24 Hummingbird Plants Massachusetts

There exists an abundance of flowers that captivate hummingbirds, but it is crucial to discover plants that can endure and flourish in your particular weather circumstances. If the temperatures become excessively hot or cold, these plants may wither away or fail to grow sufficiently, resulting in a lack of flowers for hummingbirds to gather nectar from.

The United States is divided into 13 zones according to the USDA plant hardiness zone map, which is based on the average minimum temperature. Each state also contains different zones. Plants thrive in diverse zones and can tolerate minimal temperatures, but they cannot survive if exposed to extreme cold.

Massachusetts experiences milder winters near the coast compared to the inland areas, with hardiness zones ranging from 5 to 7 on the zone map.

In terms of plant heat zones, Massachusetts falls within zones 2 to 5 only, making it the cold winters that pose the greatest challenge for growing hummingbird plants in this region.

To ensure that the listed plants for hummingbirds are suitable for Massachusetts, extensive checks have been conducted based on the cold and heat zones in the state. These plants not only boast stunning, nectar-rich flowers that hummingbirds adore, but they also possess the ability to thrive within Massachusetts’ weather conditions.

However, it should be noted that plants listed in the cold zone 6-7 may struggle to survive the colder winters in zone 5 without proper protection.

Therefore, it is recommended to plant as many of these flowers as possible to attract hummingbirds in Massachusetts.

Hummingbird Plants for Massachusetts, Hardiness Zone 5:

1. Nasturtiums

Trailing edible flowers known as Nasturtiums are ideal for creating hanging baskets that captivate hummingbirds due to their rich nectar and uniquely designed deep flowers.

Typically grown as annuals, Nasturtiums are available in trailing or bush varieties. Sow the seeds shortly after the final frost outdoors and ensure they receive adequate watering during the growing season while also removing faded flowers.

Common Name: Nasturtiums
Scientific Name: Tropaeolum
Growing Zones: 2 – 11
Sun: Full
Soil: Well-drained
Colors: Red, orange, yellow, pink
Height: 1 – 10 feet
Spread: 1 – 3 feet
Plant Type: Annual

2. Zinnia

Zinnias are flowering shrubs native to the scrub and dry grasslands of North America. They belong to the sunflower tribe within the vast daisy family, Asteraceae.

Zinnias are categorized into three main types based on their petal structure. Single-flowered zinnias have a solitary row of petals with a visible center, while double-flowered zinnias possess multiple rows of petals without a visible center. Semi-double-flowered zinnias exhibit numerous rows and discernible centers.

The Zinnia elegans, with its tall stems and vibrant colors, is considered a classic choice, widely favored in backyards and gardens. Reaching a height of 4 feet, this variety boasts a plethora of brilliantly colored flowers, ensuring a prolonged blooming period from early summer until frost. Butterflies and hummingbirds are drawn to these flowers, serving as pollinators.

Growing zinnias is a straightforward process, but it is important to plant them directly in the desired location, as they do not thrive when transplanted. Once they become established in well-draining soil under full sun, they will grace your garden with their vivid blooms for an extended period.

Common Name: Zinnea, Zinnia
Scientific Name: Zinnia elegans
Growing Zones: Annuals in 2-8, Perennials in 9-11
Sun: Full sun
Soil: Neutral to slightly alkaline, well-draining
Colors: White, yellow, orange, pink, red, purple
Height: 1 – 4 feet tall
Spread: 12 – 18 feet wide
Plant Type: Annual, Perennial Shrubs

3. Agastache

Agastache, pronounced as “ah-GAH-stuh-kee,” encompasses aromatic herbaceous perennials, including up to 22 species, most of which are native to North America. Commonly referred to as “hummingbird mints” and “Giant hyssops,” these plants can also be used to make herbal tea.

Agastache flowers possess an enticing quality that captures hummingbirds’ attention as they stand out amidst the foliage. These flowers, composed of numerous tiny blossoms growing in clusters, measure approximately 3 to 4 inches in length and appear fuzzy. Their vibrant purple and red hues align perfectly with hummingbirds’ preferred colors, making Agastache flowers irresistible, particularly when they reach full bloom during the summer.

