38 Brown Birds In New Hampshire (ID Guide, Pictures)

Since they do not always feature as many distinguishing characteristics as their brighter-colored relatives, brown birds (LBJ) or LBJ (little brown jobs) can be difficult to differentiate.

Fear not, for this manual will assist you recognize a sparrow, a wren, or any other brown bird that you may see. Furthermore, discover what brown birds are present in New Hampshire at various seasons of the year.

According to checklists provided by birdwatchers on ebird for New Hampshire, this guide will assist you identify those brown birds visiting your yard or out in the woods and fields.

Brown Birds In New Hampshire By Season

American Goldfinch, Mourning Dove, Northern Cardinal, White-throated Sparrow, House Finch, House Sparrow, Northern Flicker, Purple Finch, Brown Creeper and Carolina Wren are all found in New Hampshire year-round.

In the summer, New Hampshire’s Brown Birds include American Robin, Song Sparrow, Eastern Phoebe, Chipping Sparrow, Common Yellowthroat, Cedar Waxwing, Hermit Thrush, Swamp Sparrow and Brown-headed Cowbird.

In the winter, New Hampshire has brown birds: American Tree Sparrows.

White-crowned Sparrows live in the snow in New Hampshire during migration.

38 Brown Birds In New Hampshire


1. American Goldfinch – Female

Throughout the year, New Hampshire is home to American Goldfinches. Summer checklists and winter checklists submitted by birdwatchers for the state include them in 43% and 32%, respectively.

The males of American Goldfinches are notable for their vivid yellow and black plumage in the spring. In the winter, both sexes are browner, but females are duller.

  • Spinus tristis
  • Length: 4.3-5.1 in (11-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.7 oz (11-20 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.5-8.7 in (19-22 cm)

North America is home to the American Goldfinch, which is a permanent resident of the continent. Breeders in Canada and the Midwest, on the other hand, go to southern US states for the winter.

Foraging for sunflower, thistle, and aster plants, they can be found in weedy fields and overgrown areas. Suburbs, parks, and yards are also common habitats for them.

Planting thistles and milkweed will attract American Goldfinches to your yard. Sunflower seed and nyjer seed are the favorites of these birds, who will visit most bird feeders.

2. American Robin

The breeding season in New Hampshire brings out American Robins, but they can be found here all year as well. Summer checklists have 51% of them, while winter checklists have 12%.

On lawns, American Robins are frequently seen eating earthworms. They have red or orange breasts and black heads and backs. In the winter, they roost in trees, so you’ll see them more often in the spring.

  • Turdus migratorius
  • Length: 7.9-11.0 in (20-28 cm)
  • Weight: 2.7-3.0 oz (77-85 g)
  • Wingspan: 12.2-15.8 in (31-40 cm)

The lower 48 states, as well as western Canada and Alaska, are home to American Robins. During the winter, those that breed in Canada and Alaska migrate south.

From woodlands, forests, and mountains to fields, parks, and lawns, American Robins may be found in a variety of habitats. Earthworms, flies, snails, and fruits are among the foods they consume.

Sunflower seeds, suet, peanut hearts, fruit, and mealworms are all foods that attract American Robins to your yard. Food should be scattered on the ground, not in feeders. Also, consider planting juniper, sumac, hawthorn, and dogwood, which all produce berries.

3. Mourning Dove

All year, New Hampshire is home to Mourning Doves, but during the breeding season, their numbers increase. In the state, they are found in 35% of summer checklists and 29% of winter checklists.

The plump bodies and long tails of Mourning Doves make them beautiful little-headed birds. The wings have black spots and they are a delicate brown color. Males weigh a little more than females.

  • Zenaida macroura
  • Length: 9.1-13.4 in (23-34 cm)
  • Weight: 3.0 -6.0 oz (96-170 g)
  • Wingspan: 17.7 in (45 cm)

Mourning Doves may migrate from the north of the Midwest and southern Canada after breeding throughout all of the lower 48 states throughout the year.

In grasslands, fields, and backyards, Mourning Doves may be seen perched on telephone wires foraging for seeds on the ground. Open areas and woodland boundaries are also good places to look.

By scattering millet on the ground or platform feeders, you may attract Mourning Doves to your yard. Black sunflower seeds, nyjer, broken corn, and peanut hearts will also be devoured.

4. Song Sparrow

Throughout the summer, Song Sparrows may be seen in New Hampshire, and from March through October, they may be seen all over the south of the state. Summer checklists include them 42% of the time, while winter checklists include them 8%.

Song sparrows are a mostly brown-streaked species that uses their almost constant song to attract mates in spring and summer. They aren’t as remarkable looking as other backyard birds.

  • Melospiza melodia
  • Length: 4.7-6.7 in (12-17 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-1.9 oz (12-53 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.1-9.4 in (18-24 cm)

In the northern United States, Song Sparrows are year-round residents. During the winter, those that breed in Canada head south to the US.

They’re typically seen perched on a low shrub singing and are often seen at outdoor feeders, where they may be found in open, shrubby, or wet places.

Beetles, caterpillars, midges, spiders, and earthworms are among the insects and plants that Song Sparrows eat. Buckwheat, sunflowers, raspberries, wild cherries, blackberries, wheat, and rice will all be eaten by them.

By putting black oil sunflower seeds, cracked corn, and nyjer on platform feeders, you can attract Song Sparrows to your backyard feeders.

You may learn the songs and discover interesting information to help you identify the sparrows better, which are abundant in New Hampshire.

