Types of Vegetables: List of Vegetables With Their Picture and Name

Vegetables come in a variety of colors and flavors, each with its own characteristics. Depending on which part of the plant is consumed, the various types of vegetables are classified. Of course, categorizing each vegetable precisely is difficult. When different parts of the plant are edible, certain types of vegetables may fall into multiple categories. Beetroot, for example, has both edible roots and leaves.

A description of a variety of vegetables that we consume on a regular basis is provided in this article. In addition, you’ll learn about the nutritional characteristics of different vegetables.

Types of Root and Tuberous Vegetables (With Pictures and Names)

Many individuals’s diets include root and tuberous vegetables. Carbs, such as starches and sugars, are found in roots and tubers. Starting with tuberous vegetables, let’s take a look at some of the most common root vegetable varieties. Roots and tubers are examples of vegetables.

Potatoes

Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) are a starchy root vegetable that is quite common. Russet, Yukon Gold, and Marcy are some of the most popular potato varieties. White to yellow potatoes with a brown skin are common. Purple potatoes are also available for purchase. Potatoes contain essential nutrients that may come as a surprise. One gigantic baked potato has around 40 mg of vitamin C, which is 64% of your daily intake. Potatoes with their skin provide 7 g of fiber, which is almost 30% of what you need each day.

One potato’s carbohydrate content might not be as great as you expect. Potatoes account for just 21 grams of carbohydrates in a 100 gram serving. Several sorts of beans contain the same quantity of carbohydrates.

Sweet Potatoes are a type of tuberous vegetable

Sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) are a nutritious root vegetable that is both sweet and delicious. Sweet potatoes aren’t a genuine potato variety, despite their name. They typically have a long, oval shape that gets smaller at the end. Depending on the sweet potato variety, their flesh is white to dark orange.

Sweet potatoes are a non-fattening dish, which is one of the reasons to eat them. Just 103 calories and nearly 4 grams of fiber are found in a medium-sized sweet potato. Vitamin C, B6, and vitamin A are also present in sweet potatoes. They are one of the most nutritional food sources.

Sweet potato’s high levels of beta-carotene are the most impressive nutritional factor. Good vision, brain function, and reducing your risk of chronic illness all require this important antioxidant. Purple sweet potatoes are another kind of sweet potato.

Anthocyanins, powerful antioxidants found in purple sweet potatoes, are present in different varieties. Sweet potatoes are extremely adaptable. They can be boiled, smashed, fried, or baked whole.

Beets

Another excellent root vegetable that is particularly healthy for you is beets (or, beetroot). The classic dark-purple or red beet is the most popular kind. Golden beets, pink beets, and striped beets are also available for purchase. Beets are a low-calorie root vegetable that contains little calories.

Just 43 calories are in a 100 gram serving of beets. Since they contain approximately 7% sugar and a lot of fiber, beets are also a sort of sweet vegetable. Other nutrients, vitamins, and minerals are also found in the root vegetable. According to some research, juicing fresh beetroot helps reduce high blood pressure. Since beets contain nitrate, it helps boost blood flow.

Carrots

Carrots are a delicious kind of root vegetable with a wide variety of hues, and they’re most commonly recognized as an orange root vegetable. Purple carrots, black carrots, red carrots, and yellow carrots are all available to buy. Carrots are high in antioxidants, which is something they have in common with all types. Beta-carotene, which is converted into vitamin A in your body, is the primary antioxidant in carrots.

Carrots are a good source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber and have very little carbs and fat. Vitamins A, C, K, and B-group vitamins are all present in abundance in carrots. Carrots are a fantastic vegetable to consume if you’re trying to shed pounds since they contain just 25 calories per medium-sized carrot.

Carrots can be cooked in olive oil to maximize their nutritional value. To boost the antioxidant levels, this assists your body absorb more of the nutrients, particularly beta-carotene.

Ginger

We often use ginger as a spice or herb to flavor Asian meals because it is a type of root vegetable. In comparison to the other root veggies mentioned above, ginger is less nutritious. A 1-oz. bottle, on the other hand, is available. Most vitamins and minerals are present in small amounts in a piece of raw ginger.

Medicinal substances known as gingerols and shogaols provide the main nourishing benefits of ginger. These are anti-oxidant, anti-nausea, and anti-inflammatory substances that exist in nature.

