice storms are typically defined by the National Weather Service (NWS) of the United States as any weather event that results in 0.25 inch (6.4 mm) or more of ice accumulation on surfaces such as trees, roads, and buildings.

Therefore, like in a major thunderstorm, most ice storms are not particularly violent.

During a snowstorm, a thin layer of warm air hundreds of feet above the ground produces ice storms instead. When snow falls onto this layer of warm air and melts, it refreezes when it reaches the layer of colder air immediately above the Earth’s surface, producing freezing rain.

Ice is not exactly safe, as you might imagine, when it covers surfaces like roads. As a result, ice storms are particularly well-known for causing car accidents, particularly in cities. During a period of cold weather, the weight of ice on trees and telephone poles may also cause significant power outages and other similar damage.

11. Impact Event

Impact events are collisions between astronomical objects, and they are one of the few natural disasters on our list that aren’t caused by objects from our planet Earth. Yet, for the purposes of this discussion, we’re interested in a meteor impact event versus Earth.

thankfully, on Earth, impact events are rare. Since meteor impacts may cause enormous devastation, this is excellent news for us humans (and all the other species on our planet).

The Chelyabinsk meteor, which occurred in 2013, was the most recent significant meteor event. The Chelyabinsk meteor exploded 14 miles (23 kilometers) above the ground after entering the Earth’s atmosphere over Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia.

Although the incident itself was not the issue in this particular instance, the explosion from the meteor did damage numerous buildings and send over 1,500 people to seek medical attention for their hurts.

The Tunguska event, which occurred in 1908, was an earlier impact event that did have a significant effect. This meteor flattened an estimated 80 million trees when it landed in what is now Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia.

Impact events, despite the fact that they are not that frequent, have the potential to cause significant damage, injury, and death. Indeed, the prospect of a massive rock hurtling towards the Earth’s surface isn’t particularly appealing. Fortunately, several space groups, such as NASA, are working on methods to notify us of a impending meteor strike.

12. Landslides

Any large-scale movement of a mass of debris or rock down a slope is defined as a landslide by the United States Geological Survey. Landslides would be classified as “mass wasting,” which is the movement of soil or rock caused by gravity.

Landslides are common in certain regions of the globe, and they may cause enormous amounts of damage depending on their dimension.

The landslide produced by the eruption of Mount St. Helens, for example, is the biggest known in US history. In 1980, Helens was born. The landslide is estimated to have traveled at least 70–150 miles per hour (112–240 km/h) down slope, dumping more than 0.67 cubic miles (2.8 cubic kilometers) of debris in its wake.

Volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and severe rains are all examples of landslides. Scientists might sometimes anticipate landslide-prone slopes, although determining the precise moment of a landslide is difficult due to the many elements involved in its development.

13. Limnic Eruptions

A very uncommon sort of natural disaster is a limnic eruption, also known as an “exploding lake.” It occurs when carbon dioxide erupts from the bottom of a freshwater lake at an extremely fast and violent rate.

Limnic eruptions, while uncommon, have caused enormous damage around two lakes in west-central Africa: Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun, killing hundreds of people and animals.

So these two lakes have released a large amount of carbon dioxide as a result of the geology of the rock beneath them. As more carbon dioxide is dissolved into the water, it gets extremely pressurized at the bottom of these deep lakes.

These lakes will usually continue to absorb carbon dioxide until they reach their saturation level in natural circumstances. However, if a significant event, such as a landslide, occurs in the lake’s immediate surroundings, all that pressure may be released, resulting in—BOOM! An explosion in actuality.

That is true, this eruption takes place in the air, and it isn’t as devastating as you might think. Since carbon dioxide is heavier than oxygen, it displaces all the oxygen in the area around the lake when it is released from the lake in a massive poof.

As a result, all humans and other animals in the close vicinity of the lake die from asphyxiation. And in 1986, a 60-foot (20-meter) tsunami wave was generated by the eruption of Lake Nyos, which is another natural disaster on top of an exploding lake.

So, what should we humans do about the burgeoning lake difficulty? After the 1986 eruption of Lake Nyos, scientists installed a massive pipe beneath it. This is intended to prevent future eruptions, but only time will tell if it works.

