Types of Palm Fruits (With Pictures and Names)

Palm fruits come in a variety of flavors and colors, from exotic to tropical. Nevertheless, knowing which kind of fruit thrives on palm trees may be complicated. Palm trees come in a variety of shapes and sizes and produce various kinds of palm fruit. Dates and coconuts are the most well-known palm fruits. Round black berries, brown oval drupes, and dark red to orange clusters of sticky fruits are some other varieties of edible fruit from palm trees.

A thorough explanation of 12 different kinds of edible palm fruits is provided in this article. Local stores may sell some of these fruits. The food industry or as health supplements, other kinds of palm tree fruits are processed.

What Fruit Grows on Palm Trees?

Coconut and dates are the most popular fruits that grow on palm trees. Acai berries, oil palm fruits, saw palmetto, jelly palm fruits, betel nuts, and spherical fruits like peach palms are some of the other kinds of fruit that grow on palm trees. The coquitos are tiny palm tree fruits that resemble coconuts.

Palms, a family of roughly 2,600 species of perennial flowering woody plants, belongs to the Asclepiadaceae family. A palm is a woody, herbaceous plant similar to bamboo or bananas, despite being commonly referred to as a tree. Nonetheless, huge palms have the timber-bearing characteristics of trees.

Palm tree fruits are quite diverse, particularly in terms of taste. Date palms, for example, have brown, red, or black drupes with a sweet, gooey substance that covers a hard stone. The edible flesh is dated. Coconut palm fruit, on the other hand, is unique. A coconut’s edible portion is contained in its seed.

Coir is also a domestic product made from the rough fiber surrounding a coconut fruit seed. It’s used as a substitute for peat moss.

Oil palm fruit is generally avoided by people. Instead, vegetable oil is extracted from the fruit pulp and seeds using crushing, which is used in both food and cosmetics manufacturing. Palms have evergreen fronds that develop from an unbranched stem instead of leaves.

Fans of long, arching stems and a profusion of foliage with fan-shaped leaves on top are frequently associated with tropical islands.

Types of Palm Fruits (with Pictures) – Identification Guide

Let’s look in more detail at how to identify common types of palm fruit.

Coconut Palm Fruit (Cocos nucifera)

The fruit of the coconut palm is a huge green or yellow spherical fruit that can grow up to 8″ (20 cm) in diameter and 18″ (45 cm) long when immature. A hairy fiber protects the identifiable mature brown coconut seed, which is packed inside a thick husk. 3 pounds (1.4 kg) is the weight of a coconut.

The fruit of a coconut palm is a drupe, not a genuine nut, despite being called as such. A central stone or seed is surrounded by a thick flesh (known as a mesocarp) in drupes such as dates, peaches, olives, and cherries. Because they are often sold as huge oval, brown hard nut-like fruit, mature coconuts are the easiest to identify.

The coconut contains thick white meat and a clear liquid within. Nutritious coconut water is revealed by drilling through the soft part of a hard brown coconut. Coconut oil is formed from the ‘meaty’ substance, which is sliced, grated, or roasted before being used in cooking.

A young coconut has a softer greenish or yellowish color and is distinguished by a brown, hard, hairy fibrous shell. Coconuts clusters may be seen growing on coconut palms at a height of several meters.

Coconut water, a liquid, and coconut meat, a jelly-like substance, are found in the roundish spherical fruit. Green coconuts are typically sliced open and the coconut water is drunk straight from the fruit.

In tropical regions, drinking fresh coconut water from fresh coconut palm fruit is a frequent sight. When growing on the palm tree, Pacific coconuts (domesticated) varieties have a spherical shape. Wild coconuts, on the other hand, have a long, triangular form.

Date Palm Fruit (Phoenix dactylifera)

The fruit of the date palm tree is a big, soft, oval drupe that ranges in color from brilliant red to yellow or dark brown. It grows in large clusters. The most well-known variety of date is the one that Brown grows with fibrous flesh. The fruits are 1″ to 3″ (2.5 – 7 cm) long and oval-cylindrical in shape.

On a tall palm tree, date palm fruit is simple to spot. The gigantic distinctive clusters of dates may grow to be 4 feet (1.2 meters) long. Date palm trees may produce up to 200 pounds (90 kg) of fruit each year depending on the climate and age of the tree. The Medjool date is the most popular sort of sweet date.

The date fruit of this kind is also the biggest. The fruit has slightly wrinkled skin, sticky flesh, and a soft texture. It is oval dark brown or reddish-brown in color. The delicate fibrous meat is delicious in desserts or savory recipes, either alone or chopped.

Medjool dates come in a variety of shapes and sizes, despite their name. Deglet Nour dates, for example, have a honey-like flavor and are dark brown. Sukkari has a mouthwatering soft and juicy flesh that is golden yellow in color. Ajwa dates have rough black skin, velvety flesh, and a rich, delicious flavor.

Açaí Palm Fruit (Euterpe oleracea)

The acai palm drupe resembles a grape in appearance. It appears black and spherical. On drooping branches, the black, spherical acai berries produce clusters with 500 to 900 berries. A single seed is surrounded by pulpy flesh in black acai berries. Acai palm berries are 1 inch (2.5 cm) across.

When the spherical berries of an ripe acai palm fruit turn a dark purple color, virtually black, you can identify it. The seeds of acai palm berries are disproportionately big in comparison to the edible portion of the fruit. Acai berries have an earthy flavor with a taste that is similar to blackberries and unsweetened chocolate.

Because of their short shelf life, you can’t typically find fresh acai berries outside of South America. Acai berry supplements, on the other hand, are marketed for their purported health benefits because of their antioxidant properties. Acai palm fruit oil is also utilized in cosmetics.

