Wild Dog Species List: All Types Of Wild Dogs, With Pictures & Information

There are currently 35 wild dog species recognized. All extinct dog species belong to the Canidae family of dogs, which includes all modern dog breeds. Canids or canines are the members of the Canidae family, and may also be referred to as ‘canines.

Wolves, foxes, and jackals are among the world’s wild dogs.

Gray wolves, coyotes, red foxes, Arctic foxes, kit foxes, African wild dogs, and golden jackals are all well-known wild dog species.

(Some authorities classify the domestic dog as a distinct species, while others classify it as a subspecies of gray wolf.)

* Subspecies are different ‘kinds of the same species. They may have minor physical or behavioral differences and are frequently found in varied areas. The same species may breed and produce offspring in different subspecies.

The order Carnivora includes Canidae, one of numerous animal families. The cat family (Felidae), the bear family (Ursidae), and the seal families (Otariidae, Phocidae, and Odobenidae) are other families in this group. On this page: Types of Mammals, you can learn more about mammalian categorization.

While dogs are not indigenous to Australia, the dingo was imported some 3,500 years ago. Wild canines may now be found on every continent save Antarctica.

Habitat destruction or human intervention into their natural range has led to the endangerment of several wild dog species.

The Catalogue of Life, ITIS, and the IUCN were used to create the list of dog species below. The IUCN Red List provided information on conservation.

Important dog subspecies (including the domesticated dog), as well as species (such as the dingo and red wolf) recognized by some authorities but not all, are listed towards the end of the list.

Any of the wild dog types listed below can be clicked on; you’ll be taken to more information down the page.

Alternatively, to view all of the various kinds of wild dogs, keep scrolling!

In the future, the number of surviving dog species is likely to change. Dog categorization research is still in progress. Animals that are currently classified as subspecies may be reclassified as distinct species (and vice versa) in the future.

Wild dogs list with pictures and information on all dog species.

Alphabetical Wild Dogs Species List With Pictures

African Golden Wolf

  • Scientific name: Canis anthus / Canis Lupaster
  • Where found: Africa
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

North and northeast Africa are home to the African golden wolf. Egypt, Algeria, and Ethiopia are among the countries where the species may be found.

The African golden wolf, a small dog species that weighs 7 to 15 kg (15 to 33 lb) and measures 40 cm (16 inches) in height. That’s around half the weight and twice the height of a typical labrador. It’s a desert dweller that can thrive in arid climates with little water.

The color of the African golden wolf’s coat varies from silver-grey to light sandy-brown. Until recently, the species was thought to be the Golden Jackal’s cousin. Scientists now think that each animal has enough distinctions to be considered a distinct species.

African Wild Dog

  • Other name(s): African hunting dog, African painted dog
  • Scientific name: Lycaon pictus
  • Where found: Africa
  • Conservation status: Endangered

This brightly colored wild dog is found in small groups across much of Africa. The species lives in groups, with an alpha male and a female and their offspring being the most common members. The pack works together to track down its prey, which is typically a medium-sized antelope.

The patterned coat of the African wild dog, which gives it its alternative name of African Painted Dog, is extremely distinguishable.

It weighs up to 30 kg (66 lb) and has a 75 cm (30 in) shoulder height. It is a fairly big animal.

The IUCN Red List (source) has designated the African wild dog as Endangered. There are fewer than 1,500 mature individuals left in the wild, according to estimates. The species’ population is distributed across a large territory.

Arctic Fox

  • Scientific name: Vulpes lagopus
  • Where found: Arctic regions of North America, Europe and Asia
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

The genus Vulpes–a category of foxes that includes the Arctic fox–belongs to a classification known as “true foxes.”

This little canid has several features that make it suited to living in the frigid northern reaches of the globe. It has a thick, insulating coat that changes color with the seasons, becoming white in the winter and brown in the summer. It has hairy foot pads, making it the only dog in the family.

At the shoulder, an adult male Arctic fox stands 30 cm (11.8 in) tall and weighs 9.4 kg (20.7 lb), roughly half the size of a Labrador dog.

Bat-Eared Fox

  • Other name(s): Delalande’s fox, long-eared fox
  • Scientific name: Otocyon megalotis
  • Where found: Africa
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

The bat-eared fox is a West African canid that lives in arid grassland environments. Its ears give it its name. Termites, which make up as much as 80% of the species’s diet, are detected using the large ears. The species’ insectivorous (insect-eating) lifestyle has resulted in small teeth and jaws that may open and close up to five times per second.

