36 Brown Birds In Maine (ID Guide, Pictures)

Since they do not always have as many distinguishing characteristics as their brighter-colored relatives, brown birds or LBJ (little brown jobs) might be difficult to identify.

Therefore, don’t be afraid; this guide will help you identify any brown bird you come across, including a sparrow or a wren. In addition, at various times of the year, see which brown birds are in Maine.

According to checklists provided by bird watchers on ebird for Maine, this guide will help you identify those brown birds visiting your yard or in the woods and fields, from most to least common.

Brown Birds In Maine By Season

Brown Birds in Maine all year: American Goldfinch, Mourning Dove, Northern Cardinal, House Finch, House Sparrow, Brown Creeper, Pine Siskin, Carolina Wren

Song Sparrow, American Robin, Common Yellowthroat, Chipping Sparrow, Eastern Phoebe, White-throated Sparrow, Cedar Waxwing, Northern Flicker, Hermit Thrush, Purple Finch, Savannah Sparrow; Brown-headed Cowbird; Rose-breasted Grosbeak; Great Crested Flycatcher

In the winter, American Tree Sparrows are brown in Maine.

White-crowned Sparrows are seen in Maine during the autumn migration.

Maine has two uncommon or accidental species: Golden-crowned Sparrow

36 Brown Birds In Maine


1. American Goldfinch – Female

Throughout the breeding season, American Goldfinches are seen in Maine year-round. They’re seen in 43% of summer and 27% of winter checklists submitted by birdwatchers for the state, according to records.

In the spring, male American Goldfinches are colorful with a bright yellow and black plumage. In the winter, males and females are both browner.

  • Spinus tristis
  • Length: 4.3-5.1 in (11-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.7 oz (11-20 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.5-8.7 in (19-22 cm)

Most of North America is home to American Goldfinches, who live all year. Breeding birds, on the other hand, migrate to the southern United States for the winter.

Foraging for sunflower, thistle, and aster plants, they may be found in weedy fields and overgrown areas. Suburbs, parks, and backyards are also common places to find them.

They forage for sunflower, thistle, and aster plants in weedy fields and overgrown places. Suburbs, parks, and backyards are also common places for them.

Plant thistles and milkweed in your yard to attract American Goldfinches. Most bird feeders will be visited, and sunflower seed and nyjer seed will be preferred.

2. Song Sparrow

Song Sparrows are most commonly seen in Maine throughout the summer from March to October, despite the fact that they may be seen all year. Summer checklists include them in 46% of lists, while winter checklists include them in 6%.

In spring and summer, song sparrows use their nearly constant song to attract mates, but these predominantly brown-streaked birds aren’t as stunning as other backyard birds.

  • Melospiza melodia
  • Length: 4.7-6.7 in (12-17 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-1.9 oz (12-53 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.1-9.4 in (18-24 cm)

Throughout the year, Song Sparrows may be found in northern states. Canada’s breeders go to the southern United States in the winter.

They’re commonly seen perched on a low shrub singing and are often seen at backyard feeders. They may be found in open, shrubby, and wet places.

Beetles, caterpillars, midges, spiders, and earthworms are among the insects and plants Song Sparrows eat. Buckwheat, sunflowers, raspberries, wild cherries, blackberries, wheat and rice are among the foods they will consume.

Place black oil sunflower seeds, broken corn, and nyjer on platform feeders to attract song sparrows to your backyard.

In Maine, there are a surprising number of sparrows that may be seen, and their songs and other facts may assist you identify them more easily.

3. American Robin

During Maine’s breeding season, American Robins may be seen frequently, but they may also be seen all year. Summer checklists have 42% of them, while winter checklists have 9%.

On lawns, American Robins eat earthworms frequently. Their breasts are red or orange, and their heads and backs are black. In the winter, they prefer to roost in trees, so you’ll start seeing them around your yard in the spring.

  • Turdus migratorius
  • Length: 7.9-11.0 in (20-28 cm)
  • Weight: 2.7-3.0 oz (77-85 g)
  • Wingspan: 12.2-15.8 in (31-40 cm)

The lower 48 states and the coast of western Canada and Alaska are home to American Robins. Canadian and inland Alaska breeders migrate south for the winter.

From woodlands, forests, and mountains to fields, parks, and lawns, American Robins can be found in a variety of settings. Earthworms, insects, snails, and fruit are among the foods they consume.

Sunflower seeds, suet, peanut hearts, fruit, and mealworms will all attract American Robins to your yard. Food scattered on the ground is optimal for platform feeders. Also, juniper, sumac, hawthorn, and dogwood are some native berries-producing plants that you may try.

4. Mourning Dove

Throughout the year, you may see Mourning Doves in Maine. In the state’s summer and winter checklists, they appear in 31% of each.

With their lithe bodies and long tails, Mourning Doves are lovely little-headed birds. The wings are covered in black speckles and they have a delicate brown tone. Males are somewhat more weight than females.

