Spathiphyllum: Plant Care and Growing Guide (With Pictures)

Spathiphyllum—The beautiful white spathe flowers of the peace lily (also known as peace lily) make it a popular blooming houseplant. The large glossy green leaves and long flowering stems of this easy-to-care-for indoor plant make it a popular choice. Low light and shade are ideal conditions for Spathiphyllum plants.

Spathiphyllum is an excellent plant for any room in your home because of its ability to remove toxins from indoor air. The plants are generally safe to handle, despite the fact that Spathiphyllum contains toxic chemicals. Yet, in the event that pets and children chew on the leaves, it’s probably best to keep Spathiphyllum plants away from them.

How to care for Spathiphyllum: Bright filtered light, well-draining fertile soil, and average room temperatures are ideal for Peace lilies (Spathiphyllum). When the soil is partially dry, water the plant, then mist the leaves on a regular basis to maintain humidity. During the growing season, fertilize every month. The calla lily is closely related to the 40 species of Spathiphyllum that belong to the Araceae family.

Spathiphyllum is not a genuine species of lily (Lilium), despite being known as such. The exquisite white spathe-leaves gave the plant its botanical name. Closet plants, white sails, and peace lily are other common names for Spathiphyllum plants. The white spathe-leaf, which resembles a white sail or flag, is the subject of both last common names.

Mouna Loa, Madona lily, and Cupido peace lily are some of the other names for Spathiphyllum. For Spathiphyllum care, this article is a complete guide. These blooming plants, which brighten up rooms and help clean the air, are easy to grow indoors.

Spathiphyllum Flowers

The elongated spike (spadix) is the flower, and the Spathiphyllum white modified leaf is called a bract or spathe. A spathe (a huge white or yellowish leaf-like bract) is the part of Spathiphyllum flowers. A spadix is a type of thick stem covered in little flowers that produces the actual flowers.

Between 4″ and 12″ (10 cm) long, Spathiphyllum flowering stalks. The spathes of most Spathiphyllum species are dazzling white. Yellowish or greenish spathe leaves surround an orange spadix in other types of Spathiphyllum. Against the glossy green broad leaves, the white sheath-type blooms provide a stunning contrast.

Why My Spathiphyllum Isn’t Flowering?

A lack of bright light is the most common reason why Spathiphyllum doesn’t bloom. Spathiphyllum requires bright, indirect sunlight to create blossoms and typically blooms in the spring. Spathiphyllum will not flower in areas with insufficient light or constant shade, despite the fact that it may endure in dark rooms.

How to Make a Spathiphyllum Plant Bloom?

Give a Spathiphyllum enough indirect light and water it properly to encourage it to bloom. If it isn’t blooming, move Spathiphyllum to a more sunlight area to help it produce flowers. Flowers on a non-blooming Spathiphyllum can be encouraged by making sure it receives bright light.

When the spathiphyllum plants are in bloom, most people buy them. If the plant fails to bloom again, it may be disappointing. In the spring, placing the Spathiphyllum pot on an east-facing sill or beside a south- or west-facing window may help it bloom. Under ideal growing conditions, a healthy Spathiphyllum should produce many blooms each year.

Spathiphyllum Care

So that Spathiphyllum blooms on a regular basis, stays healthy, and isn’t infested by pests or disease, here are some tips for caring for it.

Spathiphyllum Light Requirements

Grow Spathiphyllum in bright light, but keep it out of direct sunlight to care for it properly. The Spathiphyllum produces flowers when it receives enough light. For Spathiphyllum care, filtered or a combination of light and shade are the optimal amounts of light.

Spathiphyllum rarely blooms in shaded circumstances, despite being a kind of low-light plant. Use artificial light to boost the plant’s growth if you want to see its brilliantly white flowers in low natural light. The glossy foliage of Spathiphyllum, on the other hand, makes it an suitable tropical indoor plant for workplaces, bedrooms, and basements.

Make sure that the sun doesn’t shine on it continuously while growing Spathiphyllum indoors. The leaves turn yellow and develop brown spots if there is too much direct light. A symptom of severe lack of light is yellowing leaves on the Spathiphyllum.

Best Soil for Spathiphyllum Plants

For Spathiphyllum, which has good drainage, use a peat-based potting soil. Or, instead, use a growing medium made from cactus potting mix. The ideal Spathiphyllum soil should retain some moisture while allowing all excess moisture to escape. To grow healthy Spathiphyllum plants in pots, mix peat moss, loam, and perlite.

You may alternatively use organic matter-rich houseplant potting soil. Perlite, bark chips, or coarse horticultural sand should be added to the soil to improve drainage. Peat moss, for example, aids in retaining moisture. Permite or a similar soil amendment improves drainage while aerating the potting medium, which is beneficial.