5. Northern Cardinal – Female

New Hampshire’s residents can find Northern Cardinals all year. Summer and winter checklists have been documented in up to 31% of cases.

The brown color, sharp brown crest, red highlights, and red beaks of the Northern Cardinals make them a little showier than other females.

The vibrant red male Northern Cardinal, on the other hand, is a fantastic sight against a white winter backdrop. The brilliant red males are adorned with black around their faces. Red crests and beaks are also visible.

The brilliant red male Northern Cardinal, on the other hand, is truly stunning against a white winter backdrop. The red males have black around their eyes. The crests and beaks of these birds are also red.

  • Cardinalis cardinalis
  • Length: 8.3-9.1 in (21-23 cm)
  • Weight: 1.5-1.7 oz (42-48 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.8-12.2 in (25-31 cm)

The eastern half of the United States is home to Northern Cardinals, while other regions in the south as far west as Arizona.

Northern Cardinals forage for seeds, fruit, and insects in dense vegetation. While they are obsessively defending their territories, Northern Cardinals will occasionally attack their own reflection.

Feeders full of sunflower seeds, peanuts, millet, and milo will entice Northern Cardinals to your yard. Large tube feeders, hoppers, platform feeders, and food strewn on the ground will be used to feed them.

6. Eastern Phoebe

At this time, New Hampshire is home to 26% of the Eastern Phoebes that breed in the state. From mid-March to October, they are most frequently seen.

The back of eastern phoebes is grayish-brown, while the underneath is whitish. The head is darker than that of phoebes in the west.

  • Sayornis phoebe
  • Length: 5.5-6.7 in (14-17 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.7 oz (16-21 g)
  • Wingspan: 10.2-11.0 in (26-28 cm)

Before migrating to the southeastern US states and Mexico for winter, eastern Phoebes are migratory birds that breed in northeastern and central US states. Birds that live farther south in their range may spend the entire year there.

In calm woodland, solitary Eastern Phoebes wag their tails from low perches rather than in pairs or flocks.

Flycatchers consume the majority of their food, which is flying insects, but they will also eat spiders, other insects, tiny fruit, and seeds. They build nests out of mud and grass and prefer bridges, barns, and houses to lay their eggs.

By installing a nest box or native plants that produce berries, you can attract Eastern Phoebes to your yard.

7. Chipping Sparrow

Throughout the summer, New Hampshire is home to Chipping Sparrows. They can be found in 33% of summer checklists and may be seen all year in the south of the state from April to November.

The grayish belly and brown and black-streaked back of Chipping Sparrows make them slender, long-tailed birds. The crown is rusted, and the eye line is black. Their colors are muted in the winter.

  • Spizella passerina
  • Length: 4.7-5.9 in (12-15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.6 oz (11-16 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.3 in (21 cm)

Before heading to Mexico and Florida for winter, Chipping Sparrows spend their summer breeding in the United States and Canada. In the southern United States, some persist year-round.

Chipping Sparrows may be found in small groups on open areas and will seek out many types of birdseed in your yard.

Chipping Sparrows may be seen in small flocks on open land, and for many types of birdseed, they may be seen in backyards.

Seeds or crumbled corn on open feeders like hoppers and platforms will attract Chipping Sparrows to your yard.

8. White-throated Sparrow

Throughout the year, White-throated Sparrows may be seen in New Hampshire, although they are most frequent during the October migration, when up to 40% of checklists contain them at this time.

The black and white striped head, brilliant white throat, and yellow between the eye and beak distinguish White-throated Sparrows. Brown on the back, with a gray underbelly.

  • Zonotrichia albicollis
  • Length: 6.3-7.1 in (16-18 cm)
  • Weight: 0.8-1.1 oz (22-32 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-9.1 in (20-23 cm)

White-throated Sparrows breed mostly in Canada before migrating south for the winter, visiting eastern and southern US states as well as the Pacific Coast.

In forests and woodlands, as well as along the borders of vegetative areas, White-throated Sparrows may be found in large flocks on the ground.

Grasses and weeds seeds, as well as fruits such as grape, sumac, mountain ash, blueberry, blackberry, and dogwood are the main foods of White-throated Sparrows. In the summer, they may also eat a variety of insects from the forest floor.

Millet and black oil sunflower seeds on platform feeders attract White-throated Sparrows to your yard.

9. House Finch – Female

New Hampshire is home to house finches throughout the year. They are seen in 11% of summer checklists and 14% of winter checklists, and they do not move.

Male House Finches have a crimson head and breast, while the rest of their bodies are mostly brown-streaked. Females House Finches are brown-streaked throughout.

  • Haemorhous mexicanus
  • Length: 5.1-5.5 in (13-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.9 oz (16-27 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-9.8 in (20-25 cm)

House Finches were first imported to eastern states, but have since displaced the Purple Finch and are now found throughout the United States.

Parks, farms, forest borders, and backyard feeders are all places to look for them in noisy groups.

Place black oil sunflower seeds or nyjer seeds in tube feeders or platform feeders to attract house finches to your backyard feeders.

Brown finches aren’t the only ones found in New Hampshire; some are more brightly colored.

10. Common Yellowthroat

From April through October, Common Yellowthroats may be seen in New Hampshire during the breeding season, although some birds stay until January. Summer checklists include them in 30% of the time.

Small brownish-backed songbirds with long tails, Common Yellowthroats are common small songbirds. Males have black masks over their faces that cover their entire heads. The yellows may be more olive in parts of the world, and their brightness might vary geographically.