  • Zenaida macroura
  • Length: 9.1-13.4 in (23-34 cm)
  • Weight: 3.0 -6.0 oz (96-170 g)
  • Wingspan: 17.7 in (45 cm)

Throughout the lower 48 states all year, Mourning Doves are widespread, but during breeding season from the north of the Midwest and southern Canada, they may migrate.

Mourning Doves may be found foraging for seeds on the ground in grasslands, fields, and backyards, where they perch on telephone wires. Open areas or woodland borders are also good places to look for them.

Millet on the ground or platform feeders will attract Mourning Doves to your backyard. Black sunflower seeds, nyjer, broken corn, and peanut hearts will also be devoured.

5. Northern Cardinal – Female

Maine hosts a large population of Northern Cardinals, who live here all year. Summer and winter checklists include 22% of these species.

With their brown coloring, sharp brown crest, red highlights, and red beaks, females Northern Cardinals are a little showy.

However, against a white winter background, the brilliant red male Northern Cardinal with black around their faces is an amazing sight. Their crests and beaks are also crimson.

  • Cardinalis cardinalis
  • Length: 8.3-9.1 in (21-23 cm)
  • Weight: 1.5-1.7 oz (42-48 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.8-12.2 in (25-31 cm)

The eastern part of the United States is home to Northern Cardinals, who may be found as far west as Arizona.

Northern Cardinals can be found foraging for seeds, fruit, and insects in thick vegetation. During the breeding season, Northern Cardinals may attack their own image since they are obsessively defending their areas.

Sunflower seeds, peanut hearts, millet, and milo are all perfect feeders for attracting Northern Cardinals to your yard. Large tube feeders, hoppers, platform feeders, and food strewn on the ground will be used to feed them.

6. Common Yellowthroat

From May to October, Common Yellowthroats are most visible in Maine during the breeding season. In the summer checklists, they appear in 33% of the lists.

Little brownish birds with long tails, Common Yellowthroats are tiny songbirds with a bright yellow belly. Over their faces, the males wear black masks. The yellows might be more olive in parts below, and the brightness of the yellows might vary geographically.

  • Geothlypis trichas
  • Length: 4.3-5.1 in (11-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.3 oz (9-10 g)
  • Wingspan: 5.9-7.5 in (15-19 cm)

With the exception of Alaska and northern Canada, Common Yellowthroats spend the summer breeding across much of North America. In the Gulf Coast and Pacific Southwest, some may be found all year. Later, for the winter, they go south.

Common Yellowthroats are often found in marshy or wetland regions, as well as dense, intertwined vegetation, where they live.

To attract insects, encourage Common Yellowthroats to huge backyards with thick vegetation and native plants.

In Maine, there are several species of common yellowthroats, but they are just a subset of the warblers. They have songs that you may listen to and master, which are captivating.

7. Chipping Sparrow

From April through November, Chipping Sparrows may be seen frequently in Maine, and a few may be seen throughout the year. They are captured on 26% of summer checklists.

The belly of Chipping Sparrows is grayish, and the back is brown with black streaks. They are slender birds with a long tail. The crown is rusted, and the eye line is black. Their colors are muted in the winter.

  • Spizella passerina
  • Length: 4.7-5.9 in (12-15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.6 oz (11-16 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.3 in (21 cm)

Before flying to Mexico and Florida for the winter, Chipping Sparrows spend the summer breeding in the United States and Canada. In the southern states, some of them survive all year.

Chipping Sparrows may be found in tiny groups on open land, and they’ll come to feed on a variety of seed in your backyard.

Seeds or cracked corn on open feeders like hoppers and platforms will attract Chipping Sparrows to your yard.

8. Eastern Phoebe

The breeding season for Eastern Phoebes is in Maine, and they are found in 20% of summer checklists. Between March and mid-November, they are most frequently spotted.

The greyish-brown back of eastern Phoebes, as well as their white belly and black head, distinguish them from other birds.

  • Sayornis phoebe
  • Length: 5.5-6.7 in (14-17 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.7 oz (16-21 g)
  • Wingspan: 10.2-11.0 in (26-28 cm)

Before visiting southern US states and Mexico for winter, eastern Phoebes are migratory birds that breed in northeastern and central United States and Canada. Birds that live farther south in their range may stay there all year.

Rather than pairs or flocks, eastern Phoebes are often seen alone in quiet woodland, wagging their tails from low perches.

Most of their diet consists of flying insects, but they will also consume spiders and other creatures, tiny fruit, and seeds. They are flycatchers after all. They build nests out of mud and grass, which they place on bridges, barns, or homes.

By erecting a nest box or native plants that create berries, you may entice Eastern Phoebes to your yard.

9. White-throated Sparrow

White-throated Sparrows can be seen in Maine year-round, although they are more frequent during the May and October migrations. Summer checklists include them in 18% of the time, while winter checklists include them 7%.

The black and white striped head, brilliant white throat, and yellow between the eye and beak distinguish White-throated Sparrows. Brownish on their backs, and gray on the underside.

  • Zonotrichia albicollis
  • Length: 6.3-7.1 in (16-18 cm)
  • Weight: 0.8-1.1 oz (22-32 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-9.1 in (20-23 cm)

White-throated Sparrows are migratory birds that migrate south in the winter to eastern and southern United States, as well as the Pacific Coast.

