Types of Fish with Their Name, Picture, and Flavor (Best Guide)

Edible fish may be the highlight of a delicious meal, since they are rich in nutrients and protein. Cod, hake, and haddock are three common types of fish. White fish with a delicate flavor and mild flavor are the most common varieties. In addition, because of their rich flavor and omega-3 fatty acids, darker colored fish like pink salmon or red tuna are highly sought after. A wide variety of fish types from all over the globe are available at most supermarkets and restaurants.

The majority of our seas, lakes, rivers, and oceans are inhabited by fish. Vertebrates include all fish, and cartilaginous, bony, and jawless fish are some of the different types available. Bony kinds of fish make up the majority of what we eat. Mackerel, sardines, and tilapia are some of the cheapest fish options. Bluefin tuna, swordfish, and wild salmon are all examples of expensive fish in a restaurant.

The most common types of fish that we consume will be discussed in this article. If you want a mild-flavored fish or strong-flavored one, you’ll also learn about the different kinds of fish to choose.

Types of Fish

It’s important to understand about the groups of fish before looking at some of the greatest edible fish to eat.

Red, pink, or orange fish Some of the most expensive and delicious fish may be found here. Tuna has pink to dark red flesh and lives in the deep sea. Bony pink fish with a strong fishy flavor include salmon, rainbow trout, and monkfish.

White, flaky, mild fish Because they are less expensive than pink or red fish, these are the most commonly consumed fish. Delicate mild fishy flavor and flaky flesh characterize whitefish such as cod, sea bass, or flounder.

White, lean, and firm fish Swordfish, black sea bass, and pearlfish are some of the species available.

Dark and oily fish Mackerel, sardines, tuna, and salmon are some of the most popular strong-flavored fish. Because of their omega 3 fatty acids, these meaty fish varieties are also essential types of food.

Different Types of Fish

Let’s take a deeper look at the many sorts of popular fish available in restaurants, grocery stores, and fish markets.



Tuna is a deep-sea fish that is quite expensive and is often served in restaurants. The tribe Thunnini includes 15 different tuna species. Tuna species are also some of the world’s biggest edible fish.

The bluefin tuna may reach a length of 15 feet (4.6 meters) and a weight of more than 1,508 pounds (684 kilograms). The fleshy fish fresh tuna comes in a variety of hues, from pink to dark red.

Tuna steaks have a rich, savory flavor that is not found in canned tuna and they have a firm texture. Tuna changes color from red to a pale tan while it cooks.



Salmon is a healthy fatty fish that is renowned for its pink flesh. It is a pink deep sea fish that many people enjoy. This salmonid fish species is closely related to trout and belongs to the Salmonidae family. The flesh of salmon might be a darker color depending on whether it was caught in the wild or farmed. Wild salmon, for example, is generally dark pink to red or orange in color, whereas farmed salmon is generally light pink.

Salmon is delectable due to its non-fishy flavor, in addition to being a excellent source of healthy omega-3s. The flavor of salmon is usually regarded as meatier than fishy. Yet, depending on the species, the flavor may change.

Chinook salmon has a milder flavor than Atlantic salmon, which is full-flavored and meaty. Pan-fried, baked, cured, smoked, and grilled salmon are all options.



Rainbow trout has flakesy white, pink, or orange flesh and a mild flavor. The genera Salmo, Oncorhynchus, and Salvelinus are used to classify trout species. Trout has a similar flavor to salmon, but the delicate flakier flesh makes it different. Trout may be light pink to white in color and come from different species of trout. Inhabitants of the globe may enjoy a variety of trout species.

Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) has delicate pink flesh with a slightly fishy flavor. A thin red stripe down the sides of this fish’s spotted body is a common way to identify it.

Brown trout The (Salmo trutta) is a genus of freshwater and saltwater fish that belongs to the Salmonidae family. Brown trout has a richer flavor than rainbow trout and has light-colored meat in general.

Sea trout  types of trout captured at sea are referred to as sea trout. trout begin their lives in lakes and rivers, before migrating to the sea, much like salmon do. After that, they go back to the river to reproduce.



Pollock (Gadus pollachius) is a common marine fish found around the Atlantic Ocean and the British Isles. It is a mild white fish that appears in fast food chains and restaurants.

