Stink bugs may be used in a variety of ways. They are one of the most common insects in the world, with species found all over the globe. These insects may ruin many farmers’ agricultural projects by demolishing insect pests. These can also be used as a biological pest control to help protect crops from predators.
This article contains everything you need to know. It includes interesting facts and profiles of numerous stink bug species.
Types and Classification of Stink Bugs
Understanding how stink bugs are classified is helpful. The order Hemiptera encompasses nearly all insects. The Pentatomoidea superfamily of stink bugs is one of the most diverse superfamilies of insects.
Over 7000 species have been described in the Pentatomoidea superfamily. There are 21 families that divide everyone up. The insects have similar characteristics, but they aren’t all stink bugs. Sucking mouthparts are arranged in a similar way across the Pentatomidae family of insects.
They extract the liquid and nutrients from plants by sucking mouthparts. The Pentatomoidea family of insects is one of the worst agricultural pests because of their mouthparts. Stink bugs are included in that category.
The Pentatomoidea superfamily is divided into ten main subfamilies by stink bugs. Several species of well-known stink bugs belong to several of these subfamilies. Some have a limited number of species concentrated in specific locations.
Shield bugs are a more common name for stink bugs in British English. The hard exoskeleton is the source of this term. Over their backs, it appears to be shaped like a medieval shield.
Their visual look is deviated from the American term “stink bug.” The nasal effect is more important to them. As a defense against birds or other insects, they may emit a strong-smelling spray. Scroll down to the bottom of the page to read “Fun Facts About Stink Bugs” for more information on their odor.
Their external look is not the same as the American name “stink bug.” The nasal effect is what they’re more about. As a defense against birds or other insects, they may emit a strong-smelling spray. Scroll down to the bottom of the page to read “Fun Facts About Stink Bugs,” if you want more information on their smell.
Stink Bug Subfamilies
The few Aphylinae stink bugs that belong to this group are poorly understood. Little populations have been discovered in Australia and certain South American countries, according to researchers. As a result, they were only discovered and categorized recently.
Aphylinae stink bugs belong to two different genera. The Neoaphylum and the Aphylum are examples of this. Neoaphylum genera, which includes the Neoaphylum grossi, is home to just one species. Ecuador is where scientists discovered them. In 2001, they identified and categorized them.
The genus Aphylum contains two species. The Aphylum bergrothi and the Aphylum syntheticum are two examples of these. Australia is home to both of them. In 1906, the Aphylum bergrothi was first discovered and classified. There haven’t been any more reported sightings since then.
The Aphylym syntheticum has been seen once more. This little stink bug is shown in the photograph above.
One of the stink bug families with the most members is Asopinae. This category contains several genera and a large number of species. Unfortunately, predatory stink bugs eat a lot of these species. As a result, they kill other insects that eat plants instead of sucking the life out of them.
Biological control agents such as the Asopinae are often used. They’re effective against a variety of pests that affect crops. Pentatomids, for example, are a dangerous species. Some of the most harmful agricultural pests in the world are found in the Pentatomids. Later in this chapter, we go into more detail about it.
2.1.1 ANDRALLUS SPINIDENS
The Asopinae subfamily includes the predatory Andrallus spinidens stink bug. Several forms of harmful insects are natural enemies of them.
At almost any stage of their life cycle, they will attack members of the species. Farmers can release them to eat practically any stage of harmful bugs, but they seem to prefer hunting larvae. The Rice Leaf Folder (Cnaphalocrocis medinalis) and the Purple Stem Borer (Sesamia inferens) are two of their common enemies.
The A. stands for alphabetical order. Spidarens are common in central America and are most frequently found in Mexico. Southern California has been home to a few species, but that is uncommon.
Otherwise, the bug may be found all throughout Southern Asia. China, India, Malaysia, and the Indonesian islands are all part of their range. They prefer to eat rice-field pest beetles. Because of their preference, they are considered desirable in Asia.
There are approximately seven species recognized under the Apateticus genus. Since scientists haven’t discovered them again since their discovery in the 1800s, most of these aren’t particularly common. In the modern world, only one of the species is better known. The predatory stink bugs in this genus are all species.