One in Southern Africa and the other in eastern Africa, there are two distinct bat-eared fox populations.

Bengal Fox

  • Other name(s): Indian fox
  • Scientific name: Vulpes bengalensis
  • Where found: Asia (Indian Subcontinent)
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

Only on the Indian subcontinent does the Bengal Fox exist as a small wild dog. It has the bushy tail of a true fox, as well as a pale coat. Its black tip distinguishes it from the other species in its genus, which has a combined head and body length of at least half. The average weight of the species is 2.3 to 4.1 kg (5 to 9 pounds).

Dry grasslands are the home of this Asian wild dog, which avoids deep forests and desert areas. The Bengal fox is a social animal that nests in enormous subterranean dens.

The Bengal Fox is listed as Least Concern by the IUCN, despite its population declining due to habitat destruction.

Black-Backed Jackal

  • Scientific name: Lupulella mesomelas (formerly Canis mesomelas)
  • Where found: Africa
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

The thick black fur on the back of the black-backed jackal distinguishes it from other canids in the dog family. It has a lighter, sandy-red color on its sides and underside. Its ears are long, and its nose is pointed.

The black-backed jackal, like the gray wolf and other similar wolf-like canids, was once classified as part of the genus Canis.

The other wolf-like canids split from the black-backed jackal and the closely related side-striped jackal some million years ago, according to an mDNA investigation. As a consequence, the African jackals are now classified as a distinct genus, Lupulella (the golden jackal of Eurasia is not closely related to them and remains in Canis).

The black-backed jackal is most commonly found in deserts and savannas, but may be found in a range of environments.

The black-backed jackal, like the bat-eared fox, is found in two different parts of Africa. Southern Africa is home to the Cape black-backed jackal (Lupulella mesomelas mesomelas), whereas East Africa is home to the East African black-backed jackal (Lupulella mesomelas schmidti). About 1.4 million years ago, the two populations are thought to have split up.

Blanford’s Fox

  • Other name(s): Afghan fox, royal fox
  • Scientific name: Vulpes cana
  • Where found: Middle East, Asia
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

In the Middle East and Central Asia, Blanford’s fox is a wild dog species that can be found in deserts and mountainous areas. William Thomas Blanford, an English naturalist noted for his research of Indian creatures, is the name of the species.

This little fox averages 0.9 to 1.5 kg (2 to 3.3 lb) in weight. The species’ long, bushy tail is used for balance by an excellent climber. It stays cool in the desert heat thanks to its large ears. Two distinct black stripes on the face of the species may be used to identify it.

Bush Dog

  • Scientific name: Speothos venaticus
  • Where found: South America
  • Conservation status: Near Threatened

A uncommon South American Canid is the bush dog. It has partially-webbed toes for swimming and lives in the rainforest and savanna environments near water. The animal has a badger-like appearance due to its long, squat body with short legs and a short tail.

The bush dog has been labeled as “Near Threatened” due to habitat destruction, population separation, and a lack of prey species.

Cape Fox

  • Other name(s): asse, cama fox, silver-backed fox
  • Scientific name: Vulpes chama
  • Where found: Southern Africa
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

(True foxes belong to the genus Vulpes, and the Cape fox is the only species found in Africa.)

With a grey-brown coat, pale yellow underbelly, and a long, bushy black-tipped tail, this little African canid is unmistakable. It stands up to 33 cm (13 in) at the shoulder and weighs between 3.6 and 5 kg (8 and 11 lb).

Grasslands and semi-desert scrub are home to the Cape fox. Angola, Botswana, Namibia, and South Africa are all home to this species. It’s widespread and the IUCN classifies it as Least Concern.

Corsac Fox

  • Other name(s): corsac, steppe fox
  • Scientific name: Vulpes corsac
  • Where found: Central Asia
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

The corsac fox, sometimes known as the steppe fox, is a species that lives in Central Asia’s steppes (treeless grasslands). It weighs between 1.6 and 3.2 kg (3.5 and 7.1 lb) and is a mid-sized fox in size. During the winter, the species’ long coat thickens and loses its dark color.

The corsac fox is abundant and common throughout its range, despite being heavily hunted for its fur.

