Roses are well-known for their attractiveness, fragrance, and lovely blooms. They are flowering shrubs. It’s impossible to describe each rose since there are so many variations, colors, and kinds. Simple compact roses with little flowers are found in certain rose types. Rose flowers with hundreds of petals are seen in other varieties.
The rose family, Rosaceae, belongs to the order Rosales and includes woody plants. Roses are connected to cherry trees, raspberry bushes, almond bushes, and plums in the same way that trees and shrubs are. Roses come in a variety of shapes and sizes, making them ideal for almost any garden setting. Indoor container growing of some small rose bushes is ideal.
Modern garden roses, wild roses, and old garden roses are the three primary types of rose classification. Roses come in over 300 different varieties, with thousands of cultivars and hybrids classified as Roses in lower categories. Every color of the rainbow can be found in Rose cultivars. Rose shrubs may bloom annually or multiple times throughout the year, depending on the rose species.
From tiny compact bushes with tiny flowers to big climbing roses that may climb trellises, Rose plants come in a variety of sizes. Garden roses are a diverse group of medium-sized shrubs with a wide range of gorgeous blooms. Rose gifting has evolved over time to represent a variety of emotions and sensations. White or yellow roses, for example, might signify friendship, happiness, or excitement. But a bouquet of red roses signifies love and romance. Roses are one of the most stunning flowers in the globe due to their exquisite beauty.
Types of Roses With Pictures and Names – Identification Guide
To assist you determine what sort of rose you have, we’ve compiled a long list of many sorts of roses with their popular names and images. There are several popular, stunning, and showy roses included in this rose list. You’ll also learn about the finest rose cultivars and how to cultivate them, so that your roses can thrive.
All roses cultivated since 1867 are included in the modern rose classification. Jean-Baptiste Guillot created the first modern rose hybrid. Modern roses, as many of them are derived from Old Garden Roses and hybrids, are difficult to classify. Modern rose varieties are also quite diverse, making it difficult to specify them. Hybrid tea roses, grandifloras, and floribundas are the most popular modern rose varieties. Let’s examine the many modern rose categories in further detail.
Hybrid Tea Roses
Long, straight stems and pointed blooms distinguish hybrid tea roses, which are a popular hardy rose shrub. Hybrid tea roses bloom practically constantly, which is one of the reasons why they are so popular. When in full bloom, these garden roses create lovely blooms that may be up to 5 inches (12 cm) broad.
The fragrant flowers bloom on the flowering shrubs, which may reach 3 to 6 feet (0.9 to 1.8 meters) in height. They are particularly popular for cut flower arrangements because of their flawlessly designed flowers and sturdy stems. Cold hardy to USDA zones 7, hybrid teas are tough shrubs.
Hybrid tea roses that are worth mentioning:
- Rosa ‘Peace’ With huge fragrant pink and yellow blooms, it is an award-winning rose.
- Rosa ‘Double Delight’ The petals are multi-colored and have a ruffled appearance.
- Rosa ‘Chrysler Imperial’ With citrus scents and double blooms, this lovely example of a romantic red rose is.
- Rosa ‘Full Sail’ It is a white rose with a lovely sweet fragrance that blooms from spring until autumn..
- Rosa ‘Tropicana’ The flowers are large, colorful, and have a strong fragrance..
- Rosa ‘Papa Meilland’ Throughout the summer and early fall, it bears dark fragrant red huge blooms..
- Rosa ‘Dark Night’ The large crimson flowers have pale yellow underside petals..
- Rosa ‘Apricot Candy’ Double apricot-coral blooms adorn this plant. From spring through fall, this lovely rose bush blossoms.
- ‘Black Baccara’ hybrid tea rose It has stunning black-tinged burgundy-red petals and is a kind of black rose flower.
Shrub roses are a kind of rose that belongs to a group of roses that isn’t included in any other. They have several clusters of flowers on each plant. Shrub rose types may include roses that bloom once a year or are repeat-flowering hybrids, and they are generally hardy rose kinds. Most shrub roses have a lot of blooms on each plant, which is their clusters. Between 5 and 15 feet (1.5 and 4.5 meters) tall, shrub roses may be found. The following are some well-known shrub rose cultivars:
- ‘Fruhlingsgold’ It’s a blooming rose plant with yellow and white flower clusters that forms a mound.