The optimal approach to cultivating Agastache flowers is to start them indoors as potted plants in May, later transplanting them into flower beds during summer. They thrive in full sun and require regular watering during the initial establishment phase. Once established, they become drought-tolerant, requiring minimal intervention.

Being desert plants, Agastache exhibits remarkable tolerance to even the hottest days, making excessive watering unnecessary once they have settled. Overwatering can cause root rot, so it is advisable to provide sufficient water initially and allow the plants to dry naturally.

Common Name: Agastache, Hummingbird Mint, Hyssop
Scientific Name: Agastache
Growing Zones: 3 – 10
Sun: Full sun
Soil: Lean soil, well-drained
Colors: Blue, purple, red, orange, pink, white
Height: 3 to 5 feet tall
Spread: Varies
Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial

4. Morning Glory

The term “Morning Glory” encompasses over 1,000 species of flowering plants belonging to the Convolvulaceae family. These plants acquired their name due to their characteristic behavior of opening their flowers early in the morning and closing them as the day heats up. However, some Morning Glory species, such as Ipomoea alba, bloom at night instead of during the day.

Morning glory flowers are renowned for their vibrant and colorful blooms, fast-growing vines, bright green foliage, and resilience in poor and dry soils. They are often trained to climb arbors or allowed to trail along the exterior walls of houses with the aid of a trellis.

One of the prominent Morning Glory species known for attracting hummingbirds is Ipomoea purpurea. With its striking bright purple, trumpet-shaped flowers and heart-shaped leaves, this species opens in the morning and closes in the afternoon, blooming from early summer to early fall.

Although Morning Glory is considered an annual vine, it can exhibit perennial tendencies in milder climates. To maximize their blooming potential, it is essential to provide Morning Glories with full sun exposure, preferably 8 hours of sunlight daily.

As the fast-growing vines can become invasive if not properly maintained, it is crucial to exercise caution. Additionally, the seeds of Morning Glories are toxic if consumed, so it is advisable to keep children and pets away from the plant.

Common Name: Morning Glory, common morning glory
Scientific Name: Convolvulaceae family
Growing Zones: 2 – 11
Sun: Full sun
Soil: Moist, well-draining
Colors: White, pink, purple, blue
Height: 6 – 10 feet tall
Spread: 3 – 6 feetwide
Plant Type: Annual

5. Impatiens

Impatiens, bright and colorful annuals, serve as excellent additions to shaded areas while also attracting hummingbirds.

These plants thrive in moist, well-draining soil and prefer deep shade, making them suitable for hanging baskets on porches.

Typically purchased as pre-grown plants in trays from nurseries, they are planted closely together to create dense mats of flowers and foliage.

Seeds can be collected from the plants and sown indoors 10 weeks before the last frost, as they require a longer time to flower. Alternatively, cuttings can be taken in autumn and grown indoors until the frost passes.

Common Name: Impatiens, jewelweed, touch-me-not, snapweed, patience
Scientific Name: Impatiens
Growing Zones: 2 – 11
Sun: Shade or partial shade
Soil: Rich, well-draining
Colors: Red, pink, purple, yellow, coral
Height: 6 – 36 inches
Spread: 1 – 3 feet
Plant Type: Annual

6. Columbine

Columbine plants stand out as excellent choices for attracting hummingbirds due to their wide array of vibrant colors and ability to thrive in partial shade.

Columbine, scientifically known as Aquilegia, represents an elegant perennial plant with spiky, bell-shaped blooms that can measure anywhere from 3 to 6 inches in length.

Numerous varieties of columbine exist, with most growing well in areas ranging from full sun to partial shade. These plants often bloom early in the spring, making them a fantastic option for those seeking to entice hummingbirds.

Not only do these hardy flowers tolerate shade, but they are also drought-tolerant and resistant to deer.

Sowing columbine seeds directly into the ground during spring allows them to self-seed if left undisturbed at the end of the flowering season. Alternatively, starting the seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last frost can offer a head start. However, it’s important to note that seed-grown plants will not produce flowers until their second year.