In woodlands and woods, as well as along the borders of forested regions, you may frequently spot White-throated Sparrows in big groups on the ground.

Seeds and weeds, as well as fruits like grape, sumac, mountain ash, blueberry, and blackberry, make up the majority of the diet of White-throated Sparrows. In the summer, they will consume a variety of insects from the forest floor.

Millet and black oil sunflower seeds on platform feeders will attract white-throated sparrows to your yard.

10. Cedar Waxwing

Throughout the breeding season, from June to September, Cedar Waxwings may be observed in Maine any time of year. On the state’s summer and winter checklists, they are found in 17% and 2%, respectively.

On the head, chest, and crest, cedar waxwings are beautiful social birds that turn gray on the back, wings, and tail.

Towards the tail, their belly is brilliant yellow, with a pale yellow tint. Their eyes are hidden by a small black mask, and the wingtips are tinted red.

  • Bombycilla cedrorum
  • Length: 5.5-6.7 in (14-17 cm)
  • Weight: 1.1 oz (32 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.7-11.8 in (22-30 cm)

Throughout the northern half of the United States, Cedar Waxwings stay throughout the year. The majority of Canadian breeders migrate to the US during the winter.

Berry bushes, woodlands, and streams are all home to these high-pitched callers.

Planting native trees and shrubs with tiny fruit such as serviceberry, dogwood, juniper, winterberry, and hawthorn will attract cedar waxwings to your yard. Fruit on platform feeders is another option.

11. House Finch – Female

Maine has an invasive species, House Finches, that spend the entire year here. They are found in 8% of summer checklists and 11% of winter checklists, despite their lack of migration.

Male House Finches have a crimson head and breast, while the remainder of their bodies are brown-streaked. Females House Finches are brown-streaked all over.

  • Haemorhous mexicanus
  • Length: 5.1-5.5 in (13-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.9 oz (16-27 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-9.8 in (20-25 cm)

House Finches were first brought to eastern states in the 1930s, and they have thrived there, displacing even the Purple Finch.

They may be seen in large numbers throughout parks, farms, forest borders, and backyard feeders.

Black oil sunflower seeds or nyjer seeds in tube feeders or platform feeders may be used to attract House Finches to backyard feeders.

Some of Maine’s finches are more brightly colored than others.

12. Northern Flicker

During the summer, northern flickers can be found in Maine, but their numbers rise during migration. Summer checklists have 12% of the species, while migration checklists have up to 27%.

Males of Northern Flickers have a crimson nape of the neck and are large brown woodpeckers with black markings and a white patch on their tail in flight.

Depending on where they come from, northern flickers have red or yellow flashes in their wings and tail. The west is home to red-shafted birds, while the east is home to yellow-shafted birds.

  • Colaptes auratus
  • Length: 11.0-12.2 in (28-31 cm)
  • Weight: 3.9-5.6 oz (110-160 g)
  • Wingspan: 16.5-20.1 in (42-51 cm)

Throughout the year, Northern Flickers may be found across the United States, as well as Canada. During the winter, those that breed in Canada head south.

Ants, beetles, fruits, and seeds are the main foods of Northern Flickers, who may be seen digging with their bent bill on the ground.

Suet is a great way to attract Northern Flickers to your yard. In addition to woodpeckers, you might spot other kinds of visiting your feeders in Maine.

13. Hermit Thrush

In 17% of summer checklists, Hermit Thrushes are found. From April through December, they can be found in Maine, although some remain all year.

With an upright stance, chunky bodies, and long tails, Hermit Thrushes are birds that stand to attention. They have dots on the neck and breast, and are brown on the back with black underneath.

  • Catharus guttatus
  • Length: 5.5-7.1 in (14-18 cm)
  • Weight: 0.8-1.3 oz (23-37 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.8-11.4 in (25-29 cm)

In Canada, the northeast United States, and the western United States, Hermit Thrushes breed. Before spending the winter along the Pacific Coast, southeast states, and Mexico, they can be seen during migration in central states.

In the leaf litter in forest clearings, Hermit Thrushes search for insects on the ground. Berries are also eaten in the winter.

Although their somewhat melancholy song may be heard in the spring and summer, they seldom visit backyards.

14. House Sparrow

In Maine, House Sparrows have become a permanent resident. They are seen in 8% of summer and 10% of winter checklists for the state, and they do not migrate.

Another invasive species that has thrived is House Sparrows, who are now one of the most widely distributed birds. Gray and brown heads with white cheeks are their features. Their bellies are gray, and their backs are black and brown.

  • Passer domesticus
  • Length: 5.9-6.7 in (15-17 cm)
  • Weight: 0.9-1.1 oz (27-30 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.5-9.8 in (19-25 cm)

The majority of House Sparrows reside throughout the year in the United States and southern Canada. They may be quite tame and may even eat from your hand, and you can locate them near dwellings and structures.