2.2.1 APATETICUS LINEOLATUS
Central and South America are home to the Apateticus lineolatus. They’ve been spotted in Texas, Mexico, and Puerto Rico. For the most part, these insects are predators. The Colorado Potato Beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) is their only documented natural enemy.
Agricultural crops are destroyed by the Colorado Potato Beetle. The A. stands for “arithmetician.” During their larval stage, they are targeted by lineolatus.
The majority of stink bugs in the Indo-Malayan area belong to the Cazira genus. The antennae of these insects are connected to a basal segment at the front of the head via five joints.
A piece of exoskeleton located just behind the head is called a scutellum. Tuberculations on this genus are abnormally large. As a result, identifying them is a little simpler.
The Cazira genus is home to fifteen species at the moment. These are all well-known, but none of them is particularly well-known. There’s very little information on either of them.
Their position is the key factor behind this. They reside in India, China, and Japan’s wildest corners. Throughout the late 1800s and early 1900s, explorers discovered numerous species. Since then, there have only been a few sightings.
2.4.1 FLORIDA PREDATORY STINK BUG (EUTHYRHYNCHUS FLORIDANUS)
The only Euthyrhynchus species is the Florida predatory stink bug. Florida and other states in the Southeast of the United States are their natural habitats. They prefer to be warm all year round for survival, so they make their home in the hottest parts of the country.
The Florida Predatory Stink Bug is a carnivorous Pentatomid that bears its name. They eat a variety of pest insects, including cockroaches. Grasshoppers and the larval stages of many other insects are among the things included in this category. The Floridian stink bug prefers to hunt in a group, which is an fascinating characteristic. There are at least 12 insects in each package.
This blue-black coloration and two large red spots on the scutellum of this stink bug distinguish it from other stink bugs. The back is long and the mouthpart is beak-like. Their Pentatomidae cousins have sap-sucking mouthparts, which contrasts with them.
These stink bugs create huge nests with 20 to 90 eggs. Hatching takes at least 35 days, and nymphal development takes another 65 days.
Another predatory stink bug belonging to the Pentatomidae family is the Oplomus genus. The genus includes nine species. Some of them are still unknown, and others live in isolated areas of the globe. They have been unable to get much research because of their position.
2.5.1 OPLOMUS DICHROUS
A greedy little stink bug called the Oplomus dichrous. Central and North America are where most scientists find them. Because they control the devastating Colorado Potato Beetle, they have received in-depth study.
The Entomological Society of America conducted a study. They discovered that they were practically ineffective in cold weather. They performed beautifully when the temperature soared to scorching levels. They can’t go north of Colorado for the winter. As a biological predator in North America, this limits the amount of good they can do.
A predatory stink bug that lives in Central and North America is the Oplomus mundus. They must reside in a warm environment all year if they are to survive the winter. Brownsville, Texas is the furthest north they’ve been discovered.
The stinkbugs belong to the Perillus genus. There is just one of them that is a well-known or standard bug. Many people were only recorded a few times, and they lived in Central America’s farthest reaches.
2.6.1 TWO-SPOTTED STINK BUG (PERILLUS BIOCULATUS)
The Double-Eyed Soldier Bug is another name for the Two-Spotted Stink bug. North America is where they came from. The Colorado Potato Beetle is a predator of both larval and adult life stages. Unfortunately, the larvae’s initial instar survives by feasting on potato stem juices. As biological controls, they have limited usefulness.
This bug’s adult form has a distinct appearance and form. They look a lot like other stink bugs, with a shield-like shape. Their shell and abdomen are both black, with brilliant yellow and red spots along the edge.
Adults and nymphs forage on plants most often in the adult and nymph stages. This stink bug may also overwinter and is found across North America.
There are 11 stink bugs in the Picromerus genus. This is once again the only one that is well-known. It was one of the first stink bugs to be identified as well. The first person to classify them in 1758 was Carolus Linnaeus, the originator of the modern classification system.
