25 Backyard Birds In Texas (With Pictures)

Wild birds of many different species may be found in Texas, from common to rare. We’ll look at some of the state’s most well-known and well-known birds in this article. Some of them are migratory and only spend part of their lives in Texas, while others live there all year. We’ll study 25 backyard birds in Texas and learn about each species in this essay.

I’ll then demonstrate how to entice them to your yard, give you a crash course in the 10 distinct types of bird feeders you may employ to do so, and even recommend a couple birdwatching sites in Texas after that.

How many different species of wild birds are in Texas?

In December 2020, the Texas Bird Record Committee revised the state list to 655 species. Just California is ahead of Texas in terms of population. That doesn’t imply that all 655 species are widespread. In reality, just one of the birds on the list has been sighted, and it is considered uncommon. You might be able to catch certain southern species in Texas that you wouldn’t find in other places because of its location along the Mexican boarder and Gulf coast.


We’ll take a look at 25 species of Texas backyard birds, some of which are year-round residents and others aren’t. These are some of the most well-known and identifiable Texas backyard birds, but they aren’t all of the species in the state or even close to it. Let’s have a look right now, without any further delay!


Scientific nameCardinalis cardinalis

Length: 8.3-9.1 in

Weight: 1.5-1.7 oz

Wingspan: 9.8-12.2 in

The Northern Cardinals are one of the most well-known and widely seen backyard birds in North America. Females have duller colors and are more pale brown with some reddish coloring, while males have bright red feathers and a black mask. The “mohawks,” as well as the reddish orange beaks of both sexes, are clearly visible.

During the year, almost the whole state of Texas is home to Northern Cardinals.

Most seed feeders will be visited by Cardinals, who will offer them a combination of black sunflower seeds and other seeds.


Scientific nameBaeolophus atricristatus

Length: 5.9 in

Weight: 0.5-0.7 oz

Wingspan:9.1-9.8 in

In their range, these tiny birds may be found at feeders and in backyards. They have a little mohawk, like Cardinals, that distinguishes them from other birds. Titmice have a black mark above their beaks and are silver-gray on top and lighter on bottom.

Throughout most of Texas, the Black-crested Titmouse may be found year-round, although they are only seen in a restricted region in Oklahoma.

Most seed feeders will be visited by titmice, who will offer them a variety of seed mixes and black sunflower seeds.


Scientific namePoecile carolinensis

Length: 3.9-4.7 in

Weight: 0.3-0.4 oz

Wingspan: 5.9-7.9 in

Because of their black cap and black bib, chickadees are tiny birds that are extremely easy to identify. Their underbodies are puffy and whitish, and their cheeks are solid white. Their wings and backs are blackish gray.

Common in Eastern Texas are Carolina Chickadees, which should not be confused with Black-capped Chickadees. These can be seen darting back and forth from a feeder to cover and uncover themselves for more food, which is very common at bird feeders. When I first open a new feeder in my yard, Chickadees are always among the first birds I see.

Most seed feeders will be visited by chickadees, who will give them a combination of seeds and black sunflower seeds.


Scientific nameCyanocitta cristata

Length: 9.8-11.8 in

Weight: 2.5-3.5 oz

Wingspan: 13.4-16.9 in

In North America and the United States, another very well-known bird species is the American robin. The Blue Jay is what you might call him. They have a huge blue crest with white feathers on top and blue feathers on the bottom, and it sits atop their heads. They also wear a necklace-like black ring around their necks. White, blue, and black stripes run down their wings.

Most of Texas is home to the Toronto Blue Jays, although they are less common in East Texas. In backyards and feeders, they’re common.

Platform feeders, peanut feeders, and feeders with huge perches are popular with Blue Jays. Black sunflower seeds, mixed seeds, and peanuts are all available.


Scientific nameSialia sialis

Length: 6.3-8.3 in

Weight: 1.0-1.1 oz

Wingspan: 9.8-12.6 in

Bluebirds have a rusty reddish-orange belly and are entirely blue on top. In the United States, they are among the most wanted birdhouse tenants. The bluebird house industry is booming, thanks to this. Backyards are full of them, but not so much in feeders. With this birdhouse, I was able to attract a mating pair by putting up a birdhouse and trying my luck.

