Types of Spiders and How to Identify Them (Pictures, Names, Identification Chart)

When they scurry across a room or spring out from a dark corner, many spiders may instill fear. While most common house spiders are harmless, many individuals find them frightening. Brown spiders are the most frequent 8-legged arachnids found in homes. Black spiders, brown and black spiders, little red spiders, and even white spiders are among the approximately 48,000 species of spiders.

Arachnids are a class of arthropods that include spiders and the order Araneae. There are many genera of spiders. Funnel-web spiders, orb-weaver spiders, sac spiders, wolf spiders, and hunting spiders are some of the species found in these genera. Tarantulas in the Theraphosidae family are some of the most menacing spiders around.

Black and red spiders make up many venomous spider species. The black widow spider, which can deliver a non-fatal nasty bite, is the most well-known. Venomous spiders may be brown, black with white dots, or black with a crimson body. To differentiate between harmless house spiders and those that bite, it’s important to know which kind of spider you’re dealing with. The good news is that the majority of spiders you see in your house or garage are unlikely to cause any serious problems.

Spider Facts

There are a few key facts to understand about spiders before looking at images of spiders and how to identify them correctly. Since they belong to the class of animals known as Arachnida, all spider species are referred to as arachnids. Mites, ticks, and scorpions are also members of this vast collection of leggy creatures.

All spider arachnoids have eight legs and no antennae, which is one of the distinguishing characteristics. This indicates that spiders are not insects, as defined by the USDA. Insects have only six legs and are classified as Insecta, despite the fact that they are arthropods. Spider bodies are divided into two sections, whereas insect bodies are divided into three sections.

Spiders have an exoskeleton rather than bones since they are invertebrates. Spiders, ants, wasps, bees, roaches, and even lobsters have an external skeleton that protects them, supports them, and protects them! Spiders are not classified as bugs, despite the fact that many people refer to them as such.

Since they don’t have a sucking mouth, not all insects are bugs. Most people, on the other hand, refer to bugs as any sort of house pest. Spiders, ticks, mites, and flies are examples of common bugs.

How to Identify Spiders

The color of the abdomen and cephalothorax (head), six or eight eyes, and mouthparts (chelicerae) can all be used to identify spiders. Furthermore, spiders have patterns such as dots, specks, or spiky bodies and legs that help identify them. The webs that spiders spin can also be used to identify species.

Tangle web spiders, which spin webs that are messy, are named after certain spiders. White orb spiders, for example, create stunning round webs to capture prey. To protect themselves or deposit eggs, some spider species spin funnel webs.

Types of Spiders With Names and Pictures – Identification Guide

Let’s take a closer look at the identifying characteristics of the spiders that you’re most likely to encounter at home or in your garden. This list focuses on the most prevalent spiders found around and inside your home, despite the fact that there are huge fat black spider species like tarantulas, mouse spiders, and trapdoor spiders.

Wolf Spider

Wolf spiders belong to the Lycosidae family of arachnids, and they are widely distributed across North America. Hundreds of spider species are known as ‘wolf spiders,’ and their bodies may reach 1.38″ (35 mm). They have eight legs and are covered in hair. In your home, there are a variety of ways to identify the common wolf spider. When the light reflects back, it may cause an eeriness from their eyes. Shining a light on them.

In addition, wolf spiders are the only ones with spiderlings (miser Spiderlings) on their bodies. When they’re threatened, wolf spiders bite. Their sting, however, is comparable to a bee’s and may result in itching, swelling, and minor discomfort. The way that wolf spiders capture their victims gives them their name. They don’t build webs like spiders, instead hunting and ambushing animals.

Spider identification: Brown spiders with beige patterns and hairy legs are a kind of brown spider. Wolf spiders have large eyes and excellent vision when compared to other spider species. The distinctive eye pattern of wolf spiders may be used to identify them. The first thing you’ll notice is the front of their skull, which has two enormous eyes. A row of four smaller eyes is beneath those two bigger ones.

In most outdoor habitats throughout North America, wolf spiders have two additional eyes on top of their heads, which they use to hunt. In South Carolina, the wolf spider species Hogna carolinensis may be discovered.