Coyote

  • Other name(s): Prairie Wolf
  • Scientific name: Canis latrans
  • Where found: North America
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

Coyotes are a widespread canid species that can be found across North and Central America. From prairies to forests, this adaptable member of the dog family can live in a variety of environments. It will live near human settlements, unlike its close relative the grey wolf. Coyotes and wolves may hybridize, resulting in the creation of ‘coywolves.’

Crab-Eating Fox

  • Other name(s): forest fox, wood fox, bushdog, maikong
  • Scientific name: Cerdocyon thous
  • Where found: South America
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

In South America, the crab-eating fox is a very common canid. Marshland, savanna, and forests are among the habitats where it may be found. The animal has small, dark grey skin and short limbs. When it gets nervous, it raises its tail. The crab-eating fox is significantly smaller than a medium-sized domestic dog, weighing between 4.5 and 7.7 kg (10 and 17 lb).

The wild dog from South America hides in an subterranean cave throughout the day, then emerges at dusk to hunt. Crab hunting in the mud is a practice that individuals living near floodplains are known for. Other animals, as well as plant matter, are eaten by the crab-eating fox.

Indigenous people are known to have kept the species as a pet.

Culpeo

  • Other name(s): zorro culpeo, Andean zorro, Andean fox
  • Scientific name: Lycalopex culpaeus
  • Where found: South America
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

After the maned wolf, the culpeo is South America’s second-largest dog species. The species is classified as part of the Lycalopex genus, which contains South American foxes (or zorros in Spanish) and other animals.

The Culpeo has grey-red or yellow fur and a bushy tail, and is somewhat smaller than a coyote. It may be found from southern Columbia to southern Chile, and it lives in a variety of environments. On the western slopes of the Andes, this species is most common.

Darwin’s Fox

  • Other name(s): Darwin’s zorro
  • Scientific name: Lycalopex fulvipes
  • Where found: South America (Chile)
  • Conservation status: Endangered

Charles Darwin, an English naturalist, discovered Charles Darwin’s Fox. Nahuelbuta National Park, the Valdivian Coastal Range, and the Island of Chiloé are the only places in Chile where this rare canid may be found. It’s a rare sight in the woods, and it resides there.

Darwin’s Fox is one of the tiniest dogs in the dog family, at a maximum weight of just under 4 kg (8.8 lb)–one tenth of the weight of a big German shepherd.

Domesticated dogs pose the greatest danger to Darwin’s Fox, killing the wild species and transferring illness.

Dhole

  • Other names: Asian wild dog
  • Scientific name: Cuon alpinus
  • Where found: Asia
  • Conservation status: Endangered

Central, South, and Southeast Asia are all home to the Dhole. It may be found in rainforests and grasslands, among other environments.

This massive member of the dog family may weigh up to 40 kg (88 lb), almost twice that of a Coyote. Dholes have fox-like reddish fur and bushy tails, and they resemble members of the Canis genus (Domestic Dogs).

The Dhole is a pack animal that lives in groups of roughly twelve animals and may grow to thirty or forty animals.

Big felids like tigers and leopards share the Dhole’s range. A one-on-one fight between either of these huge cats will always be won. Nevertheless, a pack of dholes can defeat and even kill an single tiger or leopard if they work together!

Dholes are on the verge of extinction due to habitat destruction.

Ethiopian Wolf

  • Other names: Abyssinian Wolf, Simien Fox, Simien Jackal
  • Scientific name: Canis simensis
  • Where found: Africa
  • Conservation status: Endangered

The Ethiopian Wolf is found in Ethiopia’s highlands, where it developed as an indigenous species. It eats rats, which it captures throughout the day, as its primary food.

The Ethiopian Wolf, which weighs an average of 16 kg (35 lb) is a medium-sized Canid. Its coat is crimson-brown, and its chest is white.

With fewer than 200 mature individuals remaining in the wild, the Ethiopian Wolf is both the world’s and Africa’s most endangered Canid. The species is most at risk from the region’s human development, which is causing habitat destruction.

Fennec Fox

  • Scientific name: Vulpes zerda
  • Where found: Africa
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

The fennec fox is the dog family’s smallest member, weighing between 1 and 1.9 kg (2.2 and 4.2 lb).

