14 Philodendron Types with Pictures and Care Guide

The tropical blooming plants Philodendron plants belong to the Araceae family. Because of their large, green leaves, many of the 480 species of Philodendron plants are popular houseplants. Climbing vines look stunning in hanging baskets and are found in many indoor varieties of Philodendron plants. Other Philodendron species have wide, split, or deeply-lobed leaves that grow upright. There is a kind of Philodendron that will suit your taste, regardless of your interior décor.

The most popular philodendron types: The velvet-leaf plant, the Brasil Philodendron cultivar, and the lovely Pink Princess are all common Philodendron plants with long trailing leaves. With dark green and white variegated leaves, the Philodendron White Knight is one of the rarest philodendrons.

How to care for philodendron plants: Whenever the top 1″ (2.5 cm) of soil is dry, give Grow Philodendron plants well-draining soil, a bright indoor location, and water. High humidity and temperatures of 65°F to 80°F (18°C to 27°C) are ideal for these tropical plants. During the growing season, fertilize once a month and cut in the spring.

Upright Philodendrons vs. Climbing or Hanging Philodendrons (Philodendron Vine)

A hanging (vining) Philodendron or an upright Philodendron variety may be chosen depending on your interior décor. Heart-shaped leaves and lengthy trailing vines are common on climbing or hanging Philodendrons. For the stunning long stems, you can place the vining plants in a basket from the ceiling or on a high shelf for an attractive vertical emphasis.

The variegated Philodendron ‘Brasil,’ ‘pink princess,’ and green heartleaf Philodendron are some of the many types of vining plants in the Philodendron family.

Large, split leaves are common on upright Philodendron plants. Green leaves may occasionally be too large to stand on their own. The upright species is slow-growing when compared to climbing Philodendrons. The Xanadu and the Green Congo Philodendron are two different varieties of upright Philodendrons.

Types of Philodendrons (With Pictures and Common Names)

Let’s explore the various types of Philodendron plants that are appropriate for homes, workplaces, and other indoor settings in further depth. Scientific names will help identify each species of Philodendron, in addition to the plant descriptions and pictures.

Green Heartleaf Philodendron (Philodendron hederaceum)

Because of its heart-shaped leaves, the Philodendron hederaceum is also known as the “sweetheart plant” and “Heartleaf Philodendron.” As a hanging plant or climbing plant, this variety of Philodendron may be grown. Shaded areas or low light situations are preferred by this particular species of Philodendron. Green heartleaf philodendron  are wonderful bathroom plants because they like humidity.

Sweetheart plant is another name for this Philodendron, and it’s scientifically known as Philodendron scandens. The stems may reach lengths of 10 to 20 feet (3 to 6 meters) and have long trailing branches. The leaves of the Philodendron plant may be up to 1 foot (30 cm) long. Heart-shaped leaves are common in houseplant species, but they are generally much smaller.

Philodendron Brasil (Philodendron Hederaceum ‘Brasil’)

A variegated heartleaf Philodendron cultivar named ‘Brasil’ A cultivar of the heartleaf philodendron, Phlodendron Brasil is a variegated form of philodendron. The variegated heart shaped leaves of this fast-growing vining Philodendron are lemon and lime green. Its colorful leaves contrast with the pinkish-green stems to give it an unusual hanging basket plant. The heartleaf plant is related to this Philodendron species, which features leaves of similar form.

Bright light helps keep the foliage of the Philodendron ‘Brasil’ vibrant, even though it can tolerate low to medium light. When the soil is somewhat dry, this vining plant is very simple to establish and merely requires moderate watering. To encourage dense branching and avoid floppy, leggy plant development, trim this climbing plant.

Yellow, green, and creamy-white variegation are seen in some uncommon variants of Philodendron ‘Brasil’. Even online, these cultivars are known as “cream splash Philodendron.” They are difficult to locate.

Philodendron Micans (Philodendron Hederaceum Micans)

The velvet-leaf Philodendron is a trailing vine with heart-shaped leaves, and it has a velvety feel. The leaves have a velvety feel and are adorned with iridescent foliage, as the name implies. The Philodendron plant can appear dark green, light green, or bronze depending on how the light shines on it.

The leaves might turn pinkish-purple as they develop. Grow the ‘Micans’ plant in a hanging basket in bright, indirect sunlight to get the best results. The foliage should ideally never be exposed to direct sunlight. You might observe that the trailing vines become leggy with minimal foliage development if the hanging Philodendron plant isn’t getting enough light.