  • Geothlypis trichas
  • Length: 4.3-5.1 in (11-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.3 oz (9-10 g)
  • Wingspan: 5.9-7.5 in (15-19 cm)

Except for Alaska and northern Canada, most Common Yellowthroats spend the summer breeding throughout North America. Others may be seen year-round along the Gulf Coast and Pacific Southwest. During the winter, they move south.

Common Yellowthroats may be found in thick, entangled vegetation in marshy or wetland settings and brushy fields.

To attract insects, create vast yards with dense vegetation and native plants to attract Common Yellowthroats.

In New Hampshire, there are two types of common yellowthroats: common yellowthroats and other warblers. They have songs that are both beautiful and educational.

11. House Sparrow

In New Hampshire, House Sparrows are an imported species that may be seen any time of year. They are seen in 11% of summer checklists and 14% of winter checklists for the state, and they don’t migrate.

Another species that has done well is House Sparrows, which are one of the most common birds today. The heads are gray while brown, while the cheeks are white. Their bellies are gray, and their backs and bellies are black and brown.

  • Passer domesticus
  • Length: 5.9-6.7 in (15-17 cm)
  • Weight: 0.9-1.1 oz (27-30 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.5-9.8 in (19-25 cm)

All year, house Sparrows may be found in the United States and southern Canada. They may be quite tame and may even eat out of your hand when you discover them around houses and structures.

Grain and seed, as well as discarded food, are the primary foods for House Sparrows. Since they are non-native, they might be considered a pest, but even if you don’t feed them, they may be found in backyards.

Most varieties of birdseed, including millet, corn, and sunflower seeds, attract House Sparrows to your outdoor feeders.

12. Cedar Waxwing

Throughout the breeding season, from mid-May to October, Cedar Waxwings may be observed in southern New Hampshire year-round, but they are more typically seen in the north of the state. Summer checklists in the state contain them at 17%, whereas winter checklists contain them at 3%.

The head, chest, and crest of Cedar Waxwings are pale brown, while the back, wings, and tail are gray. Cedar Waxwings are a graceful social species.

They have a pale yellow belly with a bright yellow tail. They feature crimson wingtips and a small black mask over their eyes.

  • Bombycilla cedrorum
  • Length: 5.5-6.7 in (14-17 cm)
  • Weight: 1.1 oz (32 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.7-11.8 in (22-30 cm)

The northern part of the United States is home to Cedar Waxwings all year. Those that breed in Canada go to the southern United States for the winter.

They can be found in berry bushes, woodlands, and streams and make a high-pitched call.

Plant native trees and shrubs with small fruit, such as serviceberry, dogwood, juniper, winterberry, and hawthorn in your backyard to attract Cedar Waxwings. Platform feeders are another option for birds.

13. Northern Flicker

Throughout the year, New Hampshire is home to Northern Flickers, however their numbers rise during migration. Summer checklists include them in 14%, winter checklists include them in 1%, and migratory checklists include them up to 31%.

In flight, Northern Flickers have a white patch on the rump and a red nape of the neck, while males have a large brown woodpecker with black spots and a white patch.

Depending on where they come from, northern flickers have red or yellow flashes in their wings and tail. Birds with red shafts dwell in the west, while birds with yellow shafts dwell in the east.

  • Colaptes auratus
  • Length: 11.0-12.2 in (28-31 cm)
  • Weight: 3.9-5.6 oz (110-160 g)
  • Wingspan: 16.5-20.1 in (42-51 cm)

During the year, southern flickers can be found across the United States, as well as in Canada during the summer. Canadian breeders migrate south for the winter.

Ants, beetles, fruits, and seeds are the main foods of Northern Flickers, who often scrape the ground with their bent beak.

Suet is a great way to attract Northern Flickers to your yard. In New Hampshire, you may also see other kinds of woodpeckers that visit your feeders.

14. Purple Finch – Female

During the breeding season, from April to July, purple finches may be found throughout New Hampshire all year. During the summer, 11% of checklists in the state include them, whereas 3% of winter checklists do.

Males have reddish-purple heads and breasts, with more brown on the back and wings, as well as a paler belly than females Purple Finches. They’re crimson, and especially towards the summit of their back, and they resemble House Finches.

  • Haemorhous purpureus
  • Length: 4.7-6.3 in (12-16 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-1.1 oz (18-32 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.7-10.2 in (22-26 cm)

Purple Finches breed throughout Canada and spend the winter in eastern US states, although they may be seen throughout the north-east and Pacific shore.

Purple Finch eats seeds, buds, nectar, and berries in both evergreen and deciduous woodland.

Purple Finch nests are found in the tops of trees. Twigs, barks, weeds, and moss are used to make them. The female incubates three to five eggs for thirteen days.

Black oil sunflower seeds attract purple finches to your yard.

15. Hermit Thrush

During the summer, Hermit Thrushes are most commonly seen in New Hampshire and appear on 12% of checklists at this time. Yet, a few people remain in the state throughout the year.

With an upright stance, chubby bodies, and long tails, Hermit Thrushes are birds that stand to attention. They have patches on the neck and breast, as well as a brown back and a white belly.

  • Catharus guttatus
  • Length: 5.5-7.1 in (14-18 cm)
  • Weight: 0.8-1.3 oz (23-37 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.8-11.4 in (25-29 cm)

In Canada, the northeast US states, and the west, Hermit Thrushes breed. Before spending the winter along the Pacific Coast, southeast states, and Mexico, they may be seen during migration in central states.

In forest clearings, where leaves are strewn about, Hermit Thrushes search the ground for insects. Berries are also eaten in the winter.