Other types of root and tuberous vegetables

Turnips The vitamin C-rich large round root vegetables Mashed, boiled, or used as a delicacy in stews and soups are some of the most common ways to consume turnip.

Parsnips They look like carrots and have a lengthy white root vegetable. Roasted parsnips have a nutty flavor that many people enjoy.

Jerusalem artichokes Tubers that are cooked have a sweet flavor. True artichokes, a type of flower vegetable, should not be confused with them.

Bulb and Stem Types of Vegetables

Other forms of vegetables where the bulbs and stems are edible include: examples of bulb and stem vegetables.

 

Garlic

Garlic is a well-known variety of bulb vegetables with a strong garlic odor and flavor. Garlic has a difficult time being classified as a vegetable. Others define it as an herb used in cooking, while others refer to it as a root vegetable. Just a little quantity of protein, vitamins, and minerals, as well as fiber, are found in three cloves of garlic.

Allicin is the medicinal component of garlic that makes it the most nutritious. Anticancer and antimicrobial properties are found in this sulfur-based chemical. Garlic consumption has been shown to decrease blood pressure.

Onions

Onions come in a variety of colors and sizes, and they may be used to enhance the flavor of your meals. Yellow onions, white onions, red onions, shallots, and scallions (also known as green onions or spring onions) are some of the many onion types available. For every 100 grams, one medium-sized onion has 44 calories.

Vitamin C and B-group vitamins are also present in large concentrations in onions. Green onion tubular leaves are likewise a good source of vitamin K. Flavonoids, which are antioxidants found in this type of vegetable, make it unique. These have been shown to protect against a variety of chronic illnesses, according to studies.

Asparagus

Asparagus is a popular green stem vegetable that many people consider the world’s greatest delicacy. Asparagus has a remarkable nutritional profile, especially when it comes to vitamin K. This serving of 5 asparagus stems contains 16 calories and 1.7 grams of fiber, for example, which is around 40% of your daily recommended intake (RDI). Asparagus has minimal calories and nutrients but is low in carbohydrates.

Celery

Celery is a delicious low-calorie stem vegetable that can be consumed as a snack. Celery has just 9 calories in one large stalk or stem, according to nutritional data. A gram of fiber, or 4% of your RDI, is found in this long stalk. Because celery has a high water content (95%), you can eat it without fearing that you’ll gain weight.

Celery has a great mineral and vitamin profile as well. Vitamin K RDI is 23% in a big celery stalk. Vitamin A, C, folate, and B6 are also present in this supplement. Most important vitamins are also present in small amounts in celery.

Other varieties of bulbs and stem vegetables

Leeks They’re a bulb or stem vegetable that’s closely related to onions. A delicious addition to soups or stews is the sweet flavor of chopped leek.

Leeks

Fennel Anise-flavored vegetables have a huge oval bulb and an anise flavor. Bulbs, stalks, blooms, and seeds are all utilized in meals as ingredients.

Varieties of Leafy Vegetables

Leafy vegetables are a valuable source of nutrients. Salads or cooked as an accompaniment to meals, a variety of green leafy vegetables may be consumed raw. Edible green leaves are also very nutritious and can be found on certain root vegetables like beets and dandelion.

Cabbage

Cabbage is a huge leafy vegetable that may reach the size of a soccer ball. Green cabbage, red cabbage, and savoy cabbage are just a few of the many types of cabbage. This family of leafy and flowering vegetables includes cabbage, which is a cruciferous vegetable. Broccoli and cauliflower are two vegetables that

Just 22 calories, 5 grams of carbohydrates, and 2.2 grams of fiber are in a cup of chopped cabbage. As a result, cabbage has the highest fiber content of any leafy vegetable. A cup of chopped vegetable leaves contains 67 mcg (85% RDI) of vitamin K, which is a substantial amount.

Spinach is a type of green leafy vegetables

One of the best leafy veggies you can consume is spinach, according to researchers. Spinach is a rich source of nutrients and has several benefits. Vitamin K RDI is 108% in just one cup of spinach, for example. Vitamin A, C, and folate are also present in spinach. All of the essential minerals are present in spinach at trace amounts.