2.7.1 SPINY SHIELDBUG (PICROMERUS BIDENS)
Picromenerus is a genus of carnivorous insects that includes the Spiny Shieldbug. They are one of the most prevalent stinkbugs across the globe, with a global range. They range from North Africa to the British Isles, and even into China. In recent years, these insects have arrived in North America by accident. There have been approximately 180 reports of sightings.
Other insect larvae are preferred foods of these pests. Caterpillars, aphids, and beetles are examples of insects. Unfortunately, both nymphs and adults suck sap from plants.
Just one stink bug species belongs to the Pinthaeus genus. They’re another insect-eating species. Both pests and pollinators are included in this category.
2.8.1 PINTHAEUS SANGUINIPES
P stands for “P”, as in the number 4. The red legs of sanguinipes are unmistakable. On the outside edge of their hard exoskeleton, they have a black and white spotted rim. Beetles, butterflies, and sawflies are the larval hosts for these insects. The Pale Tussock moth larvae are their favorite food.
The P. stands for “pork” in German. Most of Europe is home to the sanguinipes. They’re kind of uncommon, to be honest. The outskirts of deciduous woods are where you’ll have the best chance of stumbling across one.
A bigger group of stink bugs is the Podisus genus. The Podisus genus encompasses at least 20 species. Several of them are well-known. These stink bugs are also more colorful in hue. They have stripes and other strange patterns on their shells.
2.9.1 SPINED SOLDIER BUG (PODISUS MACULIVENTRIS)
One of the most prevalent stink bug species in North America is the Spined Soldier Bug. The gypsy moth caterpillars and larva of many beetles are prey for these predatory insects. Some of the beetle species are known for their invasive nature. The Colorado Potato Beetle and the Mexican Bean Beetle are two of them.
Some plant juices are eaten by the Spined Soldier Bug. This show’s recordings demonstrate that they are unable to do serious harm. Their position as welcome garden visitors is instead maintained by their generalist predatory habits.
2.9.2 PODISUS PLACIDUS
The Spined Soldier Bug has a close cousin, the Podisus placidus. They have a similar geographical range and consume numerous of the same insects. The insects may be found across the United States and portions of Canada, according to North American Bug Report. They may be found in Yugoslavia and Serbia as well.
Predatory stink bugs belong to the Rhacognathus genus. Classification of the Hemiptera order was discovered quickly. This genus is home to just four species. Because no sightings have been reported in many years, several of them may be extinct.2.10.1
2.10.1 RHACOGNATHUS AMERICANUS
R stands for the letter R, and it is pronounced like a long “R.” Among the thousands of stink bugs, Americanus is a particularly exciting insect. They were formerly a predatory bug, at least. At this time, many scientists believe they are no longer alive for unclear reasons.
R is for “run.” In 1870, Americanus was first described. It was originally native to North America, but even at the time of their discovery, it was extremely uncommon. They were speckled with yellow dots on a dark brown background. Their life cycles and history are almost completely unknown. They were so seldom encountered, people had never heard of them.
Throughout the twentieth century, there were almost 40 verifiable sightings of the species, mostly in the Midwest. After 1966, there hasn’t been a new report.
2.10.2 THE HEATHER BUG (RHACOGNATHUS PUNCTATUS)
The shield and shoulders of the Heather Bug are covered in a mottled brown color with metallic bronze. The Lochmaea caprea and Lochmaea suturalis, among other leaf beetle larvae, are prey for them.
In the moors and lowland mires, these glimmering insects may be found on the heaths’ outskirts. Their name comes from the fact that they are frequently found on and around heather. The insects may be found across most of Europe. Adults are present all year and eat annoying pests throughout the year.
There are six species in the Stiretrus genus. Only one of these six have been tracked by scientists.
2.11.1 ANCHOR STINK BUG (STIRETRUS ANCHORAGO)
A formidable predator is the Anchor Bug. Harlequin Cabbage Bugs, another stink bug, are frequently mistaken with them. The Pentatomidae family includes the Harlequin Bug, which is a bothersome agricultural insect.