- ‘Molineux’ A David Austin rose could be considered a rose in the purest sense. The musky Tea Rose scent of the yellow showy blooms is slight.
- ‘Swany’ Rose shrubs are a ground cover rose cultivar that grows slowly. With this cultivar, you can expect a lot of white rose blooms.
Miniature and Miniflora
Any of the miniature species of roses may be cultivated indoors or outdoors, and they come in a variety of colors. These are tiny variations of hybrid tea roses that resemble them. Roses called “miniflora” may be used in gardens to line boundaries or edges.
The majority of small rose bushes reach 6″ to 36″ (15 – 91 cm) in height and produce tiny, perfectly formed rose-shaped blooms. These houseplant roses need cold temperatures to survive, since they are descended from outdoor cultivars. Certain small roses bloom once, while others bloom multiple times. Some miniature rose cultivars worth noting:
- ‘Cupcake’ is a pink-flowered miniature rose that blooms again and again.
- ‘Petite de Hollande’ This is a tiny rose with gorgeous pink blooms that is a wonderful example of compactness.
- ‘Stars and Stripes’ Little red and white patterned petals cluster together.
- ‘Autumn Splendor’ With two-toned orange and red petals, it produces stunning miniature flowers.
Climbing rose hybrids come in a variety of hues and are known for their long, flexible stems. Roses bloom all summer and fall, which is one of the pleasures of climbing them. These climbing roses, which may grow to be 20 feet (6 meters) tall, are ideal for adding height and color to any garden.
Roses in this category don’t climb by clinging to walls or trellises, unlike climbing vines. To assist the woody vines climb, you must attach them to surfaces. Climbing roses with masses of pink, red, white, or yellow blooms can be stunning when in full bloom. Some rose cultivars that are particularly good for climbers:
- ‘Blaze’ from spring till fall, this lovely climbing rose variety bears deep red gorgeous rose blossoms.
- ‘Eden’ Any wall, trellis, or structure can be a sea of pinks with its beautiful pink blooms.
- ‘Cecile Brunner’ It has tiny light-pink blooms and a strong climbing ability, with clusters of small blooms. This is a variant of the polyantha rose.
- ‘Iceberg’ It grows up to 15 feet (4.5 meters) tall and has huge white ruffled flowers.
Rambler roses are a sort of rose that may grow taller than climbing roses. Rambler roses have a higher height and blooming habits than climbing roses, which is the difference between them. Rambler roses may only bloom once in the year, and they can reach a height of 30 feet (9 m).
While there are a few new rambler rose cultivars that are repeat bloomers, they are available. The impact of rambler roses when they bloom in late spring and early summer is really stunning. Rambler roses produce up to 20 small compact flowers per stem and create huge showy clusters.
Some notable rose cultivars for rambling roses:
- Rosa filipes ‘Kiftsgate’ Beautiful white, jasmine-type flowers characterize this vigorous climbing rose cultivar. The largest rose in England is said to be a 50-foot-high (15-meter) 80-foot-wide (24-meter) specimen!
- ‘Gardenia’ bushy pale-yellow blooms and a lovely sweet fragrance make this is a hardy rambler rose cultivar. This cultivar blooms multiple times.
- ‘Adelaide d’Orleans’ The blooms are white and have delicate clusters of tiny pale pink buds.
- ‘Dorothy Perkins’ With huge clusters of pink blooms, this is a popular type of rambler rose.
- ‘Princesse Louise’ The buds are pink and open to ruffled white flowers.
Tree roses are a lovely kind of rose bush that resembles a little flowering tree and adds elegance to any garden landscape. Grafting a rose bush to the tip of a lengthy rose cane produces the tree rising. To create stunning floral displays, some rose growers graft two or three different rose bushes. In any garden, tree roses are a stunning shrub.
You can see some of the most gorgeous flowers in a garden at eye level from the lovely rose bush sitting on top of the “tree trunk. Tree roses are also available in a variety of miniature rose species.
From spring through autumn, Rosa Polyantha ‘The Fairy’ produces clusters of little rose blooms. Polyantha roses have 1″ (2.5 cm) diameter flowers that range from pink, red, or white in color. Several rose bushes may have flowers on them from October through the following May.