Brown Recluse Spider

The brown recluse spider (scientific name: Loxosceles reclusa) belongs to the Sicariidae family and is one of the most lethal arachnids in your home. A bite from one of these brown arachnids may necessitate medical treatment, just like with other recluse spider species.

Spider Facts

Brown recluse spiders range in size from 0.24″ to 0.79″ (6 to 20 mm), excluding their eight legs. They’re also known as “violin spiders,” “fiddleback spiders,” or “brown fiddlers” because of their violin-shaped markings on their rear. Their long spindly legs make them seem bigger than they are. Brown recluses have three pairs of eyes, unlike most other spiders. When they perceive danger, they typically run away, but if they are trapped, they may bite. If not handled correctly, this may cause severe skin tissue damage.

Spider identification: The brown recluse spider may be little or big, ranging from half an inch (1 cm) to over an inch (2.5 cm). Some species may be dark brown or gray, while others are light tan to medium brown. Spiders build webs in garages, woodpiles, sheds, and basements, and they prefer secluded areas. They can be found in most of the central and eastern United States. Texas, Nebraska, Ohio, Georgia, and Kentucky are among the states affected.

American House Spiders

The American house spider (Parasteatoda tepidariorum) is one of the most frequent spiders in the United States and Europe. These brown or tan spiders make cobwebs that are difficult to clean up.

American house spider facts

These are spiders with tiny bodies that range from 6 to 7 mm in length. The darker species of these little house spiders may resemble black widows, despite being classified as a kind of brown spider. Dark-colored common house spiders, on the other hand, don’t have crimson stripes and aren’t dangerous.

The European domestic house spider (Tegenaria domestica) is a brown spider that can be found in Europe. Other spiders with the same name may be found in other countries. This house spider can also be found in states such as Louisiana, Oregon, Michigan, North Carolina, Washington, and New York after it was introduced to the United States.

Spider identification: These common spiders may be found in basements, attics, behind doors, and in the corners of window frames all throughout North America. The American house spider’s legs are yellow/orange with black rings on them.

Black Widow Spiders

The black widow spider (Latrodectus mactans) is a species of spider belonging to the Theridiidae family. It has red patches on its lower abdomen. Some of the most venomous house spiders in North America are black spiders with red dots. The brown widow spider is another venomous species in the genus. European black widows (Latrodectus tredecimguttatus), Australian redback black widows (Latrodectus hasseltii), and South African button spiders are among the other species.

Spider facts

The glossy black body and distinct crimson marks on the underside of the belly distinguish black widows. Red stripes on their backs could also be present. Males of this species may have crimson dots and white bands across their bodies. The bites of female black widow spiders are typically not severe, despite the fact that they may be deadly.

Pain, swelling, and cramping are some of the most common symptoms of a black widow bite. When caught and threatened, black widow spiders bite.

Spider identification: Black and red widow spiders can be found on every continent. The lower back abdomen of a red individual may resemble an hourglass. In the southern states, such as Texas, Louisiana, Florida, Oklahoma, and Arkansas, the North American black widow spiders may be found in eastern regions.

Huntsman Spiders

Because of their speed and agility while hunting for prey, Huntsman spiders (family: Sparassidae) have a diverse range of species. Wood spiders and huge crab spiders are two names for some of the bigger varieties.

Spider facts

Large hairy spiders frequently mistaken for tarantulas are called Huntsman spiders. Their bodies are brown/beige or tan, with long legs. The bodies are generally little over an inch (2 cm) long, with a leg span of up to 6 inches (15 cm). The front legs of these venomous arachnids are bent like those of a crab, which distinguishes them from tarantulas.

In order to defend themselves, Sparassidae species may bite humans. An unsuspecting person may damage one by startling it in sheds, garages, or under rocks in gardens because they prefer to lurk in these areas.

Spider identification: In warm countries across the globe, over a thousand species of huntsman spiders exist. They have brown or gray coats and are covered in fur.