They seldom visit backyards, but in the spring and summer, their somewhat forlorn song may be heard.

16. Brown Creeper

All year, New Hampshire is home to the Brown Creepers. Summer and winter checklists may include up to 6% of them.

With their streaked brown backs and white undersides, Brown Creepers are small songbirds that are difficult to detect against tree trunks.

  • Certhia americana
  • Length: 4.7-5.5 in (12-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.2-0.3 oz (5-10 g)
  • Wingspan: 6.7-7.9 in (17-20 cm)

In the winter, brown Creepers may travel south and from higher altitudes. They do not migrate. Alaska, southern Canada, the United States’ northeastern and eastern states, as well as Mexico and Central America, are all home to them. During some winters, they venture into central and southeastern states.

Look closely at mature woodland tree trunks with big trees, where you may see them hunting for insects and larvae inside the bark, to spot one of these tiny birds.

In contrast to nuthatches, who face the tree trunk down, Brown Creepers are mostly seen climbing the tree and looking up.

These birds make a high-piercing scream instead of singing to help them get located.

17. Swamp Sparrow

From April to November, Swamp Sparrows spend the breeding season in New Hampshire, where they appear in 10% of summer checklists.

The backs of Swamp Sparrows are a dark brown color, and their crowns and wings are rusty. Gray breasts and white throats are visible on these birds. Their beaks are yellow, and their heads are gray with a brown face and a dark eye line.

  • Melospiza georgiana
  • Length: 4.7-5.9 in (12-15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.5-0.8 oz (15-23 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.1-7.5 in (18-19 cm)

The east is home to more Swamp Sparrows. Before moving to eastern and southern US states as well as Mexico, they breed in Canada, northeastern US states, and North Central US states.

Swamp Sparrows live in wetlands, swamps, bogs, and coastal marshes and are named after the fact. Throughout the winter and spring, they eat seeds and fruit, as well as more insects.

Swamp Sparrow nests are often made out of twigs, leaves, and cattails and are located in vegetation on or near the ground. Grass and other plant materials are used to line the nest.

Except during migration to yards with abundant vegetation and water, Swamp Sparrows do not visit backyards.

18. Brown-headed Cowbird – Female

From March to August in New Hampshire, brown-headed cowbirds may be seen on 11% of summer checklists. They are most commonly seen during the summer. During the winter, the majority migrate, although a few stay.

Brown all over with slight streaking, female Brown-headed Cowbirds are brown. With black bodies, brown heads, and short tails, male Brown-headed Cowbirds are larger than females.

  • Molothrus ater
  • Length: 76.3-8.7 in (19-22 cm)
  • Weight: 1.3-1.8 oz (42-50 g)
  • Wingspan: 14.2 in (36 cm)

In the eastern United States, southern United States, and along the Pacific Coast, Brown-headed Cowbirds are present all year. However, for the winter, those that breed in northern and western states migrate south.

Since they are parasite birds that eat the eggs of smaller songbirds in order to lay their eggs in the nest and have the bird raise their chicks, they are frequently considered a nuisance.

19. House Wren

House Wrens are most often seen from April to October, and they appear in 13% of summer checklists in New Hampshire. During the winter, the majority of them migrate, but a few stay until December.

House Wrens have heavier barred wings and tails, as well as a lighter throat, than other little nondescript brown birds. Their tails are commonly raised when they’re awake.

  • Troglodytes aedon
  • Length: 4.3-5.1 in (11-13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.4 oz (10-12 g)
  • Wingspan: 5.9 in (15 cm)

Before heading to southern United States and Mexico for winter, House Wrens spend their summer breeding in the United States and southern Canada.

House Wrens forage for insects and spiders in backyards, parks, and open woods. They might be seen energetically leaping across tangles and low branches with their tails up, pausing to sing their cheery song on each hop.

When it comes to finding the finest nest holes, House Wrens are ferocious for their size. They’ll often torment bigger birds by grabbing eggs or nestlings from their nests.

Leave stacks of brush or construct a nest box to entice House Wrens to your yard.

20. Rose-breasted Grosbeak – Female

During the breeding season in New Hampshire, Rose-breasted Grosbeaks are seen on 14% of summer checklists. They arrive in April and begin to move in October of the following year.

Brown with extensive streaking and a flash of yellow beneath the wings, female Rose-breasted Grosbeaks and immature males

Males of the Rose-breasted Grosbeak have black heads and backs, white bellies, and red breasts. They are black-and-white birds. Their wings are also covered in a red flash.

  • Pheucticus ludovicianus
  • Length: 7.1-8.3 in (18-21 cm)
  • Weight: 1.4-1.7 oz (39-49 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.4-13.0 in (29-33 cm)

In the northeastern United States, the Midwest, and southern and central Canada, Rose-breasted Grosbeaks breed. They can be found in the southern United States throughout migration. Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean are where Winter spends his time.

Rose-breasted Grosbeaks are searching for insects, berries, and seeds in woodlands, parks, and backyards.

Rose-breasted Grosbeak nests are built in the low branches of a tree. Twigs, grasses, and plants are used to create them. The eggs take two weeks to hatch, and there are roughly five of them. The eggs are then incubated alternately by both parents.

Sunflower seeds and peanuts may be used to attract Rose-breasted Grosbeaks to your yard.

21. Carolina Wren

The Carolina Wrens live in New Hampshire year-round and do not migrate. Summer checklists include them in 3% of the lists, while winter checklists include them in 7%.

The Carolina Wrens are dark brown on top and light brown below, and they are a retiring bird. They have an upright tail, a high-pitched “teakettle” song, and a white eyebrow stripe.