Common Name: Columbine, Aquilegia
Scientific Name: Aquilegia
Growing Zones: 3 – 9
Sun: Full sun to partial shade
Soil: Neutral pH, moist but not wet
Colors: Red, pink, blue, orange, white, yellow
Height: 1 – 3 feet
Spread: 1 foot
Plant Type: Perennial

7. Coneflower

Coneflower serves as the common name for Echinacea, a genus of flowering plants within the Asteraceae family, also known as the daisy family. The scientific name Echinacea derives from the Greek term for “sea urchin,” referring to the plant’s shiny central disk.

Within the coneflower genus, there exist ten different species. The name “coneflower” stems from the petals’ tendency to point downward once the central flower head opens, forming a distinctive cone shape. One of the most well-known ornamental coneflowers for backyard cultivation is Echinacea purpurea, also referred to as the purple coneflower, native to eastern North America.

Coneflowers are sizable, with flowers reaching approximately 6 inches in diameter and stalks that grow up to 5 feet tall. Depending on the variety, the flowers can showcase various colors, including pink, red, orange, yellow, white, and purple. These flowers thrive under full sun exposure and well-draining soil. Throughout the summer into fall, they offer a profusion of nectar-rich flowers that repeatedly attract hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. The central cone of the flower serves as a delectable nectar source.

Common Name: Coneflower
Scientific Name: Echinacea
Growing Zones: 3 – 9
Sun: Full sun
Soil: Varies
Colors: White, yellow, orange, pink, red, purple, green
Height: 2 to 5 feet tall
Spread: 1 ½ – 2 feet wide
Plant Type: Perennial

8. Penstemon

Penstemon, belonging to the Plantaginaceae family, comprises over 250 ornamental flowering plants, including snapdragons and foxgloves. Its common name, Beardtongue, arises from the tuft of small hairs present on the pollen-free stamen protruding from the flowers.

With numerous species available, there is a wide range of Penstemon varieties to choose from, all of which share several characteristics. These plants are drought-tolerant, attract hummingbirds and bees, are easy to care for, and brighten up any backyard with their beautiful blooms.

Penstemon flowers, blooming in early summer, become a focal point in garden settings due to their spires and clusters of colorful tubular flowers. The available colors depend on the chosen variety, ranging from blue and purple to red, orange, white, pink, and yellow.

Hummingbirds are consistently drawn to Penstemon flowers, thanks to their bright colors and nectar-rich qualities.

For optimal growth, plant penstemons in locations with full sunlight, as this ensures abundant blooming and prevents the stems from drooping. These plants prefer lean, well-draining soil and can tolerate drought, although periodic watering is beneficial. Selecting a variety suited to your specific soil and climate conditions will promote their longevity.

Common Name: Penstemon, foxglove beard-tongue, foxglove beardtongue, talus slope penstemon, white beardtongue
Scientific Name: Penstemon
Growing Zones: 3 – 9
Sun: Full sun
Soil: Lean, fast-draining soil
Colors: Blue, purple, red, orange, white, pink, yellow
Height: 6 to 12 inches, 1 to 3 feet, 3 to 8 feet
Spread: 8 to 20 inches
Plant Type: Perennial

9. Summersweet

Summersweet represents a delightful flowering shrub that not only enhances the aesthetics of your backyard but also attracts hummingbirds.

Scientifically known as Clethra alnifolia, this flowering plant belongs to the Clethraceae family and is native to eastern North America. Summersweet thrives in various climates but particularly flourishes in wetlands and along the edges of ponds and streams.

Summersweet showcases vertical spikes of spicy-smelling white flowers set against dark green foliage. In autumn, the leaves transition to shades of yellow or gold. The name “pepperbush” originates from the resemblance of the seed capsules, which drop after the flowers bloom, to peppercorns.

Flowering between July and August, Summersweet’s flowers measure 2 to 6 inches in length and come in white or pink shades. They emit a fragrant scent that allures butterflies and hummingbirds. Additionally, the pepper-like seeds attract birds during autumn.