Pindo Palm Fruit – Jelly Palm Fruit (Butia capitata)

The pindo palm fruit is also known as the jelly palm fruit and looks like a cherry in color. The orange-yellow fruit is about 1″ (2.5 cm) in diameter and is also known as the jelly palm fruit. Jelly palm fruit develops in big clusters, much as other fruit on palm trees.

The high pectin levels in the spherical orange drupes give the jelly palm tree its name. Jelly palm fruits have the flavor of apricots or strange pineapple and banana when eaten raw. A sweet, tart jelly is frequently made from round, ripe jelly palm ‘berries.

Pindo palm trees are grown as an attractive landscape plant by many owners in southern states such as Florida. The tree, however, can be rather untidy because to the abundance of palm fruit. When mature, the yellow or orange palm fruit falls to the ground, and there are usually too many palm berries for a family to eat.

Saw Palmetto Palm Fruit (Serenoa repens)

Saw palmetto palms produce blackberry-like drupes, which are similar to olives in shape and size. Each black spherical fruit generates in thick clusters and measures between 0.5″ and 1″ (1.3 – 2.5 cm) long. The dark berries of the saw palmetto palm have a rich blue cheese flavor, but they have a nice fragrance.

The saw palmetto fruit, which is similar to a black olive in texture, is native to Florida. The purpulish-black palm fruit, on the other hand, is seldom employed in cuisine because of its pungent flavor. The dried form of saw palmetto berries is the most common use. Male health supplements are made from the dried berries, which are sold as a powder.

Peach Palm Fruit (Bactris gasipaes)

Depending on the palm species, the peach palm fruit might be red, yellow, or orange. When a palm tree has peach palm fruit, it’s simple to see. The fleshy fruits grow in drooping clusters and measure 2.4″ (6 cm) long and 2″ (5 cm) wide.

Each bunch of peach palm fruit can contain up to 300 fruits. On a single palm tree, up to five clusters of ovoid-shaped orange or red fruits develop depending on the tree’s age. Palm fruit bunches may weigh up to 26 pounds (12 kilograms) each.

Oil Palm Fruit (Elaeis guineensis)

The fruit of an oil palm tree is a big orange to dark red rounded fruit that is commonly utilized in oil production. The spherical fruits of this palm tree, like other palm trees, form huge clusters. The oily flesh and oil-rich seed or kernel of each red palm fruit. Between 11 and 66 pounds (5 and 30 kg) per bunch of oil palm fruits.

Oil palm fruit is most often used to make vegetable oil. The valuable substance from the pulp and kernel is extracted by pressure squeezing oil from the palm fruit. The pulp may yield 48 lbs. (22 kg) of vegetable palm oil and 3.5 lbs. (1.6 kg) of palm kernel oil if 220 lbs. (100 kg) are used to make it.

Betel Nut Palm Fruit (Areca catechu)

The areca nut comes from the immature betel nut palm tree (left) and the mature fruit (right). Palm nuts reach up to 2 inches (5 centimeters) long when fully formed. This brown palm fruit is a hard-shelled drupe, despite its name. The outer layer becomes a hard, fibrous shell like a nut when it is ripe.

Betel nut is the name given to the areca palm nut. The areca palm fruit is chewed together with the betel leaf in Southeast Asia for its stimulating properties. Chewing areca nut and betel leaf, on the other hand, has been linked to serious side effects and illness.

Snake Palm Fruit (Salacca zalacca)

The fruit of the snake palm is an egg-shaped brown with sweet and tangy white edible pulp inside. It has a scaly snake-like skin that covers the white pulp. The three lobes of a snake palm fruit look like a garlic bulb. A huge inedible seed is found in each lobe. The brown, scaly skin that covers the huge fruit gives snake palm fruit its name.

Biting into the white, firm pulp produces an apple-like sensation. Snake palm fruit, on the other hand, has a sweet to astringent flavor. Palm fruit can be wet and crunchy one moment and dry and crumbly the next. Snake fruit grows in Java and Sumatra, Indonesia, and is also known as the snakeskin palm or salak tree.

Chilean Wine Palm Fruit (Jubaea chilensis)

Coquito is the Chilean name for the fruit of the wine palm tree, which is a round, spherical yellow or brown fruit that resembles a small coconut. The palm fruit is 0.8 to 1.2 inches (2 to 3 cm) in diameter and has a small round shape. The exterior shell of the tiny coconut-like fruits is hard, and the inside flesh is creamy white. The circular palm fruits have a soapy, unappealing flavor, despite the fact that they are edible.

Palm sap, which is utilized to make palm syrup or palm wine, gives Chilean wine palms their name. The palm tree must, however, be chopped down in order to extract the sap. Cutting down Chilean wine palms is prohibited because the species is endangered.

Guadalupe Fan Palm Fruit (Brahea edulis)

The round, golden yellow fruit of the Guadalupe fan palm measures 1 inch to 1.5 inch (2.5 to 3.8 cm) in diameter. The sweet flesh of the spherical palm fruit tastes like dates. This palm fruit is a true drupe because the sticky pulp surrounds a hard seed in the center. Guadalupe fan palm fruits may be consumed raw or prepared as a sweet preserve.

California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera)

The little, spherical fruit from the California fan palm tree grows in tight clusters. Drupes, ranging in diameter from 0.23 to 0.4 inches (0.6 to 1 cm), are small black, brown, or yellow palm fruits. While the edible portion of a California palm fruit is modest in comparison to the hard seed in the heart of the soft pulp, it is sweet and delicious. Desert fan palm is another name for Washingtonia filifera.

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