Hobo Spider

The hobo spider (Eratigena agrestis) is a funnel web spider and is known for its common characteristics and color. It’s often difficult to identify. They’re also known as funnel-web spiders, and they’re a harmless European and North American spider species. Highly venomous Australian funnel-web spiders (mygalomorphs) should not be confused with these brown or beige spiders.

Due to their variety of looks, it may be difficult to tell hobo spiders apart. These spiders are usually around 0.27 to 0.55 inches (7 to 14 mm) long and little to dark brown in color. The yellow markings on the abdomen of these little brown spiders are one way to identify them. The hobo spider, despite its classification as a dangerous house spider, will only bite and attack if its young are threatened.

Spider identification: Wolf spiders and brown recluse spiders may both be mistaken for hobo spiders. In homes, outbuildings, garages, and sheds, they prefer to dwell in dark cracks and crevices.

White Spiders

The Misumena vatia, sometimes known as the white spider, is a little spider that may turn bright yellow. These little white spiders have the ability to change color. The crab-like manner in which these garden spiders hold their legs earned them their common name.

The camouflage mechanism of white spiders is a change in color. If they are on yellow flowers, the white spiders may become bright yellow. These crab spiders can be found on goldenrod blooms in North America. They are also known as ‘banana spiders’ because of their vivid yellow colors.

Spider identification: These spiders are of modest size. Males reach half this size at most, while females can reach up to 0.39″ (10 mm) excluding legs.

Orb-Weaver Spiders

Orb-weaver spiders are prevalent in North America, where they may be found in woodlands, gardens, and even dark nooks. Several of the most gorgeous webs you’ll ever see are spun by spiders from the Araneidae family.

Orb spiders are difficult to categorize since they include so many species and all spiders that spin orb (circular) shaped webs are categorised as orb-weavers. Some are dark red spike-like shapes with a black and white body. Black bodies with yellow and white patterns can be found in other species. A huge globe-shaped colorful body with a tiny head could be seen on an orb-weaver spider. These spiders may vary in size from tiny to gigantic, with leg spans comparable to that of your hand.

Spider identification: Spiders that capture prey by weaving complex webs on flowers, foliage, and near electric lights.

Jumping Spiders

Jumping spiders, such as Phidippus audax, are common in North America and have black bodies with orange or white markings and stripes on their abdomen and legs. They have excellent vision, which is unusual among other spider types, due to their huge eyes on the front of their body.

Jumping spider facts

Jumping spiders are divided into 640 genera and there are over 6,000 species. The bodies of most jumping spiders are hairy or covered in fur, and their heads and thoraxes are clearly shaped. The four eyes on the front of their head, two of which are bigger, are another way to identify jumping spiders.

Before injecting venom, their exceptional eyesight allows them to sight and spring on prey. Some jumping spiders are quite tiny, as well. Little animals are just 0.04 inches (1 mm) long, while bigger animals are an inch and a half (2.5 cm) long.

Spider identification: These little brown spiders may be seen throughout the day and are mostly found around.

Sac Spiders

A wide range of sac spiders in the Clubionidae, Corinnidae, and Eutichuridae families may be found in gardens but enter houses during the winter. The yellow sac spider (Cheiracanthium inclusum and Cheiracanthium mildei) is one of the most prevalent sac spider species. When provoked, these spiders may bite and are yellowish-green in color.

Disturbing them while working in the garden, or getting trapped in clothing, are the most common reasons for being bitten. In the autumn, as they look for a warmer habitat, sac spiders will invade homes. They are a garden spider in the summer. Because they have a lighter color than brown house spiders, these common house spiders are easy to identify.

Spider identification: With a bright-colored cephalothorax, this little spider is only about 0.25 inch (6 mm) long. Sac spiders prefer to dwell in little spun sacs in corners of rooms and windows, as well as outbuildings and garages. Their name comes from this.

Cellar Spiders (Daddy Long-Legs)

House spiders are often found in cellars. The Pholcidae family of cellar spiders includes these common house spiders with their long legs. In comparison to their body, these spiders have some of the longest legs around. Their body length can be up to six times their long, thin spindly legs. These spiders are completely harmless to humans, despite the fact that they have venom. In reality, since they consume a large number of flies, mosquitoes, and other flying nuisances, they are considered beneficial spiders.

