40 Small Birds You Should Know (ID, Photos)

Do you recognize a warbler as a sparrow and want to identify the 40 most common little birds across the United States and Canada?

Knowing which little birds are bringing brightness to your day has just gotten a lot simpler with this tiny birds guide, whether you’re at home or out on a walk.

These little birds, which are most often seen in the United States and Canada, range in length from 9 inches to 9 inches.

Also, get a free printable picture identification for backyard birds for every state to help you spot.

40 Common Small Birds

  1. Dark-eyed Junco
  2. Northern Cardinal
  3. Downy Woodpecker
  4. House Finch
  5. Gray Catbird
  6. Common Yellowthroat
  7. European Starling
  8. American Goldfinch
  9. Song Sparrow
  10. Black-capped Chickadee
  11. White-breasted Nuthatch
  12. Chipping Sparrow
  13. Tufted Titmouse
  14. Yellow-rumped Warbler
  15. House Sparrow
  16. Northern Flicker
  17. Carolina Wren
  18. White-throated Sparrow
  19. Ruby-crowned Kinglet
  20. Carolina Chickadee
  21. Tree Swallow
  22. Yellow Warbler
  23. House Wren
  24. Red-eyed Vireo
  25. Cedar Waxwing
  26. Indigo Bunting
  27. Great Crested Flycatcher
  28. Baltimore Oriole
  29. Eastern Bluebird
  30. Eastern Towhee
  31. Annas Hummingbird
  32. Northern Parula
  33. Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher
  34. Eastern Phoebe
  35. Hairy Woodpecker
  36. Yellow Warbler
  37. Ruby-throated Hummingbird
  38. Golden-crowned Sparrow
  39. Chestnut-backed Chickadee
  40. Bushtit

40 Small Birds That You Should Know

1. Dark-eyed Junco

The colors of dark-eyed Juncos change depending on their location. In the east, they’re slate-colored, whereas in the west, they’re black, white, and brown.

  • Length: 5.5-6.3 in (14-16 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-1.1 oz (18-30 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.1-9.8 in (18-25 cm)

In the northeast, west, and Appalachian Mountains, some remain resident all year. Canada and Alaska’s breeders migrate south in the winter to much of the United States, where they can be found.

These can be found all over the continent in open and partly wooded areas, where they are frequently seen on the ground.

2. Northern Cardinal

When seen against a white winter backdrop, the vivid crimson male Northern Cardinal with black around their faces is stunning.

The brown color, pointed brown crest, crimson highlights, and crimson beaks of females are also a bit flashy.

  • Length: 8.3-9.1 in (21-23 cm)
  • Weight: 1.5-1.7 oz (42-48 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.8-12.2 in (25-31 cm)

Northern Cardinals live in the Eastern half of the US all year.

While they obsessively defend their territories, Northern Cardinals will occasionally attack their own reflection.

Sunflower seeds, peanut hearts, millet, and milo are excellent options for attracting Northern Cardinals to your backyard feeders.

Large tube feeders, hoppers, platform feeders, and food strewn about the ground will be used to feed them.

3. Downy Woodpecker

Downy Woodpeckers are common in the US and Canada.

Little birds that frequent backyard feeders are called Downy Woodpeckers. Other birds, such as chickadees and nuthatches, are often mixed in with them.

They have a red patch on the back of their heads and are black and white in color. They’re smaller than the Hairy Woodpecker, but they look similar.

  • Length: 5.5-6.7 in (14-17 cm)
  • Weight: 0.7-1.0 oz (21-28 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.8-11.8 in (25-30 cm)

Insects, beetle larvae, berries, acorns, and grains are the main foods of downy woodpeckers, which may be found in woodlots, along streams, city parks, and backyards.

Try suet feeders if you want to attract more Downy Woodpeckers to your property, although they will also enjoy black oil sunflower seeds, millet, and peanuts on platform feeders.

4. House Finch

Males have a red head and breast, while females have a brown-streaked appearance. House Finches have a reddish head and breast.

  • Length: 5.1-5.5 in (13-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.9 oz (16-27 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-9.8 in (20-25 cm)

House Finches were originally only found in Western states and have since spread throughout the Eastern states, even displacing the Purple Finch.

Parks, farms, forest borders, and backyard feeders are all places to look for them. They’re typically spotted in large groups that are difficult to overlook.

