Several of Australia’s most renowned birds, as well as several other fascinating or unusual species, are included in our Australian birds list.
Australian Birds List: Introduction
Australia’s birds are no exception! It is home to a slew of unusual and distinct animals.
Birds with beautiful plumage, birds that may build nests, birds that may assault humans, and birds that might replicate any sound they hear are all included in this list!
List of Australian Birds
Australian Brush Turkey
Builds a huge nest mound
A big, weird-looking bird native to eastern Australia, the Australian Brush Turkey is a common sight. Its head and neck are bright red, while the rest of its body feathers are black. On the base of its neck, it has a yellow wattle.
(On the faces and necks of several species of birds, a wattle is a fatty growth of skin.)
For the female to lay her eggs in, the male Brush Turkey creates a massive mound out of leaves and soil. Turkey mounds can grow to be 1.5 meters (5 feet) tall and 4 meters (13 feet) broad!
Australian King Parrot
Large, colourful Australian parrot
Red heads, chests, and underbellies; green wings and backs distinguish male King Parrots. Females have green heads and chests with red underbelly, but they are similar.
The eastern half of Australia is home to these giant parrots. They construct their nests in hollowed-out tree trunks and dwell in humid woodlands and rainforests.
In much of Australia, the Australian Magpie is a common bird. Several Australians claim that the song sounds like R2D2 (R2D2 is a robot from the Star Wars movies).
The Australian Magpie, like the European Magpie, belongs to the crow family, while the Artamidae family of butcherbirds includes both magpies.
Elegant water bird
The black swan is a huge, graceful bird with an iridescent black plumage and crimson beak. They dwell amid marshes, rivers, and lakes, as well as the shore.
Endemic to Australia means that they can only be found in the wild in Australia. On the flag of Western Australia, a black swan appears.
Black-Necked Stork / Jabiru
Australia’s only stork
The sole stork discovered in Australia is the Black-Necked Stork. South and Southeast Asia are also home to this species. It’s also known as a Jabiru in Australia, however another kind of stork that lives in the Americas is also known as a Jabiru.
The Black-Necked Stork is a big, stunning bird. It has a black body and wings with a black and white head, neck, and bill. The legs are pink and long.
Colourful Australian parrot and popular pet
Some of Australia’s drier areas are home to the Budgerigar, a small brightly colored bird. It’s a Psittaculidae parrot, which belongs to the family.
The Budgerigar, despite being native to Australia, is the world’s third most popular pet and may be found in captivity.
The name comes from an aboriginal term that means “good eating.”
Wears a crown and known to attack humans!
New Guinea and northeast Australia are home to the cassowaries, enormous flightless birds. The Northern Cassowary, Southern Cassowary, and Dwarf Cassowary are the three species of cassowaries found in Australia; only the Southern Cassowary is native to the country.
The bushy black feathers on the Southern Cassowary’s body are huge. Two long red wattles dangle from its neck, and its otherwise bright blue neck is long. A huge bony ‘crown’, known as a casque, sits atop the cassowary’s head.
The cassowary is a dangerous bird with dagger-like inner claws on its legs, and it has been known to attack people! Nonetheless, such assaults are extremely unusual, and the bird is typically approached by the victim rather than vice versa.
In terms of weight, the cassowary is Australia’s largest bird, while in terms of height, it is second.
Smallest cockatoo and second most popular pet bird in the world
The cockatiel is the smallest of the cockatoo species. It’s only found in Australia, and it’s a popular pet all over the globe.
Cockatiels are mostly grey in color with orange cheeks in the wild. They may be found in marshes and shrublands all throughout Australia.
Australia’s tallest bird!
The Emu is a large flightless species that is only found (in the wild) in Australia and has a guaranteed entry in any list of Australian birds. Its body is covered in grey-brown feathers, and it has a long neck and legs.
The Emu can run at speeds of up to 50 km/h (20 mph) thanks to its powerful legs.
The Emu, Australia’s biggest bird by height and weight, is found across the country and is the country’s second-biggest bird.
Cockatoo whose name has become an insult
The Australian cockatoo, the Galah, is a frequent sight. It’s endemic to the mainland and has been introduced in Tasmania. It can be found across Australia.