Grain and seed, as well as discarded food, are the major sources of food for House Sparrows. Because they are non-native, they may be regarded as a nuisance, but they can be found in backyards even if you do not feed them.

Most types of birdseed, such as millet, corn, and sunflower seeds, may be used to attract House Sparrows to your backyard feeders.

15. Purple Finch – Female

Purple Finches are more frequently seen in Maine during the breeding season from mid-April to mid-July, despite the fact that they may be seen here all year. On the state’s summer and winter checklists, they’ve been spotted in 13% and 2%, respectively.

Males have reddish-purple heads and breasts, with more brown on the back and wings, and a paler belly. Female Purple Finches are brown all over, but males are red. They are redder, particularly at the top of their back, and resemble House Finches in appearance.

  • Haemorhous purpureus
  • Length: 4.7-6.3 in (12-16 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-1.1 oz (18-32 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.7-10.2 in (22-26 cm)

Purple Finches breed in Canada and spend the winter in the eastern United States, although they may be seen all year along the north-east and Pacific coasts.

Purple Finch eats seeds, buds, nectar, and berries in both evergreen and deciduous woodlands.

Purple Finch nests are found in the upper branches of trees. Twigs, barks, weeds, and moss are used to create them. The female keeps three to five eggs in her possession, which she incubates for thirteen days.

Black oil sunflower seeds attract purple Finches to your yard.

16. Savannah Sparrow

Throughout the breeding season, Savannah Sparrows are seen in Maine, and they account for 7% of summer checklists. From April through November, they can be found here, although some remain all year.

The brown bird with a distinct yellow patch by the eye is visible from close enough to a Savannah Sparrow. Their tails are small, and they have a speckled brown coloration.

  • Passerculus sandwichensis
  • Length: 4.3-5.9 in (11-15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.5-1.0 oz (15-28 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-8.7 in (20-22 cm)

Before migrating to the southern United States and Mexico for winter, Savannah Sparrows breed in Canada and the United States.

During the breeding season, Savannah Sparrows may be found foraging for insects and spiders on the ground in open areas like grassland, and seeds throughout the winter.

Savannah Sparrow nests are made of grass and are placed on the ground. They lay six eggs, which take around two weeks to hatch and a further one or two weeks for the young to fledge.

If you maintain brush piles, have long grass, and reside near fields, these birds may visit your yard on occasion.

17. Swamp Sparrow

From April to November, 8% of Maine summer checklists include Swamp Sparrows.

The backs of Swamp Sparrows are dark brown, with a rusted crown and wings. Gray breasts and white throats distinguish them from other birds. Their beaks are yellow, and their heads are gray with a brown face with a dark eye line.

  • Melospiza georgiana
  • Length: 4.7-5.9 in (12-15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.5-0.8 oz (15-23 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.1-7.5 in (18-19 cm)

The east is home to Swamp Sparrows. Before migrating to eastern and southern US states, as well as Mexico, they breed in Canada and northeastern US states.

Swamp Sparrows may be found in wetlands, swamps, bogs, and coastal marshes, as the name would imply. They eat seeds and fruit throughout the winter, as well as more insects in the spring.

Swamp Sparrow nests are made of twigs, leaves, and cattails and are usually hidden in the ground’s vegetation. Grass and other vegetation are used to line the nest.

Except during migration to yards with abundant vegetation and water, Swamp Sparrows do not visit backyards.

18. Brown Creeper

All year, Maine is home to the brown Creepers. Summer and winter checklists include them in 4% of the time.

The streaked brown backs and white undersides of Brown Creepers make them difficult to see against tree trunks.

  • Certhia americana
  • Length: 4.7-5.5 in (12-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.2-0.3 oz (5-10 g)
  • Wingspan: 6.7-7.9 in (17-20 cm)

While they cannot migrate, brown Creepers may travel south and from higher altitudes in the winter. Alaska, southern Canada, the northeastern and eastern United States, and down to Mexico and Central America are among the places where they may be found. During some winters, they migrate into the middle and southeastern United States.

When you’re trying to find one of these little birds hunting for larvae and insects hidden in the bark, examine tree trunks of mature woodland with big trees.

Unlike nuthatches, who face the tree trunk down, Brown Creepers are mostly seen climbing the tree and looking upwards.

These birds make a high-pitched chirping sound instead of singing, which aids in their identification.

19. Winter Wren

Throughout the summer in Maine, Winter Wrens are frequently seen. They’re seen in 8% of summer checklists for the state, and they spend the breeding season here.

Winter Wrens are little, brown birds with black barring on their wings, tail, and belly. They have paler eyebrow stripes and upright-keeping tails. Males and females have the same look.

There was once thought to be the same species as Winter Wrens, but they are now recognized to be different and sing different songs. They look a lot like Pacific Wrens.

  • Troglodytes hiemalis
  • Length: 3.1-4.7 in (8-12 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.4 oz (8-12 g)
  • Wingspan: 4.7-6.3 in (12-16 cm)

Winter Wrens are found in the United States throughout the winter and in Canada throughout the summer.