Brussels sprouts

Brussels sprouts are a collection of cruciferous veggies that fall under the leafy vegetable category. A storehouse of vitamins, minerals, and fiber, these tiny leafy green veggies are a diet staple. Brussels sprouts, in fact, provide 3.3 g of fiber, which is 13% of your RDI.

Brussels sprouts are also rich in vitamin C, with 125% of what you need each day. In addition, protein, vitamin A, E, and B-group vitamins are present in abundance in these leafy vegetables. Brussels sprouts contain a lot of calcium, iron, potassium, and manganese.

Lettuce

Lettuce comes in a variety of shapes and sizes, making it possible to create a variety of salads. Lettuce is a fantastic diet to consume if you want to lose weight because of its high water content and limited calories. In sandwiches or other dishes, lettuce leaves are also a fantastic addition.

There are only 5.4 calories in a cup of shredded lettuce. Vitamin A (2,665 IU), vitamin K (62.5 mcg), and vitamin C (6.5 mg) are all present in abundance, accounting for 53% of the recommended daily intake. Potassium, magnesium, calcium, and iron are all found in lettuce.

Kale

Kale is a superfood that belongs to the category of green leafy vegetables. Leafy kale’s nutritional profile is the main reason for its popularity. Vitamin K (684% RDI), vitamin A (206% RDI), vitamin C (134%), and fiber (5%) are all present in a cup of chopped kale, for example. Just 33 calories are in this super nutrient-dense leafy veggie.

Other types of leafy vegetables

  • Bok choy

Bok choy

  • Chard

Swiss Chard

  • Watercress

Watercress

Types of Podded Vegetables

Podded vegetables (also known as pod veggies) are examples of vegetables that have seed, peas, or beans wrapped in a pod. The seeds or fruit of podded veggies are referred to as legume.

Beans

Beans are vital sources of plant-based protein and are thus an essential kind of vegetable seed. Beans come in a variety of shapes and flavors that are delicious. Kidney beans, pinto beans, cannellini beans, soybeans, chickpeas (garbanzo beans), and black beans are some of the most popular bean types.

A serving of cooked kidney beans provides 15 grams of protein (31%) and only 225 calories. Minerals are also found in beans. Iron (22%), phosphorus (24%), manganese (38%), and potassium (20%) are all found in a cup of beans.

Peas

Peas are a pod-pilled type of vegetable seed that is both tasty and nourishing. Garden peas, for example, are eaten without their pod as seed vegetables. Snow peas and sugar peas, for example, are often consumed with their pods.

Peas are one of the most common small healthy vegetables. Green peas contain 5.7 grams of fiber, which is 22% of your RDI, in a 100 gram serving. This serving of peas, on the other hand, has just 84 calories. Peas are a excellent source of plant-based protein, similar to beans and lentils. Pulses provide 17% of your daily protein needs in a cup (8.6 g).

Lentils

Lentils and podded vegetables are two types of legumes that are often confused. Red, black, and green lentils are just a few of the colors available. Lentils are a significant source of non-meat protein in many nations. The protein level in raw lentils is 25%, with 11% dietary fiber. Of course, only cooked lentils are consumed.

The protein and fiber levels are unaffected by the cooking process. When it comes to a high-fiber nutritious food, lentils are actually on the list of the top legumes.

230 calories, 17 grams of protein, 40 grams of carbohydrates, and 15 grams of fiber can be found in one cup of cooked lentils. Carotenoids, lutein, and zeaxanthin are all antioxidants found in lentils.

Okra

The seeds and pods of okra are eaten together. Okra pods (also known as lady’s fingers) are best suited for thickening stews, soups, and gumbos. Okra is a nutritional heavyweight, as are all green veggies. Raw okra has just 33 calories and 3.2 grams of fiber in a 100 gram serving. Okra is a excellent vegetable for diabetics because of its modest amount of carbohydrates (only 7 g in 100 g).

Types of Vegetables That Are Actually Fruits

Some varieties of plants are botanically classified as fruits but used in the culinary world as vegetables, including tomatoes and eggplants. Let’s take a look at some of the most popular fruit vegetables.

Tomatoes

Tomatoes are a vital part of practically every cuisine in the globe and are an essential vegetable (or fruit). Tomatoes come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, and there are many different types. Little cherry tomatoes, medium-sized plum tomatoes, and gigantic beefsteak tomatoes are available.