  • Thryothorus ludovicianus
  • Length: 4.7-5.5 in (12-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.8 oz (18-22 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.4 in (29 cm)

Throughout eastern and southeastern US states, Carolina Wrens can be found all year. They may be seen in wooded or vegetated regions, and they will visit backyard feeders.

Suet feeders, hulled sunflower seeds, and peanut hearts in huge tube feeders or on platform feeders will attract Carolina Wrens to your back yard.

In backyards across New Hampshire, you might encounter several Wrens, but they’re more likely to be found in marshy settings.

22. American Tree Sparrow

In New Hampshire, American Tree Sparrows are mostly seen between November and April. On 11% of winter checklists, they are recorded.

Rusty caps, gray faces, and a rusty eye line distinguish American Tree sparrows, which are long-tailed brown-streaked plump birds.

  • Spizelloides arborea
  • Length: 5.5 in (14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.5-1.0 oz (13-28 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.4 in (24 cm)

In the United States, winter American Tree Sparrows are seen, whereas summer American Tree Sparrows are seen in Canada. Except along the Pacific and Gulf Coasts, they breed in Canada’s far north and migrate to most US states during the winter.

In weedy fields and beneath bird feeders, you may see American Tree Sparrows foraging in small flocks.

The nests of American Tree Sparrows are made of twigs, grass, and moss and are usually placed on or near the ground. They laid five eggs, and the young fledge after roughly a week. They took around two weeks to hatch.

Black oil sunflower seeds, nyjer, cracked corn, and millet are all great options for attracting American Tree Sparrows to your backyard platform feeders. Seeds dropped by tube feeders are also consumed by them.

23. Winter Wren

In New Hampshire throughout the summer, winter Wrens may be seen. They are seen in 9% of summer checklists and spend the breeding season here. A minority, though, stay around all year.

The wings, tail, and belly of winter wrens are light brown birds with deeper bordered. They have pale eyebrow stripes and short, upright-keeping tails. Males and females have the same appearance.

Winter Wrens look very similar to Pacific Wrens, and there were once thought to be the same species, but now they are classed as different, and they sing different songs.

  • Troglodytes hiemalis
  • Length: 3.1-4.7 in (8-12 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.4 oz (8-12 g)
  • Wingspan: 4.7-6.3 in (12-16 cm)

Eastern US states during the winter, while northeastern US states across the summer, while Canada.

In woodlands and backyards, look for Winter Wrens hidden amid tangled undergrowth. By rummaging through fallen leaves and rotting bark, they devour insects and spiders.

Twigs, moss, and grass are woven together in a circular shape with a tiny entrance to build Winter Wren nests. Hatching takes roughly two weeks and a half, and the same amount of time is required for fledging.

With native plants and thick vegetation, you can attract Winter Wrens to your yard.

24. Wood Thrush

During the breeding season, from May to October, Wood Thrushes are found in 10% of checklists in New Hampshire and are regularly seen.

The plump white and black-spotted bellies of Wood Thrushes make them seem somewhat ridiculous. On the back, they’re brown, with a reddish tint on the crown and upper back.

  • Hylocichla mustelina
  • Length: 7.5-8.3 in (19-21 cm)
  • Weight: 1.4-1.8 oz (40-50 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.8-13.4 in (30-34 cm)

In one night, Wood Thrushes fly from the United States to Central America across the Gulf of Mexico.

In mature woodlands, these birds remain undetected, searching for insects like beetles and flies in leaf litter. They may be heard singing a ‘flute-like’ melody in the spring.

25. Pine Siskin

New Hampshire’s pine siskin is found in 2% of summer checklists and 4% of winter checklists throughout the year, and they can be seen all year.

Little brown finches with yellow streaks on the wings and tail, the Pine Siskins are a tiny species. With a short pointed beak, they have a forked tail and pointed wings.

  • Spinus Pinus
  • Length: 4.3-5.5 in (11-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.6 oz (12-18 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.1-8.7 in (18-22 cm)

The pine forests of the western states and near the Canadian Border are home to Pine Siskins all year. Before heading south for winter, some breed in Canada.

They may be found across most of North America, depending on the pine cone crops. Pine Siskins primarily eat pine seeds, however they will also eat young buds and seeds from grasses and weeds, as their name implies.

Will also eat black oil sunflower seeds and suet, so bring thistle and nyjer feeders to your yard to attract Pine Siskins.

26. Savannah Sparrow

New Hampshire is home to Savannah Sparrows, who show up in 4% of summer checklists. From April to November, they can be seen here, although their numbers rise in May and October during the spring and fall migrations. During migration, they may be found in up to 14% of checklists.

This brown bird has a noticeable yellow patch by the eye, which you may see if you get close enough to a Savannah Sparrow. They have small tails and a speckled brown coloration.

  • Passerculus sandwichensis
  • Length: 4.3-5.9 in (11-15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.5-1.0 oz (15-28 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-8.7 in (20-22 cm)

Before heading to the southern US states and Mexico for winter, Savannah Sparrows breed in Canada and the US.

During the breeding season, Savannah Sparrows may be found foraging for insects and spiders on the ground in open places like grassland, and seeds throughout the winter.

Savannah Sparrow nests are grass-based and are placed on or near the ground. They lay six eggs, and the fledgling takes two weeks to hatch and another two weeks to fledge.

If you maintain brush mounds, have long grass, and dwell near fields, these birds might visit your yard from time to time.

