The spectacular colorful leaves and clusters of showy pink, red, yellow, orange, or white blooms on Begonia plants are what make them famous. Begonia plants are cultivated as tropical tender perennials, bedding annuals, and houseplants. Wax begonias, tuberous begonias, and rex begonias are some of the most popular types of Begonia, which bloom from summer to fall. Certain begonia cultivars and hybrids bloom all year indoors when cultivated correctly.
The genus Begonia and family Begoniaceae contain approximately 2,000 separate varieties of blooming plants. Moreover, to create lovely patterned leaves and abundant brilliant blooms, thousands of additional begonia hybrids and cultivars are created.
The genus Begonia and family Begoniaceae contain approximately 2,000 different types of flowering plants. In order to create lovely patterned foliage and produce large bright blooms, tens of thousands of additional begonia hybrids and cultivars have been created.
The genus Begonia and the family Begoniaceae contain approximately 2,000 different types of blooming plants. Moreover, to create gorgeous patterned foliage and abundant brilliant blooms, thousands of additional begonia hybrids and cultivars are created.
A comprehensive guide to the most prevalent begonias types can be found in this article. These prolific bloomers may be identified by their descriptions and images of begonia flowers and leaves. You’ll also learn about the greatest begonias for indoors cultivation and which begonias thrive outdoors in your region.
Do Begonia Plants Like Sun?
In partial shade, begonias flourish best. Begonias thrive in filtered sunlight and flourish in gardens. The lovely thick leaves may be damaged by direct, intense sunlight. It’s important to keep in mind that sunnier situations favor darker-leafed begonias.
Place the container in a bright room, but shielded from direct sunlight, to maintain begonia indoors. An east-facing or west-facing window is ideal for a begonia potted houseplant. It’s preferable to shield the plant behind a sheer curtain if it’s close to a window facing south. Partial shade and north-facing rooms are ideal for growing begonias.
Is Begonia Annual or Perennial?
In USDA zones 10 and 11, all begonias are tender perennials. Begonias thrive in the shade or dappled light in tropical and subtropical regions all year. In colder climates, begonias may die back in the winter and reappear the following spring.
Begonias are considered annuals by most people, who treat them as such. Frost isn’t tolerated by Begonia plants, and it may harm the roots and foliage if it gets too chilly.
When the temperature drops below 50°F (10°C), you may overwinter begonias by planting them in containers and bringing them inside. You can dig up the corms (tubers) of tuberous begonias in the autumn and store them in a cool, dry location over winter. You may put the tubers back in your garden after the risk of frost in spring.
Are There Cold-Hardy Begonias?
The only hardy begonias that can survive through even the harshest winters are Begonia grandis.
USDA zones 6 to 9 are ideal for Hardy begonia cultivars. Tuberous, shade-loving perennials with broad green wing-shaped leaves and crimson undersides, hardy begonias are tuberous. Tiny pink blooms dangle from the tips of slender reddish-red stems, adding to the plants’ beauty.
Cold-hardy begonias grow up to 24” (60 cm) tall and wide.
Begonia grandis ‘Alba’ has delicate white flowers and Begonia grandis ‘Torsa’ has big, broad leaves with clusters of pink flowers. Some cold-hardy begonias varieties include these.
What are Strawberry Begonias?
A plant that resembles a begonia but belongs to a different genus is Strawberry Begonia (Saxifraga stolonifera). The fact that it grows and spreads like strawberry plants gives it the name “strawberry begonia.” The plant is also known as a begonia because of its showy, broadly heart-shaped leaves.
Types of Begonia Colors
Begonia plants are popular due to their colorful leaves and vibrantly colored flowers.
The top of the Begonia leaf is usually light to dark green. The upper sides of certain begonias, particularly brilliant rex begonias, include intricate patterns in silvery hues. Purple, red, green, and pink begonia leaves with a pointed heart-shaped appearance can be found. Begonia leaves have a characteristic that they may have crimson undersides.
Variegated hues of pink and red are common in Begonia flower colors. Begonias blooms come in a variety of colors, including yellow, orange, white, and peach. Showy clusters of single or double blooms make up the lovely colorful begonia flowers.
To enjoy the best colors on begonia leaves and flowers, it’s vital to give the plants some indirect sun exposure.
Common Types of Begonia (With Pictures) – Identification Guide
Begonia varieties and hybrids are generally classified into several types, despite the fact that there are thousands of them. Certain hybrids are made up of two distinct types of begonias, while other cultivars come from the same species.