Black oil sunflower seeds or nyjer seeds in tube feeders or platform feeders may be used to attract more House Finches to backyard feeders.

5. Gray Catbird

The distinctive catty mew song of the Gray Catbird can last for up to 10 minutes, and this is why they are known as catbirds. With a slate gray color, black head and tail, and a crimson patch below their tails, they are medium-sized songbirds.

  • Length: 8.3-9.4 in (21-24 cm)
  • Weight: 0.8-2.0 oz (23.2-56.5 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.7-11.8 in (22-30 cm)

Before migrating to the Gulf Coast and the Caribbean for winter, Gray Catbirds breed in the Mid-west, Eastern States, and southern Canada. On the East Coast, some may be seen all year.

Gray Catbirds may be found in thickets, tiny trees, and around forest borders or hedgerows.

Fruiting and fruit trees or shrubs like dogwood, winterberry, and serviceberry may help attract more Gray Catbirds to your backyard feeders.

6. Common Yellowthroat

Brownish on the back and brilliant yellow below, with long tails, Common Yellowthroats are tiny songbirds. A black mask covers the face of the males. The yellows may be darker in certain areas and brighter in others, depending on their location.

  • Length: 4.3-5.1 in (11-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.3 oz (9-10 g)
  • Wingspan: 5.9-7.5 in (15-19 cm)

Except for Alaska and northern Canada, most Common Yellowthroats spend the summer breeding across North America. Throughout the Gulf Coast and Pacific Southwest, some may be found throughout the year.

They’re typically found in marshy or wetland regions and brushy fields during the spring and summer, living amid dense, intertwined vegetation.

They prefer large backyards with dense vegetation and eat mostly insects.

7. European Starling

The European Starlings, which are not indigenous, are now one of the most common songbirds. Iridescent purple, green, and blue colors characterize these stocky black birds.

  • Length: 7.9-9.1 in (20-23 cm)
  • Weight: 2.1-3.4 oz (60-96 g)
  • Wingspan: 12.2-15.8 in (31-40 cm)

European Starlings live in all North America, except the north of Canada and Alaska.

These birds, which are notorious for their aggressive behavior, fly in huge noisy flocks and may be spotted perched in clusters on the crowns of trees or flying over fields in groups.

Beetles, flies, caterpillars, earthworms, and spiders are the major insects that starlings eat. Cherries, holly berries, mulberries, Virginia Creeper, sumac, and blackberries are among the fruits they consume as well as grains and seeds.

Black oil sunflower seeds, suet, broken corn, and peanuts are all effective at drawing more European Starlings to your yard feeders.

8. American Goldfinch

In the spring, males of American Goldfinches become bright yellow and black, making them popular birds. In the winter, females and males are both more brown.

  • Length: 4.3-5.1 in (11-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.7 oz (11-20 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.5-8.7 in (19-22 cm)

Much of North America is home to American Goldfinches. Before moving to the Southern States, they breed in Canada and the Mid-West, then spend the rest of the year in Southern States.

Foraging for sunflower, thistle, and aster plants in weedy fields and overgrown areas. Suburbs, parks, and gardens are also overrun with them.

Planting thistles and milkweed in your yard might help to attract more American Goldfinches. Sunflower seed and nyjer seed are the birds’ favorite foods.

9. Song Sparrow

Song sparrows, whose primarily brown-streaked feathers use their virtually constant song to attract mates in the spring and summer, are not as exceptional as other backyard birds.

  • Length: 4.7-6.7 in (12-17 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-1.9 oz (12-53 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.1-9.4 in (18-24 cm)

Song Sparrow live all year in the Northern US. Some breed in Canada and then migrate to the Southern States.

They’re frequently seen perched on a low shrub singing in open, shrubby, and rainy environments. Backyard feeders are a common place to find them.

Beetles, caterpillars, midges, spiders, and earthworms are among the insects and plants Song Sparrows consume. Buckwheat, sunflower, raspberries, wild cherries, blackberries, wheat, and rice will also be eaten by them.

By putting black oil sunflower seeds, broken corn, and nyjer on platform feeders, you may encourage more song sparrows to your backyard feeders.

10. Black-capped Chickadee

With a huge spherical head and a tiny body, the Black-capped Chickadee is a lovely bird. These birds will eat from any available source, including human ones, and will investigate anything.