The hot, dry regions of North Africa, such as the Sahara Desert, are home to this African wild dog. Its pale, orange-white coat that reflects heat and thick fur on the bottom of its paws allow it to walk over hot sand are two adaptations for life in this harsh environment.

The fennec fox’s large ears are used for two purposes: they help keep the fox cool by dissipating heat and also enable it to detect prey animals moving about underground.

Golden Jackal

  • Scientific name: Canis aureus
  • Where found: Europe, Asia
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

Rather than the two African jackal species (the black-backed jackal and the side-striped jackal), the Golden Jackal resembles a small wolf and is more closely related to the grey wolf.

From Eastern Europe to the Middle East and Asia to Vietnam, the Golden Jackal has a wide range. The African golden wolf was formerly classified as a different species from the species, which was thought to exist in Africa.

The versatile Golden Jackal can survive in a variety of environments, including woodlands and meadows. It will either eat or eat garbage. Its population is growing, and it is currently listed as Least Concern in terms of conservation.

Gray Fox

  • Scientific name: Urocyon cinereoargenteus
  • Where found: North America, (northern) South America
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

The range of the gray fox extends from southern Canada to northern South America. It’s the most prevalent fox species in the Pacific states, and it can be found across the United States. The species may be identified by the gray/silver fur on its back, which is a combination of greys, black, and light oranges. The center of the back of its tail has a black line running through it.

This general dog species may be found in a variety of environments, including woods, scrubland, and rocky areas.

The Gray Fox is the only American canid that can climb trees, and it is one of the few canids that can.

Gray Wolf

  • Scientific name: Canis lupus
  • Where found: North America, Europe, Asia
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

The gray wolf, sometimes known as the timber wolf, is the biggest wild dog species. The gray wolf can be found across much of North America, Europe, and Asia, and is the most widely-distributed land mammal (that title now belongs to the red fox). It prefers to live in remote wilderness areas far from human habitation. Because of the expansion of humans, the wolf’s range has contracted.

The wolf’s height and looks vary depending on where it lives. A wolf of up to 54 kg (120 pounds) may stand up to 85 cm / 33.5 inches tall. Individuals significantly bigger than this have been documented. In comparison to North American wolves, European wolves are bigger.

Wolves live in packs, which are familial groups. They pursue prey alone, in pairs, or in packs. Even lone wolves may take prey of considerable proportions. Wolves eat a wide range of animals, including moose and muskoxen as well as smaller creatures and birds.

The gray wolf is surrounded by a lot of mythology and stories. One of nature’s most evocative noises is its howl.

There are 38 different wolf subspecies that have been identified. Eurasian wolves, eastern wolves, and Arctic wolves are among them. Some authorities consider the red wolf, dingo, and domestic dog to be distinct species, while others consider them to be subspecies of gray wolves.

Hoary Fox

  • Other name(s): Hoary zorro
  • Scientific name: Lycalopex vetulus
  • Where found: Brazil
  • Conservation status: Near Threatened

Just found in Brazil, the Hoary Fox is a little fox. The Cerrado savannas, a massive ecoregion in central Brazil, are where the species prefers to live.

Insects are the primary food of this nocturnal South American canid. Little animals like rats and birds will also be prey for it.

Island Fox

  • Scientific name: Urocyon littoralis
  • Where found: California Channel Islands, USA
  • Conservation status: Near Threatened

Six of the eight Channel Islands off the coast of California are home to the island fox, which is a little fox. The mainland gray fox is the ancestor of this species.

Insular dwarfism is seen in the size of the island fox. This is the process by which species in a limited area (such as an island) change shape to adapt to their surroundings, becoming substantially smaller than their mainland ancestors.

The Island Fox became Critically Endangered in the 1990s, due to significant population decreases. The species’ population is now increasing as a result of several conservation programs.

Kit Fox

  • Scientific name: Vulpes macrotis
  • Where found: North America
  • Conservation status:  Least Concern

In the United States and Mexico, the kit fox is a small canid that lives in dry and desert areas. The kit fox has enormous ears, which are an adaptation for surviving in the desert that also serves as a way of dissipating body heat and acute hearing.

Maned Wolf

  • Scientific name: Chrysocyon brachyurus
  • Where found: South America
  • Conservation status: Near Threatened

The maned wolf, the tallest canid in South America, is the biggest dog species discovered there. Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Peru’s grasslands and open woodlands are home to this species.