While they are not as abundant in far West Texas, Eastern Bluebirds are a common sight across Texas.

Seed-eating bluebirds may be attracted to a tray feeder or a dish with mealworms, although they are not usually fond of seeds.


Scientific nameZenaida asiatica

Weight: 4.4-6.6 oz

Wingspan: 18.9-22.8 in

White-winged Doves, like their maternal relatives the Mourning Doves, are often seen pecking around for food on the ground rather than at bird feeders. The majority of these doves are light brown on the bottom, with black outer wings and white inner wings. White-winged Doves, on the other hand, are more typically seen in the Sonoran Desert, where they eat saguaro cactus fruits.

In the southern United States, particularly in Texas, White-winged Doves are abundant.

Seed feeders are seldom visited by White-winged Doves, but they will collect trash on the ground nearby.


Scientific nameTurdus migratorius

Length: 7.9-11.0 in

Weight: 2.7-3.0 oz

Wingspan: 12.2-15.8 in

Robins are most often observed hopping about the grass, looking for worms and other invertebrates to consume. They are quite common in backyards. They do not typically eat seeds, despite visiting bird feeders on occasion. They’re easy to spot since they have bright red, spherical bellies and yellow beaks.

Most of Texas’ robins stay in the state throughout the year, with a few migrating north for the winter.

Attract American Robins to a bird feeder with mealworms, native fruit-bearing plants, or a bird bath since they are not often seen.


Scientific nameZenaida macroura

Length: 9.1-13.4 in

Weight: 3.0-6.0 oz

Wingspan: 17.7 in

Doves, which are about the size of a robin, may be found in gardens and sit perched on power lines or in clusters in trees. They are occasionally seen on my tray feeder, but more often they are seen wandering around on the ground. The mourning doves are mostly gray on top, with black marks and a pale peach tone below.

Throughout Texas, Mourning Doves may be found all year.

Dove feeders are common, but scouring the ground for fallen seeds is their preferred activity. Sprinkle some seeds on the ground or try a ground feeder with a mixed seed blend.


Scientific nameSturnus vulgaris

Length: 7.9-9.1 in

Weight: 2.1-3.4 oz

Wingspan: 12.2-15.8 in

In the 1890s, 100 starlings were introduced to New York and have since colonized the nation. They will overtake feeders and destroy other birds’ nests, killing their young. They will also destroy other birds’ nests. They have yellow beaks and feet and are mostly all dark with white specks on their backs and wings. In the right light, starlings may also be purple and green iridescent and may be quite lovely.

Starlings, on the other hand, can be found year-round in every state except Texas.

Almost anything can be eaten by European Starlings. We recommend that you do not try to attract them, since they are an invasive species and will anyway appear.


Scientific nameSpinus tristis

Length: 4.3-5.1 in

Weight: 0.4-0.7 oz

Wingspan: 7.5-8.7 in

Sparrows, often known as “songbirds” or “perching birds,” belong to the passerine family of birds. The size of sparrows is rather modest. Insects are eaten by some, although they are mostly seed eaters with cone-shaped beaks that help them husk seeds. They have streaks down their backs and wings, and they are usually brown or gray in color. The color patterns on their head and face are often the best way to tell them apart.

In most of Texas, goldfinches can be found year-round, despite their non-breeding habitat. Seek them out in the winter.

Thistle feeders are preferred by goldfinches, but sunflower chips are a close second. If you want to attract them, use a thistle feeder.


Scientific nameHaemorhous mexicanus

Length: 5.1-5.5 in

Weight: 0.6-0.9 oz

Wingspan: 7.9-9.8 in

In Texas, the House Finch is yet another ubiquitous backyard bird. They live in metropolitan and suburban regions all year, and are populous in western Texas. They may appear in huge flocks and mob your feeders if you attract them, which is quite simple to do. Females are totally brown in hue, whereas males are mostly streaked brown with a little crimson on the head and chest.

The western half of Texas is home to House Finches, while the eastern parts and Gulf coast are home to them as well. They are quite uncommon in the state’s east.

House Finches eat thistle seed just like other finches do. They prefer black sunflower seeds over Goldfinches, so purchase some and feed them at seed feeders.