They’re gray on the back, wings, and tail, with black hats and beaks. They have white cheeks.

  • Length: 4.7-5.9 in (12-15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.5 oz (9-14 g)
  • Wingspan: 6.3-8.3 in (16-21 cm)

The Northwest, Midwest, and Northern US, as well as Canada, are home to the black-capped chickadees all year.

Forests, open woods, and parks are all good places to look for them. Seeds, berries, bugs, spiders, and suet are all eaten by Black-capped Chickadees.

Suet, sunflower seeds, and peanuts or peanut butter are all good options for attracting more Black-capped Chickadees to your yard. They are sometimes one of the first birds to discover new feeders and will even feed from your hand. Nest boxes, especially if you fill them with wood shavings, will also be used.

11. White-breasted Nuthatch

The back of White-breasted Nuthatches is gray-blue, and the face and belly are white. The head is black. These small birds are active little birds.

On the lower belly and under the tail, they’ll frequently have a chestnut color.

  • Length: 5.1-5.5 in (13-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-1.1 oz (18-30 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-10.6 in (20-27 cm)

White-breasted Nuthatches live all year in most US States and Southern Canada.

Deciduous woods, woodland borders, parks, and yards with trees or feeders are all places where they can be seen. Beetles and their larvae, caterpillars, ants, and spiders are among the insects that they consume.

Acorns, Hawthorn Berries, Sunflower Seeds, and occasionally Corn Crops are among the seeds and nuts that White-breasted Nuthatches consume.

To get the seed out, they smash huge nuts and acorns into tree bark with their bills before cracking them open or “hatching” them.

Sunflower seeds and peanuts on tube feeders or suet feeders may help you attract more White-breasted Nuthatches to your yard.

12. Chipping Sparrow

With a gray belly and brown and black-streaked back, Chipping Sparrows have a rusty crown and black eye line. They are slender, long-tailed birds. The hues are less vibrant in the winter.

  • Length: 4.7-5.9 in (12-15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.6 oz (11-16 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.3 in (21 cm)

Before flying to Mexico and Florida for winter, Chipping Sparrows spend their summer breeding across much of North America and Canada. In the southern states, some of them may be found all year.

Little flocks of these may be seen on open land, and they will come to feed on many types of birdseed in yards.

13. Tufted Titmouse

With a charming gray crest and huge eyes that often flock with chickadees, nuthatches, and woodpeckers, the Tufted Titmouse is gray on the back and white underneath.

  • Length: 5.5-6.3 in (14-16 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.9 oz (18-26 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-10.2 in (20-26 cm)

Tufted Titmice live in Eastern and Southeastern States all year

Tufted Titmice live in woodlands, parks, and feeders in the backyards and are aggressive over smaller birds. Throughout the summer, they consume caterpillars, beetles, ants, wasps, and snails among other insects. They’ll also consume shelled seeds, as well as seeds, nuts, and berries.

Sunflower seeds, suet, and peanuts on tube feeders or suet cages are all good options for attracting Tufted Titmice to your yard. Platform feeders will also be consumed by them. Attracting a breeding pair can also be done by placing a nest box.

14. Yellow-rumped Warbler

The face, sides, and rump of yellow-rumped Warblers are gray, with white wings. Yellow-rumped Warblers have yellow flashes on their faces.

The face, sides, and rump of Yellow-rumped Warblers are gray, while the wings are white.

  • Length: 4.7-5.5 in (12-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.5 oz (12-13 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.5-9.1 in (19-23 cm)

Yellow-rumped Warblers breed predominantly in Canada, but also parts of the Rockies and the Appalachian mountains.

They may be seen in the Midwest during migration, and then throughout the South, Southwest, and Pacific Coast before overwintering in Mexico and Central America.

During the breeding season, yellow-rumped Warblers may be found in coniferous woods, although they may be seen in open areas with fruiting bushes throughout the winter. Insects are eaten mostly in the summer, while fruit, such as bayberry and wax myrtle, are eaten mostly in the winter.

Sunflower seeds, suet, raisins, and peanut butter are all good options for attracting Yellow-rumped Warblers to your yard.

15. House Sparrow

Another foreign species that has thrived is the House Sparrow, which is now one of the most widespread birds. Their heads are gray and brown, with white cheeks. Their bellies are gray, and their backs are black and brown.