Due to their coastal origins, Summersweet thrives in moist to wet soil, ideally in shaded areas. Interestingly, these flowers tend to produce larger blooms in shade rather than under excessive sunlight. Adequate hydration is essential during dry spells. Summersweet plants exhibit tolerance to salty air, a trait inherited from their coastal habitat.

To ensure proper growth, provide ample space for Summersweet plants, as they tend to spread extensively. Maintain consistent soil moisture and prune old branches during spring to stimulate new growth and shape the shrub.

Common Name: Summersweet, coastal sweet pepperbush
Scientific Name: Clethra alnifolia
Growing Zones: 3 – 9
Sun: Full sun or partial shade
Soil: Moist to wet, slightly acidic
Colors: White, pink, rose-colored
Height: 4 – 8 feet tall
Spread: 4 – 6 feet wide
Plant Type: Perennial, Deciduous shrub

10. Yarrow

Yarrow, scientifically known as Achillea millefolium, carries a wealth of folklore and history. Its scientific name pays homage to the Greek hero Achilles, who supposedly used yarrow to treat his soldiers’ wounds.

Yarrow earned the nickname “Nosebleed” due to its ability to stop or induce nosebleeds. The term “millefolium” translates to “thousand leaves,” alluding to the plant’s delicate, feather-like leaves, which appear as if divided into a thousand individual leaflets.

Common Yarrow is a popular choice in many gardens due to its attractive clusters of tiny flowers. The flowers can vary in color, including white, yellow, pink, or red, depending on the specific variant. These flowers bloom tightly in clusters, consisting of 15 to 40 individual blossoms on each stalk.

Yarrow’s feathery leaves are equally appealing, evenly distributed along the stems and measuring 2 to 8 inches in length. The lower and middle leaves tend to be larger. Aromatic and sporting a soft, fern-like appearance, the leaves contribute to the plant’s overall charm.

These lovely yarrow flowers act as major attractions for pollinators such as hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. Cultivating yarrow in your garden is a straightforward process, requiring exposure to full sunlight and regular watering to keep the plants hydrated.

Beyond their beauty and pollinator appeal, Common Yarrow possesses a range of medicinal properties. It can be used to treat wounds, burns, colds, fevers, and headaches.

Common Name: Common Yarrow, Milfoil, Nosebleed, Thousand-leaf
Scientific Name: Achillea millefolium
Growing Zones: 3 – 9
Sun: Full sun
Soil: Sandy, loamy, clay, well-draining
Colors: White, yellow, pink, red
Height: 2 to 3 feet tall
Spread: 2 to 3 feet wide
Plant Type: Perennial

11. Butterfly Weed

Butterfly Weed, scientifically known as Asclepias tuberosa, is a vibrant and eye-catching plant that is also referred to as Pleurisy Root due to its historical medicinal use for pleurisy and other respiratory ailments by indigenous people. It is also called Orange Milkweed, as its flowers bear an orange hue and it belongs to the Milkweed family, although it lacks the milky sap commonly associated with milkweeds.

If you desire to attract butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds to your garden, the inclusion of Butterfly Weed is essential. Its orange to yellow flowers, rich in nectar, grow in clusters atop thick and hairy stems amidst lush, bright green foliage.

Enjoy the blossoms from late spring to summer, but exercise caution and remove seed pods if you do not wish them to self-seed, as they can be invasive.

Butterfly Weed plants are relatively easy to grow, although they require some patience, as they may take up to three years to flower. It is advisable to plant them in a permanent location, as their tuberous roots do not favor transplantation. These plants thrive in full sunlight and typically require infrequent watering once established.

Planting Butterfly Weed not only enhances the beauty of your garden and provides nectar for hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies but also contributes to the preservation of monarch butterflies, as they rely on milkweed leaves as a food source for their caterpillars.

Common Name: Butterfly Weed, Butterfly Flower, Orange Milkweed, Pleurisy Root
Scientific Name: Asclepias tuberosa
Growing Zones: 3 – 9
Sun: Full sun
Soil: Poor, dry, well-drained soil
Colors: Orange, yellow, red
Height: 1 to 2 feet tall
Spread: 12 to 18 inches wide
Plant Type: Perennial

12. Hydrangea

Hydrangeas possess large and captivating flower heads that make a splendid addition to shaded areas in your yard. These showy plants thrive best in moderate temperatures, making shade an ideal growing condition, particularly in the afternoon.

