Dwarf evergreen trees are tiny, compact trees that may be utilized in little gardens or indoors containers. Little trees need little upkeep and are green all year round, which makes them ideal for small yards. Little dwarf evergreen trees may be used to create stunning garden landscape elements even in huge gardens.
Dwarf Evergreen Trees For Landscaping
In the landscape, there are several different kinds of dwarf evergreen trees to choose from. Dwarf spruce trees, little pine evergreen trees, miniature cypress trees, small weeping firs, and other dwarf ornamental firs are available to choose from. You don’t have to worry about clearing leaves in the fall or trees that grow too tall for your garden by planting one or more compact dwarf evergreen trees.
You’ll learn about 15 gorgeous dwarf evergreen trees for landscaping in this article. So, first, let’s explore why you might want to grow tiny evergreen trees in your yard or pots.
Why Plant Dwarf Evergreen Trees in Your Garden?
Little compact evergreen trees need very little care throughout the year, other than their ornamental beauty. Because of their small stature and compact form, they are simple to seed and require little trimming. You don’t have to be concerned about huge root systems damaging your house, either. Small trees are therefore excellent candidates for planting in tight or narrow areas.
Dwarf cultivars of these trees may provide year-round seclusion in your garden because to their evergreen nature. In the middle of winter, dwarf evergreens will brighten up your garden with green, silver, and even yellow hues while deciduous varieties of trees shed their leaves. Compact trees will not take up too much space and will suit your small-yard landscape design better if you have a limited yard and little area to plant huge trees.
Small (Dwarf) Evergreen Trees for Your Garden With Pictures and Common Names
Some popular ornamental dwarf firs, spruces, pines, cypress, and other evergreen trees are discussed in further detail below.
Mugo Pine Tree
Mugo pine (Pinus mugo) is a dwarf evergreen tree that’s ideal for tiny gardens. The green muggo pine (Pinus mugo) is a small conifer species that grows all year. One of the dwarf cultivars of this evergreen conifer species is Mugo Pine ‘Mops.’ “Dwarf mountain pines” is the name given to these little evergreen cultivars.
Dwarf Mugo pine is a small tree with short compact branches that grows up to 5 feet (1.5 meters) tall. Mugo pines will grow in most types of soil and may be used to provide ground cover. For designing a garden, Mugo pine is an excellent compact evergreen. Rock gardens, foundation planting, front yard, and as a small evergreen shrub: these little evergreen trees are ideal.
It thrives in partial shade and thrives in USDA planting zones 3-7. This type of tiny evergreen decorative plant is best. They have a high tolerance for harsh winters.
Green Spire Euonymus
The Little Green Spire Euonymus (Euonymus japonicus) is a tiny evergreen tree that originated in Japan and is ideal for a small garden. The Japanese Spindle, also known as the Evergreen Spindle, is a little tree that produces the dwarf cultivar. The Green Spire isn’t a pine tree, conifer, or spruce; it’s a different kind of dwarf evergreen tree.
The dense leafy foliage of the little bushy tree stays green all year. Several cultivars of the tree/shrub have dark green glossy foliage, while others grow in vertical columns and produce variegation. This little tree might be employed as a tiny ornamental tree for flower beds or to generate privacy hedges in your yard.
The height of this evergreen leafy tree ranges from 6 to 8 feet (1.8 to 2.4 meters). You may, nonetheless, train the tree to reach its desired height by removing some branches. USDA zones 6-9 are ideal for the tiny compact tree.
Dwarf Hinoki Cypress Tree
Hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) is a lovely tiny evergreen tree that adds beauty to the garden. This is a tiny cypress tree that is native to Japan and has many attractive dwarf cultivars. Hinoki cypress are evergreen trees with decorative foliage that are grown in tiny gardens across the world for their aesthetic appeal.
Hinoki cypress trees of the smallest variety may grow as small as 12″ (30 cm)! Yet, not all of the “mini trees” are so tiny. The dwarf variety is available in several cultivars that grow to 3 feet. This can be as high as 6 feet (1.8 meters). Therefore, in order to attain your landscaping goals, you simply have to pick the best Hinoki dwarf evergreen.
Soft feathery needles and dark green leaves characterize this evergreen small cypress tree. The tiny hardy trees thrive in well-drained soil with enough sunlight to grow. ‘Kosteri,’ ‘Nana,’ ‘Nana Gracilis,’ and ‘Spiralis’ are some of the most common dwarf Hinoki cypress evergreen trees.
The Blues Weeping Colorado Spruce Tree
The Blues Weeping Colorado Spruce (Picea pungens) is a diminutive kind of tiny evergreen tree that is ideal for little gardens or small spaces. To add beauty to any entrance, you may also grow this little spruce tree in a container.
The little evergreen spruce known as the dwarf “Blues Weeping” grows quickly to a height of 10 feet (3 meters) when mature. To limit its spread, you can grow it in a pot. The silver-blue foliage of this dwarf weeping evergreen tree falls down to give it a compact appearance.
Every tree grows in a unique manner, which is one of the reasons why gardeners select this form of dwarf evergreen for landscaping. Any garden with crisp blue needles on the leaves has an oriental feel.