  • Length: 5.9-6.7 in (15-17 cm)
  • Weight: 0.9-1.1 oz (27-30 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.5-9.8 in (19-25 cm)

House Sparrows live in all US States and down into Central America.

They can be quite tame and will accept food from your hand, so they’re often found around houses and buildings.

Grain, seed, and waste are the primary foods they consume. They’re non-native, but if you don’t feed them, they’ll find their way into your yard. They may be considered a pest.

Most types of birdseed, including millet, corn, and sunflower seeds, may be used to attract more House Sparrows to your backyard feeders.

16. Golden-crowned Sparrow

The underside of Golden-crowned Sparrows is gray while the back is streaked brown. A black crown and a brilliant-yellow foreskull distinguish them.

The crown is browner in the winter, and the yellow forehead is duller as well.

  • Length: 5.9-7.1 in (15-18 cm)
  • Weight: 1.1-1.2 oz (30-33 g)

Before heading to the West Coast for winter, Golden-crowned Sparrows breed in Alaska and Western Canada.

They scratch for seeds like dock, sumac, and geranium in weedy fields throughout the winter.

Apples, grapes, elderberry, and olives are among the fruits they consume. Ants, beetles, butterflies, and termites are among the insects that eat them.

Seeds in ground feeders or planting native plants that fruit are two ways to attract more Golden-crowned Sparrows to your yard.

17. Carolina Wren

The dark brown top and light brown underbelly of the Carolina Wrens make them timid birds. They have a loud teakettle song and a white eyebrow stripe with an upright tail.

  • Length: 4.7-5.5 in (12-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.8 oz (18-22 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.4 in (29 cm)

Residents of the Eastern and Southeastern states can find Carolina Wrens throughout the year.

They can be found in woods or thickly vegetated areas and will visit backyard feeders.

Suet feeders, hulled sunflower seeds, or peanut hearts in big tube feeders or on platform feeders may entice more Carolina Wrens to your yard feeding stations.

18. White-throated Sparrow

The black and white striped head, bright white throat, and yellow between the eye and beak distinguish White-throated Sparrows. Brown backs with a gray underbelly.

  • Length: 6.3-7.1 in (16-18 cm)
  • Weight: 0.8-1.1 oz (22-32 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-9.1 in (20-23 cm)

White-throated Sparrows migrate south in the winter to Eastern and Southern States, as well as the Pacific Coast, where they breed.

White-throated Sparrows, which may be seen in huge numbers on the ground in woodlands and woods as well as near the borders of woodland,

Grasses and weeds, as well as fruits like grape, sumac, mountain ash, blueberry, and dogwood, make up the majority of the diet of White-throated Sparrows. In the summer, they will also eat a lot of insects on the forest floor.

Millet and black oil sunflower seeds on platform feeders may entice White-throated Sparrows to visit your yard.

19. Ruby-crowned Kinglet

The males of Ruby-crowned Kinglets are tiny songbirds that have a gorgeous crimson crown that is typically flat and difficult to see, however it’s really stunning if you do.

  • Length: 3.5-4.3 in (9-11 cm)
  • Weight: 0.2-0.3 oz (5-10 g)
  • Wingspan: 6.3-7.1 in (16-18 cm)

Before going to Southern and Southwestern States for the winter, Ruby-crowned Kinglets breed throughout Canada and the western mountains.

When they are widespread, they can be seen during migration as well.

Ruby-crowned Kinglets are quick-moving quiet birds that flit about in the greenery of lower branches and shrubs and trees, hunting for spiders and insects. They can be difficult to perceive.

Hulled sunflower seeds, peanut hearts, and mealworms are fed to them at suet feeders or platform feeders.

This Woodlink caged feeder, because the cage is far enough away from the feeder to prevent bigger birds from simply putting their heads through, is the best bird feeder for attracting little birds.

20. Carolina Chickadee

Carolina Chickadees have a soft gray back, wings, and tail. They are little birds with huge heads, black cap and neck, white cheeks, and belly.

  • Length: 3.9-4.7 in (10-12 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.4 oz (8-12 g)
  • Wingspan: 5.9-7.9 in (15-20 cm)

They interbreed where their range overlaps, and they look a lot like the Black-capped Chickadee.