The Galah has pink on its chest, head, and neck. It has grey wings and a grey tail. It has a lighter pink on top of its head and feathered crest.
The term ‘galah’ is a (usually humorous) insult that Australians often utilize. The term implies “idiot” in this context.
Official bird emblem of the Australian Capital Territory
The woodlands, forests, and mountains of southeast Australia are home to the Gang-Gang Cockatoo. Males have bright red heads and crests, and their plumage is slate-grey in color.
The name of the Gang-Gang Cockatoo comes from an indigenous language. The Australian Capital Territory has chosen a bird as its emblem.
Finch with amazing plumage
A colorful songbird from northern Australia, the Gouldian finch. Despite its popularity as a companion animal, it is becoming more difficult to find in the wild.
The plumage of the Gouldian finch is a vibrant combination of yellow, green, blue, and red. Males are generally more vibrant than females.
Is someone laughing at you?
The Kookaburra is without a doubt one of Australia’s most iconic birds! The kingfisher family Alcedinidae includes this iconic Australian bird, but fish make up a small portion of its diet. It will, however, consume rodents, insects, and tiny reptiles.
Is someone laughing at you in the background? The call of the Laughing Kookaburra, one of four species in the Kookaburra family, is famous for sounding exactly like human laughter.
The Superb Lyrebird and Albert’s Lyrebird are two species of lyrebirds. In eastern Australia, the Superb Lyrebird may be found in the rainforests and bushland. Albert’s Lyrebird is only found in a narrow region of rainforest in Southern Queensland, and it is less common.
Lyrebirds are superb imitators in both species. Not only the sounds of other birds, but also human noises like car alarms and machinery, may be imitated by the Superb Lyrebird.
Endangered grassland bird
Scientific name: Pedionomus torquatus
Only in Australia can you find the plains-wanderer, a small ground bird. The species is primarily found in the Riverina area of southwestern New South Wales, where it inhabits grasslands.
The Charadriiformes order of wading birds includes the plains-wanderer. It’s a lousy flyer and spends the majority of its time on the ground. A grass-lined hollow in the earth is where it nests.
Why Are Plains-Wanderers Endangered?
Habitat loss caused by conversion of plains grassland to agricultural land is jeopardizing the survival of the plains-wanderer.
Incredible house-building bird!
The black plumage of the male Satin Bowerbird has a rich blue sheen that reflects light. Brown wings, a patterned chest, and bright blue eyes distinguish the female from the male.
The Satin Bowerbird, on the other hand, isn’t particularly remarkable because of its looks.
The Satin Bowerbird is well-known for constructing a beautiful “house” or “bower” to attract females. This edifice is composed of sticks and embellished with brightly hued things, such as fruit and flowers, as well as various man-made objects that the bird has discovered.
A distinct nest is constructed for the eggs, and the bowers are solely for show purposes.
Little bundles of colour
The little birds known as fairywrens are only found in Australia and New Guinea. In Australia, the Blue Wren is another name for the Superb Fairywren. It’s found in wooded and urban environments throughout southeast Australia.
The bodies of superb Fairywrens are spherical, with long tails that are often held upright. Males have vivid blue patches on their heads, cheeks, and necks during the breeding season, whereas females are more difficult to differentiate. Females, on the other hand, have brown-grey bodies and a crimson patch around their eyes.
Australia’s biggest bird of prey
In addition to being one of Australia’s largest birds of prey, the Wedge-Tailed Eagle is also one of the world’s largest eagles. The female of most birds of prey has a greater wingspan than the male (up to 2.32 m [7.6 ft.]), as is typical in most birds.
The Wedge-Tailed Eagle’s name comes from the diamond-shaped tail that it has.
Australia’s smallest bird
Australia’s tiniest bird, the Weebill, is found there. With a cream chest and pale yellow underparts, it is a light brown bird.
The name of the Weebill comes from its small bill, or “wee” bill. It may be found in Australia’s woodlands and forests.
Australian Birds List: Conclusion
Our list of Australian birds hopefully provided you with some fun. You may be thinking about retrieving your passport and traveling halfway across the globe to see some of these spectacular birds in person if you are like us!