Everyplace across the globe, these birds may be found. You might spot some of them if you look out your window. Yet, others are so uncommon that you’d have to go all the way to the ends of the planet to see one. Start with E and learn about each of these birds.
15 BIRDS THAT START WITH E
1. EARED DOVE
Scientific name: Zenaida auriculata
Lives in: Caribbean, South America
The 9.4-inch-long eared dove weighs just 4 ounces. It has black on the wings, a black line behind the eye, and a blue-black line by the ear. Its plumage is olive-brown with black spots. It breeds four times a year, in the spring, summer, and autumn. At 55 miles per hour, the average flight speed.
The blue-black line on doves’ ears is how they’re named.
2. EASTERN BLUEBIRD
Scientific name: Sialia sialis
Lives in: Eastern USA, Eastern Canada, Central America
Bluebirds are a popular species because of their lovely blue wings. They’ve been observed from Nicaragua to Canada and throughout North America. Their songs are well-known, in addition to their coloring. They sing up to 1,000 songs every hour.
The strong beaks necessary to dig nesting holes and utilize holes carved by stronger birds are not present in eastern bluebirds.
3. EASTERN MEADOWLARK
Scientific name: Sturnella magna
Lives in: Eastern United States, Southern Canada, Mexico, Central America, Brazil
Brown tail feathers, white outer feathers, and a yellow throat and breast distinguish the eastern meadowlark. On its chest, it features a large black “V.” It is typically seen flying close to the ground, hunting for grasshoppers, weighing up to 5.3 oz.
The thatch-domed nest of eastern meadowlarks is built on the ground under a tall grass canopy, which protects it.
4. EASTERN SCREECH-OWL
The eastern screech-owl, with his yellow eyes, pointy ears, small neck, and huge head on a stocky body, is the next bird on our list that starts with E. Gray or reddish-brown is the most common color. It blends in with trees because of its complexion of spots and lines. It prefers wooded regions near water for its preferred habitat.
Because they don’t screech, the name “screech-owl” is deceptive. Instead, they emit a gentle whinny call. From Texas eastward, these little owls may be found across much of the eastern half of the United States.
5. EASTERN TOWHEE
Scientific Name: Pipilo erythrophthalmus
Lives in: Eastern United States, Southeastern Canada
This bird weighs up to 1.9 ounces and measures 9.1 inches in length. Insects, berries, and seeds make up the majority of its diet. It has also been reported to consume small lizards. It has a black or brown head, orange/red sides, a white belly, and a dark tail.
White or red eyes may be seen in eastern towhees. More information about eastern towhees can be found here.
6. EASTERN WILD TURKEY
Scientific name: Melagris gallopavo silvestris
Lives in: Canada, USA
The eastern wild turkey may reach 3 feet in height and weigh up to 16 pounds. It is a solitary, social creature that dwells in small to huge flocks of 5-50 individuals. It can sprint up to 25mph and fly at 35mph, which is incredibly quick.
They have the widest range of any wild turkey subspecies in North America, with wild turkeys native to eastern North America.
7. ELEGANT TERN
Scientific name: Thalasseus elegans
Lives in: California, Mexico
The sleek bird prefers to live near the northern anchovy, its major source of food, and prefers sandy beaches. It has dark legs, a narrow beak, a white breast, light-gray wings, and a black head. It ranges from 6.7 to 11.5 ounces in weight. On the west coast of the United States, this species is exclusively found, although tern species can be found on both the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts.
The black crown of elegant terns turns white when the breeding season ends during the winter.
8. EMERALD DOVE
Scientific name: Chalcophaps indica
Lives in: Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia
From 9.1 to 10.6 inches in length, this is a medium-sized bird. On its tail/flight feathers, a vivid green turns to black. The reddish-pink head is its most prominent feature. Bands of black and white can be seen on the back of a bird while in flight. It thrives in both tropical and wet woodlands.
Emerald doves are the state bird of Tamil Nadu, India, which is a neat fact.
9. EMERALD-CHINNED HUMMINGBIRD
Scientific name: Abeillia Abeillei
Lives in: Central America, Mexico
The brilliant green plumage and a tiny white patch behind the eye distinguish this unique gem. It uses its long tongue to drink the nectar and has a small needle-like black beak. It weighs just 0.10 ounce and prefers tropical woods as well as Central American highlands.
During the mating season, emerald-chinned hummingbirds are solitary, with the exception of a few occasions.
10. EMPEROR GOOSE
Scientific name: Anser canagicus
Lives in: Alaska, Russia
The body of this goose is silver, with a black throat, white head, and orange legs. Before heading to the Alaskan coast for the winter, it spends its breeding season in Russia. At high tide, you may see her nest on low plains beside the water, where she has simple access to food.
They are the least social goose species, only socializing with family outside of breeding season and coming in second only to the Brant goose.
11. EMPEROR PENGUIN
Scientific name: Aptenodytes forsteri
Lives in: Antarctica
The golden ears of the emperor penguin are bright, and his feathers are sleek and black. With a thick layer of subdermal fat and multiple layers of scale-like feathers, it is specifically adapted to the extremely harsh winter conditions of Antarctica. It swims at a speed of 5.6 miles per hour.
The heaviest penguins alive today, Emperor Penguins, weigh up to 90 pounds apiece.
Scientific Name: Dromaius novaehollandiae
Lives in: Australia
The emu is one of the world’s tallest birds, second only to the ostrich. He is unable to fly due to his small wings and average height of 5.7 feet. The emu compensates for his lack of mobility by boasting a top speed of 31 miles per hour.
Males take on all responsibilities of egg care, which is an fascinating fact about emus.
13. ENGLISH SPARROW
Scientific name: Passer domesticus
Lives in: Africa, Eurasia, North America, South America
The English sparrow is a little bird with a brown/gray body and gray head that may be seen all around the globe. The average English sparrow is 6.3 inches long and weighs 1.39 ounces on average. It has a flight speed of about 28.3 miles per hour.
Rather than naturally occurring nesting sites such as tree holes, English sparrows prefer to nest in manmade structures such as street lights.
14. EUROPEAN GOLDFINCH
Scientific name: Carduelis carduelis
Lives in: Asia, Australia, Europe, New Zealand, North Africa
One of the most stunning and colorful birds on the planet is the European goldfinch. It features black and yellow wings that are unique to the species. It will form a flock with 40 other goldfinches in the autumn. Insects and seeds make up the majority of its diet.
Numerous famous paintings, including Raphael’s “Madonna of the Goldfinch,” depict European goldfinches.
15. EVERETT’S THRUSH
Scientific name: Zoothera everetti
Lives in: Borneo
Everett’s thrush, which can be found only in Borneo, is a rare bird. With its crimson belly and brown outer feathers, it resembles a robin. Its beak, on the other hand, is black and considerably larger than a robin’s. Foraging for food in the woods is a common occurrence.
Alfred Hart Everett, a zoological collector, is commemorated by Everett’s thrush.