14. Mudslides

Mudslides are a kind of landslide characterized by mud and other similar fast-moving debris.

Mudslides, like other kinds of landslides, are caused by a variety of factors, including heavy rain and earthquakes. Yet, due to the lack of structure within the soil column, slopes where we humans have removed vegetation for agriculture or other development are particularly prone to mudslides.

The 2014 Oso mudslide, which occurred outside the community of Oso in Washington state, was the worst mudslide in the United States in recent history.

There were dozens of days before the incident, including periods of heavy rain in the region around Oso, which was situated along the North Fork of the Stillaguamish River. Although the specifics of the landslide remain unclear, its magnitude is obvious: 43 persons died and over 50 structures were destroyed in the process.

Scientists can’t always predict when mudslides will strike, just like landslides. Yet, in places prone to slides, they are creating new methodologies that will allow them to offer more precise landslide prognosis.

15. Pea Soup Fog

Yellowish-black smog that settles over major metropolitan areas is referred to as pea soup fog. It’s a noxious combination of fog, soot particles, and sulfur dioxide that may hang over a given region for hours, days, or even weeks at a time.

You may be thinking, “Smog is human-caused!” It can’t be a natural disaster, can it?

However, the long-lasting fog is clearly a meteorological occurrence, despite the fact that soot and other particles within it are human-caused.

The Great Smog of London in 1952 is considered to have killed between 4,000 and 12,000 people (official estimates at the time were likely wildly off the mark), making it arguably the most famous instance of pea soup fog.

A strong anticyclone settled over London and created a widespread temperature inversion, which triggered the fog. This inversion stopped cold air from mixing with other sections of the air column by trapping it beneath a layer of warmer air.

Many cities across the globe, including Denver, are known for their regular temperature inversions on their own. This temperature inversion isn’t necessarily terrible. Nevertheless, the burning of coal for home heat in the mid-century included soot and sulfur dioxide, which was combined with the inversion.

In recent years, reductions in coal-fired heating in most major cities and advances in technology have helped to reduce the danger of pea soup fog. Nonetheless, this kind of natural disaster may still strike areas with a lot of air pollution and frequent temperature inversions.

16. Sinkholes

The prospect of the earth beneath our feet giving way is terrifying for many of us. However, sinkholes are a significant danger on a day-to-day basis for individuals living in certain areas of the world.

Any sinkhole that develops beneath the land surface and has no external drainage is called a sinkhole. They may range in size from barely a few feet to over 100 feet (60 meters) in diameter, and they may vary significantly.

In most cases, the underlying rock in a location is made of soluble material like limestone, salt deposits, or carbonate rock.

Groundwater slowly eats away at the rock, eventually forming a subsurface hole as it seeps through the bedrock. The earth will collapse, leaving a huge sinkhole in its wake, when enough pressure is applied over the spreading hole.

There are certain areas that are more prone to sinkhole development than others, since sinkhole development is heavily influenced by the underlying bedrock. Sinkholes are particularly well-known in Florida. Yet, the fact is that current technology does not provide a great way to anticipate them.

17. Solar Flares

Solar flares don’t occur on Earth in the real world, but we assure you that they have genuine-life effects on our lovely planet.

A solar flare is a massive explosion on the sun’s surface that occurs very infrequently. These solar flares may have a major impact on our planet’s magnetic field, despite the fact that our sun is extremely distant.

Due to the energy they emit, solar flares and their associated geomagnetic storms may cause electrical power outages and communication satellites to malfunction. Flares have the potential to contaminate radio links on Earth, which is a little scary.

The geomagnetic storm that caused a power blackout in parts of Canada in 1989 is one of the most well-known instances of a solar flare affecting us humans. Around Quebec, and even as far away as the United States state of New Jersey, the storm damaged power transmission to more than 6 million Canadians.

Despite the fact that the 1989 geomagnetic storm was over 25 years ago, solar flares continue to pose a danger to power and communications. While space agencies across the globe have long been concerned about this issue, further investigation is required to discover a dependable solution during these natural disasters.