The species has lengthy legs, a shaggy mane, and a crimson-brown coat that distinguishes it. The maned wolf is taller than the gray wolf, but significantly lighter, with an average weight of 23 kg (51 lb) and a shoulder height of 90 cm (35 in).

Pale Fox

  • Scientific name: Vulpes pallida
  • Where found: Africa
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

Dry sandy and rocky areas south of the Sahara Desert are home to the pale fox. The pale, sandy coat of this small wild dog is distinctive. It has large ears, as do other desert-living canids.

The nocturnal species spends its time at night. It creates burrows for itself throughout the day where it rests. It huntins at night, preying on a range of tiny creatures and insects.

Pampas Fox

  • Scientific name: Lycalopex gymnocercus
  • Where found: South America
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

The Pampas fox lives in the Pampas of South America, as its name suggests. Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay are home to these enormous lowland grasslands.

The Pampas fox is a zorro, or “false fox,” rather than a genuine fox of genus Vulpes, as it belongs to the South American genus Lycalopex. It, like all zorros, has a pointed nose, upright ears, and a bushy tail. It is fox-like in appearance. The dry grasslands and sandy areas where it lives are reflected in its light, sandy-colored coat.

Raccoon Dog

  • Scientific name: Nyctereutes procyonoides
  • Where found: Europe, Asia
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

With its wide hairy face and short, squat body, the raccoon dog looks a lot like a raccoon. Although it’s a young dog, it’s still rare. It’s one of the few canids that climbs trees, much like the grey fox.

The raccoon dog, which was originally found in East Asia, was brought to western Russia in the early twentieth century for fur harvesting. The species has expanded its range to include much of Eastern Europe, as well as Spain. It is considered an invasive species in certain regions.

Red Fox

  • Scientific name: Vulpes vulpes
  • Where found: North America, Europe, Asia, (North) Africa, Australia, New Zealand
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

The most widely distributed land mammal on the planet is the red fox. It’s bigger than both the brown rat and the house mouse, in terms of territory. North America, Europe, much of Asia and North Africa are all part of its range. In Australia, the species has been imported and is now deemed an invasive species.

The crimson coat, white chest, and bushy tail of the red fox distinguish it. The genus Vulpes includes the largest member of the true fox family.

The red fox is an adaptable animal that has thrived in both suburban and rural settings thanks to its capacity to coexist alongside humans.

Rüppell’s Fox

  • Scientific name: Vulpes rueppelli
  • Where found: North Africa, Middle East
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

In North Africa and the Middle East, Rüppell’s fox is a tiny desert fox. The species has a delicate sandy-colored coast and huge ears, named after German naturalist Eduard Rüppell. The small Fennec Fox, another African desert species, has a similar appearance to this one.

Sechuran Fox

  • Scientific name: Lycalopex sechurae
  • Where found: South America (Peru & Ecuador)
  • Conservation status: Near Threatened

The zorro, or “false fox” genus, Lycalopex has the Sechuran Fox as its smallest member. In Ecuador and Peru, this pale, yellow-grey fox can be found in woods, meadows, and deserts. The IUCN has classified it as Near Threatened because of habitat destruction.

This nocturnal creature may be able to subsist on a largely herbivorous diet and feeds mostly on insects and plants.

Short-Eared Dog

  • Scientific name: Atelocynus microtis
  • Where found: South America
  • Conservation status: Near Threatened

In Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil’s Amazon Rainforest, the Short-Eared Dog may be found. This reclusive canid has a large range, but it is seldom seen. The short-eared dog, like many other species discovered in the Amazon Rainforest, is endangered due to habitat destruction. It is listed as a Near-Threatened species.

Short, black hair and tiny rounded ears characterize the Short-Eared Dog. It may have a largely solitary lifestyle, with somewhat webbed paws.

Side-Striped Jackal

  • Scientific name: Lupulella adustus (formerly Canis adustus)
  • Where found: Africa
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

The side-striped jackal is a mid-sized canid that may be found across much of Sub-Saharan Africa (the continent south of the Sahara Desert). It is named after the stripe that runs along either side of its body.

The side-striped jackal is a member of the genus Lupulella, much as the closely related black-backed jackal. The golden jackal, which is found in Europe and Asia, is not closely related to either of the two African jackals.