The exoskeletons of both species are glossy, with distinctive patterns. Orange, yellow, or red with black markings are the most common colors.
Looking at the beak if you can get that close is one of the simplest ways to tell the difference between the two species. The S. stands for small, as in tiny. Because of their predatory eating habits, anchorago has a beak twice as thick as its antennae. They may be found throughout most of eastern North America.
Carl Stal named the genus Troilus in 1867, and it was originally described. The genus is home to just two species. Troilus maracaja, a highly uncommon species discovered in 2011, is one of them. The Troilus luridus is the most common specimen from this genus.
2.12.1 BRONZE SHIELDBUG (TROILUS LURIDUS)
One of only four carnivorous stink bugs in the UK, the Bronze Shield Bug has spread all over Europe. This particular species was first described in 1775 by researchers. They are one of the first stinkbugs to be classified, which makes them unusual.
The T. is an Asopinae insect. The carnivorous Luridus is a species. Sawfly larvae, moths, butterflies, and beetles are among the insects they prefer to eat. Because of their dietary needs, they make a good pest control.
These insects are rather huge, to say the least. The second-to-last antennae segment has an orange band, and they’re bronze-brown in color. Orange tips adorn their legs as well.
The Bronze Shield Bug will return in April to deposit its eggs after overwintering. Plants are their first foods. Their successive instars feed on meat.
A Hebrew term gives the name Zicrona to this genus of stinking bugs. In their language, the word means “odorant.” It talks about the stench that most of these insects can create. The Zicrona genus consists of four species that have been identified. Since Linnaeus classified it, only one has been found.
2.13.1 BLUE SHIELDBUG (ZICRONA CAERULEA)
A stunning example of stink bugs is the Blue Shieldbug. With their glossy blue exoskeletons, their adult form resembles a scarab. An exoskeleton of brilliant red with black markings covers their nymph stages. They have longer legs and antennae than ladybugs, though they appear to be ladybugs.
Beneficial predators include the Blue Shieldbug. Within the genus Altica, they prey on leaf beetles. Plants are also eaten, but larvae of moths and beetles are more typically consumed. Europe, much of Asia, and North America are all within the range of the Blue Shieldbug. Moors, damp grasslands, and forest edges are where they prefer to stick.
2.14 Other Genera of the Asopinae Subfamily
There are many more Asopinae species, in addition to the 13 genera listed above. There are no non-predatory stink bugs.
Unfortunately, these species’ populations and territories are all quite tiny. They’ve only been discovered by explorers a few times, and there isn’t much information about them. Several of the other genera include:
These genera are mostly made up of lesser-known or extinct species. It is difficult to investigate them if no one records them for more than a century.
One of the world’s lesser-known stink bugs is the Cyrtocorinae. Every of these species has just a few documented specimens.
Neotropical countries such as Central and South America, as well as the Caribbean, are home to Cyrtocorinae stink bugs. South America is not entirely neotropical, however. From Argentina to Mexico, they live. The majority of their species have an exoskeleton that resembles tree bark.
The Discocephalinae are the second stink bug subfamily. The Discocephalini and the Ochlerini are two tribes of Discocephalinae. There are over 300 categorized species between the two tribes. They’re mostly black in color and size. The species’ biology and habits are mostly unknown.
Over 300 species of stink bugs belong to the Edessinae family. A large number of stink bugs belong to this family. It contains the majority of stink bugs in the world. These stink bugs haven’t gotten much attention from scientists. They’re relatively uncommon and may be found across Central and South America. The following are examples of some of the species:
- Plagaedessa distanti
- Pladaedessa nigrovittata
- Plagaedessa maranhensis
The Pentatominae subfamily, which contains the entire Pentatomidea family, is the most diverse. There are 938 classifications for more than 4,937 species of these insects!
Pentatominae is home to some of the world’s worst agricultural pests, as you may recall. With all of the various types of them, it can sometimes feel like you’re battling a losing battle. There are a variety of strategies for combating them.