Black oil sunflower seeds, Nyjer seeds, suet feeders, and peanuts are all options for attracting more Carolina Chickadees to your yard. Tube feeders, suet cages, and platform feeders are among the types of feeders that they will eat. Nest boxes and nest tubes will also be used to breed them.

21. Tree Swallow

Tree Swallows are blue-green birds with blacker gray wings in males. They have a white belly and a black back. Females have a browner appearance.

  • Length: 4.7-5.9 in (12-15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.9 oz (16-25 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.8-13.8 in (30-35 cm)

Before heading to the Gulf Coast, Florida, and Mexico and along the southern border, Tree Swallows spend their summer breeding across much of the United States, Canada, and Alaska.

They may form massive flocks in the hundreds of thousands and can be seen during migration over southern states.

In wooded swamps, fields, marshes, and near water, Tree Swallows may be found feeding on flying insects.

Nests are a great way to attract more Tree Swallows to your yard, and they’ll quickly take to them.

22. Yellow Warbler

The males have chestnut streaks on the breast, which is a common sight in summer, and the Yellow Warblers are small bright yellow birds with a yellow-green back.

  • Length: 4.7-5.1 in (12-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.4 oz (9-11 g)
  • Wingspan: 6.3-7.9 in (16-20 cm)

Before heading into Central and Northern South America for winter, Yellow Warblers migrate a long distance to breed across much of North America.

Throughout the migration season, they may be seen in The South.

Insects, such as caterpillars, midges, beetles, bugs, and wasps are sought by Yellow Warblers in streams and wetlands in thickets and along the fields’ edges.

Since they are shy and eat mostly insects, warblers are difficult to entice to your yard. You can use suet, oranges, and peanut butter to attract Yellow Warblers, as well as planting berries and native plants that insects like. There are no pesticides or tidiness required! To offer protection, there are birdbaths with fountains nearby.

23. House Wren

Little nondescript brown birds with blacker feathered wings and tails and a lighter neck, House Wrens are tiny.

  • Length: 4.3-5.1 in (11-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.4 oz (10-12 g)
  • Wingspan: 5.9 in (15 cm)

Before heading to The South and Mexico for winter, House Wrens spend their summer breeding in most states.

Backyards, parks, and open woods are all home to House Wrens who forage for insects and spiders.

Their tails up, they frequently hop through tangles and low branches, stopping to sing their cheerful tune.

Leaving piles of brush or setting up a nest box can help you attract additional House Wrens to your property.

24. Red-eyed Vireo

The backs of red-eyed vireos are olive-green, and the underside is white. The crowns are gray, and the stripe over their eyes is white. From a distance or under some light situations, their red eyes may seem black.

  • Length: 4.7-5.1 in (12-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.9 oz (12-26 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.1-9.8 in (23-25 cm)

Except for Alaska, the far north of Canada, and the Southwestern States, red-eyed Vireos spend their summer breeding across most of Canada and the United States. They go to South America throughout the winter.

During the summer, they’re plentiful in woods, but they generally stay in the trees.

25. Cedar Waxwing

The head, chest, and crest of Cedar Waxwings are light brown in color, with the back and wings fading to gray. The tail is pale brown.

The tip of their belly is bright yellow, and their belly is pale yellow. Their eyes are hidden by a black mask, and the wingtips are crimson.

  • Length: 5.5-6.7 in (14-17 cm)
  • Weight: 1.1 oz (32 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.7-11.8 in (22-30 cm)

Before heading to the Southern United States for winter, Cedar Waxwings breed in Canada. Throughout the year, they may be found throughout the northern United States.

Berry bushes, woodlands, and streambanks are all places where you may hear a high-pitched call.

Native trees and shrubs with tiny fruit, such as serviceberry, dogwood, juniper, winterberry, and hawthorn may be used to attract Cedar Waxwings to your yard. Platform feeders are also a good place to experiment with fruit.

26. Indigo Bunting

The males of Indigo Buntings are vivid blue with black streaks on the wings and tail, while the females are brown.

  • Length: 4.7-5.1 in (12-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.6 oz (12-18 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.5-8.7 in (19-22 cm)

Indigo Buntings spend the winter in Florida, Central and South America, and the Caribbean, far from their breeding grounds in the Eastern States.