The most prevalent sort of begonia varieties is wax begonias (Begonia semperflorens). The plants have dark green waxy leaves and white, pink, or red blooms. They are usually grown as annuals. Hanging baskets, beds, and planter cultivation of wax begonias are all common. These begonias grow to be 6 to 12 inches (15 to 30 cm) tall and are small plants.
Cane begonias have stems that are quite thick and have a straight growth pattern. The wing-shaped leaves with a polka dot pattern and a wide variety of colorful blooms distinguish many varieties of cane begonias. Cane begonias come in a variety of species, including angel wing and dragon begonias. Indoors, they grow to be 12 inches tall in pots, and up to 5 feet (1.5 meters) tall outdoors.
The roots of Rhizomatous Begonias are thick and meaty, and they’re cultivated for their leaves rather than flowers. Fancy-leaf, king, or painted leaf begonias are popular names for these begonia cultivars and hybrids. The fuzzy leaf texture of rhizomatous begonias may be used to identify them.
Because of their pointed leaves with fascinating patterns, begonias are popular houseplants. The bushy begonias are typically 12 to 18 inches (30 to 45 cm) tall and broad.
Roots termed corms or tubers, but often known as begonia bulbs, produce tuberous begonias. Among all the begonia species, Begonia tubers produce some of the most spectacular blooms. If the corms are dug up and protected over winter, they may be cultivated as tender perennials.
Types of Wax Begonia (Begonia semperflorens-cultorum)
Wax begonia cultivars produce clusters of tiny four or five-petaled red, pink, or white blossoms that are popular flowering begonias. These bedding begonias have small round or ovate waxy leaves that are a lovely characteristic. In zones 10 and 11, wax begonias are cold-hardy, but they do well indoors.
Here are some stunning examples of wax begonias:
Begonia Ambassador Scarlet
A tiny wax begonia plant with yellow centers and crimson blooms. Little rounded glossy green leaves contrast well with the red oval begonia blossoms. This is a beautiful annual bedding plant in full sun to partial shade that thrives in hanging baskets, containers, and as an annual bedding plant.
Cocktail Series Wax Begonia
Dark bronze, almost black leaves and fragile clusters of pink, red, and white blooms characterize this kind of fibrous-rooted begonia. The ‘cocktail’ series of begonias may grow up to 6 inches (15 cm). As an annual bedding plant, plant it in window boxes.
Wax Begonia ‘Party’ Series
Wax ‘party’ begonias tolerate a few hours of direct sun and have large waxy leaves. The crimson edge of the bright green wax begonia leaves matches the scarlet crimson or pinkish-white blooms, giving the foliage a vivid red color. Varieties with double blooms are ideal for spectacular wax begonias. It can grow to be up to 20 inches (50 cm) tall.
Senator White Wax Begonia
When the wax begonias bloom, the dark bronze leaves and pure white flowers create a stunning show. The heat and drought tolerant begonia semperflorens cultivar is suitable for summer gardens and can be grown as an annual.
Wax Begonia ‘Doublet Red’
The little, frilly, red, rose-like blooms contrast with bronze-green glossy leaves in the stunning doublet red wax begonia. The heart-shaped succulent begonia leaves stay dark green all year. It can grow up to be 12 inches (30 cm) tall and broad.
Types of Angel Wing Begonia (Begonia coccinea x Begonia aconitifolia)
With ornate wing-shaped leaves with dotted or speckled designs, the angel wing begonia is a kind of cane begonia. Beautiful clusters of little pink, red, and orange flowers dangle from red stems on this rapidly expanding begonia. Angel wing begonias may grow up to 24 inches (60 cm) broad and 12 inches (30 cm) tall.
Polka dot leaves with serrated edges are seen on many angel wing begonia cultivars. Even if you can’t bloom a begonia indoors, the foliage is still interesting. The leaves may reach a length of 6 inches (15 cm).
USDA zones 10 and 11 are ideal for angel wing begonias. In general, average room temperatures and humidity are ideal for ornamental begonia. Angel wing begonias are popular hanging basket plants because of their long arching cane-like stems and dangling blooms.
Here are a few outstanding angel wing begonia hybrids:
- Begonia ‘Super Cascade’—This angel wing begonia has a spectacular array of colorful pink and red dangling flower clusters. The elegant showy flowers can measure up to 5” (13 cm) and create an eye-catching display.
- Begonia ‘Apricot Shades’—This showy begonia has some of the largest blooms of any begonia. The stunning peach-colored flowers almost cover the ornamental wing leaves when in bloom.
- Begonia ‘Million Kisses Elegance’—The clusters of delicate pink begonia flowers with their drooping oblong flowers help to enhance the beautiful leafy foliage.