White flaky skin and a slightly fishy flavor characterize Atlantic or Alaskan pollock (pollack). The flesh can take on a beige/gray coloration from time to time.

Being a less expensive alternative to cod, one of the reasons why this mild whitefish is popular. Pan-frying or baking a pollock fillet is a fantastic option if you’re trying for a delicious portion of fresh white fish.

Sea Bream

sea bream

Sea bream, a kind of white fish with a mild flavor, lives on the Mediterranean and Eastern Atlantic coasts in the family Sparidae. The body of sea bream is silver in color, and the dorsal fin is large in most species.

In Mediterranean nations, sea bream is a common restaurant dish. Its succulent white-gray flesh has a delicate flavor. Sea bream is considered one of the most delectable whitefish by many fish enthusiasts.

People who enjoy Mediterranean food tend to prefer this kind of fish.

Sea Bass

sea bass

The families Serranidae, Moronidae, and Latidae include various species of fish with white firm flesh and a delicate flavor. European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), Japanese sea bass (Lateolabrax japonicus), and Asian sea bass (Lates calcarifer) are examples of common species of sea bass.

The black sea bass (Centropristis striata) is a common variety of sea bass found throughout North America. The white flesh of this Atlantic fish is firm, yet delicate, with a wonderful flavor. Sea bass flesh becomes flaky when cooked. Sea basses, often known as grouper fish, are a highly nutritious fish.



Cod (Gadus morhua) has a delicate flavor, and Atlantic and Pacific cod are the two most common kinds. It may be used in a variety of dishes, such as soups, fishcakes, and pies. Cod has flaky white flesh and a mild flavor. The firm flaky meat becomes almost transparent when pan-fried or deep-fried.

Whiting (Merlangius merlangus), another fish belonging to the same family as cod, is sometimes sold as cod. Hake, which belongs to the same taxonomic order as cod and haddock, is similar to cod and just as tasty. This is a pure white fish with a nice flavor that lives in deep water.



Haddock (Merlangius aeglefinus) is a saltwater white fish that is commonly used in fish and chips. The North Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, and the seas off Iceland are all home to hake. Haddock has tougher skin and is less white than cod, which makes it an inferior substitute.

Because the flavor of haddock is slightly sweeter, some individuals prefer it to cod. Smoked haddock is a popular dish in some regions of the British Isles.

John Dory

John Dori

John Dory (Zeus faber) is an unsightly edible fish with medium flakes and a solid texture. The fish, on the other hand, compensates for its lack of appeal with its flavor. The Zeidae family of fish includes the John Dory. The name of this plant is French, and it means “golden yellow” in English.

On a restaurant menu, John Dory is frequently one of the more expensive fish. Because of its large head, filleting leaves a lot of the fish. The fish’s white flaky flesh, on the other hand, has a buttery flavor that is delicious. Another expensive kind of fish with a similar texture and flavor to John Dory is Dover sole.



Turbot is a rich, strong-flavored flatfish that comes in large sizes. The fish may grow up to 39 inches (100 cm) long and weigh 55 pounds (25 kg) when it is disc-shaped and sandy colored. The majority of flatfish, on the other hand, weigh between 17 and 21 ounces. (500 g – 10 kg), 22 pounds in all

In many countries throughout Europe and North America, this delectable white-fleshed fish is highly valued. Turbot is a popular restaurant fish because of its great flavor. The white meaty flesh has a distinct fishy flavor that flakes well when cooked properly.

Turbot has a comparable flavor and texture to halibut, a costly flatfish that is highly delectable. Brill fish is a lower-cost alternative to turbot and halibut. This luscious flatfish has a lovely flavor that some consider to be better than turbot.



Plaice is a generic term for four different flatfish species in the Pleuronectidae family. The most common flatfish species is European plaice, followed by American plaice. Plaice has a wonderful flavor, comparable to that of other flatfish species, and is as good as some more costly fish. When baked, fried, grilled, or steamed, plaice grows to a length of 20 inches (50 cm) and tastes delicious.