Of course, you may train the tree to develop in any way you desire. Full sun and moist soil are ideal conditions for the Blues Weeping Colorado Spruce. It can withstand temperatures as low as USDA zones 2 to 8.
Dwarf Balsam Fir Tree
Dwarf Balsam Fir (scientific name: Abies balsamea ‘Nana’) is a compact dwarf fir tree that thrives in limited spaces. This is a nice option for tiny yards, as it has the traditional fir tree conical form. Since it is slow growing, the Dwarf Balsam Fir is one of the low-maintenance compact evergreen types. The flat needle-like leaves of this evergreen fir remain green all year. The varied cone-shaped form of many evergreen firs develops as the tree grows and matures.
You may also place this small dwarf tree in pots if you have a balcony, porch, or deck area. You benefit from the tree’s beauty and fragrance because the leaves emit a pleasant pine aroma. The small evergreen thrives in bright, well-drained soil and grows successfully in USDA zones 3–6.
Dwarf Serbian Spruce Tree
When landscaping any big or tiny garden, dwarf Serbian Spruce is a beautiful compact evergreen tree to plant. Every year, this slow-growing compact tree grows just 3 to 4 inches (7 to 10 cm). The dwarf Serbian spruce has green and silver needles in its leaves, which produce thick foliage, like many other big and little spruce evergreens.
The small tree will spread about the same distance at its base, and you can expect it to reach no more than 5 feet (1.5 meters). Pruning isn’t required for this evergreen dwarf variety.
The ‘Pendula’ is another kind of Serbian spruce that belongs to the weeping evergreen family. It may tolerate temperatures as low as -40°F (-40°C).
Dwarf Scotch Pine Tree
This tiny fat Scotch pine tree (Pinus sylvestris ‘Green Penguin’) has a distinctive conical shape, and it’s known as the “Green Penguin.” The dwarf Scotch pine is a bright green evergreen tree with shiny green needles that stay bright all year. The fact that you never have to trim it is one of the reasons to include this kind of evergreen in your garden. Over many years, a mature dwarf Scotch pine might grow to be 6 feet (1.8 meters) tall.
Since it survives temperatures as low as -40°F (-40°C), the dwarf Scotch pine is one of the toughest evergreen compact trees. In USDA zones 3-7, this dwarf pine tree thrives.
Miniature Moss False Cypress
The Chamaecyparis pisifera ‘Squarrosa Minima’ miniature moss false cypress is more of a tiny shrub than a real tree. However, it makes a excellent landscaping pick due to its silvery foliage and restricted development.
As a bedding plant or border plant, this miniature Cypress tree/shrub is ideal. The little tree expands into a spherical globe with a height of about 1 foot (30 cm). During the winter, you may put this tiny tree beside perennials to add some variety to your garden.
If you’re creating an urban garden, the small cypress is a tree-like shrub that grows well in containers. It’s an great option. In soil that isn’t too dry, you should plant the small evergreen shrub. USDA zones 1 through 4 are ideal growing conditions for this dwarf cypress variety.
Dwarf Japanese Black Pine Tree
The Dwarf Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii ‘Kotobuki’) is a perfect miniature tree for any tiny garden due to its attractive appearance. It is suitable for even the tiniest landscape. After 10 years, the small Black Pine cultivar grows to approximately 4 feet (1.2 meters) tall.
The tree has a dwarf, narrow pyramid appearance because of its short branches that grow vertically. To produce an oriental effect on your yard, you may also trim the tree to make it into a magnificent display. This dwarf pine variety from Japan thrives in full sun and can withstand harsh winters, so it’s a good choice for small gardens.
Dwarf Pencil Point Juniper
The pencil-point juniper tree, which is a compact columnar tree, takes up minimal space in the garden. The little evergreen tree Dwarf Pencil Point Juniper (Juniperus communis ‘Compressa’) grows less than the height of a typical individual in your garden. The Dwarf Pencil Point Juniper is a excellent selection for your yard, garden, or container if you want a tall but compact tree.
The upright tree is barely 1 foot (30 cm) broad and grows no more than 5 feet (1.5 meters) tall. This tiny accent tree is very popular among gardeners because it grows in a wide range of soils. It can also be found in harsh environments, such as temperatures of -50°F (-45°C).
For landscaping a garden, plant the dwarf upright Pencil Point juniper where you want some height. This is a wonderful foundation plant that develops modest areas and produces gorgeous foliage all year. It’s a little tree that’s compact and dwarf-like.
Upright Japanese Plum Yew
The Upright Japanese Plum Yew (Cephalotaxus harringtonia ‘Fastigiata) is a charming compact fastigiate evergreen for a tiny yard. With needles, this small bushy coniferous tree has lovely vertical branches. This dwarf yew tree develops into a V-shaped form with thick, dense green leaves. The small Japanese plum yew flower comes in a variety of colors. Nonetheless, these little dwarf plants offer year-round privacy and wind protection.