Moist soil is preferred by Hydrangeas, so a generous watering once a week, especially during dry spells, is necessary. Pruning should be done after the flowers have withered in winter.

Hydrangea flowers continue to display their exuberance from spring until well into fall before their blooms gradually fade away, adding interest even during the winter months.

Common Name: Hydrangea
Scientific Name: Hydrangea
Growing Zones: 3 – 9
Sun: Full sun to shade
Soil: Fertile, well-drained soil
Colors: Pink, red, white, blue, green
Height: 3 – 15 feet
Spread: 2 – 12 feet
Plant Type: Perennial

13. Veronica

Veronica encompasses a diverse genus of flowering plants, belonging to the family Plantaginaceae, which consists of approximately 500 species. These plants, native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere, can be categorized as herbaceous perennials or annuals.

Among the various Veronica varieties, Veronica spicata stands out as one of the most popular choices. Renowned for its colorful vertical spikes of flowers, this plant adds a touch of elegance to any garden setting. The tiny flowers cluster together at the end of the spike, displaying shades of white, pink, purple, and blue. Their captivating colors attract hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees.

Veronicas, also known as Speedwells, are hardy plants capable of tolerating a wide range of soil types. They are generally resistant to pests and benefit from deadheading, which extends their flowering season

. While they thrive in full sunlight, regular watering is crucial during the early stages of growth to ensure optimal flower development.

Common Name: Veronica, Speedwell
Scientific Name: Genus Veronica from the family Plantaginaceae
Growing Zones: 3 – 11
Sun: Full sun, partial shade
Soil: Well-drained soil
Colors: White, pink, purple, blue
Height: 6 inches to 3 feet tall
Spread: 6 inches to 2 feet wide
Plant Type: Perennial

14. Bleeding Heart

Bleeding Heart, scientifically known as Dicentra spectabilis, is a perennial plant that blooms during the spring season and emanates a delightful sweet fragrance. These low-maintenance plants can be cultivated in areas with full sun or partial shade.

They make a fantastic addition to shady corners and their delicate flowers create a stunning display when arching out of hanging baskets.

In hot temperatures or excessive sunlight, the above-ground parts of Bleeding Heart may wither away, but the plant’s roots remain intact, allowing it to regenerate the following year. Adequate watering during the growing season is necessary, maintaining the soil’s moisture without excessive wetness.

During the fall, Bleeding Heart enters a dormant phase, and it can be pruned back once the foliage begins to yellow. Rest assured, the plant will regrow with vigor.

Common Name: Bleeding Heart
Scientific Name: Dicentra spectabilis
Growing Zones: 3 – 9
Sun: Partial shade
Soil: Well-drained, moist soil
Colors: Red, white, pink
Height: 3 feet
Spread: 3 feet
Plant Type: Perennial

15. Cardinal Flower

The long and vibrant red tubular flowers of Cardinal Flower, scientifically known as Lobelia cardinalis, are perfectly adapted to attract hummingbirds with their elongated bills.

These herbaceous perennials showcase their flowers in late summer, with the bright red blooms adorning terminal spikes.

Cardinal Flowers are not tolerant of drought and prefer moist soil that remains consistently hydrated.

When planting Cardinal Flowers in pots, it is advisable to place them in a tray of water that can be easily replenished.

Common Name: Cardinal Flower
Scientific Name: Lobelia cardinalis
Growing Zones: 3 – 9
Sun: Full sun to partial shade
Soil: Rich, moist soil
Colors: Red, pink, white
Height: 2 – 4 feet
Spread: 1 – 2 feet
Plant Type: Perennial

16. Phlox

Phlox, a genus of flowering plants, derives its name from the Greek word “Flame” due to the intensely-colored flowers it produces. While there are numerous varieties of Phlox, the most common types include Creeping Phlox (Phlox subulata), Woodland Phlox (Phlox stolonifera/divaricata), and Garden Phlox (Phlox paniculata).