Scientific namePasser domesticus

Length: 5.9-6.7 in

Weight: 0.9-1.1 oz

Wingspan: 7.5-9.8 in

Houses Sparrows are the only other wild bird species in the United States, and they are often considered pests. Apart from starlings, you may legally capture and kill them humanely. These birds, like starlings, were first seen in New York in the 1800s and have since swept across the United States. Their wings and buffy chest are streaked with black and brown, and they’re predominantly brown in color. The face and chest of males are black. They are generally hostile to other birds, especially those around their nests.

All year round, Texas is home to House Sparrows. They are thought to be hosts to the viruses that mosquitoes pick up and transmit to humans, such as western and St. Louis, and may be found in particularly high numbers in agricultural areas. Mosquito-borne encephalitis is the name for the illness.

House Sparrows, like the European Starling, are invasive and pose a danger to indigenous animals. Almost anything will fill their bellies.


Scientific nameMelanerpes aurifrons

Length: 8.7 – 10.2 inches

Weight: 2.6 – 3.5 ounces

Wingspan: 16.5 – 17.3 inches

The coloring of these lovely woodpeckers may vary somewhat across their range. The Golden-fronted woodpeckers have yellow (sometimes golden orange) above their beak, on the nape of the neck, and on their lower belly. Texas is the “northern” group. Texas is one of the few states in the United States where you may see this bird, primarily birds from Mexico and Central America. Live and dead trees, as well as utility poles and nestboxes, are commonly used to breed.

In Texas, year-round golden-fronted woodpeckers may be observed. They’re more prevalent in the middle of Texas, from south to north, but are seldom seen in the far eastern, far western, and northern panhandle districts.

Fruit, nuts, and insects are all eaten by golden-fronted woodpeckers. At feeders or in suet, try a good fruit and nut blend.


Scientific nameCorvus brachyrhynchos

Length: 15.8-20.9 in

Weight: 11.2-21.9 oz

Wingspan: 33.5-39.4 in

The color of American Crows is solid black and they are rather big. Like their cousin the Raven, they are also well-known for their intelligence as problem solvers. Crows will gather in large groups on the tree tops, where they can get a birds-eye view of everything below. The roost will shout out if an owl or hawk appears, alerting everyone to the fact that danger is nearby.

Eastern Texas and the Texas panhandle are home to year-round crows.

Crows are opportunistic omnivores who don’t feed at birdfeeders since they are simply too big.


Scientific nameSelasphorus platycercus

Length: 3.1 – 3.5 inches

Weight: 0.1-0.2 ounces

Males have a magenta throat and mostly green and white bodies with buffy sides. Males make a loud metallic “trilling” sound with specially shaped feathers on their wingtips throughout the spring and summer. During the winter, these feathers wear down, and for the following breeding season, they are replaced. At high altitudes, where nighttime temperatures drop below freezing, they may breed. In cold temperatures, they enter a condition of torpor, or semi-hibernation, to preserve energy until the sun returns.

During breeding and migration seasons, broad-tailed hummingbirds may be found in western Texas. They leave in late March and return in October/November, migrating north into Texas. Although there have been numerous reports of birds remaining at feeders throughout the winter.

If you set out nectar feeders in your yard, Broad-tailed Hummingbirds will come back in most cases beginning in early April.


Scientific nameMelanerpes carolinus

Length: 9.4 in

Weight: 2.0-3.2 oz

Wingspan: 13.0-16.5 in

In general, feeders and backyards are home to this medium-sized woodpecker. You may first notice the bright red stripe along the back of their heads, despite the fact that they are described as “red-bellied.” They feature a basic white break with a pinkish red patch in their belly portion that is often not seen. With the white and black barring on their wings, they’re very simple to identify.

Most of eastern Texas is home to red-bellied woodpeckers, although they are rare in the center and west.

A suet feeder attracts red-bellied woodpeckers, but they may also eat at seed feeders if supplied.


Scientific namePicoides pubescens

Length: 5.5-6.7 in

Weight: 0.7-1.0 oz

Wingspan: 9.8-11.8 in

The common backyard bird, the Downy, loves to visit bird feeders. They’re one of the first species I notice on a new bird feeder, and they’re the tiniest woodpeckers in North America. Their entire white underbodies, black wings with white dots, black and white striped heads, and a red spot on the back of their skulls (males have no red) are all easily visible. Downy’s are smaller than the Hairy Woodpecker, despite their looks.