The fact that polyantha roses are low-maintenance and extremely hardy garden plants is one of the reasons why they are some of the most popular types of roses. Some popular polyantha rose cultivars:
- ‘Gruss an Aachen’ The petals are light-peach in color and create rosette-shaped double flowers..
- ‘The Fairy’ Light-pink to white blooms make up this kind of rose. There may be 25 or more petals in a tightly packed flowerhead..
- ‘Happy Rose’ Little cherry red blooms.
- ‘Cecile Brunner’ The flowers are fragrant and bloom a second time throughout the summer..
Floribunda roses have a bushy appearance and reach a height of 2.6 feet (80 cm) tall. Rosa ‘Pomponella’ is one example of this type of compact floribunda rose. Because of the quantity of blooms it produces, this is referred to as a “free-flowering” rose species.
Purple, orange, yellow, white, and pink are among the colors available in floribunda roses. Polyantha roses are crossed with Hybrid Teas to create Floribunda roses. This leads to rose bushes that are hardy and require little attention. Floribundas are frequently used for landscaping and beautifying public parks because of their vigorous flowering habits. The following floribunda rose cultivars are noteworthy:
- ‘Iceberg’ Due to the abundance of pure white floribunda rose blooms, it gets its name. A climbing rose, this floribunda rose is popular.
- ‘Anne Harkness’ The petals are lovely creamy-pink with a deeper crimson center.
- ‘Hot Cocoa’ In gardens or vases, rose flowers with chocolate-orange petals are stunning.
- ‘Tuscan Sun’ The flowers are tiny clusters of apricot-orange that bloom throughout the year.
- ‘Honey Bouquet’ The flowers are beautiful and fragrant, with a yellow color.
Ground Cover Roses
Ground cover roses are low-growing roses that are also simple to care for. They have white blooms with a yellow center. Rose cultivars in the ground-cover class usually reach a height of 1 to 3 feet (30 to 90 cm) after three years. These scented roses with green foliage and vibrant colors are ideal for adding bursts of color to your yard. There are a few rose ground cover cultivars worth mentioning:
- ‘Avon’ Its open flowers are stunning white, and the center is beautiful bronze-yellow..
- ‘Flower Carpet Coral’ The fragrant flowerhead is formed by roses with lovely coral-colored wispy blooms.
David Austin Roses (English Roses)
David Austin is a renowned rose breeder who has created some of the most gorgeous English roses, such as Rosa ‘Cottage Rose.’ David Austin roses are now globally renowned, despite not being a distinct classification. The best characteristics of Modern and Old roses were wanted in Rose cultivars in this group. Almost 240 new cultivars have been developed during David Austin’s 50-year career of rose breeding. These roses are winter hardy and resistant to disease.
The enormous showy fragrant blooms and lovely pastel hues of David Austin English roses are well-known. What distinguishes David Austin roses from others? They have the ability to withstand harsh weather and blossoming habits of current roses, as well as the lovely fragrance of Old Roses. Rose cultivars named for David Austin include the following:
- ‘Benjamin Britten’ ‘Charlotte’ is a hardy rose cultivar with double blooms and stunning crimson-red blooms. Each blossom contains up to 100 petals!
- ‘Gentle Hermione’ Rose has delicate huge petals that smell fantastic and have a lovely pink color.
- ‘Darcy Bussell’ With profusion of deep red-crimson fragrant blooms, this fast-growing rose is a delight.
- ‘Harlow Carr’ From early summer until fall, it blooms with pink flowers with a strong fragrance.
- Munstead Wood’ Its dark red-crimson blossoms have a strong fragrance.
Grandiflora roses are hybrids between hybrid teas and floribundas that have beautiful pink blooms. The fact that this rose species is larger in size than floribunda roses gives it the Grandiflora name. Some of the bigger cultivars may grow up to 8 feet tall (2.4 meters). Grandiflora roses have become less popular since the 1980s.
For most gardens, roses from the hybrid tea or floribunda types are chosen. The following are some notable Grandiflora rose cultivars:
- ‘Love’ This huge crimson rose with its delicate white flecks in the heart is an appropriate name.
- ‘Cherry Parfait’ The exquisite white petals and crimson border add to the beauty.