18. Subsidence

Natural disasters like subsidence are comparable to sinkholes, but with a few differences. Subsidence occurs when a large amount of groundwater is depleted from the bedrock, unlike sinkholes, which develop as groundwater dissolves the bedrock.

In places where a lot of water is used for irrigation, such as the US state of California, this kind of water loss is common. As a result of gradual water loss, the earth beneath it progressively lowers in height.

Land subsidence can affect a wide region, making it difficult to detect. However, in metropolitan regions such as Mexico City, where land subsidence caused the unlevel sinking of the ancient Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe, a cultural icon, it may cause significant issues.

In certain circumstances, engineers may build a backup foundation beneath the at-risk structure to protect it from minor additional subsidence, although we do not yet have a ideal solution for this.

19. Thunderstorms

Thunderstorms are frequently confused with natural disasters, albeit they aren’t really a disaster in their own right.

A thunderstorm is a kind of storm that occurs when deep, moist convection in the troposphere causes it, according to meteorologists. When lightning strikes, which generates thunder, these storms are referred to as thunderstorms.

Despite this, thunderstorms aren’t a major concern in and of themselves; instead, they’re more dangerous when they combine other elements of severe weather, such as destructive straight-line winds, flash floods, hail, lightning, and tornadoes.

20. Tornadoes

Tornadoes may be a part of everyday life wherever you live in the world. Tornadoes, on the other hand, are a form of natural disaster that you will continue to see and hear about.

A violently rotating column of air is what a tornado is. They may generate extraordinarily fast wind speeds of hundreds of miles per hour and stretch from the bottom of a sort of cloud known as a cumulonimbus.

Tornadoes, on the other hand, are relatively common in specific areas of the globe (“Tornado Alley” in the United States being one example). Meteorologists aren’t sure why they form. It’s best to head any tornado “watches” or “warnings” you may hear in your area, since predicting tornadoes is also a challenge.

If a tornado warning or watch is issued, seek shelter immediately if you are caught outdoors. A separate storm shelter is preferable, but any interior space with no windows on the lowest level of the structure is better than nothing. After that, until the tornado warning ends, get under a sturdy piece of furniture to protect your head and neck.

21. Tsunamis

Tsunamis are enormous waves that result from geologic activity, which have long been part of human imagination. Earthquakes and underwater volcanic eruptions, which may both propagate seismic waves across the ocean, are commonly responsible for these waves.

Tsunamis, on the other hand, do not resemble enormous ocean waves, contrary to popular belief. Rather, they seem to be a swiftly rising tide of water moving toward the shore like a massive wall.

Whenever there’s a geologic disturbance on the seafloor, tsunamis pose a danger. Volcanic eruptions and large earthquakes, such as the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake and Tsunami, are linked to the largest ones.

The earthquake hit in the middle of the Indian Ocean and was magnitude 9.1, which triggered the tsunami. In regions including Sri Lanka and Sumatra, this resulted in a devastating tsunami about 30 minutes later. The tsunami was one of the worst disasters on record, killing more than 200,000 people in 14 countries.

Early warning detection systems and sirens are installed in many tsunami-prone locations to alert people of the risk. Immediately stop what you’re doing and seek higher ground until the danger passes, and urge others in your vicinity to do the same if you hear a siren or receive a tsunami warning.

22. Tropical cyclone

They’re all hurricanes, typhoons, cyclones, or whatever you want to call them. They all mean the same thing: tropical cyclone.

A rapidly rotating storm that forms over tropical regions with abundant warm water and moist air is called a tropical cyclone. Storms may become enormous low pressure systems, bringing strong winds, flooding, and sometimes surge to coastal and inland communities.

Tropical cyclones are most likely to strike landfall after traveling a long distance over the ocean and accumulating energy along the way, particularly in regions such as the eastern US, Caribbean, and Oceania.

When winds reach speeds of at least 74 mph (119 km/h), these storms are called hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean. In the Pacific Ocean, on the other hand, they are referred to as typhoons.

Tropical storms may bring high winds, heavy rain, and storm surge, as we discussed earlier. They may frequently bring down power grids, resulting in widespread flooding that is especially dangerous in low-lying coastal areas.