Indigo Buntings forage for seeds and insects in weedy fields and shrubby regions. Small seeds like nyjer and thistle may help you draw in additional visitors to your yard.

27. Great Crested Flycatcher

The back of Great Crested Flycatchers is brown, while the belly and neck are yellow. The wing and tail feathers are crimson with a brown tip. It isn’t easy to see the crest.

  • Length: 6.7-8.3 in (17-21 cm)
  • Weight: 0.9-1.4 oz (27-40 g)
  • Wingspan: 13.4 in (34 cm)

Throughout much of Eastern North America, Great Crested Flycatchers breed, with Southern Florida, Southern Mexico, and Central America serving as their winter homes.

The Great Crested Flycatchers migrate to Southern Florida, Southern Mexico, and Central America throughout the winter. They breed across much of Eastern North America.

28. Baltimore Oriole

In the east of North America, the Baltimore Orioles are a bright symbol of spring. The male adult birds have black wing bars on their black wings and are bright orange and black.

Females have yellowish-brown heads and wings, with grayish-brown on their backs and brownish-yellow on their wings. They’re blackbird relatives and are similar in size to a Robin, albeit with a slimmer frame.

  • Length: 6.7-7.5 in (17-19 cm)
  • Weight: 1.1-1.4 oz (30-40 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.1-11.8 in (23-30 cm)

From April, breeding can be seen in Eastern and Central States, as well as along the southern border with the United States.

During the winter, the Baltimore Orioles leave for Florida, Central America, and the Caribbean.

They construct woven fiber nests that are incredibly durable.

Orioles may be seen foraging for insects and fruit in open woodland, riverbanks, and forest borders, as well as parks and backyards.

They consume insects like beetles, crickets, and grasshoppers, as well as spiders and snails and other insectivore species that aid eat pest insects. They damage crops such as raspberries, mulberries, cherries, bananas, and oranges by eating a wide variety of fruits.

Oranges cut in half on a platform feeder or dangleing from trees are good ways to entice more Baltimore Orioles to your yard. In addition, there are sugar water Oriole feeders. Raspberries, crab apples, and trumpet vines are examples of fruit and nectar plants.

29. Eastern Bluebird

Little thrushes with big, rounded heads, wide eyes, and fat bellies make up the Eastern Bluebirds.

The males have a reddish color on the top and a blue back. The wings and tail of females are blue, and the breast is less vivid orange-brown.

  • Length: 6.3-8.3 in (16-21 cm)
  • Weight: 1.0-1.1 oz (28-32 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.8-12.6 in (25-32 cm)

They spend the majority of their time in the Eastern States, although they may travel south for winter.

They may be seen perched on wires and posts or low branches, hunting for insects in meadows.

If your yard is fairly open and spacious, you can attract more Eastern Bluebirds to your backyard by providing mealworms and nest boxes.

The Woodlink caged feeder is the finest small bird feeder since the cage keeps bigger birds away from the feeder, preventing them from eating all of the seed.

30. Eastern Towhee

Males of the Eastern Towhees have a black head, neck, and back with reddish sides, a white belly, and large sparrows with log tails. Females have brown instead of black, and they are identical.

  • Length: 6.8-8.2 in (17.3-20.8 cm)
  • Weight: 1.1-1.8 oz (32-52 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-11.0 in (20-28 cm)

Birds farther north migrate south for the winter and may only be seen in the western extremity of their range throughout the winter. Eastern Towhees live all year in Southeastern States.

The undergrowth is where the eastern Towhees spend their time, and they may be found around the fringes of woodlands and thickets.

If your yard has overtaken hedges, eastern Towhees will visit feeders for fallen seed, as well as platform feeders for black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, broken corn and millet.

31. Annas Hummingbird

Little birds that mostly green and gray, Anna’s Hummingbirds are tiny. The female has grayish-red skin with crimson specks on her neck and head, while the male has iridescent reddish-pink skin.

  • Length: 3.9 in (10 cm)
  • Weight: 0.1-0.2 oz (3-6 g)
  • Wingspan: 4.7 in (12 cm)

The Pacific Coast’s most common hummingbirds, Anna’s Hummingbirds, are unusual in that they don’t migrate.

When the males reach 130 feet into the air before diving back to the ground with a burst of noise from their tail feathers, they perform a dramatic dive display during courting.