All throughout Texas’s eastern half, Downy Woodpeckers may be found year-round.

Most types of bird feeders attract Downy Woodpeckers. Mixed seed, black sunflower seed, and suet are available for them.


Scientific nameCyanocorax yncas

Length: 11.4 inches

Weight: 2.3 – 3.9 ounces

The only state in the United States is Texas. In this tropical-looking jay state, you may catch a glimpse. The Green Jays have a presence in southern Texas, although they are mostly seen along the Gulf coast of Mexico and Central America. The Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge is one of the greatest spots to see the Green Jay if you don’t live in the region. Picking up sticks and using them to pry loose bark off of trees to reach insects is a technique used by Greens Jay’s.

Only at the southernmost tip of Texas may you see a Green Jay.

Platform feeders, for example, are open-style bird feeders that may be visited by green Jays. Nectar feeders have also been spotted throughout the day.


Scientific nameAmazilia yucatanensis

Length: 3.9 – 4.3 inches

Weight: 0.1 ounces

One of the top hummingbirds in the United States is the buff-bellied hummingbird. There is a population that lives in southern Texas, and they are mostly found along the Gulf Coast in Mexico and the Yucatan Peninsula. After the breeding season, they appear to be unusual among hummingbirds in that they travel north. As far as the United States is concerned, It’s a concern, but also affects the Texas gulf coast, as well as Louisiana and Florida.

Hummingbirds with buff bellies are generally only spotted in Texas’ southern and coastal regions. They prefer to migrate north along the shore after their breeding season ends in August and can stay year-round at the southern tip.

Backyard nectar feeders attract Buff-bellied Hummingbirds.


Scientific nameDryobates scalaris

Length: 6.3 – 7.1 inches

Weight: 0.7 – 1.7 ounces

Wingspan: 13.0 inches

Dense woodlands, thick with towering trees, are most likely the first thing to come to mind when you hear the word “woodpeckers.” However, the Ladder-back has evolved to thrive in the south’s prickly desert landscapes. They may be located in deserts and scrubland, and were once referred to as the “cactus woodpecker.” They adore arid scrubland with mesquite and prickly pear cactus in Texas. Their name comes from the fact that their back is striped horizontally, giving it the appearance of a ladder.

Except for the extreme eastern boarder, where they are only present during the summer, Ladder-backed Woodpeckers may be found all year. The most habitat is found in the state’s western and southern regions.

If you live in the vicinity of their habitat, ladder-backed Woodpeckers may feed. They eat suet, and may even visit nectar feeders, like many woodpeckers do.


Scientific namePasserina ciris

Length: 4.7 – 5.1 inches

Weight: 0.5-0.7 ounces

One of the most vibrant and instantly recognized songbirds is the Painted Bunting. Yellow, green, red, and blue are the artists’ colors. Females and immature males are all bright yellowish-green in color. Painted Buntings breed throughout Texas during the spring and summer, which is fortunate for the state. In reality, Texas has the most Painted Buntings of any state in the United States. The state of being is a good example. Their nesting sites prefer dense foliage.

In March, painted bunting arrive in Texas, where they migrate. They remain in the area until around July and October, when they begin to return south.

Seed feeders are a favorite destination for painted buntings. The seed of these birds isn’t particularly attractive, however they are stunning. White millet, a frequent “filler” ingredient in most seed mixes, is their favorite.


Scientific nameArchilochus colubris

Length: 2.8-3.5 in

Weight: 0.1-0.2 oz

Wingspan: 3.1-4.3 in

Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are the most common type of hummingbird in the United States, though they are only found in the eastern part. In the Eastern United States, they are also the only hummeringbird species. Males have a fluorescent crimson throat, hence the name. Emerald-green on the back, wings, and head of Ruby-throated Hummers with white underparts. The red throat feathers are missing from females.

When it comes to these hummingbirds, Texas is divided into thirds. From April through September, the state’s eastern portion has a breeding population, while the state’s center region only observes them during spring and fall migrations. Meanwhile, the state’s western part sees very few of them.

If you put out nectar feeders, Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are very likely to come around your home in the back of the yard in mid-March in Texas.