Philodendron Xanadu (Philodendron bipinnatifidum)

The Xanadu cultivar is a split-leaved philodendron species that does not climb. Split leaves with deep lobes characterize this big leaf Philodendron. The cultivar, sometimes known as the Winterbourn, forms dense clumps. Outside, the tree-like Philodendron may reach a height of 3 feet (1 metre) and a width of 6 feet (2 metres).

The size of the container determines the amount of growth as a tropical indoor plant. This upright kind develops slowly as compared to fast-growing Philodendron climbers. This flourishing leafy plant is a wonderful example of an indoor plant. Place the Xanadu plant in a spot with medium to bright light.

It’s great as a floor plant or displayed in a planter because of its mound shape. Because it reflects light to brighten up a room, its large glossy green lobed leaves draw attention.

Philodendron Pink Princess (Philodendron Erubescens)

The Philodendron Pink Princess is a gorgeous indoor plant with green and pink variegated leaves. It’s a kind of Philodendron plant. Regular pruning can give this big-leafed alien looking kind of Philodendron a bushy look, despite the fact that it is a vine plant. The crimson stems and lovely heart-shaped leaves of this pink plant are distinct features. The underside of the leaves of this fast-growing houseplant is also reddish.

The Pink Princess is more picky than most Philodendron plants, which can handle a wide range of conditions. Unlike other plants, this kind of Philodendron does not tolerate cold. The leaves need bright, indirect sunlight to stay vibrant. Before you purchase a pink Philodendron, make sure to check the label and choose between varieties labeled as ‘Pink Congo’ or ‘Cream Congo.’

These are artificially colored pink leaves that will fade back to green in six months. The genuine Pink Princess, on the other hand, has leaf variegation that will last as long as the plant lives.

Lacy Tree Philodendron (Philodendron selloum)

The upright tree Lacy Tree Philodendron (Philodendron Selloum) is a philodendron with wide deeply lobed leaves that looks a lot like the Xanadu plant. The same species, Philodendron, produces both of these varieties. P. or selloum is another name for the same species. Bipinnatifidum is a species of flowering plant.

The Xanadu plant is a cultivar of this species, whereas the other is not. The deeply lobed leaves of the lacy tree Philodendron are also big, glossy, and waxy.

The leaves of the lacy tree Philodendron (Philodendron Selloum) grow bigger and begin to droop as it ages. This upright Philodendron plant can grow up to 3 feet (1 meter) tall and 6 feet (2 meters) broad, so you’ll need a lot of space to grow it. Lacy leaf Philodendron, split-leaf Philodendron, Horsehead Philodendron, Cut-Leaf Philodendron, and Fiddle-leaf Philodendron are all names for the same big lacy tree.

Naugahyde Philodendron (Rugosum Philodendron)

Because of its heavy leathery leaves, Rugosum Philodendron is known as the pigskin plant. You can see intricate designs on the dark green heart-shaped leaves in photographs of this Philodendron. The plant’s leathery foliage gives it the appearance of being made of plastic from afar.

The exceptionally huge leaves are the distinguishing characteristic of this plant from the Araceae family. At garden centers or even on the internet, this variety of Philodendron is uncommon to come across.

Blushing Philodendron (Philodendron erubescens)

The blushing Philodendron is a cultivar of the same species as the pink Princess plant, and it has crimson stems. The foliage of this form of Philodendron is shaped like an arrowhead or elongated heart and is extremely glossy. The reddish-purple underside of the large Philodendron leaves is where the term “blushing” comes from. The red-leaf Philodendron is another name for this robust, evergreen climber.

Hang baskets or climb plants for large-leafed Philodendrons. The tall trailing stems and gorgeous foliage of long trailing stems help to create height and cheer in any space.

Philodendron ‘Moonlight’

The Philodendron Moonlight is a non-vining, clump-forming philodendron cultivar with brilliant, lime-green leaves. Any shaded corner of a room can be brightened up with the fluorescent green foliage. As bright-yellow leaves, new ones develop, and as they age, they get darker. This cultivar, on the other hand, is a strikingly bright plant when compared to other Philodendron varieties.

On a bright windowsill that is shaded from the sun, the best environment to grow a Philodendron is indoors. A good east- or west-facing windowsill would be helpful here. In low-light situations, the Philodendron will flourish, although its leaves’ brightness might fade.

Philodendron ‘Congo Rojo’

The huge-leafed plant Philodendron ‘Congo Rojo’ has elongated oval-shaped leaves in vivid hues of crimson, burgundy, and dark green. This is a cultivar of Philodendron that thrives in hot climates and exhibits new characteristics. This plant can only be grown indoors if you live in temperate climates. Only tropical and subtropical climates outside of the Congo Rojo allow it to grow.