They are fascinating to learn about even if they are destructive. Several of the more prevalent Pentatominae tribes and genera have been included. To demonstrate you, we’ve picked out a few of the most well-known species from each group.
The shield bug genus Aelia belongs to the Pentatominae subfamily of genera. The genus Aelia contains 15 different species. Linnaeus classified just one of them as more widespread.
6.1.1 BISHOP’S MITRE (AELIA ACUMINATA)
A stink bug with an extended body and a pointed head, Bishop’s Mitre is a stink bug. With unique stripes running down their exoskeleton, they’re brown and tan. Antennae with a reddish tint are also present. Linnaeus was the first to categorize them as Cimex acuminata.
The diet of the Bishop’s Mitre is quite stringent. It prefers to eat only Poaceae family cereals. They may damage cereals crops but are otherwise innocuous. This species may be found at a height of 4300 feet (1300 meters) above sea level in the Alps.
6.2 Bathycoeliini Tribe
The Bathycoelia genus of shield bugs belongs to the Bathycoeliini tribe. Most of them have been listed by researchers at North Dakota State University. They have over twenty indigenous West African species. Just one of them has gotten sufficient investigation.
6.2.1 BATHYCOELIA THALASSINA
These green stink bugs are rather huge. Their abdomen has a flattened border. Their underside might have a black pattern running through it. In West Africa, these stinky bugs are a relatively recent problem. Cacao plantations are a target for them.
The B. has been the subject of many studies by experts. While eating the growing cocoa pods, the almighty Thalassina Since the 1960s, this has caused significant pod damage. The bean pods look malformed and brown as a result of their feeding. Controlling these pests is difficult.
The Capparoni tribe includes the Halyomorpha genus of stink bugs. This genus contains approximately 40 species. Since they’re quite uncommon, many of them haven’t gotten any more scientific attention. The Marmorated Stink Bug is the only species in this genus.
6.3.1 BROWN MARMORATED STINK BUG (HALYOMORPHA HALYS)
Most of Asia, including China and Japan, is home to the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug. They also accidentally ended up in North America. In 1998, they were first discovered in Pennsylvania by farmers.
Since they feed on over 100 plant species, the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug is a particularly damaging pest for crops. Apple crops suffered a loss of $37 million in the United States alone due to these insects in 2010.
Sadly, the stench bug has spread throughout North America, South America, and Europe. The spread of the insect is being combated with a number of actions. Each year, they attempt to destroy orchards and gardens. Biological controls and artificial pheromones are currently used to control bait traps.
6.4 Carpocrini Tribe
Shield bugs belong to the Carprocrini tribe and there are numerous of them. Among the 15 types of bugs recognized, There are at least 50 species in each of the genera. There are several of them that have not yet been thoroughly investigated. The following genera are among the ones listed:
There are a few stink bugs that are pretty cool. Among the 50 genera, the ones listed below are those that stand out. Because of their uniqueness, the scientific community pays more attention to them.
6.4.1 HEDGENETTLE STINK BUG (COSMOPEPLA CONSPICILLARIS)
In 1951, the Hedgenettle Stink Bug was discovered and described. Plants in the Stachys genus are preferred by them when it comes to food. The Two-Spotted Stink Bug and Happy Bespectacled Stink Bug are two other common names for this species. These species have an unique pattern on their exoskeleton that gives them these names.
These bugs are stunning and appeal to the senses. Their body is black, and they have orange markings. Orange spectacles are shaped across their dorsal thorax. In the midst of an orange line, they feature two black dots. A little form, likewise orange, is located at the base of their scutellum. They aren’t a dangerous stink bug because they feed on weeds rather than agricultural plants.
6.4.2 TWICE-STABBED STINK BUG (COSMOPEPLA LINTNERIANA)
The orange or red spots across a black body give the Twice-Stabbed Stink Bug its name. They have an orange band around the top, as well as two stab wounds in the bottom. Plants are also consumed by these insects, although not all of them are useful crops.
* C. is a commonly used abbreviation for the word “calendar.” Weedy plants and grains are eaten by lintneriana. Milk thistle, min, oats, asparagus, goldenrod, and echinacea are some of the foods they like. They can be found across most of North America, as well as in Mexico.