When mature (Kumato), some tomato types turn golden yellow and others turn dark green. Vitamin A, C, E, and K are all present in tomatoes, as well as most B-group nutrients. Tomatoes contain trace amounts of minerals and fiber, but no more than other fruits. Tomatoes contain an antioxidant known as lycopene, which provides health benefits.

Cucumbers

Cucumbers are a fruit variety, which is why they’re called cucumbers. Yet, as a nutritious vegetable, we mostly consume fresh cucumber. This type of long green vegetable is believed to be available in about 100 varieties. Salads or pickled cucumbers, also known as gherkins, are eaten fresh.

Cucumbers are a low-calorie, fiber, and protein-rich food. They, on the other hand, are rich in vitamins and minerals, as well as antioxidants. To maximize your fiber intake, eat cucumber with the peel on.

Eggplants

Eggplant is actually a fruit, not as large as a purple-skinned vegetable. Eggplants, potatoes, bell peppers, and tomatoes are all members of the nightshade family of plants. The fiber and antioxidants in eggplants’ dark-colored skin provide the primary nutritional benefits of these veggies.

Almost 3 g of fiber (11% RDI) and 4.7 g of carbs are in one cup of chopped eggplant. This serving of eggplant has just 19 calories. Eggplant has high levels of antioxidants like anthocyanins, which give it its dark color.

Other varieties of fruits we consume as vegetables

Squash The gourd family includes pumpkins and zucchini (courgette). Squash veggies contain vitamins A and C.

Avocados They’re fruits in botany, but they’re frequently eaten as veggies. They provide a lot of protein, vitamins, fiber, and fat.

Types of Vegetables that are Actually Edible Flowers

Some plants produce edible flowers and therefore are categorized as edible flowers. Yet, these vegetable varieties will not be your typical flower. The following are some of the most popular vegetable blooms that we eat:

Broccoli

Broccoli is a green-flowered cruciferous vegetable that grows broccoli. Broccoli is a rich source of numerous nutrients, as are many green veggies. Broccoli, in fact, is a superfood because of its nutritional value. Calcium, iron, and potassium are among the minerals present in half a cup of cooked, chopped broccoli florets.

Broccoli contains a lot of vitamins in this quantity. You get a massive 138% of vitamin K, as well as 24% of your vitamin A RDI and 80% of your vitamin C RDI.

Cauliflower

Cauliflower is a kind of edible flower vegetable that belongs to the cabbage, Brussels sprouts, and broccoli family. The type with white florets is the most common variety of cauliflower. Green cauliflower, orange cauliflower, Romanesco cauliflower, and purple cauliflower are some of the other interesting varieties of this vegetable flower.

Cauliflower can be eaten raw, cooked, pan-fried, or combined with cheese. Cauliflower cooked is only 23 calories per 100 g serving. This cruciferous herb has a minimal quantity of carbohydrates, fat, and fiber. It also contains vitamins and minerals in abundance.

Artichoke

The edible portion of the artichoke plant, globe artichoke blossoms, are spherical balls atop the stem. The globe artichoke is also known as this for this reason. The Jerusalem artichoke, a kind of root vegetable, should not be confused with the sort of artichoke flower. A wide range of vitamins and minerals are found in artichokes.

The variety of antioxidants in artichoke blooms is possibly the most remarkable nutritional feature. The artichoke plant is said to have the highest total antioxidant levels of any vegetable. Apigenin, luteolin, and cynarine are antioxidants found in artichokes.

Types of Fungi

Fungi are not classified as any type of plant, vegetable, or fruit. Mushrooms are used as vegetables. They stand out from the rest of the food in their category. Many people, however, consume them as vegetables in the culinary world. Edible fungus comes in a variety of shapes and sizes, and it’s delicious. The greatest types of mushrooms to consume are discussed in more detail here.

Sea Vegetables

Some people believe that sea vegetables are some of the healthiest foods, and they are served with a Wakama (sea vegetable) salad. Kelp is one example of this. Nori, wakama, dulse, and spirulina are other examples. The high levels of phytonutrients in various types of seaweed is one of the reasons why they are considered very good for you.

According to studies, sea veggies provide unique health benefits that aren’t found in regular food. Seaweed is a rich source of vitamins A, B, C, and E for non-meat eaters, as well as being an excellent iron source.

 

 

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