Types of Rex Begonia (Begonia rex-cultorum)
Tuberous begonias have some of the most stunning foliage of any kind of houseplant, and Rex begonia is one species. The protruding veins and unusual patterns on the colorful leaves give them a hazy appearance. Leaves with swirling patterns are found on some of the most stunning rex begonias.
Rex begonias bear flowers, but they are not cultivated for their beauty. Between 1 and 1.5 feet (30 and 45 centimeters) tall, the plants spread out.
Red, pink, silver, gray, purple, and dark green are some of the begonia leaf colors. The dark-colored border of the heart-shaped leaves is typically present. Silver or gray leaves with contrasting black veins are seen on certain branches. Some have speckled designs that resemble splattered paint.
Here are some stunning types of rex begonias:
Begonia rex ‘Zurich’
Rex begonias have dark burgundy, pink, green, and silver colors that mimic caladium leaves in their vivid pointed leaves. Green edges, pink and silver designs, and black veining in the centre characterize the begonia’s heart-shaped leaves.
Begonia rex ‘Paul Gibory’
Begonia rex ‘paul gibory’ has pointed heart-shaped leaves with sharp lobes and tiny hair-like projections along the margins. There is a dark maroon center with green leaf margins surrounding pink and lilac hues.
Painted-leaf rex begonia
The oval leaves have spiral patterning and are also known as King Begonia. The leaves are light green with a fuzzy feel and pinkish edges.
Rex begonia hybrid ‘J Gillinwators’
Delicate pink blooms with four petals emerge on bright red stems when this rex begonia hybrid blooms.
Rex begonia hybrid ‘Merry Christmas’
The leaf surface of this rex begonia is slightly fuzzy and has vivid lime-green leaves with prominent reddish-maroon veins.
Other Types of Begonias (With Pictures) – Identification Guide
Polka Dot Begonia (Begonia Maculata)
The wing-leaves of the polka dot begonia are lopsided and pointed at the ends, and they have magnificent coloration. The oblong leaves appear to be speckled with paint droplets because each green begonia leaf has polka dot designs. A reddish-purple color covers the underside of the leaf.
When in bloom, this cane begonia produces white or pink flowers with yellow stamens.
In typical household circumstances, polka dot begonias flourish in containers. They may reach a height of 5 feet. It is rather tall, as shown by the height of the leaves.
Dragon Wing Begonia (Begonia x hybrida ‘Dragon Wings’)
The foliage of dragon wing begonias is lustrous and lush, with clusters of brilliant red or pink blooms. The dragon wing begonia leaves, which grow to be 8 inches (20 cm) long, have a shape that is very similar to angel wing begonia leaves. Dragon wing begonias grow to be around 2 feet (0.6 meters) in height.
Angel wing begonias and dragon wing begonias are commonly mistaken. Look at the leaves to differentiate them. Unlike most angel wing begonias, dragon wing begonias lack polka dot patterns.
Dragon wing begonias are exceptionally heat- and drought-tolerant when compared to other begonia cultivars.
Rieger Begonia (Begonia × hiemalis)
Reiger begonia has dark green leaves with serrated margins and clusters of delicate pink, red, yellow, or orange single-petaled and double-petaled blooms that are also known as Elatior. Reiger begonias, which look stunning when grown as houseplants, have a compact growth. The Begonia hiemalis grows to be 12″ (30 cm) tall and 15″ (38 cm) broad.
Tuberous Begonia (Begonia × tuberhybrida)
Among the most gorgeous blooms of any begonia species are tubersous begonias. The huge rose-like blooms of the brilliant yellow, white, red, and orange blossoms bloom from late summer to early fall. Growing in window boxes, hanging baskets, planters, or mixed flower beds, tuberous begonias are a sight to see.
Here are some types of tuberous begonias with large, double rose-like flowers:
- Begonia ‘Sunpleasures Apricot’
- Begonia ‘Patio’ series
- Begonia ‘Illumination’ series
- Begonia ‘Non-Stop Joy Mocca White’
Boliviensis Begonia (Begonia boliviensis)
Boliviensis begonias, which produce lanceolate leaves and tiny dangling blooms with five oblong petals, are a kind of begonia with tuberous roots. Boliviensis begonia’s stems are long and cascading, with leafy foliage and fiery-red or orange blooms, which is an attractive feature.
The dangling stems of the trailing begonia measure 12 to 16 inches (30 to 40 cm) long, with a spreading range of 16 inches (40 cm). Begonia grow well in indirect light or partial shade and are ideal for hanging baskets. In large containers or sunny window boxes, the scarlet-blooming stems cascading over the edge are lovely.
The heat and drought tolerant begonias will bloom all summer until the frost, with enough sunlight.