Types of Coconuts: Green, Brown, White and More Coconut Varieties

Coconut palms are the source of coconuts, a tropical fruit. Tall palm trees and shorter dwarf varieties are the two basic coconut palm types. Coconuts come in a variety of hues, including green, brown, and yellow. Young coconuts, which are packed with delectable coconut water, are one kind of green coconut. The white coconut meat in mature brown coconuts is available.

Countries with warm humid climates all year round have coconut palms growing. Coconut trees need a consistent temperature of at least 64°F (17°C) to produce fruit. The Pacific islands, Florida, California, Brazil, tropical Asia, and the Philippines are all examples of places where coconuts grow.

The coconut palm and its fruit are really beneficial in all aspects. Coconut oil, for example, is versatile and may be used in a variety of ways. Minerals and hydration are also abundant in coconut water. You’ll learn about a variety of coconuts from all across the globe in this article.

Is Coconut a Fruit, Nut, or Seed?

A coconut may be any of the three: a nut, seed, or fruit, according to the short answer. Coconuts are described as a fibrous one-seeded drupe by botanists. The outer shell, fatty middle section, and hard shell surrounding the seed are all present in every coconut.

White Coconut vs. Brown Coconut

White coconuts (left) and green coconuts (right) are both mature brown coconuts with white meat. The coconut’s maturity determines its color classification. The white husk of a young coconut is visible beneath its green outer layer. This delicate husk is revealed when the outer skin is stripped off. The white coconut contains delicate, gelatinous flesh that has no flavor. White coconuts, on the other hand, have delectable and healthy coconut water.

The type of coconut available in most grocery shops is often referred to as a brown coconut. The hard, hairy shell has a tropical flavor and is covered with firm, fibrous white meat. Coconut water is also present in brown coconuts. Brown coconuts may be eaten raw, grated into desserts, and toasted shavings may be made from their flesh. White coconuts come in a variety of shapes and sizes. The white coconuts, unlike brown coconuts, have a white hard shell rather than the normal brown one.

Main Coconut Varieties (With Pictures and Names)

The coconut species, Cocos nucifera, is the source of all types. The type of coconut palm from which the fruit comes is usually responsible for differences between various types of coconuts.

Tall coconut varieties

The sort of tall coconuts that grow along tropical island coasts or along hot country streets is known as a tall variety. After 6-10 years, tall coconut trees may reach 50 to 80 feet (15 – 24 meters) in height and produce coconuts. West Coast Tall and East Coast Tall are the two most common types of tall coconuts. Tall coconuts produce fruits that are typically medium to huge in size. Orange, yellow, green, or brown are some of the tree’s outer skins.

Dwarf coconut varieties

Dwarf coconuts are considerably smaller than their giant tall counterparts, as one would anticipate. The term “dwarf coconut” is, however, deceiving. Dwarf palms of certain kinds may reach the size of coconut tall palms. These are known as “semi-dwarf coconut” types. Dwarf coconut trees, which may develop up to 60 feet (18 meters) tall, bear fruit from 2 to 3 years old. Dwarf coconut palms produce fruit that is shorter than tall coconut varieties, with the exception of size. Green, yellow, or orange coconuts are the most common dwarf nuts.

The fact that the fruit of dwarf coconut varieties grows lower to the ground is one of the reasons for their development. Harvesting the hard nut-like fruits is made easier by this. Dwarf coconut palms are a lovely addition to a huge garden in warm, humid climates.

Hybrid coconut varieties

Coconut hybrids develop more fruit and are harderier than coconut varieties of different heights and kinds. A tall coconut palm and a dwarf coconut palm are usually crossed to produce hybrid coconuts. As a result, the coconut becomes more resistant to deadly yellowing disorders. Malayan dwarfs are the most popular kind of hybrid coconut. Medium-sized yellow-green coconuts are produced by this coconut palm.

Types of Coconuts (With Pictures and Names)

Let’s take a closer look at some of the different types of coconuts found across the globe.

East Coast Tall Coconuts

Each palm produces in around 70 coconuts per year, and the East Coast Tall variant of coconut may grow to be a tall tree. Medium-sized green coconuts are common in the East Coast Tall variety. Coconut oil makes up nearly 65% of the fleshy content of East Coast coconuts, which are high in coconut oil. In hot weather and sandy loamy soil, this tall coconut palm thrives.

West Coast Tall Coconuts

The West Coast Tall palm is another big coconut cultivar. This coconut produces roughly 80 coconuts each year. Oval nuts from this tall kind of coconut palm are bigger than those from East Coast coconuts. When completely mature, the nut is greenish-yellow. As a youngster, coconuts from the West Coast have copious coconut water. The number might range from 8 to 10 fl. Each white coconut contains a quarter (240 ml) of delectable coconut water.

The sweet white flesh of a mature coconut fruit may contain up to 68% coconut oil. West Coast coconuts have a unique flavor that is described as sweet and delicious. Most kinds of soil are suitable for growing varieties of West Coast Tall coconuts (commonly known as the Common Tall coconut).

Malayan Dwarf Coconuts

The Malayan dwarf coconut can grow to be 60 feet tall, despite its name. It stands at a height of 18 meters. Only USDA zones 10 or 11 allow for growing Malayan Dwarf coconuts. Red Malayan Coconut Palms, for example, are resistant to lethal yellowing disease and may be found on other trees.

Green, red, gold, or yellow fruits may be found on Malayan Dwarf coconuts. The color of the fruit is usually used to classify the type of Malayan dwarf. After five to eight years of planting, coconuts start to appear on the trees. Malayan Dwarf white coconuts have a lot of cool water, as do other types of coconut. Magnesium, potassium, amino acids, and vitamin C are all present in coconut water.