27. Eastern Towhee

The breeding season is from April to October, and Eastern Towhees are seen in 7% of summer checklists in New Hampshire. Yet, all year, a few lingers in the state’s southern region.

In the males, eastern towhees have a bright belly and long tails in addition to striking large sparrows with a black head, neck, and back. Instead of being black, females are brown.

  • Pipilo erythrophthalmus
  • Length: 6.8-8.2 in (17.3-20.8 cm)
  • Weight: 1.1-1.8 oz (32-52 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9-11.0 in (20-28 cm)

Birds in the north migrate south for the winter while eastern towhees live throughout the year in southeastern US states.

Eastern Towhees may be seen rummaging in the bushes and around the margins of woods and thickets.

The song of the eastern Towhee is a sharp note followed by a trill.

Eastern Towhees’ nests are frequently found beneath fallen leaves on the ground. They’re lined with soft grass and animal hair, and they’re fashioned out of twigs, bark, and leaves. They lay six eggs, which take around two weeks to hatch and another two weeks for the young to fledge.

Overgrown borders and platform feeders holding black oil sunflower seeds, hulled sunflower seeds, crumbled corn, and millet may entice Eastern Towhees to your property.

Eastern Towhees prefer south-facing slopes and will sunbathe.

28. Great-crested Flycatcher

From May to September, Great Crested Flycatchers nest in New Hampshire. On 8% of summer checklists, they are documented.

The back of Great Crested Flycatchers is brown, and the belly and neck are yellow. The wing and tail feathers of these birds have reddish flashes. It’s not clear where the peak is.

  • Myiarchus crinitus
  • Length: 6.7-8.3 in (17-21 cm)
  • Weight: 0.9-1.4 oz (27-40 g)
  • Wingspan: 13.4 in (34 cm)

Great Crested Flycatchers live in southern Florida, southern Mexico, and Central America throughout the winter while breeding across much of eastern North America.

Large insects flying, such as butterflies, grasshoppers, moths, wasps, and spiders are waiting for them up high in the woods. Mixed woodlands, around the fringes of clearings, parks, and tree-lined neighborhoods, as well as perched on fenceposts or other artificial constructions, are where they may be found. Berries and tiny fruits will be eaten as well.

Plant native species of plants, as well as brush piles to attract insects, to attract Great Crested Flycatchers to your yard. In addition, since they readily take up residence in plant berry-producing plants, set up a nest box for them.

29. Swainson’s Thrush

From April through November, Swainson’s Thrushes may be found in New Hampshire, with 6% of summer checklists containing them.

Swainson’s Thrushes are brown on the back and have white underbellies with speckled breasts.

  • Catharus ustulatus
  • Length: 6.3-7.5 in (16-19 cm)
  • Weight: 0.8-1.6 oz (23-45 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.4-12.2 in (29-31 cm)

During the breeding season, Swainson’s Thrushes feed on insects and red fruits such as blackberries, raspberries, huckleberries, and sumac in woodlands foraging among leaf litter on the floor. Ants are also fed to nestlings, as well as other insects.

Swainson’s Thrushes breed breeds breeds in Canada and Alaska before heading into Central and South America for winter, and they are only seen throughout migration in the lower 48 states during spring and fall.

Swainson’s Thrushes breed in Canada and Alaska before heading into Central and South America for winter, and they are only seen during migration in the spring and fall in the lower 48.

Ground-level birdbaths and tree and shrub cover will entice Swainson’s Thrushes to your own yard.

30. Field Sparrow

In New Hampshire, field Sparrows appear on 2% of summer checklists. From April through October, they spend the breeding season here, with a few spotted all throughout the state year round.

Little brown-backed birds with black streaks, Field Sparrows are tiny and slender. They have a reddish crown and pink beak, and their undersides are gray as well as their heads.

  • Spizella pusilla
  • Length: 4.7-5.9 in (12-15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.4-0.5 oz (11-15 g)
  • Wingspan: 7.9 in (20 cm)

Eastern US states have Field Sparrows throughout the year, but those that breed in the Midwest migrate south for winter.

Because the males will sing from a perch in the early mornings during the breeding season, finding Field Sparrows is simple. They feed quietly on weeds and seeds and are difficult to spot since they prefer abandoned fields.

During the breeding season, Field Sparrow nests are constructed on the ground, gradually ascending to higher and higher heights. They lay up to five eggs, which take around two weeks to hatch, and their nests are made of grass. The young fledge in about a week after that.

Cracked corn, hulled sunflower seeds, and millet can all be used to attract Field Sparrows to your yard.

31. Northern Waterthrush

From mid-April until early October, northern waterthrushes may be found in New Hampshire. Summer checklists include 3% of these items.

Large, thrush-like birds called Northern Waterthrushes. Males and females have identical characteristics. Their heads are brown, and their eyebrows are thick and white. Their backs are dark brown, and their bellies have dark, heavy streaking from their throats all the way to their rumps.

  • Parkesia noveboracensis
  • Length: 5.75 inches (15 cm)
  • Weight: 0.8 oz (23 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.75 inches (22 cm)

Before heading to Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean, northern waterthrushes breed in Canada, Alaska, and northeastern US states. In Central and South America, some may stay all year.

Northern Waterthrushes may be found in dense, woody bogs, thickets, and swamps. A Northern Waterthrush will probably be found around still or sluggish water in the woods. They often appear among mangroves during the winter in the tropics.

Foragers in the aquatic and terrestrial Northern Waterthrushes. They may explore shallow water for water beetles, mosquitoes, slugs, crustaceans, snails, and tiny fish thanks to their long legs and ability to walk on it. Caterpillars, moths, and ants are also eaten by them when they find them under leaves.