Dangerous spiders, such as hobo spiders and redback spiders, are also killed by these skinny spiders. The term “cellar spider” refers to their fondness for dwelling in dark areas. Garages, ceilings, basements, and caves are common places to find them. Due to the cephalothorax appearance of a skull, they are also known as daddy long-legs and skull spiders.

Spider identification: This species is easy to identify due to its tiny oval-shaped bodies that are light tan or beige and long thin legs.

Grass Spider

The brown spiders with striped bodies in the Agelenidae family are commonly found in gardens. They’re a little brown spider with striped stripes down its length that lives in gardens. The spider’s legs have distinct bands when you’re trying to identify it. Lawns, parks, and other grassy areas are home to grass spiders.

Insects die from a poisonous bite, but people suffer only minor symptoms. It is best to avoid killing them because they are another type of beneficial arachnid. They’ll help keep mite and other insect populations in check in your garden.

Spider identification: It’s likely a grass spider if you spot one brown spider scurrying around the grass. Indoors, it’s uncommon to come across these innocuous brown spiders. Males are somewhat smaller than females, with a length of 0.39″-0.78″ (10-20 millimeters).

Golden Silk Spiders

These arachnids from the subfamily Nephilinae spin some of the most stunning webs, with long legs and brilliant colors on the female abdomen. Golden silk spiders are also known as banana spiders and giant wood spiders, among other names. On the cephalothorax of several species, there are white markings or dots.

This spider species is also known for spinning yellow-colored webs, which is another unusual trait. In warmer climes, golden silk orb-weavers are some of the biggest garden spiders you may find. Except for the length of their super-long legs, females may reach a length of up to 2″ (50 mm). Some banana spiders have been found to be over 5 inches (130 mm) long in Asia!

Spider identification: The Carolinas, Florida, and Texas, Louisiana, and Georgia are among the southeastern states where these big spiders may be found in North America. Look for a long orange or black colored body with white specks to identify these fascinating spiders. Learn how to identify and identify common garden spiders.

Bold Jumper Spider (Phidippus audax)

The bold jumping spider has a fuzzy black cephalothorax and a black and white oval abdomen, as well as three white dots on its back and striped hairy legs. Three prominent white patches on the back of the medium-sized black spider Furthermore, on the underside of the spider’s abdomen, there are two rows of deeper brown spots. The bold or daring jumper has fuzzy white hairs on its black legs, which is another distinguishing feature. Males are somewhat smaller than females and measure 0.25″ to 0.75″ (6 to 20 mm) in length.

Spider identification: The hairy black body of the courageous jumper spider, as well as its heart-shaped abdomen with white dots and lines, distinguish it.

Zebra Jumping Spider (Salticus scenicus)

The zebra leaping spider has a black and white striped fuzzy appearance, with males on the left and females on the right. The black-black body, white stripes across the back, and hairy black legs with white spines are all distinguishing characteristics of the zebra jumping spider.

On the front of its head, you’ll also notice two big eyes. The little striped spider, measuring 0.2″ to 0.35″ (5 – 9 mm), is known as the zebra jumping spider. Female zebra jumping spiders (chelicerae) have smaller mouthparts and are comparable in size to male zebra jumping spiders.

Spider identification: Its hairy black body, two or three pairings of white abdominal stripes, and black and white fuzzy legs distinguish the zebra jumping spider from other spiders.

Eastern Parson Spider (Herpyllus ecclesiasticus)

The eastern parson spider is a forceful spider with an oblong black or brown body and distinctive white cravat-style patterns on its abdomen. The cephalothorax is black, and the abdomen is grayish with grayish hairs. Eastern parson spiders reach a length of 0.4 to 0.8 inches (10 to 20 mm) in females.

The nocturnal hunting spider, the eastern parson spider, is a species. The spider scurries about, hunting for tiny insects to bite and kill, rather than weaving complicated webs. Unfortunately, in humans, this poisonous spider may cause an allergic response and inflict a painful bite.

Spider identification: The abdomen of the widely recognized eastern parson spider is striped in the fashion of a traditional cravat. Its black and brown legs, black body, and white spot beside its pair of spinnerets are further identifying characteristics.