Unfortunately, with a changing climate, hurricanes appear to be becoming more common and more powerful. Each following hurricane season seems to bring new hazards and record-breaking storms that pose a persistent danger to coastal communities, despite the fact that more study is required to understand what precisely the modifications will be.

23. Volcanic Eruptions

When lava, gases, and ash can escape from volcanoes, they are openings in the Earth’s crust. A volcanic eruption is what we call it when these materials escape from the planet’s surface.

Volcanic eruptions are typically depicted as catastrophic occurrences involving shooting lava, rocks, and other debris in popular culture. For some kinds of volcanoes, this is correct, but many are not as violent.

Indeed, some eruptions are characterized by a steady stream of lava flowing down their slopes, rather than being particularly violent. Others, however, believe in Mount St. It may be fatal when Helens erupts in 1980. Others, such as the Eyjafjallajökull volcano eruption in Iceland in 2010, may still disrupt global air traffic due to particulates in the atmosphere.

While scientists have gotten more precise in predicting eruptions, it is not a perfect science. A volcanic eruption is generally known to be impending, yet we presently lack the ability to predict the exact time of such an occurrence.

24. Wildfires

Wildfires are an increasing prevalent threat in our lives, as they are unplanned and uncontrolled fires that occur in woodlands, bushlands, prairies, and grasslands.

Wildfires occur naturally as part of natural ecological processes in extremely dry regions of the globe, such as Australia and California. Many plant species, such as the lodgepole pine and eucalyptus, require fire to reproduce, so the flames themselves may have some positive ecological consequences.

Wildfires can be devastating in areas with a large human population, though. These flames may spread quickly, scorching vast areas of land in a matter of days. Many governments have systems in place to stop wildfires because the flames pose a direct danger to human life and property.

Wildfires may be natural or human-caused, depending on the case. Wildfires are often started by lightning strikes, but they can also be caused by uncounted campfires, severed power lines, or arson.

Wildfires, on the other hand, may be harmful even if they have no reason. Therefore, before going out the door during peak wildfire season in your region, make sure to familiarize yourself with local fire restrictions and check the current fire danger.

Interesting Facts About Natural Disasters

Let’s talk a little about some interesting natural disaster-related fun facts now that you’ve learned a bit about the 24 forms of natural disasters. As a result, here are some interesting facts to keep in mind as you prepare for any contingency:

1|Most Natural Disasters Are Weather-Related

Avalanches, wildfires, and hurricanes are all examples of natural hazards that are weather-related, according to the University of Colorado. Tsunamis and earthquakes are the other geophysical hazards.

2|Natural Disasters Can Cost Billions Of Dollars

Due to variations in the cost of living across regions, it’s difficult to compare the cost of natural disasters. However, the costliest natural disaster in US history (to date) remains Hurricane Katrina, which caused $170 billion in damage in 2005.

3|Meteorological Natural Disasters Are Becoming More Common

Many meteorological natural disasters (fires and hurricanes) are becoming more common as a result of climate change. With each passing year, hurricanes become stronger and more frequent, lengthening and intensifying hurricane seasons.

Natural Disasters FAQs

To some of your most commonly asked questions about natural disasters, here are our answers:

How Can We Prevent Natural Disasters?

Unfortunately, natural disasters are almost always unavoidable. By developing infrastructure that makes our civilizations more resistant, such as strengthened buildings that can withstand large earthquakes, we may be better prepared to cope with natural disasters.

On a personal level, having emergency supplies on hand at all times can help you prepare. During a natural disaster, you should strive to maintain at least 3 days’ worth of food, water, and other necessities in your house just in case.

Who Handles Natural Disasters?

After a natural disaster, many nations and municipalities have government agencies that assist with damage assessment and humanitarian assistance. Following a catastrophic incident, such as a tsunami, international organizations like the UN and other non-governmental organizations offer aid to nations.

Can Natural Disasters Be Man-Made?

Natural disasters can be caused by human activity. A wildfire that starts from human-controlled campfires is the greatest illustration of this. Moreover, human activity, such as the rising probability of catastrophic hurricanes as a consequence of global warming, may make natural disasters worse in the long run.

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