6.4.3 MORMIDEA LUGENS
The variety of the Mormidea lugens is great. The Caribbean, Eastern North America, and Central America are among the places where they may be found. These insects were thought to need a warmer environment by scientists. They’ve discovered that they can overwinter in Illinois. They have a soft spot for grasses and eat a wide variety of plants.
Timothy sedges, Deer-tongue grass, and Pale sedge are some of the plants that these bugs like. These aren’t particularly useful crops in most cases. Grassy and wildland development are still irritated by them.
6.4.4 RICE STINK BUG (OEBALUS PUGNAX)
The North American flying shield bug, the Rice Stink Bug, is a native species. In the Southern United States, it is one of the most devastating agricultural pests. They have a short physique and are small. They have a straw-colored exoskeleton with black specks dotted across it.
In the South, the Rice Stink Bug is a devastating pest. They consume rice crops grown in Arkansas, Texas, and Mississippi’s Rice Belt. It also affects other crops, including rice. It is focused on sorghum and wheat, two cereal crops with tiny seeds.
6.4.5 BLACK STINK BUG (PROXYS PUNCTULATUS)
For a species of stink bug, the name Black Stink Bug is pretty self-explanatory. Central America, North America, and the Caribbean Sea are all home to these creatures. Since they aren’t as harmful as some of the other stink bugs, they aren’t particularly well-known. The backs of these animals are all black, with a white speck in the center.
Asia is home to the Catacanthus genus. Their genus name, which means “downward-pointing thorns,” is the sole species in the group. In total, there are 15 species in the genus.
6.5.1 MAN-FACED STINK BUG (CATACANTHUS INCARNATUS)
The colors and patterns of the Man-Faced Stink Bug have been identified. On the back of their shells, the bright reds, oranges, yellows, and creams create a bizarre face. Predators will know if they’re poisonous or not by looking at these vibrant hues.
A well-known bug is the Man-Faced Stink bug. They focus on fruit and young, brash shoots that encourage them to flourish. Agricultural crops, such as cashew trees and soybeans, are among the foods they consume. Pesticides are frequently ineffective against them. There have been reports of insects from Asia to North America.
Pentatominae includes the shield bug Eysarcoris. Eysarcoris stink bugs come in ten different species. Just one of them has been given more scientific attention.
6.6.1 WOUNDWORT SHIELDBUG (EYSARCORIS VENUSTISSIMUS / STAGONOMUS VENUSTISSIMUS)
Several reclassifications have occurred for the Woundwort Shieldbug. They may be found all throughout Europe. Their scutellum bears a triangular bronze-purple tint and they have a greenish-grey body.
Because they eat hedge seeds and white dead-nettle, they aren’t harsh agricultural pests.
6.7 Halyini Tribe
There are several species and genera in the Halyini Tribe. There aren’t many well-known examples of this. Brochymena is one of the most significant genera in this group. Because of the texture on their exoskeleton, they’re called rough stink bugs. As a result, they’re frequently mistaken with the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug.
6.7.1 FOUR-HUMPED STINK BUG (BROCHYMENA QUADRIPUSTULATA)
The Four-humped Stink Bug The head, legs, and scutellum are all covered in earthy brown color. It’s distinguishable from the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug by its stripes and orange spots.
Central America, Africa, North America, and Oceania are all home to this bug. Its geographical range is one of the widest.
The Nezarini tribe includes the Palomena genus of shield bugs. Asia and Europe are home to the majority of these insects. They were only a few who happened to make their way to North America.
6.8.1 GREEN SHIELD BUG (PALOMENA PRASINA)
The outside of their exoskeleton has yellow-white bands, and the Green Shield Bug is dark forest green with leathery black wings. They’re a common bug in Europe, as well as North America. Metallic bronze to a vivid green is possible with their shell’s green color. They lay their bright green eggs in a tightly packed hexagonal pattern.
Nine species of stink bugs make up the Pentatoma genus. The Forest Bug is the most prevalent type.