Spiny-Backed Orb-weaver (Gasteracantha cancriformis)

The spiny-backed orb-weaver is a white spider with black dots and six red spines that has a distinct form. Because of its enormous oval abdomen segment and tiny black head, it’s one of the most unusual black and white spiders. The spider measures 0.39″ to 0.51″ (10 – 13 mm) broad and 0.2″ to 0.35″ (5 – 9 mm) long, with a crab-shaped body. To catch its prey, this little black-spotted white spider creates intricate orb-shaped webs.

In Florida and throughout North and Central America, the unusual spider can be found. The spider is often spotted resting on their webbing on shrubby plants in gardens. Gray, black, yellow, and red spiders might be found in addition to these colorful spiders.

Spider identification: The white body of the spiny-back orb-weaver is covered in black markings and is easily identified. Six conical spines, black legs and a fuzzy white spine on the body and legs are some of its other identifying features.

Western Black Widow Spider (Latrodectus hesperus)

The male western black widow is a harmless, brown-colored spider with white stripes on its abdomen that can be identified by its light brown color. The male species has an oblong rather than bulbous body, unlike the adult female. Male widows also bite, however the damage isn’t as great as that caused by a female black widow spider.

It’s easy to mistake a male western black widow for a brown recluse house spider because of its brown to tan coloring. Brown spiders of this species are modest in size, barely reaching 0.27″ to 0.31″ (7-8 mm) in length. The western black widow, on the other hand, seems bigger due to its long leg span of 1″ to 1.5″ (25–38 mm).

Spider identification: Look for a dark brown cephalothorax, a tan abdomen with a central white stripe, and many lateral streaks to identify the western black widow.

Raft Spider (Dolomedes fimbriatus)

The raft spider is a big brown spider with white and black stripes down its oval body. It has distinctively white stripes. Spiders have long legs and are dark brown to orange in color. Wetlands and proximity to freshwater pools are common habitats for these aquatic spiders. Brown spiders range in size from 0.35 to 0.87 inch (9 to 22 mm). Because of their enormous leg span of up to 2.8” (70 mm), adult raft spiders have the appearance of being rather huge.

Spider identification: The creaminess of a raft spider’s abdomen and cephalothorax is easily identified. Orangey-brown legs contrast with the brown hunting spider. It’s a semi-aquatic spider that’s classified as such.

Marbled Orb-Weaver (Araneus marmoreus)

The marbled orb-weaver is a distinctive orange spider with a huge bulbous abdomen that features females (left) and males (right). On the back and around its abdomen, the orange spider has yellow, light orange, and black marbling designs. The striped legs of the marbled orb-weaver have black stripes on the joints.

A little pumpkin running around on black and white legs, the easy-to-identify orange marbled orb weaver resembles. The pumpkin soldier spider gets its name from the spider’s appearance. The big orange spider is between 9 and 20 mm in diameter (0.35 to 0.79 cm). Because they have an oval, cream-colored abdomen with dark orange and brown zig-zag patterns, adult male marbled orb-weavers look different from females.

Spider identification: Because of its bright orange color, ball-like bulging abdomen, and huge orange mouthparts, the marbled orb-weaver is simple to identify.

Cardinal Jumper (Phidippus cardinalis)

The cardinal jumper is a tiny fuzzy red-orange and black spider that measures 0.4″ (10 mm) long with a red-orange hairy body. The spider’s body is covered in spiny legs and has a spine-covered orangey-red color. The legs seem to be pulled under the body rather than outstretched, as in other jumping spiders.

This black and dark orange or crimson spider has the appearance of a hairy ant as one of its distinguishing characteristics. Because velvet ants are a kind of wasp, the jumping spider imitation is called velvet ants. The females are bigger and have a grayish coloration rather than black, which distinguishes them from the adult male spiders.

Spider identification: The brilliantly colored orange to red cephalothorax and abdomen, two big central eyes, and spiky body and legs are all characteristics of a cardinal jumper. White dots and two black stripes on the backs of female cardinal jumper spiders are also present.