Since the name flounder alludes to fish in the suborder Pleuroncetoidei, Bothidae, and Paralichthyidae, plaice are frequently referred to as flounder. Flounders are the name for Halibut. Because flounders have scales, they are halal and kosher fish permissible to Jews and Muslims.



Basa fish is a freshwater catfish species that belongs to the Pangasiidae family. They have a mild flavor and grow in freshwater environments. Basa is known as pangasius, striped pangasius, or panga in other parts of the world.

The meat of this whitefish has little pieces and has a mild flavor. The delicate flavor of this fish does not overpower other foods, and it readily absorbs them. It is a nice ingredient to use in recipes.



Mackerel is a low-cost oily fish that has dark meaty flesh and provides a lot of beneficial fatty acids. In reality, mackerel is one of the best omega-3 sources in the ocean, apart from salmon. The tribe Scombrini contains seven species of mackerel, while the related group Scomberomorini contains an additional seven.

The grayish oily flesh and rich flavor of most types of mackerel are easily recognized. It is ideal to eat mackerel with acidic sauces since it has a strong fish flavor. Before serving with a lemon or mustard sauce, many people fillet mackerel and grill it. Other dark fish, such as tuna and kingfish, are also less expensive alternatives.



Sardines (Sardina pilchardus) are a cold-water oily fish that belongs to the same genus as herring. They have a strong flavor. The European pilchard is the only true sardine, and there are a number of genera of sardines.

Sardines have a meaty flavor that is similar to that of mackerel. When cooked correctly, the flesh is robust and meaty. Sardines have a powerful, distinct flavor; yet, they don’t have a strong fish flavor. Sardines have an acquired flavor for some individuals.

Red Mullet


Red mullet is a kind of goatfish that is popular in Mediterranean cuisine. Its flesh is pale pink and commonly pan-fried, grilled, or steamed. Due to its scaly red and pink skin, this is one of the more unusual-looking fish you’ll see at the fish counter. Red mullet is a small fish when compared to other species of edible fish.

This is a white fish with pale pink flesh, despite the fact that it is classified as such. Before baking or grilling, you should treat this a delicate fish with care. Red mullet is one of the greatest types of fish when it comes to flavor. It has a rich flavor that will hold up to strong flavors like garlic, herbs, and chili.



Tilapia is a flavorful Nile River fish that is now farmed all over the globe and comes from the Oreochromis family. Black, red, orange, or silvery scales may be found on these large fish. Tilapia has a delicate, mild flavor and is classified as whitefish.

As a result, before baking or frying, you’ll normally need to prepare tilapia with a delectable sauce. The long dorsal fins of tilapia, which extend almost the length of their backbone, are what distinguishes them.



Gurnard is a type of fish belonging to the Triglidae family in the order Scorpaeniformes, and its flesh is firm white. These fish are bottom-feeding aquatic creatures that are also known as sea robins. Gurnards have become more expensive despite the fact that they were once a cheap type of fish.

The flesh of this whitefish is thick and doesn’t flake off much during cooking. The flavor of this bony fish is divisive, and it has a delicate flavor. Some people adore the flavor and texture of this fish, while others think it’s flavorless. Since gurnard doesn’t break apart easily, it’s mostly used in soups and stocks in the kitchen.

Ling Fish


Ling fish are a kind of cod-like fish that belongs to the Lotidae family. They have a firm flesh and may be cooked in numerous ways. These long fish may grow to be 6 feet (2 meters) long and may be found in Northern Europe’s seas.

The Ling is a delicious and textured food. Fresh ling fillets are most common; however, in certain nations, dried and salted ling is also a favorite snack.



The swordfish is an costly greasy fish with a firm texture and mild flavor. In the water, the long pointed beak, black back, and silver belly are stunning. Swordfish is classified as an greasy fish, much like tuna and mackerel. It has a firm, meaty texture and a mild flavor.

It has thick white flesh. Swordfish is a good fish to grill or skewer because of its meat-like texture. Swordfish is one of the least fishy species, making it suitable for those who don’t like seafood.

Swordfish is a costly whitefish because it gets caught on lines. Due to their diet of shrimp, some swordfish captured at sea have a pink tint to their flesh. This is more costly than ordinary swordfish and is marketed as ‘pumpkin swordfish.

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