When the roots of Spathiphyllum sit in soggy, waterlogged soil, it’s one of the worst things for them. The Spathiphyllum pot might retain too much water for a variety of reasons. The following are a few of them:

  • Water can’t drain properly because the Spathiphyllum has become rootbound.
  • The potting soil is too packed and needs aeration.
  • The pot’s base drainage hole is filled.

How to Water Spathiphyllum

When the top layer of soil has dried out, water your Spathiphyllum plant. You should thoroughly irrigate the potting soil when you water the plant. Until it exits the drainage apertures, pour in enough room-temperature filtered water or rainwater. Before placing the plant in a bright area, allow the water to drip away.

It depends on a number of factors how often you should water Spathiphyllum. Water your Spathiphyllum plant at least once or twice a week during the growing season and during hot weather. Water is less often available in the winter, when Spathiphyllum growth slows down.

It may be every two weeks or less. Nevertheless, when watering your Spathiphyllum plant, always follow the rule of soil dryness. Remember that Spathiphyllum is not a drought-tolerant houseplant. Therefore, don’t allow the dirt to become completely dry.

The roots of the Spathiphyllum are well hydrated with frequent watering. Roots can absorb nutrients and grow healthily when there is enough moisture. As long as you allow the potting soil to dry somewhat between watering, don’t be scared to drench it.

Temperature for Growing Spathiphyllum Indoors

Between 65°F and 85°F (18°C and 29°C), Spathiphyllum plants flourish. These tropical houseplants prefer warm indoor conditions. Temperatures below 55°F (12°C) or cold drafts are too harsh for Spathiphyllum. To keep your houseplant from getting stressed, it’s also important to avoid temperature extremes.

In USDA zones 10b and 11, growing outdoors, Spathiphyllum thrives. Frost will kill the Spathiphyllum if temperatures fall below 65°F (18°C) during the winter. Make sure that your Spathiphyllum plant is in partial shade or dappled light if you want it to be a back yard border plant. This protects the plant from sunburn by preventing it from becoming too hot in the summer.

Spathiphyllum Humidity Requirements

To maintain proper humidity, regularly mist the leaves of the plant. Maintain the leaves with other plants or on a pebble tray to keep them moist. Regularly spray the leaves with water. To promote healthy development, maintain relative air moisture levels above 50%.

The easiest way to humidify Spathiphyllum is to regularly mist the leaves. Spray a fine mist around the foliage of your plants with a spray bottle filled with lukewarm distilled water. You may also moisten the glossy leaves by using a damp cloth to wipe them. This dust-cleaning action will not just hydrate the leaves; it will also clean them.

Spathiphyllum Growth Rate

Spathiphyllum stem is 18″ to 24″ (45 to 60 cm) tall when grown at a normal pace. The growth of Spathiphyllum plants is influenced by light. When given bright, indirect light, the plant thrives quickest. The growth rate decreases dramatically in dark rooms or in the shade.

The leaves of Spathiphyllum plants may droop if they are grown in dark environments. You’ll also see that if there isn’t enough light, a Spathiphyllum plant will never bloom. Your plant should grow a few inches every year under ideal conditions.

How to Fertilize Spathiphyllum Houseplants

Throughout the spring and summer, apply fertilizer to Spathiphyllum plants every month. To provide the required nutrients, feed your plants with a balanced houseplant fertilizer. In order to ensure healthy development and consistent blooming, a water-soluble 10-10-10 fertilizer should be adequate. Late in the autumn and winter, don’t fertilize Spathiphyllum.

Throughout the growing season, regular fertilizing promotes Spathiphyllum growth. Root burn and poor development may be caused by a build-up of mineral salts in the potting medium. Flush the potting soil every two or three months after watering to prevent this issue.

All you have to do is run water over the soil for a few minutes to thoroughly soak it. Let the water run out while you wait. Wait until the top layer of soil has dried before watering again.

Spathiphyllum Pruning Guide

At the base of the plant, Prune Spathiphyllum stems can be found. Since Spathiphyllum has natural bushy growth, it seldom needs pruning. To decrease the size of this low-maintenance houseplant, you’ll only have to trim it once. Additionally, improving the plant’s look involves removing dead or dying leaves.

Snip off the stems once the Spathiphyllum has finished blooming. Just one flower is produced by a stem. The stalk becomes brown and dies when the flower fades. As a result, removing dead pruning stems helps to restore energy to the plant’s development.

Propagating Spathiphyllum

The best way to propagate a Spathiphyllum plant is through the root division. Remove the plant from its pot, shake the soil off of the roots, and cut the root ball into two or three pieces with a sharp clean knife to promote growth. Each root piece should have a few healthy stems and leaves.

The spring is the ideal season to start growing Spathiphyllum plants. A freshly-propagated plant may wilt after being repotted because Spathiphyllum is susceptible to fluctuations. The Spathiphyllum has a greater chance of survival when it propagates in the spring and grows vigorously.