Brown black widow spider (Latrodectus geometricus)

The brown black widow spider features distinctive striped legs and an orange hourglass marking on its underside. It features striped long legs. The geometric patterning on the abdomen of the long-legged brown spider serves to differentiate it from other widow spiders. Little brown spiders that are 0.47 to 0.6 inches (12 to 16 mm) long.

Like a bee sting, but not as bad as a black widow bite, this venomous brown spider can give you a painful bite. Brown button spiders, house button spiders, and brown widows are some other names for these venomous brown spiders.

Spider identification: The brown black widow spider has striped legs, tan-colored bands across its dark brown body, and a vivid orange or yellow marking on its abdomen.

Dwarf Spider (Hypselistes florens)

The dwarf spider has slender brown legs, a spherical black abdomen, and a vividly colored orange head that distinguishes it from other spiders. The orange cephalothorax has two rows of four black eyes and frontal pedipalps that resemble boxing gloves when viewed up close. A tiny spider species with the appropriately named dwarf spider measuring 0.11″ (3 mm).

Spider identification: Due to its dark orange and black body, brown legs, and bulbous abdomen, the dwarf spider is easily identifiable.

Giant House Spider (Eratigena atrica)

The large house spider has an oval, dark brown fuzzy body with lighter patterns and long legs. The light-colored arrow shapes on the brown house spider’s abdomen and fuzzy, spiny brown legs are two characteristics that distinguish it. With a leg span of 3″ (75 mm), the gigantic spider reaches 0.73″ (18.5 mm) in length..

Spider identification: The dark brown hairy body, lengthy brown spiny legs, and two rows of four eyes are all characteristics of this common house spider. The web of this brown spider, which hangs in dark corners of houses, is another way to identify it.

American Grass Spider (Agelenopsis)

The brown garden spider with tan stripes and a central abdominal patterned band on its back is known as the American grass spider. The eye pattern of the grass spider is three rows of eyes, which makes it stand out. Up to 0.78 inch (20 mm) long, American grass spiders These funnel-web spinning brown spiders are most often discovered in gardens and outdoors. If you disturb the shrubs where it’s waiting for its prey, however, you may see the spider scampering away.

Spider identification: The head part of the American grass spider is light brown, with two dark brown abdominal stripes.

Black House Spider (Badumna insignis)

The black house spider has a black egg-shaped abdomen with white dots and is a robust but little spider with wide, fat legs. The common house spider’s charcoal-gray coloration, hairy legs, and silklike touch are some of its distinguishing features. The spiders have a leg span of 1.1 inches (28 mm) and grow up to 0.7 inch (18 mm) long.

A black house spider bite might cause discomfort and local swelling. Despite the fact that this black spider species is venomous, it isn’t considered dangerous or aggressive.

Spider identification: The dark gray, oval abdomen of a black house spider is speckled with tiny white markings.

Mouse Spiders (Missulena)

Mouse spiders are large red and black spiders with a bluish-black heart-shaped abdomen that have a close up picture of a male red-headed mouse spider. Mouse spiders have large shiny mouthparts (chelicerae) that are usually red, which makes them easily identifiable. Venomous spiders range in size from 0.4 to 1.18 inches (10 to 30 mm), depending on the species. The male Missulena occatoria has a bright red glossy cephalothorax, which is sometimes known as the red-headed mouse spider.

Spider identification: Look for the bright red jaws and head, glossy black legs, and fuzzy blue-black abdomen of the red-headed mouse spider to identify it.

Purseweb Spider (Atypus affinis)

The purseweb spider has huge mouthparts, with a glossy black body and enormous chelicerae. It is a little black spider with a shiny black abdomen. A black widow spider might be mistaken with a tiny black spider. The orange or red hourglass mark seen on black widows is lacking on the small spider, however.

Spider identification: The purseweb spider has a lustrous black body and robust black legs and is 0.6 inches (15 mm) long.