Scientific nameMimus polyglottos

Length: 8.3 – 10.2 inches

Weight: 1.6 – 2.0 ounces

Wingspan: 12.2 – 13.8 inches

With a large personality, this is a medium-sized bird. Slim gray birds with a long tail, northern Mockingbirds are scarce. When flying, the edges of each wing are visible as a bold white stripe. They’ll dive bomb animals or humans that get too close to their nests, and they’re vicious nest defenders. The song is perhaps their most striking feature. Any time of day or even at night, both sexes and sexes sing. They commonly mix in 10-15 different phrases, including imitations of sounds and songs they’ve heard from other birds.

The entire state of Texas is home to Northern Mockingbirds all year.

In suburban gardens, mockingbirds are common, but they don’t usually eat bird seed. Plant fruiting trees and berry bushes to entice them.


Scientific nameThryothorus ludovicianus

Length: 4.7 – 5.5 inches

Weight: 0.6 – 0.8 ounces

Wingspan: 11.4 inches

These small warmly colored wrens have a loud and well-known song, and are very common in the eastern part of the United States. Even when they seem to be right in front of you, their tiny stature and ability to dart quickly through vegetation make them difficult to locate. The tail and wings of all Carolina Wrens are barred. This prohibition, on the other hand, may be much stronger and brighter in southern Texas.

Throughout Texas’s eastern and southern regions, Carolina Wrens may be found year-round.

Insect-eating Carolina Wrens rarely visit birdseed feeders since they mostly eat insects. They do, however, appreciate suet and will seek it out.


Scientific nameColaptes auratus

Length: 11.0-12.2 in

Weight: 3.9-5.6 oz

Wingspan: 16.5-20.1 in

In the United States, these medium to giant woodpeckers are rather prevalent around backyards, but not particularly frequent at feeders. They are, in my opinion, some of the most beautiful birds in North America. Flickers are somewhat less prevalent at feeders than the other woodpecker species on this list, however you may still see them in your yard if you know where to look.

Black bands on the back, black patches on the belly, and a black bib around the neck distinguish Northern Flickers. Depending on where you live in the country, there are two different types of Northern Flickers, each with minor differences in facial skin tone. The color of the feathers beneath their tails and wings is the easiest way to distinguish them. The United States is divided into two halves, east and west. The western part of the nation gets the red-shafted variety, whereas the eastern part gets the yellow-shafted variety.

Both the “yellow-shafted” and “red-shafted” types may be found in Texas. Throughout the year, a few of the yellow-shafted flickers, particularly in the north, remain in Texas. Nonetheless, throughout the winter, both may be seen in higher numbers in the state.


Are you interested in bringing some of these birds to your yard? Starting with the most obvious, take a look at these 5 simple tips.


Setting up a bird feeder or two is the ideal and most evident technique to entice birds to your yard. A basic tube feeder, hopper feeder, platform feeder, or window feeder is a good place to start. Below, you’ll find some ideas for each.


This Amazon listing has a pedestal birdbath that is ideal, although you may also utilize a simple terra cotta flower pot saucer. Birds need water to drink, bathe in, and bath in, so adding a water feature to your yard would certainly increase your chances of attracting birds. In addition, since moving water attracts the birds even more, consider installing a solar fountain.


If put in the ideal position at the ideal time of year, several bird species will readily take up residence in birdhouses. Among the most common birds sought after by bird enthusiasts is the Eastern Bluebird. A mating pair of bluebirds inspected this birdhouse in my yard the day it was installed, and I had a chance to photograph them.


Birds need trees, plants, and shrubs that they can fly back and forth to when they sense danger. Make sure you have them. Predators are kept at bay by this. Try to add some landscaping elements that will allow birds to view your yard as secure if your yard is in a new development with no mature trees.


Having native plants that produce nuts, berries, and seeds will only help your efforts to attract more birds for many birds that eat them. Invasive and non-native plants, which are harmful to native birds that are not used to them, should be avoided.


Here are ten of the most popular bird feeders used in yards around the world.

