15 Types Of Birds That Start With E (With Photos)

Everyplace across the globe, these birds may be found. You might spot some of them if you look out your window. Yet, others are so uncommon that you’d have to go all the way to the ends of the planet to see one. Start with E and learn about each of these birds.



Scientific name: Zenaida auriculata

Lives in: Caribbean, South America

The 9.4-inch-long eared dove weighs just 4 ounces. It has black on the wings, a black line behind the eye, and a blue-black line by the ear. Its plumage is olive-brown with black spots. It breeds four times a year, in the spring, summer, and autumn. At 55 miles per hour, the average flight speed.

The blue-black line on doves’ ears is how they’re named.


Scientific name: Sialia sialis

Lives in: Eastern USA, Eastern Canada, Central America

Bluebirds are a popular species because of their lovely blue wings. They’ve been observed from Nicaragua to Canada and throughout North America. Their songs are well-known, in addition to their coloring. They sing up to 1,000 songs every hour.

The strong beaks necessary to dig nesting holes and utilize holes carved by stronger birds are not present in eastern bluebirds.


Scientific name: Sturnella magna

Lives in: Eastern United States, Southern Canada, Mexico, Central America, Brazil

Brown tail feathers, white outer feathers, and a yellow throat and breast distinguish the eastern meadowlark. On its chest, it features a large black “V.” It is typically seen flying close to the ground, hunting for grasshoppers, weighing up to 5.3 oz.

The thatch-domed nest of eastern meadowlarks is built on the ground under a tall grass canopy, which protects it.


The eastern screech-owl, with his yellow eyes, pointy ears, small neck, and huge head on a stocky body, is the next bird on our list that starts with E. Gray or reddish-brown is the most common color. It blends in with trees because of its complexion of spots and lines. It prefers wooded regions near water for its preferred habitat.

Because they don’t screech, the name “screech-owl” is deceptive. Instead, they emit a gentle whinny call. From Texas eastward, these little owls may be found across much of the eastern half of the United States.


Scientific Name: Pipilo erythrophthalmus

Lives in: Eastern United States, Southeastern Canada

This bird weighs up to 1.9 ounces and measures 9.1 inches in length. Insects, berries, and seeds make up the majority of its diet. It has also been reported to consume small lizards. It has a black or brown head, orange/red sides, a white belly, and a dark tail.

White or red eyes may be seen in eastern towhees. More information about eastern towhees can be found here.


Scientific name: Melagris gallopavo silvestris

Lives in: Canada, USA

The eastern wild turkey may reach 3 feet in height and weigh up to 16 pounds. It is a solitary, social creature that dwells in small to huge flocks of 5-50 individuals. It can sprint up to 25mph and fly at 35mph, which is incredibly quick.

They have the widest range of any wild turkey subspecies in North America, with wild turkeys native to eastern North America.


Scientific name: Thalasseus elegans

Lives in: California, Mexico

The sleek bird prefers to live near the northern anchovy, its major source of food, and prefers sandy beaches. It has dark legs, a narrow beak, a white breast, light-gray wings, and a black head. It ranges from 6.7 to 11.5 ounces in weight. On the west coast of the United States, this species is exclusively found, although tern species can be found on both the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts.

The black crown of elegant terns turns white when the breeding season ends during the winter.


Scientific name: Chalcophaps indica

Lives in: Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia

From 9.1 to 10.6 inches in length, this is a medium-sized bird. On its tail/flight feathers, a vivid green turns to black. The reddish-pink head is its most prominent feature. Bands of black and white can be seen on the back of a bird while in flight. It thrives in both tropical and wet woodlands.

Emerald doves are the state bird of Tamil Nadu, India, which is a neat fact.


Scientific name: Abeillia Abeillei

Lives in: Central America, Mexico

The brilliant green plumage and a tiny white patch behind the eye distinguish this unique gem. It uses its long tongue to drink the nectar and has a small needle-like black beak. It weighs just 0.10 ounce and prefers tropical woods as well as Central American highlands.

During the mating season, emerald-chinned hummingbirds are solitary, with the exception of a few occasions.


Scientific name: Anser canagicus

Lives in: Alaska, Russia

The body of this goose is silver, with a black throat, white head, and orange legs. Before heading to the Alaskan coast for the winter, it spends its breeding season in Russia. At high tide, you may see her nest on low plains beside the water, where she has simple access to food.

They are the least social goose species, only socializing with family outside of breeding season and coming in second only to the Brant goose.


Scientific name: Aptenodytes forsteri

Lives in: Antarctica

The golden ears of the emperor penguin are bright, and his feathers are sleek and black. With a thick layer of subdermal fat and multiple layers of scale-like feathers, it is specifically adapted to the extremely harsh winter conditions of Antarctica. It swims at a speed of 5.6 miles per hour.

The heaviest penguins alive today, Emperor Penguins, weigh up to 90 pounds apiece.

12. EMU

Scientific Name: Dromaius novaehollandiae

Lives in: Australia

The emu is one of the world’s tallest birds, second only to the ostrich. He is unable to fly due to his small wings and average height of 5.7 feet. The emu compensates for his lack of mobility by boasting a top speed of 31 miles per hour.

Males take on all responsibilities of egg care, which is an fascinating fact about emus.


Scientific name: Passer domesticus

Lives in: Africa, Eurasia, North America, South America

The English sparrow is a little bird with a brown/gray body and gray head that may be seen all around the globe. The average English sparrow is 6.3 inches long and weighs 1.39 ounces on average. It has a flight speed of about 28.3 miles per hour.

Rather than naturally occurring nesting sites such as tree holes, English sparrows prefer to nest in manmade structures such as street lights.


Scientific name: Carduelis carduelis

Lives in: Asia, Australia, Europe, New Zealand, North Africa

One of the most stunning and colorful birds on the planet is the European goldfinch. It features black and yellow wings that are unique to the species. It will form a flock with 40 other goldfinches in the autumn. Insects and seeds make up the majority of its diet.

Numerous famous paintings, including Raphael’s “Madonna of the Goldfinch,” depict European goldfinches.


Scientific name: Zoothera everetti

Lives in: Borneo

Everett’s thrush, which can be found only in Borneo, is a rare bird. With its crimson belly and brown outer feathers, it resembles a robin. Its beak, on the other hand, is black and considerably larger than a robin’s. Foraging for food in the woods is a common occurrence.

Alfred Hart Everett, a zoological collector, is commemorated by Everett’s thrush.

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