In woodlands and backyards, look for Winter Wrens amid dense vegetation. By rummaging through fallen leaves and rotting bark, they consume insects and spiders.

Twigs, moss, and grass are woven together to form a circular structure with a tiny entrance in the nests of Winter Wrens. Hatching takes two or two and a half weeks, and the fledging period is similar for each clutch of nine eggs.

Native plants and thick vegetation can attract Winter Wrens to your yard.

20. Brown-headed Cowbird – Female

Between March and August, Brown-headed Cowbirds breed in Maine, accounting for 6% of summer checklists. While most of the population migrates to warmer climates during the winter, a few stay.

Brown all over with slight streaking, female Brown-headed Cowbirds are brown. Brown-headed Cowbirds have black bodies, brown heads, and short tails. Females are smaller than males.

  • Molothrus ater
  • Length: 76.3-8.7 in (19-22 cm)
  • Weight: 1.3-1.8 oz (42-50 g)
  • Wingspan: 14.2 in (36 cm)

In eastern, southern, and Pacific Coast states, Brown-headed Cowbirds are present all year. However, during the winter, those that breed in northern and western states head south.

21. Rose-breasted Grosbeak – Female

During the breeding season in Maine, Rose-breasted Grosbeaks are seen in 7% of summer checklists. In April, they come here, and in October, they begin migrating.

Brown with streaks and a flash of yellow under the wings, female Rose-breasted Grosbeaks and immature males

Males of Rose-breasted Grosbeaks have black heads and backs, white bellies, and crimson breasts. They are black-and-white birds. Their wings have a crimson hue as well.

  • Pheucticus ludovicianus
  • Length: 7.1-8.3 in (18-21 cm)
  • Weight: 1.4-1.7 oz (39-49 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.4-13.0 in (29-33 cm)

Northern US states, the Midwest, and southern and central Canada are home to Rose-breasted Grosbeaks. In southern states in the United States, they may be seen during migration. The majority of the winter is spent in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean.

Rose-breasted Grosbeaks forage for insects, berries, and seeds in woodlands, parks, and backyards.

The branches of a low tree are used to house Rose-breasted Grosbeak nests. loosely-formed twigs, grass, and flora make up these structures. It takes two weeks for the eggs to hatch, which is around five. The eggs are then incubated alternately by both parents.

Sunflower seeds and peanuts will attract Rose-breasted Grosbeaks to your yard.

22. American Tree Sparrow

Winters in Maine bring American Tree Sparrows, who begin arriving in October and may stay until May, although November through April are the best months to see them. Winter checklists include them in 10% of their lists.

Long-tailed brown-streaked fat birds with rusty caps, gray faces, and a rusty eye line, American Tree sparrows are long-tailed.

  • Spizelloides arborea
  • Length: 5.5 in (14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.5-1.0 oz (13-28 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.4 in (24 cm)

In the United States, winter is home to American Tree Sparrows, whereas summer is home to Canadians. Except along the Pacific and Gulf Coasts, they breed in Canada’s far north and migrate to most US states for the winter.

In weedy fields and under bird feeders, you might see American Tree Sparrows foraging in small flocks.

American Tree Sparrow nests are composed of twigs, grass, and moss and are usually found on or near the ground. They laid five eggs, and the young fledge after almost a week and a half. They lay around five eggs, which takes roughly two weeks to hatch.

Black oil sunflower seeds, nyjer, cracked corn, and millet are all good choices for attracting American Tree Sparrows to your backyard platform feeders. Seeds dropped from tube feeders are also eaten by them.

23. Pine Siskin

Northern Maine is home to pine siskins, which may be seen during the winter in the south of the state. Summer and winter checklists may include them up to 3% of the time.

Little brown finches with yellow streaks on the wings and tail, Pine Siskins are small birds. With a short pointed beak and a forked tail, they are related to falcons.

  • Spinus Pinus
  • Length: 4.3-5.5 in (11-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.6 oz (12-18 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.1-8.7 in (18-22 cm)

Throughout the pine woodlands of the western states and along the Canadian Border, Pine Siskins stay all year. Before going south for winter, some breed in Canada.

They may be found across most of North America, depending on the pine cone crops. Pine Siskins specialize on pine seeds, but they will eat young buds and seeds from grasses and weeds as well. Their name implies it.

Thistle and nyjer feeders will attract Pine Siskins to your yards, as well as black oil sunflower seeds and suet.

24. Great-crested Flycatcher

Between May and October, Great Crested Flycatchers are present in Maine for breeding. On 6% of summer checklists, they are documented.

The back of Great Crested Flycatchers is brown, while the belly and neck are yellow. In the wing and tail feathers, they have reddish flashes. The peak isn’t particularly well-defined.

  • Myiarchus crinitus
  • Length: 6.7-8.3 in (17-21 cm)
  • Weight: 0.9-1.4 oz (27-40 g)
  • Wingspan: 13.4 in (34 cm)

Over much of eastern North America, Great Crested Flycatchers breed, with wintering in southern Florida, southern Mexico, and Central America.