Repotting Spathiphyllum (Peace Lily) Plants

When a Spathiphyllum plant becomes rootbound, it’s time to repot it. Remove the houseplant from its present pot and repot it. Trim any dead, brown-looking roots from the roots and untangle them. Fill the pot with the correct potting mix and place the root ball in a new pot.

Transfer the Spathiphyllum to a bigger pot if you want to encourage more growth. Snip off roughly one-third of the roots and repot it in a comparable-sized pot if you want to restrict its development. How do you know if a Spathiphyllum is rootbound and should be repotted? Your peace lily is rootbound if any of the following indicators apply:

  • Roots protrude from the drainage holes in the pot.
  • Because the potting medium is thick and dense, water takes longer to drain from the pot.
  • Since it can’t drain through, water collects on the surface of the soil.
  • Even though it is the growing season, the Spathiphyllum plant’s growth slows.

Is Spathiphyllum Toxic to Cats and Dogs?

Cats and dogs should not be ingested by Spathiphyllum plants. Spathiphyllum is said to include insoluble calcium oxalates, according to the ASPCA. Oral irritation, saliva, burning in the mouth, vomiting, and swallowing difficulties are all symptoms of this poisonous substance. Cats, dogs, and other pets should be kept away from your Spathiphyllum plants at home.

Is Spathiphyllum (Peace Lily) Toxic to Humans?

Humans should not consume any part of Spathiphyllum. According to researchers from North Carolina State Extension, the plant has medium severity features. Mouth burning and swollen lips are possible symptoms of Spathiphyllum. Contact with the plant has been linked to dermatitis in persons with sensitive skin, according to other studies.

Common Issues Growing Spathiphyllum Plants Indoors

What Pests Affect Spathiphyllum Growth?

Houseplant pests don’t seem to be a big problem for Spathiphyllum plants. Plant growth can be affected by spider mites, mealybugs, and aphids. To keep insects at bay, clean the leaves on a regular basis. When pests are present, use an insecticidal soap or a neem oil solution to get rid of them.

What Diseases Can Affect Spathiphyllum Plants?

Over-watering or insufficient drainage may lead to root rot in Spathiphyllum. Your houseplant may have diseased roots if you notice brown and wilting leaves. Repot the plant in fresh, sterile potting soil to help revive a dying Spathiphyllum. To help your plant recover, also eliminate all indications of dead or decaying roots.

Brown Tips on Spathiphyllum Leaves

Over-watering or under-watering are the most common reasons for brown tips on Spathiphyllum. Spathiphyllum leaves may turn brown as a result of a lack of humidity or build-up of fertilizer salts. Reduce watering or increase humidity if prune unappealing brown leaves.

Why Spathiphyllum Leaves are Drooping

Spathiphyllum leaves droop due to watering problems, whether too much or too little. What if the leaves of your Spathiphyllum are still drooping despite watering it correctly? All types of Spathiphyllum plants may wilt if there are chilly drafts or a rapid change in temperature.

Is Spathiphyllum an Air-Cleaning Houseplant?

Spathiphyllum cleans the air in your home by removing contaminants. Spathiphyllum may remove harmful airborne chemicals such as benzene, formaldehyde, and trichloroethylene, according to a NASA research on air-cleaning houseplants. Other air-filtering houseplants like English ivy, golden pothos, Dracaena “Warneckii,” and Sansevieria may aid to improve indoor air quality.

Varieties of Spathiphyllum

The following are some of the most commonly cultivated Spathiphyllum types:

Spathiphyllum wallisii (Peace lily)

The most prevalent form of Spathiphyllum wallisii is the Wallisii variety. Madonna lily, spathe flower, and white sails are all common names for this popular houseplant. It has creamy-white flowers on a long stem. As the plant develops, the spathe becomes pale green.

Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum (Cupido peace lily)

Peace lily is another name for the same species, Spathiphyllum cochlearispathum. The evergreen foliage plant produces brilliant white blooms that bloom continuously throughout the year and have broad, glossy green leaves.

Spathiphyllum floribundum (Snowflower)

The large spathe of the Spathiphyllum floribundum is lime-green to yellowish-green in color, according to photographs. On a thick, fleshy creamy white spadix, the Spathiphyllum flowers bloom.

Spathiphyllum montanum

The Spathiphyllum montanum is another kind of peace lily. This houseplant can be identified by the dark green lustrous leaves, which contrast with a pure white spathe.

Spathiphyllum ortgiesii Regel

The Spathiphyllum ortgiesii is native to Mexico, and its spathe is more oval-shaped than those of other species of Spathiphyllum flowers.

Spathiphyllum silvicola

Colombia and Costa Rica are home to the Spathiphyllum silvicola plant. The flowers feature a white-green spathe and yellowish spadix, as do those of all Spathiphyllum species.

Leave a Comment