Creeping Phlox grows close to the ground, creating a low and spreading growth habit that makes it an excellent choice as a ground cover. Woodland Phlox reaches a medium height, making it ideal for filling gaps in garden beds. Garden Phlox stands tall and erect, often serving as a prominent feature, even when placed at the back of a border.

Phlox flowers grow in clusters atop hardy stems, forming exquisite displays of dainty blossoms. Most of these flowers emit a fragrant aroma. While some varieties bloom in spring, others continue to flower from summer through fall. Phlox comes in a wide array of colors, including shades of white, pink, red, purple, and blue.

Although the abundant blooms may overshadow the foliage, Phlox

leaves are also noteworthy. They exhibit various shapes, such as oblong, pointed, and lance-shaped, with some showcasing border colors. Generally, the leaves are vibrant or deep green.

Regardless of the specific variety, Phlox attracts hummingbirds and other pollinators. Fortunately, they are easy to cultivate and certain types can even spread through self-seeding. Provide them with occasional watering and ample sunlight, and watch them flourish.

Common Name: Garden Phlox, Creeping Phlox, Woodland Phlox
Scientific Name: Phlox
Growing Zones: 2 – 9
Sun: Full sun, part sun, shade
Soil: Moist, fertile soil with a layer of compost
Colors: White, pink, red, purple, blue
Height: 4 to 6 inches, 8 to 12 inches, 2 to 4 feet tall
Spread: 4 to 6 inches wide, 8 to 12 inches wide, 2 to 3 feet wide
Plant Type: Perennial

17. Viburnum

Viburnum, now classified under the family Adoxaceae, encompasses over 150 species of flowering plants. Previously, it was categorized within the honeysuckle family, Caprifoliaceae. These deciduous shrubs and trees are native to temperate regions of North America, while certain varieties originate from the tropical regions of Southeast Asia and exhibit evergreen characteristics.

Viburnum flowers possess an alluring array of nectar-rich, shapely blooms that captivate hummingbirds and butterflies. Some varieties, such as Cayuga and Burkwood, emit intoxicating fragrances. Additionally, Viburnum leaves showcase captivating colors, ranging from purplish-red to blue-green. The berries borne by these plants also contribute to their visual appeal, displaying striking hues of red, pink, purple, blue, and black.

For most Viburnum varieties, the flowering season spans from early spring to late summer. However, certain types, like the Bodnant Viburnum, bloom in winter. Once the flowers have faded, these plants reveal brilliantly-colored fruits and captivating fall foliage.

While Viburnums have varying sunlight requirements, with some thriving in partial shade, most prefer at least 6 hours of sunlight to ensure optimal flower production, bountiful fruits, and vibrant fall foliage. Adequate drainage and periodic pruning to remove old and broken branches are generally beneficial for these plants.

With their fragrance, colorful flowers, and foliage, as well as eye-catching fruits, Viburnums make a splendid addition to any backyard, attracting the graceful presence of hummingbirds.

Common Name: Viburnum
Scientific Name: Viburnum
Growing Zones: 2 – 9
Sun: Full sun, partial sun
Soil: Moist but well-drained soil
Colors: White, pink
Height: 3 – 8 feet, 8 – 20 feet
Spread: 3 to 12 feet wide, depending on the type
Plant Type: Perennial, evergreen, deciduous shrub

18. English Hawthorn

The English Hawthorn, also known as Craetaegus Laevigata or Midland Hawthorn, is a deciduous and thorny tree native to Europe and North Africa. Resembling apple, pear, and crabapple trees, the English Hawthorn boasts abundant spring blooms.

These small to medium-sized trees, reaching heights of up to 30 feet, exhibit drought tolerance and can thrive in poor soil conditions. Due to their adaptability and compact nature, they are commonly employed as street trees, in landscape settings, and as bonsai specimens.

During the spring, English Hawthorn trees showcase radiant colors, including white, pink, lavender, and red. These tulip

-shaped flowers, with six greenish-yellow petals and an orange band near the base, cluster in groups of 6 to 12 along the branches. Following the floral display, small red or orange fruits emerge and persist from summer to winter, providing a striking contrast against the tree’s white winter silhouette.