Northern Waterthrush nests are frequently found near water, in hollows or crevices. The nests are generally concealed among ferns and may be found on a moss-covered stump or beneath a protruding bank.

32. Brown Thrasher

During the summer months, from April to September, Brown Thrashers may be found in New Hampshire. At this time, 3% of checklists contain them.

Brown thrashers, also known as great tits, are huge songbirds. They’re roughly the same size as a robin. The backs are brown, and the chests and bellies are white-streaked. Grayish skin, with brilliant yellow eyes, covers their features.

  • Toxostoma rufum
  • Length: 9.1-11.8 in (23-30 cm)
  • Weight: 2.1-3.1 oz (61-89 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.4-12.6 in (29-32 cm)

In North America, brown thrashers may be found in the center and east. Birds in the southeast of their range stay throughout the year, however those farther north migrate south for the winter.

Because they spend the majority of their time in thickets and shrubbery, Brown Thrashers are difficult to locate for their size. They may be heard rummaging about the ground beneath the leaf litter and soil, hunting for insects, but they also consume berries, beetles, and flying insects from the air.

These most skilled songbirds sing over 1000 distinct song types, which is one of the largest numbers of any North American songbird.

Brown Thrashers will collect fallen seeds from under feeders if you provide them with enough cover andBerry shrubs in your backyard.

33. White-crowned Sparrow

During the spring and fall migrations in May and October, White-crowned Sparrows can be found in New Hampshire. At these times, up to 13% of checklists may have them.

White-crowned Sparrows are large grayish sparrows with long tails, small bills, and bold black and white stripes on their heads.

White-crowned Sparrows have big grayish heads with long tails, tiny beaks, and bold black and white stripes. They are a big grayish sparrow.

  • Zonotrichia leucophrys
  • Length: 5.9-6.3 in (15-16 cm)
  • Weight: 0.9-1.0 oz (25-28 g)
  • Wingspan: 8.3-9.4 in (21-24 cm)

Before migrating south to the lower 48 and Mexico during winter, White-crowned Sparrows breed in Alaska and arctic Canada. Some, however, may stick around the Pacific Coast and the high desert all year.

White-crowned Sparrows forage for seeds of weeds and grasses, as well as fruit like elderberries and blackberries, in weedy fields, along roadwaysides, forest borders, and in gardens.

White-crowned Sparrows forage for seeds of weeds and grasses or fruit like elderberries and blackberries in weedy fields, along roadsides, forest borders, and in yards.

White-crowned Sparrow nests are typically found in shrubs or on the ground in the tundra, and are made of twigs, grass, moss, and pine needles. They lay seven eggs, which take around two weeks to hatch and nine days for the chicks to fledge.

Sunflower seeds will attract White-crowned Sparrows to your yard, and the birds will devour seed at the feeders provided by other birds.

34. Louisiana Waterthrush

In New Hampshire, Louisiana Waterthrushes are found in 2% of summer checklists. From April to August, they are most commonly seen here.

In comparison to other warblers, Louisiana Waterthrushes are drab. They have a brown top and a pale bottom. Their white eyebrows are striped, and their pink legs are long.

  • Parkesia motacilla
  • Length: 5.9-6.1 in (15-15.5 cm)
  • Weight: 0.6-0.8 oz (18.2-22.9 g)
  • Wingspan: 9.4-10.6 in (24-27 cm)

During migration, Louisiana Waterthrushes can be found in the southeast. They spend the winter in Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean before returning in the spring.

Louisiana Waterthrush may be found in woodlands hunting for insects, vertebrates, and larvae along streams and moving water.

Louisiana Waterthrush nests are found among roots or beneath logs along thebanks of a stream. The nest is held together with mud and composed of leaves, pine needles, and other plant materials.

35. Marsh Wren

During the breeding season, Marsh Wrens may be seen in New Hampshire, but they are uncommon around here. They are most often observed from April to October, and they account for 1% of all summer checklists. A few, however, stay until January.

On their backs, Marsh Wrens have black and white streaks. They have the wren’s distinctive upright tail and are grayish brown on the bottom. Males and females seem identical.

They have longer bills than Sedge Wrens and lack stripes on their shoulders. They seem similar.

  • Cistothorus palustris
  • Length: 3.9-5.5 in (10-14 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.5 oz (9-14 g)
  • Wingspan: 5.9 in (15 cm)

Before going to southern states and Mexico, Marsh Wrens breed in northern US states and Central Canada. Several birds in the west, as well as those on the Atlantic Coast, may live all year. During their migration in the eastern United States, you may see them.

Marsh Wrens are found in marshlands, where each foot holds a distinct stalk of reeds. Singing among the reeds, particularly at daybreak and dusk, may be difficult to hear. Insects and spiders are eaten, and they’re found on nearby water leaves.

Except for a small opening in the top, Marsh Wren nests are completely enclosed. Reed and grasses are woven together to make them.

36. Spotted Towhee

In New Hampshire, Spotted Towhees are a uncommon or accidental species, but they were last spotted at Rockingham.

The males of Spotted Towhees are black on the head, neck, and back, while the females are brown. Males and females have white bellies, with white markings on their wings and back, and long tails. They are reddish-brown in color on the sides.

  • Pipilo maculatus
  • Length: 6.7-8.3 in (17-21 cm)
  • Weight: 1.2-1.7 oz (33-49 g)
  • Wingspan: 11.0 in (28 cm)

After breeding, Spotted Towhees move south to Texas from western states where they live.