When compared to the other two jackals, the side-striped jackal is less carnivorous. At certain times of the year, fruit may account for up to 30% of a diet.

South American Gray Fox

  • Other name(s): Patagonian fox, chilla, gray zorro
  • Scientific name: Lycalopex griseus
  • Where found: South America
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

The genus Lycalopex (the “zorro” or “false fox”) contains the South American gray fox, which is the most frequent species. The grasslands where this species thrives are found in Chile and Argentina.

The pale, rufous-tinged coat of this small fox is still sought after. Despite this, the species’ population is secure and its conservation status is Least Concern.

The South American gray fox and the Pampas fox are now considered to be the same species by many authorities.

Swift Fox

  • Scientific name: Vulpes velox
  • Where found: USA
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

The swift fox can be found in the United States and portions of southern Canada’s grassy plains.

The swift fox is a pale yellow and white animal that measures about the size of a domestic cat. It has big ears with pointed tips. The kit fox, another North American canid, is closely related to it.

The swift fox was extirpated in much of its former range during the early twentieth century as a result of severe persecution. The species’ population has rebounded thanks to successful conservation and reintroduction efforts.

The species is currently only found in 44% of its former range in the United States, and 3% of its former range in Canada. Despite this, it is no longer considered endangered.

Tibetan Sand Fox

  • Scientific name: Vulpes ferrilata
  • Where found: Asia
  • Conservation status: Least Concern

On the Tibetan Plateau and surrounding regions, the Tibetan sand fox lives on treeless grasslands. It has reddish-grey fur and a bushy tail, and belongs to the Vulpes genus of foxes. The plateau pika, a little animal that resides in mountainous and alpine areas, is the species’ preferred food.

Other Wild Dog Species / Subspecies

Cozumel Fox

(No image available)

  • Scientific name: Undescribed Species
  • Where found: Mexico
  • Conservation status: Unassessed

The gray fox and island fox are both canids, and the Cozumel fox is one of them. Cozumel, a Mexican island, is the only place where this species may be found. The species, which hasn’t been seen since 2001, may be extinct now that nothing is known about it.

Dingo

  • Scientific name: Canis familiaris / Canis familiaris dingo / Canis lupus dingo
  • Where found: Australia
  • Conservation status: Domestic / Unassessed

The Dingo is a wild dog that may be found in Australia’s grasslands and deserts. The biggest canid in Australia is a distinctive, sandy-gold-colored canid. Rabbits, kangaroos, rats, and birds are among the small creatures it eats.

The dingo has been categorized as a domestic dog, a domesticated dog subspecies, or a grey wolf subspecies by various people. Its forefathers were dogs brought to the continent some 4,000 years ago by humans. The number of pure dingoes has fallen as a result of inbreeding with feral domestic dogs.

Domestic Dog

  • Scientific name: Canis familiaris / Canis lupus familiaris
  • Where found: All continents except Antarctica
  • Conservation status: Domestic

The domestic dog is known as the gray wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) or Canis familiaris. According to its forebears, gray wolves were tamed at least 10,000 years ago and maybe up to 40,000 years ago.

House dogs number between 700 million and 987 million today. Others are still bred to labor, while others are feral or kept as pets. Dogs perform a variety of tasks, including animal herding, security, hunting, and handicap assistance.

In countries like Korea, China, and Vietnam, dog meat is a staple of the diet.

Red Wolf

  • Scientific name: Canis lupus rufus / Canis rufus
  • Where found: USA
  • Conservation status: Critically Endangered

In the southeastern United States, the red wolf is a huge canid. In terms of size and appearance, it’s somewhere between a coyote and a gray wolf. The species’ name comes from its red-grey coat color.

The red wolf is one of the most endangered wild dogs, with a conservation classification of Critically Endangered.

The red wolf was declared extinct in the wilds of North Carolina in the 1980s. The species was able to be reintroduced in North Carolina thanks to a captive breeding program that started in the 1970s. Despite this, only around 20 to 30 mature red wolves live in the wild.

The taxonomic classification of the red wolf is a point of contention, with some authorities refusing to recognize it as a distinct species. Others believe the red wolf to be a grey wolf subspecies, while others consider it to be a coyote/grey wolf hybrid.

Wild Dog Species List: Conclusion

We want to thank you for learning about the many forms of wild dogs.

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