32. Northern Parula

The Northern Parula is a cheerful warbler that lives in woodlands with a vivid contrast of gray and yellow.

They have two white wingbars and are bluish-gray on the back with a yellow patch. The chestnut ring that runs across both males and females divides the yellow neck and chest. Females are lighter than males in terms of color.

  • Length: 4.3-4.7 in (11-12 cm)
  • Weight: 0.2-0.4 oz (5-11 g)
  • Wingspan: 6.3-7.1 in (16-18 cm)

Before traveling to Central America and the Caribbean for winter, northern Parulas breed in the eastern United States and southeastern Canada. They may winter in Florida’s south coast.

They build nests in long clumps of lichen and moss that drape from the branches, feeding on insects high up in deciduous forests. In the summer, looking up at large clumps of hanging moss is the easiest way to spot them.

33. Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

The back of this little songbird is a blue-gray color, while the underside is grayish-white. They have black wing patches and a black tail. In the summer, males’ foreheads have a distinctive black ‘V’ shape.

Their bills are small, thin, and straight, and their tails are long.

  • Length: 3.9-4.3 in (10-11 cm)
  • Weight: 0.2-0.3 oz (4.8-8.9 g)
  • Wingspan: 6.3 in (16 cm)

Before heading south, blue-gray Gnatcatchers breed in deciduous woods in the Southern and Eastern regions. They may be found in southern coastal regions throughout the year.

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher nests are tiny and built on branches, giving them the appearance of a tree knot covered in lichen. They look similar to hummingbird nests in size.

By constantly hopping around and frightening insects and spiders by flicking their tail up and down, they are able to feed on them.

34. Eastern Phoebe

The back of the Eastern Phoebes is grayish-brown, while the underbelly is whitish. The head is darker.

  • Length: 5.5-6.7 in (14-17 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.7 oz (16-21 g)
  • Wingspan: 10.2-11.0 in (26-28 cm)

Before heading to the Southeast and Mexico for winter, Eastern Phoebes are migratory birds that breed across Northeastern and Central States.

Birds that live in the south of their zone may spend the whole year there.

In quiet woodland, lonely Eastern Phoebes wagging their tails from low perches are more common than pairs or flocks.

Flying insects make up the majority of their diet, but they will also consume spiders and other invertebrates, tiny fruits and seeds. They build nests out of mud and grass, which they commonly nest on bridges and barns or houses.

A nest box or native plants that produce berries are two ways to attract more Eastern Phoebes to your yard.

35. Hairy Woodpecker

A black and white pattern covers these medium-sized woodpeckers, with a large white patch on their backs. The males have a crimson patch at the back of their heads.

Length: 7.1-10.2 in (18-26 cm)

Weight: 1.4-3.4 oz (40-95 g)

Wingspan: 13.0-16.1 in (33-41 cm)

The majority of North America is covered by hairy woodpeckers.

The Downy woodpecker looks similar but is bigger. It’s difficult to tell them apart because they’re so frequent in the same areas.

Hairy Woodpeckers may be found in a range of environments, such as woodlots, parks, and cemeteries. They may also be seen on trunks or main branches of huge trees in woodlands. Insects make up the majority of Hairy Woodpeckers’ diets.

Squirrel-proof suet feeders with a cage are available for Hairy Woodpeckers, allowing them to take turns without infringing on the squirrel’s territory.

36. Pine Siskin

The wing and tail of Pine Siskins are streaked brown with yellow streaks. They are a tiny finch. With a small pointed beak, they have a forked tail and pointed wings.

  • Length: 4.3-5.5 in (11-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.6 oz (12-18 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.1-8.7 in (18-22 cm)

In the pine woodlands of the Western United States and near the Canadian Border, Pine Siskins stay throughout the year. Before going south for the winter, some breed in Canada.

Depending on pine cone crops, they may be found throughout much of North America.

Pine Siskins specialize on seeds from conifers, but they will also eat young buds and seeds from grasses and weeds, as their name implies.

Thistle and nyjer feeders, as well as black oil sunflower seeds and suet, may attract Pine Siskins to your yard.

37. Ruby-throated Hummingbird

The males of the Ruby-throated Hummingbirds have an iridescent red throat, and their backs and crown are bright green with a gray-white underbelly.