Large insects, such as butterflies, grasshoppers, moths, wasps, and spiders are perched up high in the woods waiting for them. They may be perched on fenceposts or other artificial constructions, or they may be found in mixed woodlands and at the margins of clearings, parks, and tree-lined communities. Berries and tiny fruits will be consumed as well.

By planting native plant species and leaving brush heaps for insects, you can attract Great Crested Flycatchers to your yard. Also, since they readily take up residence in nest boxes, plant berry-producing plants should be installed.

25. House Wren

During the summer in Maine, House Wrens appear in 5% of checklists, and they can be found from April through September. The majority go during the winter, with a few staying until January.

Little nondescript brown birds with darker barred wings and tails and a lighter throat, House Wrens are tiny. Their tails are frequently upright when they’re sitting.

  • Troglodytes aedon
  • Length: 4.3-5.1 in (11-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.4 oz (10-12 g)
  • Wingspan: 5.9 in (15 cm)

Before heading to southern US states and Mexico for winter, House Wrens spend their summer breeding in the United States and southern Canada.

House Wrens forage for insects and spiders in backyards, parks, and open woods. With their tails up, they may often be seen energetically leaping through tangles and low branches, pausing to sing their cheerful song.

When it comes to securing the best nest holes, House Wrens are ferocious for their size. They’ll typically torment bigger birds, snatching eggs and nestlings from their nests.

Leaving mounds of twigs or erecting a nest box will attract House Wrens to your property.

26. Swainson’s Thrush

From mid-April through Octhroughber, Swainson’s Thrushes may be seen in Maine, with 5% of summer checklists seeing them.

Swainson’s Thrushes are brown on the back and have spotted chests. They are a medium-sized thrush with a pale underside.

  • Catharus ustulatus
  • Length: 6.3-7.5 in (16-19 cm)
  • Weight: 0.8-1.6 oz (23-45 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.4-12.2 in (29-31 cm)

During the breeding season, Swainson’s Thrushes may be found foraging in leaf litter for insects and red fruits including blackberries, raspberries, huckleberries, and sumac. Ants are eaten by the ants, and nestlings will be fed other insects.

Swainson’s Thrushes breed in Canada and Alaska before traveling into Central and South America for winter, however they are only seen during migration in the spring and fall of the lower 48.

Ground-level birdbaths and tree and shrub cover will attract Swainson’s Thrushes to your yard.

27. Carolina Wren

The Carolina Wrens are permanent residents of Maine and may be seen all year. Summer and winter checklists may contain up to 2% of them.

The dark brown top of the Carolina Wrens contrasts with a light brown underside. They have an upright tail, a white eyebrow stripe, and a loud “teakettle” call.

  • Thryothorus ludovicianus
  • Length: 4.7-5.5 in (12-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.8 oz (18-22 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.4 in (29 cm)

Residents of the Carolinas can be found throughout eastern and southeastern US states all year. They’ll visit backyard feeders and can be found in wooded or heavily vegetated areas.

Suet feeders, hulled sunflower seeds, and peanut hearts in big tube feeders or on platform feeders will attract Carolina Wrens to your back yard feeding.

In the backyards of Maine, several Wrens may be seen, although more may be found in marshy areas if you really want to see them.

28. Eastern Towhee

During the breeding season, from mid-April to October, eastern towhees are more often seen on Maine summer checklists, which account for 3% of all checklists.

In males, the eastern towhees capture huge sparrows that are similar to Robin in size, with a black head, neck, and back, red sides, long tails. Instead of being black, females are brown.

  • Pipilo erythrophthalmus
  • Length: 6.8-8.2 in (17.3-20.8 cm)
  • Weight: 1.1-1.8 oz (32-52 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-11.0 in (20-28 cm)

Birds in the north migrate south for the winter, while eastern Towhees stay in the southeastern United States throughout the year.

Eastern Towhees may be found rummaging in the vegetation, around forest and thicket borders.

Eastern Towhees’ nests are frequently discovered among fallen leaves on the ground. They’re lined with soft grass and animal hair, made out of twigs, bark, and leaves. Six eggs take around two weeks to hatch, and young take around the same amount of time to fledge.

Overgrown borders and platform feeders with black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, cracked corn, and millet will attract Eastern Towhees to your yard.

29. Northern Waterthrush

From mid-April to October, Northern Waterthrushes can be found in Maine, and they occur in 3% of summer checklists.

The large, thrush-like birds of Northern Waterthrushes Both men and women have characteristics in common. They have black backs and white rumps, with brown heads and thick, white eyebrows. They have dark brown rumps with extensive, heavy streaking from their throats all the way to their rumps.

  • Parkesia noveboracensis
  • Length: 5.75 inches (15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.8 oz (23 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.75 inches (22 cm)

Before traveling to Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean, northern waterthrushes breed in Canada, Alaska, and the northeastern US states. In Central and South America, some may stay all year.

Dark, woody bogs, thickets, and swamps are all good places to look for Northern Waterthrushes. You may generally find a Northern Waterthrush nearby any still or sluggish water in the woods. They’re most common in the tropics during the winter and among mangroves.