Beetles, crickets, grasshoppers, caterpillars, wasps, and bees are among the insects that Spotted Towhees search for on the ground in dense tangles of shrubs. Acorns, berries, and seeds are among the foods they consume.

Nests made of leaves, stems, and bark lined with softer material are often found on or near the ground. They deposit six eggs, which take two weeks to develop and another 10 days for the chicks to fledge.

If you leave overgrown borders, attract Spotted Towhees to your yard, and they’ll come for Black Oil Sunflower seeds, Hulled Sunflower seeds, Cracked Corn, Millet, and Milo at platform feeders or ground feeders.

37. Golden-crowned Sparrow

In New Hampshire, golden-crowned Sparrows are an accidental species. They were only discovered in Derry in 2010 and are quite uncommon in the state.

The underparts of Golden-crowned Sparrows are golden, while the back is streaked with brown. A brilliant-yellow foreskull and a black crown adorn their skulls.

In the winter, their colors are duller and their crown is browner, with a yellow forehead.

  • Zonotrichia atricapilla
  • Length: 5.9-7.1 in (15-18 cm)
  • Weight: 1.1-1.2 oz (30-33 g)

Before heading to the West Coast for winter, Golden-crowned Sparrows breed in Alaska and western Canada.

Golden-crowned Sparrows may be seen searching for seeds like dock, sumac, and geranium in weedy fields. Apples, grapes, elderberry, and olives are among the fruits they consume. Ants, beetles, butterflies, and termites are examples of insects that consume them.

Golden-crowned Sparrow nests are usually made of twigs, moss, and leaves and are found on the ground. Animal hair, grass, and feathers are used to line them.

Place ground feeders with seeds or plant native plants that produce in your yard to attract Golden-crowned Sparrows.

38. Bewick’s Wren

In New Hampshire, Bewick’s Wrens are extremely uncommon birds, but the state’s Rare Birds Committee has classified them as accidental species.

Brown-backed birds with long gray upright tails and deeper barring, Bewick’s Wrens are a species of wren. The bellies are gray, and the eye is striped white.

  • Thryomanes bewickii
  • Length: 5.1 in (13 cm)
  • Weight: 0.3-0.4 oz (8-12 g)

Bewick’s Wrens are found throughout the year in southern and western states, with a few winter movements.

Bewick’s Wrens can be found hopping from branch to branch, flicking their long tails, in scrub, thickets, and open woodland. Bees, bugs, caterpillars, and beetles are among the insects and larvae they consume.

Rock ledges, old woodpecker nests, nest boxes, and building crevices are all places where nests may be found. They’re cup-shaped and constructed with a softer interior made of sticks and grasses. Hatching takes two weeks, with a second two weeks required for fledging. Thye lay three to eight eggs.

Suet, mealworms, and hulled sunflower seeds will attract Bewick Wrens to your yard.

How Frequently Brown Birds Are Spotted In New Hampshire In Summer And Winter

Finding out which birds are commonly seen in your state can be done using checklists. On checklists on ebird throughout the summer and winter in New Hampshire, these lists reveal which brown birds are most often observed.

Brown Birds in New Hampshire in summer:

American Robin 51.4%

American Goldfinch 43.4%

Song Sparrow 42.0%

Mourning Dove 35.3%

Chipping Sparrow 33.3%

Northern Cardinal 30.4%

Common Yellowthroat 30.3%

Eastern Phoebe 26.3%

Cedar Waxwing 17.8%

White-throated Sparrow 15.8%

Northern Flicker 14.6%

Rose-breasted Grosbeak 14.6%

House Wren 13.8%

Hermit Thrush 12.5%

House Finch 11.7%

House Sparrow 11.6%

Purple Finch 11.1%

Brown-headed Cowbird 11.1%

Swamp Sparrow 10.8%

Wood Thrush 10.3%

Winter Wren 8.9%

Great Crested Flycatcher 8.5%

Eastern Towhee 7.2%

Brown Creeper 6.1%

Swainson’s Thrush 6.0%

Savannah Sparrow 4.4%

Carolina Wren 3.9%

Northern Waterthrush 3.9%

Brown Thrasher 3.2%

Field Sparrow 2.7%

Pine Siskin 2.1%

Louisiana Waterthrush 2.0%

Marsh Wren 1.5%

White-crowned Sparrow 1.2%

American Tree Sparrow <0.1%

Brown Birds in New Hampshire in winter:

American Goldfinch 32.7%

Northern Cardinal 31.5%

Mourning Dove 29.8%

House Finch 14.7%

House Sparrow 14.2%

American Robin 12.5%

American Tree Sparrow 11.5%

White-throated Sparrow 9.6%

Song Sparrow 8.0%

Carolina Wren 7.4%

Brown Creeper 5.5%

Pine Siskin 4.3%

Cedar Waxwing 3.7%

Purple Finch 3.0%

Northern Flicker 1.6%

Hermit Thrush 0.6%

Winter Wren 0.6%

Chipping Sparrow 0.4%

Savannah Sparrow 0.3%

Brown-headed Cowbird 0.2%

Swamp Sparrow 0.2%

Eastern Towhee 0.2%

White-crowned Sparrow 0.1%

Field Sparrow 0.1%

Spotted Towhee 0.1%

Brown Thrasher 0.1%

Eastern Phoebe <0.1%

Common Yellowthroat <0.1%

Marsh Wren <0.1%

Rose-breasted Grosbeak <0.1%

House Wren <0.1%

Wood Thrush <0.1%

Swainson’s Thrush <0.1%

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