  1. The term “hopper feeder” refers to a device with a hopper in the center, which keeps the seed for birds. Birds may land on and eat from the perches that are on the sides. To keep the seed dry, many hopper feeders are shaped like a house and have a cover on top. For this type of feeder, use black sunflower seeds or a combination of bird seed. It’s squirrel-proof, which is one of my favorite features.
  2. Platform feeders are open on top and may be hung from a tree, hook, or pole-mounted. They are also known as tray feeders. They’re simple to set up and ideal for feeding a variety of birds. Every animal in your yard that can reach them will eat from them, despite the fact that they are completely open. For this kind of feeder, use black sunflower seeds or a mix of birdseed. In the moment, I’m utilizing this platform feeder in my garden.
  3. Tube feeders are just clear plastic tube-shaped bird feeders, and they’re nothing more than that. They may hold a few cups of seed or 5 pounds or more, and they may be any size. They’re fantastic since they allow you to seed when it’s necessary without keeping your seed dry and fresh. Tube feeders are used by a variety of birds. Tube feeders may be used with black sunflower seeds and mixed seeds. This tube feeder is fantastic and of course squirrel proof, and Squirrel Buster makes some of the best on the market.
  4. Suet feeders are used to feed suet cakes, which are only suitable for one kind of bird. They’re a very basic design, often consisting of just a metal wire cage and, in bigger breeds, a tail-prop. Woodpeckers frequent suet feeders during the winter, when birds are seeking high-fat foods. To attract larger woodpeckers, like the Pileated and Northern Flicker, I recommend getting a suet feeder with a long tail prop.
  5. Window feeders are tiny bird feeders that use suction cups to attach to a glass window. They’re open on top and you just dump seed into the tray part to replenish them, similar to tray feeders. These feeders are ideal for anybody who have small gardens because they are popular with a variety of species and are simple to set up. For this feeder style, use black sunflower seeds or a combination of birdseed. This is, by far, the most popular bird feeder on Amazon, as well as being the most popular window feeder.
  6. Thistle feeders, also known as Nyjer feeders, are specialized bird feeders designed for thistle seed. Birds in the finch family, which includes the American Goldfinch and House Finch, are among the primary kinds of birds that thistle feeders attract. Little holes along the tube walls allow birds to pick out the thistle from thistle feeders, which are often in a tube shape. Droll Yankees provides a great thistle feeder.
  7. Ground feeders are tray feeders that rest on the ground and are more or less tray feeders. Mourning Doves and Juncos, as well as squirrels, raccoons, and other kinds of ground mammal will love them. For this kind of feeder, use black sunflower seeds or a mix of birdseed. This recycled plastic ground feeder is a thing you may like.
  8. Another kind of specialized feeder for just one species of birds, orioles, is the oriole feeder. The feeder is usually orange in hue and contains tiny plastic or glass jars designed for holding jelly, which orioles enjoy. Another food that orioles enjoy is orange halves, which they also enable you to place on the feeder. This is an inexpensive oriole feeder that will hold four jelly trays for orange halves.
  9. Hummingbird feeders, also known as hummingbird feeders, are made to extract sugar water from nectar. I frequently see Downy Woodpeckers at mine who also enjoy that sweet nectar, despite the fact that they are intended for hummingbirds. To learn how to make hummingbird nectar without using boiling water, read this article. There’s no need to spend a lot of money on a Hummingbird feeder since they are simple and cheap.
  10. Peanut feeders are tube-shaped and generally made of metal wire mesh fabric. They are similar to thistle feeders in appearance. To allow for whole unshelled or shelled peanuts to pass through the holes, the holes in the wire mesh are only slightly farther apart. These should be filled with peanuts and attract birds like Blue Jays. Squirrel Buster is your best option if you want to keep squirrels out of your peanut feeder. This basic one should suffice.


For bird enthusiasts, Texas is a dream come true. It occupies the southernmost point on the US boarder. Because it is the only place in the country where certain Mexican and Central American species may be found, it is a special location. If you’d want to get a little more engaged, the Texas Audubon Society has numerous places and hosts meetups, workshops, field excursions, and birding tours on a regular basis.

Take a look at this list I’ve put together of some popular birding sites in Texas if you’re a Texan who wants to add some new species to your life list.


See what each of these sites has to offer and explore Texas birding.

  • Sam Houston National Forest
  • Big Bend National Park
  • Lost Maples State Natural Area
  • Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge
  • Aransas National Wildlife Refuge
  • Padre Island National Seashore
  • Guadalupe Mountains National Park
  • Brazos Bend State Park
  • Goose Island State Park

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