Foragers in the water, as well as on land, are northern waterthrushes. Water beetles, mosquitoes, slugs, crustaceans, snails, and occasionally small fish are all able to be found by these long-legged water walkers. Caterpillars, moths, and ants are also consumed by them, which they discover among the leaves.

30. Brown Thrasher

From mid-April to mid-October, brown thrashers may be found in Maine, mostly in the south. Summer checklists account for 2% of the total.

Large songbirds with long proportions, brown thrashers are a sight to see. They’re roughly the same size as a robin. Their backs are brown, and their chests and bellies are white-streaked. Gray skin with fiery yellow eyes covers their cheeks.

  • Toxostoma rufum
  • Length: 9.1-11.8 in (23-30 cm)
  • Weight: 2.1-3.1 oz (61-89 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.4-12.6 in (29-32 cm)

Central and eastern North America are home to the Brown Thrashers. Birds in the southeast of their range stay throughout the year, whereas birds farther north go south for the winter.

Because they spend most of their time in thickets and shrubbery, Brown Thrashers are difficult to detect for their size. They may, however, be heard eating berries, beetles, and flying insects from the air while rummaging around in the leaf litter and soil for insects.

These most accomplished birds sing over 1000 distinct song types, making them one of the world’s biggest singers.

Brown Thrashers will collect fallen seeds from beneath feeders if you put thick cover and berry bushes in your yard.

31. Wood Thrush

From April to mid-October, Wood Thrushes are seen frequently in Maine and are seen on 2% of checklists during this period.

The fat white and black-spotted bellies of Wood Thrushes give them a somewhat ridiculous look. The crown and upper back are reddish in color, and they’re brown on the back.

  • Hylocichla mustelina
  • Length: 7.5-8.3 in (19-21 cm)
  • Weight: 1.4-1.8 oz (40-50 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.8-13.4 in (30-34 cm)

In one night, Wood Thrushes migrate from the United States to Central America through the Gulf of Mexico.

In mature woods, these birds remain unseen, feeding on insects like beetles and flies in the leaf litter. They may be heard whistling a ‘flute-like tune’ in the spring.

32. White-crowned Sparrow

During the spring and fall migrations in May and October, White-crowned Sparrows are not very common in Maine, although they can be seen.

The large grayish sparrows with long tails, small beaks, and bold black and white stripes on their heads are known as White-crowned Sparrows.

  • Zonotrichia leucophrys
  • Length: 5.9-6.3 in (15-16 cm)
  • Weight: 0.9-1.0 oz (25-28 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.3-9.4 in (21-24 cm)

Before going south for winter, White-crowned Sparrows breed in Alaska and northern Canada. Nevertheless, some may stay in the Pacific Northwest and the high country all year.

White-crowned Sparrows may be seen foraging for seeds of weeds and grasses or fruit like elderberries and blackberries in weedy fields, along road sides, forest borders, and in gardens.

White-crowned Sparrow nests are frequently found in the tundra, with twigs, grass, mamoss, and pine needles arranged low to the ground in shrubs or on the ground. They deposit up to seven eggs, which take two weeks to develop and nine days for the chicks to fledge.

Sunflower seeds attract White-crowned Sparrows to your yard, and they will eat other birdseed dropped at the feeders as well.

33. Field Sparrow

In Maine, Field Sparrows are seen in 1% of summer checklists. From April to October, they can be found in the south of the state, where they spend the breeding season.

Little, thin brown-backed birds with black streaks are known as Field Sparrows. They have a reddish crown and pink beak, as well as gray undersides and heads.

  • Spizella pusilla
  • Length: 4.7-5.9 in (12-15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.5 oz (11-15 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9 in (20 cm)

Eastern US states have field Sparrows throughout the year, however foragers in the Midwest migrate south for winter.

The males will sing from a perch in the early hours of the day, making it easier to locate Field Sparrows during breeding season. They feed quietly on weeds and seeds and are shy, so they may be easily missed. They prefer abandoned fields.

During the breeding season, Field Sparrow nests are erected on the ground and gradually moved higher and higher. They build their nests out of grass, and their eggs take around two weeks to emerge. They lay up to five eggs. The young fledge in about a week after that.

Cracked corn, hulled sunflower seeds, and millet attract Field Sparrows to your yard.

34. Marsh Wren

During the breeding season, Marsh Wrens may be found in Maine, and they show up on 1% of summer checklists. From May to October, they are most likely to be seen in the state’s south, although they can be found throughout the year.

Brown with black and white streaks on their backs, Marsh Wrens are a common sight. They have the wren’s unique upright tail and are grayish brown on their underside. Males and females have the same appearance.

They have bigger beaks than Sedge Wrens and lack stripes on their shoulders.

  • Cistothorus palustris
  • Length: 3.9-5.5 in (10-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.5 oz (9-14 g)
  • Wingspan: 5.9 in (15 cm)

Before moving to southern states and Mexico, Marsh Wrens breed in northern US states and Central Canada. Resident birds may be found across the west and along the Atlantic Coast throughout the year. In the eastern US, they may be seen during migration.