The fastigiate branches of this kind of columnar tree are one of its characteristics. Vertical upward growth is seen in fastigiate trees. The small Japanese Plum Yew tree has an upright, straight, and narrow look as a result of its fast growth habit. For small gardens where space is limited, this columnar tree is a fantastic option.
This little evergreen can be planted in well-drained soil that receives some sun and shade. Little plum-like fruits are produced by female versions of this Japanese yew. These dwarf plants may be used to emphasize a section of your yard or planted in groups for defense.
When landscaping your garden, the Norway Spruce variety Picea abies “Pumila” is a good pick for smaller landscapes. When fully grown, this small evergreen tree resembles a bushy cushion. It grows to a height of 4 feet (1.2 meters) and spreads out the same width.
This is a lovely green needle Norway spruce variety that works well in rock gardens or foundation plantings. This small evergreen tree thrives in cooler climates and can be planted in most types of soil. Pick a location in your garden where it will get full sun.
Dwarf Alberta Spruce
One of the most beautiful conifers for a tiny garden is Dwarf Alberta Spruce (Picea glauca albertiana ‘Conica), which provides year-round color to your garden. This dwarf spruce variety is a great choice for an ornamental tiny evergreen.
The tree’s thick green foliage, which creates an A-shape and fits any yard, is a delight. The little Alberta spruce will take approximately 30 years to reach a height of 12 feet (3.6 meters).
Pinch or plant an accent feature of this Alberta spruce dwarf variety, which may also be pruned into various configurations.
Chalet Dwarf Swiss Stone Pine
The Chalet Swiss Stone Pine (Pinus cembra ‘Chalet’) is a stunning slow-growing evergreen dwarf tree cultivar that grows to be small. The length of the green pine needles on this small pine tree makes it a popular landscaping option. A columnar shape with thick pine needle leaves characterizes the Swiss pine dwarf types.
To enhance your garden, you may utilize the Chalet Swiss Stone pine as an accent tree. Swiss Stone Pine trees are regarded as some of the most stunning little pine trees on the market, according to certain landscapers.
This tree thrives in full sun and develops beautifully in loamy, well-drained soil. This dwarf Swiss pine cultivar thrives in the cold winters, as do most pine cultivars. The ‘Nana,’ ‘Pygmaea,’ and the tiny evergreen tree ‘Tip Top’ are other dwarf varieties of Swiss Stone pines.
Green Arrow Weeping Alaska Cedar
The Green Arrow is a tiny landscaping tree that thrives in small gardens. It’s a thin evergreen dwarf tree. A dwarf weeping evergreen tree known as the Green Arrow Weeping Alaska cedar (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis ‘Green Arrow).
Despite its 20-foot (6-meter) height, the weeping cedar tree of the Green Arrow is considered a dwarf variety. Because of its tiny size, this Cedar Tree variety only grows to be 1 foot (30 cm) wide at the base. If you want to add vertical emphasis to your landscape features, this is one of the best kinds of “dwarf” evergreens.
The Green Arrow’s drooping or weeping branches are a stunning feature of the tree. The impression of an arrow shooting up from the earth is created by the sturdy vertical tree with its weeping dark green leaves. Full sun and well-drained soil are ideal for this dwarf evergreen tree, which thrives in USDA hardiness zones 4-8.
Miniature Common Juniper ‘Gold Cone’ (Juniperus communis ‘Gold Cone’)
The juniperus communis ‘Gold Cone’ is a tiny columnar landscape tree with thick gold-green leaves. The upright, columnar growth pattern of this slow-growing juniper tree makes it ideal for specimen, container, or planting in the front of the home. The little evergreen juniper tree, also known as the “Gold Cone,” grows to be 3 to 5 feet (1.5 to 1.5 meters) tall and broad.
When grown, the low-maintenance dwarf juniper tree resists a variety of soils and is drought tolerant. In USDA zones 4 – 8, grow in full sun and well-drained soil.
Lawson Cypress ‘Minima Aurea’ (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Minima Aurea’)
The little Lawson cypress cultivar ‘Minima Aurea’ is a tiny conifer with lovely golden yellow, delicate feathery sprays that is ideal for small gardens. The pyramidal growth pattern of the small evergreen tree is slow. It grows to be 1–4 feet (0.3–1.2 m) tall and 2 feet (0.6 m) broad.
As a specimen tree, foundation planting, or container tree, dwarf Lawson cypress looks wonderful. In well-drained soil, grow in USDA zones 5 to 8 in full sun to partial shade.
Dwarf Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus ‘Nana’)
The slow-growing tiny evergreen tree with a dome form and thick, silver blue-green needle leaves of Pinus strobus ‘Nana’ is a popular cultivar. This little pine tree grows at a pace of up to 5″ (12 cm) each year and thrives in full sun. The tree grows up to 10 feet (3 meters) wide and reaches heights of 2 to 7 feet (2.1 meters).
The Eastern dwarf white pine is a low-maintenance tree. In USDA zones 3 – 8, the little pine tree thrives best in full sun and rich, well-drained soil. Air pollution and salt spray are not tolerant of this dwarf tree. As a specimen tree or foundation plant, grow the Nana white pine tree in rock gardens.