Green on the back with white underparts and brownish crowns, female Ruby-throated Hummingbirds are green on the back.

  • Length: 2.8-3.5 in (7-9 cm)
  • Weight: 0.1-0.2 oz (2-6 g)
  • Wingspan: 3.1-4.3 in (8-11 cm)

The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is the sole breeding hummingbird in North America, and during the winter, they migrate south to Central America.

Others go along the coast of Texas, crossing the Gulf of Mexico.

These little birds capture insects in midair or from spider webs, zipping from one nectar source to the next. Their legs are so short that they can’t walk, only shuffle along a perch, and they’ll occasionally stop on a small twig.

When out in the summer, flowering gardens or woodland margins are the best places to look for them. In towns, particularly at nectar feeders, they are also common.

38. Lesser Goldfinch

Little bright yellow and black songbirds with long pointed wings and short notched tails, Lesser Goldfinches are tiny. Females have a duller yellow underbelly than males.

  • Length: 3.5-4.3 in (9-11 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.4 oz (8-11.5 g)
  • Wingspan: 5.9-7.9 in (15-20 cm)

Throughout the year, Lesser Goldfinches may be found in the Southwest and Westcoast, but some may migrate to lower altitudes during winter.

Open environments such as thickets, weedy fields, forest clearings parks, and gardens are home to Lesser Goldfinches in large numbers. They gather seeds, particularly sunflower seeds, as well as fruits from elderberry, coffeeberry, and cottonwood buds. willows, sycamores, and alders forage for seeds.

Sunflower seeds and nyjer in tube feeders or platform feeders may help you attract more Lesser Goldfinches to your yard.

39. Chestnut-backed Chickadee

Little birds with black and white on their heads, chestnut on the back, and gray wings and bellies, the Chestnut-backed Chickadee is a little bird.

  • Length: 3.9-4.7 in (10-12 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.4 oz (7-12 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.5 in (19 cm)

They are frequent feeders at backyards and live in colonies in damp evergreen woods along the Pacific Northwest Coast.

Most of their food is insects, such as caterpillars, spiders, wasps, and aphids. Seeds, berries, and fruit make up the rest of the diet.

Black-oil sunflower seeds, suet, nyjer, peanuts, and tube feeders; platform feeders; and suet cages are all options for attracting Chestnut-backed Chickadees to your yard. Nest boxes will also be utilized.

40. Bushtit

Bushtits are tiny, stubby-billed, long-tailed gray birds. The face and the underbelly have a slight brown tint.

  • Length: 2.8-3.1 in (7-8 cm)
  • Weight: 0.1-0.2 oz (4-6 g)

Bushtits live all year in Western US States.

Open woodland, scrubby terrain, parks, and gardens are all places where they may be found. Caterpillars, beetle, wasps, and ants are some of the insects and spiders they eat.

Bushtits build spectacular hanging nests out of plant materials and spider webs, which may take up to a month to construct.

Native bushes and trees, as well as platform feeders filled with black oil sunflower seeds, suet, or mealworms, may be used to attract more bushtits to your yard.

The Woodlink caged feeder, because the cage is far enough away from the feeder to prevent bigger birds just putting their heads through, is the best bird feeder for attracting small birds without bully birds such as grackles eating all of the seed.

How to Identify Birds

Here are some guidelines to help you identify birds wherever you go birding in Florida, so that you’ll have the information to record and locate the species:

  1. The easiest thing to notice about a bird is its size. In guide books, birds are usually measured in inches or centimeters. To be able to locate the bird later, take a note of its size: tiny, medium, or big. A little bird is equivalent to a sparrow, a medium bird is comparable to a pigeon, and a huge bird is equivalent to a goose.
  2. Take a note of the bird’s silhouette and sketch or draw the outline, taking note of it. See how the body is shaped, as well as tail length, bill shape, and wing shape.
  3. Main color pattern, as well as any secondary colors or patterns, should be noted in the color pattern section. Likewise, pay attention to repeated patterns like banding, blemishes, or highlights.
  4. Are they on the ground or up in the trees, and are they behaving? Are they flying solo or in flocks? What are they eating, and can you see it?
  5. Woodlands, parks, shrubs, meadows, beaches, and marshes are all part of the habitat.
  6. Using an app like ebird or Audubon, identify the type of bird.

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