When selecting a planting location for the English Hawthorn, it is advisable to consider areas where fallen fruits will not pose an issue. Although the growth rate of these trees is moderate, they have an impressive lifespan of up to 150 years.

Common Name: English Hawthorn, Midland Hawthorn, Woodland Hawthorn
Scientific Name: Craetaegus Laevigata
Growing Zones: 3 – 9
Sun: Full sun
Soil: Moist, well-drained soil
Colors: White, pink, lavender, red
Height: 6 to 30 feet tall
Spread: 6 to 30 feet wide
Plant Type: Perennial, deciduous tree

19. Daylily

Daylilies, belonging to the Asphodelaceae family, are perennial plants renowned for their captivating flowers. With approximately 35,000 cultivars developed to enhance color variations, plant hardiness, disease resistance, and sturdiness, Daylilies have become popular among gardeners.

Despite their name, Daylilies are not true lilies. They grow from fleshy roots rather than onion-like bulbs. The flowers emerge on leafless stems called “scapes,” which can bear as many as 12 to 15 buds. Mature Daylily plants often have multiple scapes, resulting in a profusion of blooms from mid-spring to fall.

Each Daylily flower lasts only a day, but continuous blooming occurs as new flowers replace the faded ones. To ensure optimal flower production, Daylilies should be placed in areas that receive at least six hours of sunlight. While these plants exhibit drought tolerance, regular watering is crucial during the scape and bud formation stage.

Hummingbirds are easily enticed by the bright colors of Daylilies, particularly the red and purple varieties. They are particularly drawn to the tubular-shaped flowers, which provide ample nectar.

Common Name: Daylily
Scientific Name: Genus Hemerocallis
Growing Zones: 4 – 9
Sun: Full sun
Soil: Slightly acidic to neutral
Colors: White, yellow, orange, pink, red, purple
Height: 3 to 4 feet tall
Spread: 2 to 4 feet wide
Plant Type: Perennial

20. Tulip Tree

The Tulip Tree, scientifically known as Liriodendron tulipifera, is the North American counterpart to the Chinese Liriodendron chinense. Often referred to as the yellow-poplar, this fast-growing and robust tree holds the distinction of being the tallest hardwood tree in the eastern region.

With its bright yellow flowers brimming with nectar, the Tulip Tree entices hummingbirds with its vibrant displays.

During spring, the Tulip Tree reveals tulip-shaped flowers measuring approximately 2 inches in length and width. These flowers feature six greenish-yellow petals adorned with an orange band near the base. When viewed from above, the orange band appears to accentuate the stamens positioned at the center, making it particularly appealing to hummingbirds and other pollinators.

The leaves of the Tulip Tree are equally enchanting, showcasing a star-shaped structure, smooth texture, and glossy appearance, ranging from 3 to 6 inches in length. While they typically display a bright green hue, these leaves transform into shades of gold or vibrant yellow during the fall season. The stems of the leaves emit a delightful fragrance.

Although the Tulip Tree can reach towering heights of 70 to 90 feet, it can be managed through pruning to maintain a smaller size. These trees thrive in moist, well-drained soil and require a minimum of 6 hours of sunlight to promote rapid growth.

Common Name: Tulip Tree
Scientific Name: Liriodendron tulipifera
Growing Zones: 4 – 9
Sun: Full sun
Soil: Moist, well-drained soil
Colors: Green-yellow, orange
Height: 70 to 90 feet
Spread: 40 feet
Plant Type: Perennial, deciduous tree

21. Cardinal Flower

Cardinal Flower, scientifically known as Lobelia cardinalis, is a vibrant perennial plant that belongs to the Campanulaceae family. It derives its common name from the bright red color of its flowers, resembling the robes of Catholic cardinals.

The Cardinal Flower is a favorite among hummingbirds due to its tubular-shaped blossoms that are rich in nectar. The flowers are arranged in dense spikes, reaching heights of up to 4 feet, and bloom from mid-summer to early fall.