Marsh Wrens cling to reeds, with each foot grabbing a different stalk, and can be found in wetlands. They’re difficult to detect, but watch for singing among the reeds at dawn and dusk, especially. Insects and spiders are devoured, and they’re found on near-water leaves.

Except for a tiny aperture near the top, Marsh Wren nests are totally enclosed. Reed and grasses are woven together to make them.

35. Louisiana Waterthrush

Throughout the summer months of April through mid-September, Louisiana Waterthrushes are most often seen in Maine, but they are uncommon.

In comparison to other warblers, Louisiana Waterthrushes are drab. On top, they are brown, while beneath, they are pale. They have lengthy pink legs and a white eyebrow stripe.

  • Parkesia motacilla
  • Length: 5.9-6.1 in (15-15.5 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.8 oz (18.2-22.9 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.4-10.6 in (24-27 cm)

During migration, the Louisiana Waterthrush can be found in the southeast. It is a breed found in eastern US states. They return in the early spring after spending the winter in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean.

Louisiana Waterthrush is a stream and moving water hunter that can be found in woodlands hunting for insects, vertebrates, and larvae.

Louisiana Waterthrush nests are usually buried in roots or beneath logs and may be seen along the bank of a creek. The nest is built with mud and leaves, pine needles, and other plant materials.

36. Golden-crowned Sparrow

In Maine, golden-crowned sparrows are a uncommon or accidental species, and they were last seen around Whetstone Pond in 2020.

The underbelly of Golden-crowned Sparrows is grayish-brown, and the back is streaked brown. A black crown and a brilliant-yellow forehead distinguish them.

In the winter, their colors are duller and brown on the crown, with a yellow forehead that is also duller.

  • Zonotrichia atricapilla
  • Length: 5.9-7.1 in (15-18 cm)
  • Weight: 1.1-1.2 oz (30-33 g)

Before moving to the West Coast for winter, Golden-crowned Sparrows breed in Alaska and western Canada.

Golden-crowned Sparrows may be seen seeking for dock, sumac, and geranium seeds in weedy fields. Apples, grapes, elderberry, and olives are among the fruits they consume. Some of their diets include insects, such as ants, beetles, butterflies, and termites.

Golden-crowned Sparrow nests are mostly made of twigs, moss, and leaves and are commonly found on the ground. Animal hair, grass, and feathers are used to line them because they are softer.

Using ground feeders or planting native plants that fruit, attract Golden-crowned Sparrows to your yard.

How Frequently Brown Birds Are Spotted In Maine In Summer And Winter

Using checklists, you can discover which birds are most often seen in your area. On checklists on ebird in Maine throughout the summer and winter, these lists show which brown birds are most often seen.

Brown Birds in Maine in summer:

Song Sparrow 46.9%

American Goldfinch 43.6%

American Robin 42.6%

Common Yellowthroat 33.0%

Mourning Dove 31.2%

Chipping Sparrow 26.3%

Northern Cardinal 21.5%

Eastern Phoebe 20.8%

White-throated Sparrow 17.8%

Hermit Thrush 17.6%

Cedar Waxwing 17.4%

Purple Finch 13.0%

Northern Flicker 12.2%

Winter Wren 8.9%

House Sparrow 8.4%

House Finch 8.2%

Swamp Sparrow 8.2%

Savannah Sparrow 7.4%

Rose-breasted Grosbeak 7.4%

Brown-headed Cowbird 6.6%

Great Crested Flycatcher 6.5%

House Wren 5.3%

Swainson’s Thrush 5.1%

Brown Creeper 4.3%

Eastern Towhee 3.7%

Northern Waterthrush 3.7%

Wood Thrush 3.0%

Brown Thrasher 2.7%

Pine Siskin 2.0%

Field Sparrow 1.6%

Carolina Wren 1.4%

White-crowned Sparrow 1.2%

Marsh Wren 1.1%

Louisiana Waterthrush 0.3%

American Tree Sparrow <0.1%

Brown Birds in Maine in winter:

American Goldfinch 27.6%

Mourning Dove 26.2%

Northern Cardinal 22.5%

House Finch 11.0%

House Sparrow 10.8%

American Tree Sparrow 10.6%

American Robin 9.2%

White-throated Sparrow 7.6%

Song Sparrow 6.9%

Brown Creeper 4.6%

Pine Siskin 3.0%

Carolina Wren 2.3%

Cedar Waxwing 2.3%

Purple Finch 2.2%

Northern Flicker 0.9%

Hermit Thrush 0.3%

Savannah Sparrow 0.3%

Brown-headed Cowbird 0.2%

Chipping Sparrow 0.2%

Winter Wren 0.2%

Swamp Sparrow 0.1%

Brown Thrasher 0.1%

Eastern Towhee 0.1%

White-crowned Sparrow <0.1%

Common Yellowthroat <0.1%

Eastern Phoebe <0.1%

Field Sparrow <0.1%

Marsh Wren <0.1%

Rose-breasted Grosbeak <0.1%

House Wren <0.1%

Golden-crowned Sparrow <0.1%

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