Mature coconuts have white meat that is rich and delicious. The maintenance requirements for Malayan Dwarf coconut trees are modest. The trees’ thick root system helps them stand up to the wind. These dwarf coconut types flourish in coastal areas because they are drought and salt tolerant.

Fiji Dwarf Coconuts

The Fiji Dwarf is a genuine kind of tiny coconut palm that grows as a dwarf variety of coconut. When it grows to be 15 to 25 feet (4.5 – 7.5 meters) tall, the tree takes up to 20 years to reach full maturity. Most Fiji dwarf coconut types are extremely resistant to lethal yellowing when compared to the Malayan dwarf coconut. The genetic diversity of this coconut plant is one of the reasons why it is so hardy. The Fiji dwarf coconut is especially prized because of its excellent yield and hardiness.

In reality, the United States For states in the Southern United States, the Department of Agriculture suggested this type of coconut palm. It has the most variations of any coconut variety and is highly resistant to diseases. When fully mature, the Fiji dwarf variety produces greenish-yellow or golden tropical fruits.

Chowghat Dwarf Coconuts

A genuine kind of dwarf coconut is the Chowghat dwarf variety. Chowghats begin generating fruit sooner than the Fiji coconut cultivars. After planting, you might only have to wait 3 or 4 years for your first coconut. The Chowghat palm grows to a height of 16 to 22 feet (4.8 to 6.7 meters) and is a kind of dwarf palm.

The palm tree yields between 60 and 66 coconuts each year. The Chowghat green coconuts are smaller in size and weight than the orange variety, when compared to other dwarf varieties. When compared to Chowghat Orange coconut types, the weight of the flesh from a Chowghat Green coconut is around half as much.

Brazilian Green Dwarf Coconuts

The Brazilian coconut is a different kind of dwarf coconut palm. The common Brazilian variety of green coconut palm rarely grows more than 15 feet (4.5 meters) tall. This dwarf coconut cultivar grows in tropical climates all over the globe, despite its Brazilian origins. The coconut milk and flesh of Brazilian green coconuts are particularly sweet, which is one of their characteristics.

In Brazil, this dwarf variety is most likely used to produce young green coconuts for drinking. The Brazilian Green Dwarf grows fruits quickly after planting, similar to other dwarf coconuts. The palm may start generating 50 to 100 coconuts every year within two or three years.

King Dwarf Coconuts

When fully mature, King Dwarf Coconuts grow up to 50 feet (15 meters) tall. One of the sweetest types of coconut, this variety is indigenous to Sri Lanka. King Dwarf coconuts are usually late to appear in comparison to other varieties of dwarf coconut palms. The brilliance of King dwarfs’ fruit is one of their distinguishing characteristics. In comparison to other coconut types, the coconut nuts develop in clusters of up to 20.

The sweet meat and milk of this coconut variety are highly coveted. Coconut water, which is extracted from Sri Lanka and marketed as King Coconut Water, is extremely sweet and delicious. The liquid found in young white coconut is rich in nutrients, as it is with other coconut varieties. In fact, some people believe that King Dwarf coconuts are more calcium-rich than other types.

Macapuno Coconuts

The Macapuno coconut has a gelatinous flesh and is one of the few types of coconuts available. The mature flesh of this coconut is more jelly-like than hard, which distinguishes it from other types. The Tagalog word for “nearly full” refers to the way the gelatinous white flesh nearly fills the brown hollow coconut seed, and this is what gives it its name.

Macapuno coconuts have a lower fat percentage and a higher sugar percentage than other coconut types, according to certain reports. As a result, the coconut has a strong flavor and texture. Macapunos are eaten raw or utilized as a component in sweet desserts in Asian nations where this coconut cultivar thrives.

Cameroon Red Dwarf Coconuts

The Cameroon Red Dwarf palm is another kind of dwarf coconut. This red coconut isn’t as bright as some of the others, which makes it a bit difficult to see. The nut is described as having a more yellow-orange color. The shape of a pear, this coconut palm species produces medium-sized coconuts.

The palm produces fruit three years after planting, as with other varieties of dwarf coconuts. The coconut tree produces between 50 and 90 coconuts each year, depending on the climate. This is a good ornamental coconut palm because of the relatively short stature of Cameroon Red dwarfs. The fruit, on the other hand, is quite delicious. Coconut water is a sweet and refreshing beverage. In addition, toasted or raw white flesh is delicious.

Maypan Coconut Palm

A hybrid coconut that is highly resistant to disease and lethal yellowing, the Maypan variant of coconut comes from Jamaica. Cold tolerance has also been bred into the cultivar. In climates where some dwarf or tall varieties can’t grow, the Maypan coconut palm thrives.

One of the taller coconuts is the Maypan hybrid coconut. The adult palms grow to be 60 feet (18 meters) tall and produce a profusion of green or yellow fruit. Hybrid palm trees of this type are cold hardy to 40°F (4°C). In USDA zones 10 and 11, however, it thrives in full sun.

This coconut variety is salt tolerant and flourishes on sandy soil, as do many palm trees on beaches. The palm’s stability is aided by its extensive fibrous roots. The fact that it is resistant to disease and strong winds is one of the reasons why this Jamaican palm is so popular.

The Malayan dwarf was utilized to assist in the development of this hybrid coconut, for example, to avoid the cultivar from becoming vulnerable to lethal yellowing. Moreover, the Maypan strength against strong winds was bolstered by the Panama Tall variety.

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