With its preference for moist soil, the Cardinal Flower thrives near water sources such as ponds, streams, or rain gardens. It can tolerate partial shade but prefers full sun for optimal growth and flower production. Regular watering is essential to keep the soil consistently moist.

Apart from its ornamental value and its ability to attract hummingbirds, the Cardinal Flower also serves as a host plant for various butterfly species, making it a valuable addition to any wildlife-friendly garden.

Common Name: Cardinal Flower
Scientific Name: Lobelia cardinalis
Growing Zones: 3 – 9
Sun: Full sun to partial shade
Soil: Moist, well-drained soil
Color: Red
Height: Up to 4 feet tall
Spread: 1 to 2 feet wide
Plant Type: Perennial

22. Fuchsia

Fuchsia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Onagraceae, comprising approximately 100 recognized species. These colorful plants are native to Central and South America, with some species found in New Zealand and Tahiti.

Fuchsia flowers are known for their distinctive shape, with long, tubular petals that are often brightly colored. The vibrant hues of fuchsia flowers, including shades of pink, purple, red, and white, make them highly attractive to hummingbirds.

Hummingbirds are drawn to the nectar-rich flowers of fuchsias, which provide them with a valuable food source. The flowers typically hang gracefully from the stems, creating an eye-catching display in gardens or hanging baskets.

Fuchsias prefer partial shade or filtered sunlight, as intense sun exposure can cause their delicate flowers to wilt. They thrive in moist, well-drained soil and benefit from regular watering to keep the soil consistently damp.

With their pendulous flowers and ability to attract hummingbirds, fuchsias add a touch of elegance and beauty to any garden or outdoor space.

Common Name: Fuchsia
Scientific Name: Fuchsia
Growing Zones: Varies depending on species
Sun: Partial shade to filtered sunlight
Soil: Moist, well-drained soil
Colors: Pink, purple, red, white
Height: Varies depending on species
Spread: Varies depending on species
Plant Type: Annual or perennial, depending on species

23. Agastache

Agastache, commonly known as hyssop or hummingbird mint, is a genus of perennial flowering plants in the Lamiaceae family. Native to North America and Mexico, these plants are valued for their aromatic foliage and attractive flowers.

The tubular-shaped flowers of Agastache are highly appealing to hummingbirds, attracting them with their vibrant colors and rich nectar. The flowers come in various shades of pink, purple, blue, and orange, depending on the species and cultivar.

Agastache plants are well-suited to sunny locations and thrive in well-drained soil. They have a preference for drier conditions and are tolerant of drought once established. Regular deadheading of faded flowers can encourage continuous blooming throughout the growing season.

In addition to their ability to attract hummingbirds, Agastache plants also attract bees, butterflies, and other pollinators, making them a valuable addition to pollinator gardens.

Common Name: Hyssop, Hummingbird Mint

Scientific Name: Agastache
Growing Zones: Varies depending on species
Sun: Full sun
Soil: Well-drained soil
Colors: Pink, purple, blue, orange
Height: Varies depending on species
Spread: Varies depending on species
Plant Type: Perennial

24. Bee Balm

Bee Balm, scientifically known as Monarda, is a flowering plant in the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is named for its attractive flowers that are highly attractive to bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

The tubular-shaped blossoms of Bee Balm come in a range of colors, including shades of red, pink, purple, and white. These colorful flowers, clustered atop tall stems, create a striking visual display in garden beds or borders.

Hummingbirds are particularly drawn to the nectar-rich flowers of Bee Balm. The long, tubular shape of the blooms is perfectly suited for their slender bills, allowing them to access the sweet nectar hidden within.

Bee Balm prefers full sun to partial shade and thrives in moist, well-drained soil. Regular watering is essential to keep the soil consistently moist, particularly during dry periods.

In addition to their value in attracting hummingbirds, Bee Balm flowers can be used in teas and culinary preparations, adding a delightful fragrance and flavor to dishes.

Common Name: Bee Balm
Scientific Name: Monarda
Growing Zones: Varies depending on species
Sun: Full sun to partial shade
Soil: Moist, well-drained soil
Colors: Red, pink, purple, white
Height: Varies depending on species
Spread: Varies depending on species
Plant Type: Perennial

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