Goldenrod Crab Spider (Misumena vatia)

The goldenrod crab spider has a large round white body that stands out in the garden, making it easier to spot. The transparent head with greenish bands and transparent white legs distinguish the little white spiders’ egg-shaped, bulging abdomen. Goldenrod crab spiders reach a length of 0.4 inches (10 mm). Goldenrod crab spiders have the ability to change color, which is a distinguishing feature. They may change color depending on the flowers they feed on, despite being a white spider species.

Spider identification: The bulbous white abdomen of a goldenrod crab spider resembles a button mushroom, and the eight legs resemble crab legs.

Caribbean Crab Spider (Misumessus)

The Caribbean crab spider has four long forelegs and a flattened tear-shaped creamy-white body that resembles that of the goldenrod spider. The pale greenish legs, cephalothorax, and chelicerae of the Caribbean crab spider are among its other identifying features. These spiders are about 0.16 to 0.23 inches (4 to 6 mm) long, and they’re tiny.

Spider identification: The distinctive white abdomen rounded at the bottom and narrower where it joins the cephalothorax is what distinguishes the Caribbean crab spider. This species has a transparent head and legs, like other crab spiders.

Dancing White Lady Spider (Leucorchestris arenicola)

The white spider with a bulbous abdomen, black spines on its legs, and hooked chelicerae is known as the nocturnal big dancing white lady spider. With a body of 5″ (130 mm) and a leg span of 10″ (250 mm), the desert-living white spider is enormous. They only emerge in the desert at night, and they are therefore seldom spotted.

Spider identification: With an egg-shaped abdomen, black spines on its legs, and a fuzzy light brown head, the large dancing white lady spider is completely white.

Peacock Spider (Maratus volans)

During courtship, the stunning mail peacock spider shows off a colorful flap. Male spiders’ flap-like abdominal expansions are covered in stunning hues. During courting, the males of these spiders show off their colorful flaps. Female peacock spiders, on the other hand, are tiny brown spiders. Peacock spiders are 0.2 inches (5 mm) long in both sexes.

Spider identification: When the orange, blue, red, and yellow flaps are displayed, male peacock spiders are easy to identify. Peacock spiders are categorized as little hairy spiders in both species.

Colorful Orb-Weaver Spider (Argiope anasuja)

The Argiope anasuja (black and yellow garden spider) is a harmless brightly colored arachnid with white, brown, yellow, and black stripes across its pointed triangular abdomen. In gardens, the beautiful orb-weaver spider is easy to find. It is positioned in the center of a web-like pattern in the shape of a Saint Andrew’s cross. The length of this colorful spider is 8 to 12 mm (0.3 to 0.47 in).

Spider identification: The heart-shaped striped abdomen, tiny head, and long grayish-brown striped and hairy legs distinguish the Argiope anasuja.

Giant Golden Orb-Weaver (Nephila pilipes)

The huge golden orb-weaver has yellow markings on its slender, oblong body and is a black spider with a giant golden orb-web. The jet-black body has bright yellow stripes that contrast beautifully. The spindly black legs with yellow dots at the joints are additional features of this colossal spider. The ginormous leg span of the appropriately named massive golden orb-weaver is up to 7.8″ (200 mm) and grows 1.1″ to 2″ (30 – 50 mm). One of the biggest orb-weaver spiders is this species.

Spider identification: The oblong, pointed abdomen of the enormous golden orb-weaver is black or brown, and it is striped yellow. The spider’s spinnerets have an orange circle and a lot of yellow dots on the underside.

European Garden Spider (Araneus diadematus)

The European garden spider is one of the most beautiful outdoor spiders, with females on the left and males on the right. The bulbous oval abdomen of the brown-orange spider is speckled with white, tan, and brown marks. Tan and brown stripes with tiny spines cover the spider’s eight legs. Garden spiders of both sexes grow to be 0.26″ to 0.8″ (6.5 mm) long when fully grown. The distinctive white cross on the brown European garden spider’s abdomen is a distinguishing feature. The cross spider, crowned orb-weaver, and diadem spider are all names for the same species due to its distinctive patterning.

Spider identification: The white abdominal marking of the European garden spider, which resembles a cross, is simple to see. Mottled white and brown patterns, as well as striped brown and white spiny legs, distinguish the egg-shaped orange or brown abdomen.

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