6.9.1 FOREST BUG (PENTATOMA RUFIPES)
Much of Europe is home to the Forest Bug. They dwell in woodlands, forests, gardens, and orchards, as the name suggests. The red-legged shieldbug is another name for the same insect. The insect’s bright red legs help to identify them.
Polyphagous insects eat plants and are therefore polyphagous. Although they will devour other insects from time to time, they feed on the sap in trees. Oak trees are their favorite, but they will eat hazel, alder, and fruit-bearing apple and cherry trees as well.
The genus Eurydema encompasses more than a dozen species. Just two of them are well-known. They’ve caused enough havoc to establish themselves and their genus.
6.10.1 CABBAGE BUG (EURYDEMA OLERACEA)
A common and harmful insect is the Cabbage Bug, Rape Bug, or Crucifer Shield Bug. Their voracious appetite for agricultural crops is reflected in their Latin name. It means “herb or vegetable-related.”
Almost any kind of leafy plant attracts these insects. Crop rotation and natural enemies such as parasitoid wasps may be used by farmers to control them. Much of North Africa, Russia, and Western Europe are home to the Cabbage Bug.
6.10.2 EURYDEMA ORNATA
In this case, the E is used. It’s possible that novata is lovely, but you don’t want it around. Their scutellum and heads have unique patterns that contrast one another. They’re a parasitic insect that strips crucifer crops of everything until there’s nothing left.
They prefer open areas with minimal growing vegetation to dwell in. North Africa, Asia, and Europe are all home to these creatures.
The study and classification of Phyllocephalinae stink bugs has only recently been expanded. They may be found in India as well as across Africa. The Phyllocephalinae stink bug tribes are divided into four groups, as follows:
There are three to twenty different genera of stink bugs under each one. North America is home to some of these. Agricultural productivity and biological pest control are both unaffected by any of them. As a result, there isn’t much study on them.
One of the smaller and more attractive stink bug subfamilies is the Podopinae family. Turtle bugs are the common name for those species that belong to this group.
Genera of the Podopinae Subfamily
Just six genera and thirteen stink bug species belong to the Podopinae subfamily. They aren’t all prevalent, and only a few of them are frequent.
The Serbaninae subfamily is unusual in a number of ways. Just a single species is known, and just a few specimens are known. Serbana borneensis is a modified version of the whole Superfamily and is found in Serbana. They’re from Malaysia and Borneo, among other places.
This tiny bug seems to be a lichen on trees, as it looks. The exoskeleton is a filthy brown color. Like lichen, the edges are uneven and have rippled edges.
A new subfamily, Stirotarsinae, has been discovered. In the early 2000s, they were reclassified as a monotypic genus. The Stirotarsus bergroth is the sole species in the genus. This Peru-only species is a site-specific bug that has yet to be identified.
Fun Facts About the Stink Bug
1|Stink bugs stinks.
If they feel threatened, stink bugs release their offensive smells. Natural stench is not present in their corpses.
They make a chemical compound mixture to get the fragrance they want. The scent glands produce the first odor. The chemical cocktail is then forced out of the body via perforations throughout. Be aware of the fact that it can fire several inches!
Glue bug spray is frequently tolerated by humans, and humans react allergically. You may experience a burning feeling if your skin comes into touch with it. If it doesn’t go away or you develop additional symptoms, see your doctor.
2|Stink bugs can bite pretty hard.
The stench bug’s stench is supposed to keep it safe, isn’t it? That is unfortunate for them, however. They can bite quite hard, which is a shame for us. It’s an allergic reaction to their spray that you should still feel more worried about, even if it stings for a moment.
3|Stink bugs are “true insects.”
Although not all insects are bugs, they are all insects. That oddity has never come to mind before, has it?
True insects, stink bugs are present. These insects and bugs are interchangeable terms for the same thing. True insects suck juices from plants and animals, which is the fundamental distinction between them and bugs.
A proboscis is a unique mouthpart found in true insects. They feed on the piercing of plants with this. There are additional physical distinctions, but the most noticeable is this one.