This isn’t a uncommon variety of Philodendron, but it’s difficult to come across in garden centers. Long trailing vines aren’t found on the clumping plant. The sturdy burgundy stems produce bigger leaves, giving the Philodendron a bushy, shrub-like appearance instead of a tree-like one.

Philodendron Grazielae

One of the most interesting Philodendron species is Philodendron Grazielae, which has long trailing vines that are perfect for hanging baskets or climbing a moss pole. The vine has thick stems with lustrous heart-shaped leaves that appear glossy. This Philodendron may be cultivated in containers and trimmed frequently to keep it bushy. You can also use it to brighten up a drab corner of a room or office by placing it in a hanging basket.

Philodendron Prince of Orange

The ‘Prince of Orange’ is another one of the interesting Philodendron cultivars, and its large coppery-orange leaves give it its name. The leaves become darker as they mature. With large pointed leaves of various hues growing together, this color scheme gives the plant a stunning appearance.

A bright spot, away from direct sunlight, is the optimum location to grow a Prince of Orange Philodendron. An upright, non-climbing plant that may reach a height of 2 ft (60 cm) is known as the Philodendron cultivar.

Philodendron Gloriosum

The Philodendron gloriosum is a large plant with dark green leaves and white or pinkish veins. It has huge velvety green leaves. This crawling variant of Philodendron has big heart-shaped leaves that are a dark green color with pinkish borders and faint green, white, or pinkish veins.

You’ll need a lot of room to grow this kind of Philodendron indoors. The heart-shaped leaves, which may grow up to 3 feet (90 cm) tall, are velvety green. The plant has a distinctive appearance due to its thick woody stems that appear to arch in various directions. Shaded or partial shade is ideal for the plant’s growth. Keep the soil moist and don’t overwater any Philodendron plants, as with all Philodendron plants.

Philodendron Birkin

The Philodendron Birkin is a stunning variegated species of philodendron with leathery dark glossy leaves. Heart-shaped leaves with thin cream-white pinstripes give Phodendron Birkin its name. Variegation is a unusual and often unpredictable phenomenon that occurs from leaf to leaf.

The compact houseplant should be grown in indirect sunlight, rich well-draining potting soil, and high humidity to care for Philodendron Birkin. Between 60°F and 75°F (18°C – 24°C) is the optimum temperature range for cultivating the Birkin plant. The fast-growing Philodendron Birkin has an upward growth pattern. Birkin plants reach their maximum height of about 3 feet (1 metre) after several years.

How to Care for Philodendrons

Philodendron plants are among the most simple to care for of all the houseplants available in a greenhouse. Plants that are suitable for low-light settings with high humidity, such as bathrooms, are known as varieties. Other Philodendron species require more intense illumination but are protected from direct sun.

Light requirements for growing Philodendrons

In medium to bright light, all types of Philodendron plants thrive. The most essential safeguard is to keep them out of the sun’s rays. In shaded areas, the darker-leafed varieties of Philodendron are ideal. Variegated Philodendron plants, on the other hand, need bright, filtered sunlight.

Soil mix for philodendrons in pots

A potting mix with excellent drainage but still retains some moisture is ideal for growing Philodendron plants. The ideal medium for Philodendron plants to thrive indoors is a potting mixture of peat moss, perlite, and potting soil. The drainage holes in the pot should let water out readily. The soil, on the other hand, must be moist when watered.

How to water a Philodendron indoor plant

After the top layer of soil has dried out, water any type of Philodendron. Always thoroughly soak or drench the soil in order to water your green, leafy plant. The roots are kept constantly wet without becoming waterlogged with this deep watering technique. It’s also a good idea to wait until the soil is mostly dry before fungus gnats appear.

Temperature and humidity for indoor philodendrons

Philodendron plants, which come from subtropical and tropical climates, need a high humidity level. Misting the leaves daily or placing the plant pot on a humidifying tray are two ways to care for your plant. Because of the ideal room temperatures for Philodendrons, maintain even temperatures between 65°F and 80°F (18°C and 27°C).

How to fertilize philodendrons

A balanced liquid fertilizer with micro and macro nutrients is the best type of fertilizer for indoor Philodendron plants. During the growing season (spring and summer), fertilize your Philodendron plants once a month. During the fall and winter, when growth slows, don’t fertilize.

Leave a Comment