- ‘Dream Come True’ Soft orange, pink, and red multicolored petals make up the gorgeous rose-shaped flowers.
- ‘Queen Elizabeth’ The classic Grandiflora rose has a lovely pink bloom with a perfectly formed exquisite bloom.
Old Garden Roses
Old garden roses are classified as any kind of rose that was grown or existed before 1867, when the first modern rose was developed. There are several cultivar groups within old roses. Heritage or historic roses are roses that fall under the ‘old garden’ category.
Old garden roses have a strong fragrance and enormous showy double blooms that differentiate them from modern roses. Old garden roses used to bloom only once, but in the 1800s, newer repeating bloomers were developed. There are a variety of groupings for Old Garden Roses. These are examples of heritage rose groups, detailed below:
Rosa Alba ‘Maiden’s Blush’ is a lovely white garden rose that blooms in late spring or early summer. Alba roses are expected to provide you with gorgeous white and pink blooms.
Large ruffled pink blooms with a wonderful fragrance and bloom repeatedly characterize the Louise Odier bourbon rose variety. These are roses that climbers might consider.
Tea roses are old rose varieties that are not cold hardy and have a lovely tea scent. These roses are lovely but require warmer temperatures and are repeat bloomers.
Rosa Gallica blooms only once per season, according to the Gallica classification. They produce Old Garden Roses with the maroon, purple, magenta, crimson, and red hues that are some of the best examples.
Rosa x damascena is a Middle Eastern rose with the name Damascus. The summer flowers of certain Damask rose cultivars, while the autumn flowers are more fragrant. Some plants are also comeback bloomers.
Centifolia Roses (Provence Roses)
Centifolia roses have extremely broad flowerheads that resemble a cabbage, and are often known as Rosa x centifolia (also known as Provence Rose). The lovely rose blooms, which range in color from white to dark pink, are usually found in a variety of hues. They are frequently used to create rose scents because of their intense fragrance.
Chinese Rose (Rosa chinensis)
The ancestor of current cultivars is usually Rosa chinensis, an old garden Chinese rose species. Several current roses bloom from spring to autumn, owing to the repeated blooming of these bloomer roses.
Heritage Noisette roses, particularly Rosa ‘Blush Noisette,’ played a role in the development of yellow and orange cultivars. Throughout the season, they produce huge fragrant blooms.
The woody fragrance that moss roses emit is one of their appealing characteristics. These roses are some of the most gorgeous Old Garden rose hybrids and create a broad range of spectacular bright blooms.
Ancient Hybrid Roses
The Pemberton Hybrid Musk ‘Penelope,’ which dates from 1924, is one of them. Some hybrids from the late 1800s, as well as other classic and historical roses, are classified with other rose types on most rose lists.
Hybrid Musk Roses Each cluster of five petals contains a single bloom. The musky fragrance given off by this rose group inspired the name. The dense green foliage of Musk rose hybrids is valued..
Hybrid Perpetual Roses Several of the earliest hybrids in the West were grown as repeat bloomers, making them some of the first reblooming hybrids in the West.
Hybrid Rugosa Roses Another kind of rose that is newer hybrids and belongs to the Old Garden Roses category. These lovely double flowers are among the most fragrant of all repeat-blooming roses.
Bermuda “Mystery” Roses Because they thrive in tropical nations yet are resistant to disease, these roses are a crucial group. As a result, these roses are essential for developing hardy, disease-resistant new breeds. Because the rose species’ names aren’t known, they’re called “mystery” roses.
Species Roses (Wild Roses)
Rose species are roses that grow wild and do not result from hybridization or cultivation. They have 5 petals and are referred to as “species roses.” Rose Species usually bloom alone and have five-petaled flowers, although there are exceptions. If you want a tough, low-maintenance plant, wild roses are a excellent option for your garden.
In reality, some gardeners believe that wild roses flourish due to negligence rather than care and attention. When they bloom in the spring and early summer, they have a spreading nature and produce gorgeous pink blooms. Some of the most popular varieties of Species Roses for gardens include:
- Musk Rose (Rosa maschata)
- Scots Rose (Rosa pimpinellifolia)
- Lady Banks’ Rose (Rosa banksiae)
- Sweetbriar Rose (Rosa rubiginosa)
- Rosa moyesii – a wild rose species that blooms in the fall